Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Nanoscale Friction Switches: Friction Modulation Of Monomolecular Assemblies Using External Electric Fields, Kanaga Karuppiah Kanaga Subramanian, Yibo Zhou, L. Keith Woo, Sriram Sundararajan Oct 2009

Nanoscale Friction Switches: Friction Modulation Of Monomolecular Assemblies Using External Electric Fields, Kanaga Karuppiah Kanaga Subramanian, Yibo Zhou, L. Keith Woo, Sriram Sundararajan

Mechanical Engineering Publications

This paper presents experimental investigations to actively modulate the nanoscale friction properties of a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) assembly using an external electric field that drives conformational changes in the SAM. Such “friction switches” have widespread implications in interfacial energy control in micro/nanoscale devices. Friction response of a low-density mercaptocarboxylic acid SAM is evaluated using an atomic force microscope (AFM) in the presence of a DC bias applied between the sample and the AFM probe under a nitrogen (dry) environment. The low density allows reorientation of individual SAM molecules to accommodate the attractive force between the −COOH terminal group and ...


Obtaining A Relationship Between Process Parameters And Fracture Characteristics For Hybrid Co2 Laser∕Waterjet Machining Of Ceramics, Dinesh Kalyanasundaram, Pranav Shrotriya, Palaniappa A. Molian Jan 2009

Obtaining A Relationship Between Process Parameters And Fracture Characteristics For Hybrid Co2 Laser∕Waterjet Machining Of Ceramics, Dinesh Kalyanasundaram, Pranav Shrotriya, Palaniappa A. Molian

Mechanical Engineering Publications

A combined experimental and analytical approach is undertaken to identify the relationship between process parameters and fracture behavior in the cutting of a 1mm thick alumina samples by a hybrid CO2 laser∕waterjet (LWJ) manufacturing process. In LWJ machining, a 200W power laser was used for local heating followed by waterjet quenching of the sample surface leading to thermal shock fracture in the heated zone. Experimental results indicate three characteristic fracture responses: scribing, controlled separation, and uncontrolled fracture. A Green’s function based approach is used to develop an analytical solution for temperatures and stress fields generated in the workpiece ...