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Articles 1 - 13 of 13

Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Hybrid Electrochemical Capacitors: Materials, Optimization, And Miniaturization, Richa Agrawal Jan 2018

Hybrid Electrochemical Capacitors: Materials, Optimization, And Miniaturization, Richa Agrawal

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With the ever-advancing technology, there is an incessant need for reliable electrochemical energy storage (EES) components that can provide desired energy and power. At the forefront of EES systems are electrochemical capacitors (ECs), also known as supercapacitors that typically have higher power and superior cycle longevity but lower energy densities than their battery counterparts. One of the routes to achieve higher energy density for ECs is using the hybrid EC configuration, which typically utilizes a redox electrode coupled with a counter double-layer type electrode.

In this dissertation, both scale-up (coin-cell type) as well as scale-down (on-chip miniaturized) hybrid ECs were ...


Three-Dimensional Graphene Foam Reinforced Epoxy Composites, Leslie Embrey Mar 2017

Three-Dimensional Graphene Foam Reinforced Epoxy Composites, Leslie Embrey

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Three-dimensional graphene foam (3D GrF) is an interconnected, porous structure of graphene sheets with excellent mechanical, electrical and thermal properties, making it a candidate reinforcement for polymer matrices. GrF’s 3D structure eliminates nanoparticle agglomeration and provides seamless pathways for electron travel. The objective of this work is to fabricate low density GrF reinforced epoxy composites with superior mechanical and electrical properties and study the underlying deformation mechanisms. Dip coating and mold casting fabrication methods are employed in order to tailor the microstructure and properties. The composite’s microstructure revealed good interfacial interaction. By adding mere 0.63 wt.% GrF ...


Creation And Evaluation Of Polymer/Multiwall Carbon Nanotube Films For Structural Vibration Control And Strain Sensing Properties, Weiwei Lin Nov 2016

Creation And Evaluation Of Polymer/Multiwall Carbon Nanotube Films For Structural Vibration Control And Strain Sensing Properties, Weiwei Lin

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Multifunctional materials both with damping properties and strain sensing properties are very important. They promise to be more weight-efficient, and provide volume-efficient performance, flexibility and potentially, less maintenance than traditional multi-component brass-board systems.

The goal of this dissertation work was to design, synthesize, investigate and apply polyaniline/Multiwall carbon nanotube (PANI/MWCNT) and polyurethane (PU) /MWCNT composites films for structural vibration control and strain sensors using free layer damping methods and static and dynamic strain sensing test methods.

The PANI/MWCNT was made by in situ polymerization of PANI in the presence of MWCNT, then frit compression was used to ...


Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Nanofiller Reinforced Tantalum-Niobium Carbide Formed By Spark Plasma Sintering, Christopher Charles Rudolf May 2016

Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Nanofiller Reinforced Tantalum-Niobium Carbide Formed By Spark Plasma Sintering, Christopher Charles Rudolf

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Ultra high temperature ceramics (UHTC) are candidate materials for high temperature applications such as leading edges for hypersonic flight vehicles, thermal protection systems for spacecraft, and rocket nozzle throat inserts due to their extremely high melting points. Tantalum and Niobium Carbide (TaC and NbC), with melting points of 3950°C and 3600°C, respectively, have high resistivity to chemical attack, making them ideal candidates for the harsh environments UHTCs are to be used in. The major setbacks to the implementation of UHTC materials for these applications are the difficulty in consolidating to full density as well as their low fracture ...


Advanced Electrode Materials By Electrostatic Spray Deposition For Li-Ion Batteries, Chunhui Chen Feb 2016

Advanced Electrode Materials By Electrostatic Spray Deposition For Li-Ion Batteries, Chunhui Chen

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Recent development in portable electronics and electric vehicles have increased the demand for high performance lithium ion batteries. However, it is still challenging to produce high energy and high power lithium ion batteries. The major objective of this research is to fabricate advanced electrode materials with enhanced power density and energy density. Porous Li4Ti5O12 (LTO) and its nanocomposites (with Si and reduced graphene oxide (rGO)) synthesized by electrostatic spray deposition (ESD) technique were mainly studied and promising electrochemical performance was achieved. In chapter 3, porous LTO thin film electrode was synthesized by ESD to solve the low energy density and ...


The Development Of A Novel Polymer Based System For Gene Delivery, Anh Van Le Nov 2015

The Development Of A Novel Polymer Based System For Gene Delivery, Anh Van Le

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Gene therapy involves the use of nucleic acids, either DNA or RNA for the treatment, cure, or prevention of human diseases. Synthetic cationic polymers are promising as a tool for gene delivery because of their high level of design flexibility for biomaterial construction and are capable of binding and condensing DNA through electrostatic interactions.

Our lab has developed a novel polymer (poly (polyethylene glycol-dodecanoate) (PEGD), a polyester of polyethylene glycol (PEG) and dodecanedioic acid (DDA). PEGD is a linear viscous polymer that self-assembles into a vesicle upon immersion in an aqueous solution. A copolymer of dodecanedioc acid and polyethylene glycol ...


Label-Free Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy-Linked Immunosensor Assay (Slisa) For Environmental Surveillance, Vinay Bhardwaj Oct 2015

Label-Free Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy-Linked Immunosensor Assay (Slisa) For Environmental Surveillance, Vinay Bhardwaj

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The contamination of the environment, accidental or intentional, in particular with chemical toxins such as industrial chemicals and chemical warfare agents has increased public fear. There is a critical requirement for the continuous detection of toxins present at very low levels in the environment. Indeed, some ultra-sensitive analytical techniques already exist, for example chromatography and mass spectroscopy, which are approved by the US Environmental Protection Agency for the detection of toxins. However, these techniques are limited to the detection of known toxins. Cellular expression of genomic and proteomic biomarkers in response to toxins allows monitoring of known as well as ...


