Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Imaging Stress And Magnetism At High Pressures Using A Nanoscale Quantum Sensor, S. Hsieh, P. Bhattacharyya, C. Zu, T. Mittiga, T. J. Smart, F. Machado, B. Kobrin, T. O. Hohn, N. Z. Rui, Mehdi Kamrani, S. Chatterjee, S. Choi, M. Zaletel, V. V. Struzhkin, J. E. Moore, Valery I. Levitas, R. Jeanloz, N. Y. Yao Dec 2018

Imaging Stress And Magnetism At High Pressures Using A Nanoscale Quantum Sensor, S. Hsieh, P. Bhattacharyya, C. Zu, T. Mittiga, T. J. Smart, F. Machado, B. Kobrin, T. O. Hohn, N. Z. Rui, Mehdi Kamrani, S. Chatterjee, S. Choi, M. Zaletel, V. V. Struzhkin, J. E. Moore, Valery I. Levitas, R. Jeanloz, N. Y. Yao

Aerospace Engineering Publications

Pressure alters the physical, chemical and electronic properties of matter. The development of the diamond anvil cell (DAC) enables tabletop experiments to investigate a diverse landscape of high-pressure phenomena ranging from the properties of planetary interiors to transitions between quantum mechanical phases. In this work, we introduce and utilize a novel nanoscale sensing platform, which integrates nitrogen-vacancy (NV) color centers directly into the culet (tip) of diamond anvils. We demonstrate the versatility of this platform by performing diffraction-limited imaging (~600 nm) of both stress fields and magnetism, up to pressures ~30 GPa and for temperatures ranging from 25-340 K. For ...


Physical Properties Of Engineered Nanocomposites For Defense Applications, Alex Henson, Sanju Gupta Nov 2018

Physical Properties Of Engineered Nanocomposites For Defense Applications, Alex Henson, Sanju Gupta

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Polymer nanocomposites are significant for modern and future technologies (aerospace, defense, water purification etc.) due to their tailored properties, lightweight and low cost. However, ‘forward’ engineered polymer (host matrix) composites with smaller size nanoparticles (guest) providing desired properties targeting specific applications remains a challenging task as they depend largely on nanoparticles size, shape and loading (volume fraction). This study develops polymer nanocomposites impregnated with ‘organic-inorganic’ silsesquioxane nanoparticles and graphene nanoribbons, and investigates microscopic structure and dynamics of interfacial layer to predict macroscale properties. The nanocomposites consist of poly(2-vinylpyridine) (P2VP) polymer (segment ~5nm) with spherical silsesquioxane nanoparticles (diameter ~2-5nm) and ...


Phase-Field Approach For Stress- And Temperature-Induced Phase Transformations That Satisfies Lattice Instability Conditions. Part 2. Simulations Of Phase Transformations Si I↔Si Ii, Hamed Babaei, Valery I. Levitas Aug 2018

Phase-Field Approach For Stress- And Temperature-Induced Phase Transformations That Satisfies Lattice Instability Conditions. Part 2. Simulations Of Phase Transformations Si I↔Si Ii, Hamed Babaei, Valery I. Levitas

Aerospace Engineering Publications

A complete system of equations of the advanced phase-field theory for martensitic phase transformations (PTs) under a general stress tensor is presented. Theory includes a fully geometrically nonlinear formulation for the general case of finite elastic and transformational strains as well as anisotropic and different elastic properties of phases. Material parameters are calibrated, in particular, based on the crystal lattice instability conditions from atomistic simulations for martensitic PTs between cubic Si I and tetragonal Si II phases under complex triaxial compression-tension loading. A finite element algorithm and numerical procedure is developed and implemented in the code deal.II. Various 3D ...


High Strain Rate Dynamic Response Of Aluminum 6061 Micro Particles At Elevated Temperatures And Varying Oxide Thicknesses Of Substrate Surface, Carmine Taglienti Jul 2018

High Strain Rate Dynamic Response Of Aluminum 6061 Micro Particles At Elevated Temperatures And Varying Oxide Thicknesses Of Substrate Surface, Carmine Taglienti

Masters Theses

Cold spray is a unique additive manufacturing process, where a large number of ductile metal micro particles are deposited to create new surface coatings or free-standing structures. Metallic particles are accelerated through a gas stream, reaching velocities of over 1 km/s. Accelerated particles experience a high-strain-rate microscopic ballistic collisions against a target substrate. Large amounts of kinetic energy results in extreme plastic deformation of the particles and substrate. Though the cold spray process has been in use for decades, the extreme material science behind the deformation of particles has not been well understood due to experimental difficulties arising from ...


Nanoscale Multiphase Phase Field Approach For Stress- And Temperature-Induced Martensitic Phase Transformations With Interfacial Stresses At Finite Strains, Anup Basak, Valery I. Levitas Apr 2018

Nanoscale Multiphase Phase Field Approach For Stress- And Temperature-Induced Martensitic Phase Transformations With Interfacial Stresses At Finite Strains, Anup Basak, Valery I. Levitas

Aerospace Engineering Publications

A thermodynamically consistent, novel multiphase phase field approach for stress- and temperature-induced martensitic phase transformations at finite strains and with interfacial stresses has been developed. The model considers a single order parameter to describe the austenite↔martensitic transformations, and another N order parameters describing N variants and constrained to a plane in an N-dimensional order parameter space. In the free energy model coexistence of three or more phases at a single material point (multiphase junction), and deviation of each variant-variant transformation path from a straight line have been penalized. Some shortcomings of the existing models are resolved. Three different kinematic ...


Nanoindentation Study Of Corrosion-Induced Grain Boundary Degradation In A Pipeline Steel, Denizhan Yavas, Pratyush Mishra, Abdullah Alshehri, Pranav Shrotriya, Kurt R. Hebert, Ashraf F. Bastawros Mar 2018

Nanoindentation Study Of Corrosion-Induced Grain Boundary Degradation In A Pipeline Steel, Denizhan Yavas, Pratyush Mishra, Abdullah Alshehri, Pranav Shrotriya, Kurt R. Hebert, Ashraf F. Bastawros

Aerospace Engineering Publications

High-strength low-alloy steels used for oil and gas pipelines are vulnerable to intergranular stress corrosion cracking in moderately alkaline soils. The mechanism of corrosion-induced embrittlement under such conditions is not yet understood. Nanoindentation was used to detect localized degradation of mechanical properties near internal grain boundaries of X-70 steel undergoing intergranular corrosion at active dissolution potentials at pH 8.2. The measurements identified a one-micron thick mechanically-degraded layer with 25% reduced hardness near corroded grain boundaries. It is suggested that the corrosion process may introduce an active softening agent, possibly non-equilibrium lattice vacancies generated by oxidation.