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Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Increasing The Activity Of Immobilized Enzymes With Nanoparticle Conjugation, Shaowei Ding, Allison A. Cargill, Igor L. Medintz, Jonathan C. Claussen Aug 2015

Increasing The Activity Of Immobilized Enzymes With Nanoparticle Conjugation, Shaowei Ding, Allison A. Cargill, Igor L. Medintz, Jonathan C. Claussen

Mechanical Engineering Publications

The efficiency and selectivity of enzymatic catalysis is useful to a plethora of industrial and manufacturing processes. Many of these processes require the immobilization of enzymes onto surfaces, which has traditionally reduced enzyme activity. However, recent research has shown that the integration of nanoparticles into enzyme carrier schemes has maintained or even enhanced immobilized enzyme performance. The nanoparticle size and surface chemistry as well as the orientation and density of immobilized enzymes all contribute to the enhanced performance of enzyme–nanoparticle conjugates. These improvements are noted in specific nanoparticles including those comprising carbon (e.g., graphene and carbon nanotubes), metal ...


Achieving Bicontinuous Microemulsion Like Morphologies In Organic Photovoltaics, Dylan Kipp, Olga Wodo, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Venkat Ganesan Jan 2015

Achieving Bicontinuous Microemulsion Like Morphologies In Organic Photovoltaics, Dylan Kipp, Olga Wodo, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Venkat Ganesan

Mechanical Engineering Publications

It is believed that the optimal morphology of an organic solar cell may be characterized by cocontinuous, interpenetrating donor and acceptor domains with nanoscale dimensions and high interfacial areas. One well-known equilibrium morphology that fits these characteristics is the bicontinuous microemulsion achieved by the addition of block copolymer compatibilizers to flexible polymer–polymer blends. However, there does not exist design rules for using block copolymer compatibilizers to produce bicontinuous microemulsion morphologies from the conjugated polymer/fullerene mixtures typically used to form the active layer of organic solar cells. Motivated by these considerations, we use single chain in mean field simulations ...


Multi-Pixel Photon Counters For Optofluidic Characterization Of Particles And Microalgae, Pouya Asrar, Marta Sucur, Nicole N. Hashemi Jan 2015

Multi-Pixel Photon Counters For Optofluidic Characterization Of Particles And Microalgae, Pouya Asrar, Marta Sucur, Nicole N. Hashemi

Mechanical Engineering Publications

We have developed an optofluidic biosensor to study microscale particles and different species of microalgae. The system is comprised of a microchannel with a set of chevron-shaped grooves. The chevrons allows for hydrodynamic focusing of the core stream in the center using a sheath fluid. The device is equipped with a new generation of highly sensitive photodetectors, multi-pixel photon counter (MPPC), with high gain values and an extremely small footprint. Two different sizes of high intensity fluorescent microspheres and three different species of algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii strain 21 gr, Chlamydomonas suppressor, and Chlorella sorokiniana) were studied. The forward scattering emissions ...


High Aspect Ratio Carbon Nanotube Membranes Decorated With Pt Nanoparticle Urchins For Micro Underwater Vehicle Propulsion Via H2o2 Decomposition, Kevin Marr, Bolin Chen, Eric J. Mootz, Jason Geder, Marius Pruessner, Brian J. Melde, Richard R. Vanfleet, Igor L. Medintz, Brian D. Iverson, Jonathan C. Claussen Jan 2015

High Aspect Ratio Carbon Nanotube Membranes Decorated With Pt Nanoparticle Urchins For Micro Underwater Vehicle Propulsion Via H2o2 Decomposition, Kevin Marr, Bolin Chen, Eric J. Mootz, Jason Geder, Marius Pruessner, Brian J. Melde, Richard R. Vanfleet, Igor L. Medintz, Brian D. Iverson, Jonathan C. Claussen

Mechanical Engineering Publications

The utility of unmanned micro underwater vehicles (MUVs) is paramount for exploring confined spaces, but their spatial agility is often impaired when maneuvers require burst-propulsion. Herein we develop high-aspect ratio (150:1), multiwalled carbon nanotube microarray membranes (CNT-MMs) for propulsive, MUV thrust generation by the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The CNT-MMs are grown via chemical vapor deposition with diamond shaped pores (nominal diagonal dimensions of 4.5 × 9.0 μm) and subsequently decorated with urchin-like, platinum (Pt) nanoparticles via a facile, electroless, chemical deposition process. The Pt-CNT-MMs display robust, high catalytic ability with an effective activation ...


Utilizing Wide Band Gap, High Dielectric Constant Nanoparticles As Additives In Organic Solar Cells, Ryan S. Gebhardt, Pengfei Du, Akshit Peer, Mitch Rock, Michael R. Kessler, Rana Biswas, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Sumit Chaudhary Jan 2015

Utilizing Wide Band Gap, High Dielectric Constant Nanoparticles As Additives In Organic Solar Cells, Ryan S. Gebhardt, Pengfei Du, Akshit Peer, Mitch Rock, Michael R. Kessler, Rana Biswas, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Sumit Chaudhary

Mechanical Engineering Publications

We experimentally and theoretically investigate the effects of utilizing BaTiO3 nanoparticles as additives in polythiophene/fullerene solar cells. BaTiO3 nanoparticles were chosen because of their multifaceted potential for increasing exciton dissociation (due to their high dielectric constant) and light scattering. To achieve stable suspensions for device fabrication, the nanoparticles were functionalized with organic ligands. Solar cells fabricated in air showed ∼40% enhancement in the photocurrent primarily due to string-like aggregates of functionalized BaTiO3 particles that increase light absorption without hindering charge collection. Solar cells fabricated in an inert atmosphere yielded overall more efficient devices, but the string-like aggregates were absent ...