Real-Time Biosensor For The Assessment Of Nanotoxicity And Cancer Electrotherapy, Evangelia Hondroulis Nov 2013

Real-Time Biosensor For The Assessment Of Nanotoxicity And Cancer Electrotherapy, Evangelia Hondroulis

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Knowledge of cell electronics has led to their integration to medicine either by physically interfacing electronic devices with biological systems or by using electronics for both detection and characterization of biological materials. In this dissertation, an electrical impedance sensor (EIS) was used to measure the electrode surface impedance changes from cell samples of human and environmental toxicity of nanoscale materials in 2D and 3D cell culture models. The impedimetric response of human lung fibroblasts and rainbow trout gill epithelial cells when exposed to various nanomaterials was tested to determine their kinetic effects towards the cells and to demonstrate the biosensor ...


Site Specifc Growth Of Metal Catalyzed Silica Nanowires For Biological And Chemical Sensing, Eric G. Huey Jul 2013

Site Specifc Growth Of Metal Catalyzed Silica Nanowires For Biological And Chemical Sensing, Eric G. Huey

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In this research the integration of nanostructures and micro-scale devices was investigated using silica nanowires to develop a simple yet robust nanomanufacturing technique for improving the detection parameters of chemical and biological sensors. This has been achieved with the use of a dielectric barrier layer, to restrict nanowire growth to site-specific locations which has removed the need for post growth processing, by making it possible to place nanostructures on pre-pattern substrates. Nanowires were synthesized using the Vapor-Liquid-Solid growth method. Process parameters (temperature and time) and manufacturing aspects (structural integrity and biocompatibility) were investigated.

Silica nanowires were observed experimentally to determine ...


Electrochemical Immunosensing Of Cortisol In An Automated Microfluidic System Towards Point-Of-Care Applications, Abhay Vasudev May 2013

Electrochemical Immunosensing Of Cortisol In An Automated Microfluidic System Towards Point-Of-Care Applications, Abhay Vasudev

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation describes the development of a label-free, electrochemical immunosensing platform integrated into a low-cost microfluidic system for the sensitive, selective and accurate detection of cortisol, a steroid hormone co-related with many physiological disorders. Abnormal levels of cortisol is indicative of conditions such as Cushing’s syndrome, Addison’s disease, adrenal insufficiencies and more recently post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Electrochemical detection of immuno-complex formation is utilized for the sensitive detection of Cortisol using Anti-Cortisol antibodies immobilized on sensing electrodes. Electrochemical detection techniques such as cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) have been utilized for the characterization and sensing ...


Multifunctional Nanoparticles In Cancer: In Vitro Characterization, In Vivo Distribution, Tingjun Lei Mar 2013

Multifunctional Nanoparticles In Cancer: In Vitro Characterization, In Vivo Distribution, Tingjun Lei

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A novel biocompatible and biodegradable polymer, termed poly(Glycerol malate co-dodecanedioate) (PGMD), was prepared by thermal condensation method and used for fabrication of nanoparticles (NPs). PGMD NPs were prepared using the single oil emulsion technique and loaded with an imaging/hyperthermia agent (IR820) and a chemotherapeutic agent (doxorubicin, DOX). The size of the void PGMD NPs, IR820-PGMD NPs and DOX-IR820-PGMD NPs were approximately 90 nm, 110 nm, and 125 nm respectively. An acidic environment (pH=5.0) induced higher DOX and IR820 release compared to pH=7.4. DOX release was also enhanced by exposure to laser, which increased the ...


Study On Pore Distribution And Formation Rule Of Sepiolite Mineral Nanomaterials, Qingguo Tang, Fei Wang, Mengran Tang, Jinsheng Liang, Chongyan Ren Nov 2012

Study On Pore Distribution And Formation Rule Of Sepiolite Mineral Nanomaterials, Qingguo Tang, Fei Wang, Mengran Tang, Jinsheng Liang, Chongyan Ren

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Theoretical research and specific surface area analysis of nitrogen adsorption indicated that a lot of structural micropores exist in sepiolite minerals fibers. However, the microporous size, existing form, and the distribution relationship between microporous structures were not proved yet. In this paper, the section TEM samples of nanofibers were prepared on the basis of the metal embedding and cutting technique, and the inner structure of sepiolite nanofibers was observed by TEM. The results showed that sepiolite fibers have multiplayer structure similar to concentric circles, and many micropores with the size of about 2–5 nm are normal and parallel to ...


Electrical Transport Properties Of Multilayered Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Films, Yanli Zhao, Wenzhi Li Jan 2012

Electrical Transport Properties Of Multilayered Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Films, Yanli Zhao, Wenzhi Li

Department of Physics

An improved layer-by-layer vacuum filtration method was adopted for the fabrication of single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) films aiming at a series of SWCNT films with controllable thickness and density. The electrical transport properties of the multilayered SWCNT films have been investigated. With the constant film density, the decrease of the layer number of the SWCNT film results in an increase of the temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR). SWCNT film with 95% metallic nanotubes has shown a lower TCR than that of the SWCNT films with a low percentage of metallic nanotubes. The effect of thermal annealing and subsequent acid (HNO ...