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Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Mining Engineering

Understanding The Connection Between Blasting And Highwall Stability, Robert Quentin Eades, Kyle A. Perry Jan 2019

Understanding The Connection Between Blasting And Highwall Stability, Robert Quentin Eades, Kyle A. Perry

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Surface mines continue to implement highwalls for several reasons, such as increasing recovery, improving margins, and justifying higher stripping ratios. Highwall stability is a complex issue that is dependent upon a variety of mining and geologic factors, and a safe design is necessary for a successful surface operation. To improve highwall stability, it is important to understand the connection between local geology and blasting. Explosives are employed throughout the mining industry for primary rock breakage. There are a number of controlled blasting techniques that can be implemented to improve highwall stability. These include line drilling, smooth wall blasting, trim blasting ...


Investigating Blast Fume Propagation, Concentration And Clearance In Underground Mines Using Computational Fluid Dynamics (Cfd), Raymond Ninnang Tiile Jan 2019

Investigating Blast Fume Propagation, Concentration And Clearance In Underground Mines Using Computational Fluid Dynamics (Cfd), Raymond Ninnang Tiile

Doctoral Dissertations

"Blasting activities using standard industry explosives is an essential component of underground hard rock mining operations. Blasting operations result in the release of noxious gases, presenting both safety and productivity threats. Overestimation of post-blast re-entry time results in production losses, while underestimation leads to injuries and fatalities. Research shows that most underground mines simply standardize post-blast re-entry times based on experiences and observations. Few underground mines use theoretical methods for calculating post-blast re-entry time. These theoretical methods, however, are unable to account for the variations in the blasting conditions. Literature review shows that: (i) there is currently no means of ...


Evaluation Of The 20 L Dust Explosibility Testing Chamber And Comparison To A Modified 38 L Vessel For Underground Coal, Robert Quentin Eades, Kyle A. Perry, Catherine E. Johnson, Jacob Miller Nov 2018

Evaluation Of The 20 L Dust Explosibility Testing Chamber And Comparison To A Modified 38 L Vessel For Underground Coal, Robert Quentin Eades, Kyle A. Perry, Catherine E. Johnson, Jacob Miller

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The phenomenon of combustible dust explosions is present within many industries. Tests for explosibility of dust clouds per ASTM E1226 use a 20 L explosive chamber that places the combustible dust directly below the dispersion nozzle which generates a thorough mixture for testing purposes. However, in the underground coal mining industry, there are a number of geologic, mining, and regulatory factors that change the deposition scheme of combustible coal dust. This causes the atmosphere of a coal mine to have a variable rock dust-coal dust mixture at the time of ignition. To investigate the impact of this variable atmosphere, a ...


Correlation Between Delay Time And Measured Concentration And Concentration Uncertainty By Neutron Activation Analysis, James Thomas Seman Jan 2018

Correlation Between Delay Time And Measured Concentration And Concentration Uncertainty By Neutron Activation Analysis, James Thomas Seman

Doctoral Dissertations

"For the last several decades, it has been apparent that new methods of identifying explosives can help investigators trace their origins. One way to identify an explosive is through the use of taggants: materials added to a product that encodes information about the product such as when it was manufactured.

This research investigates the survivability of a new identification taggant called the Nuclear Barcode that overcomes some of the downfalls that have been identified in prior taggants. The Nuclear Barcode encodes information as a unique combination of concentrations of rare earths (Ho, Eu, Sm, Lu, and Dy) and precious metals ...


Material Properties Affecting The Penetration Of Metal Targets By Copper Linear Shaped Charges, Kevin Lee Phelps Jan 2016

Material Properties Affecting The Penetration Of Metal Targets By Copper Linear Shaped Charges, Kevin Lee Phelps

Masters Theses

"A linear shaped charge (LSC) is an explosive device used in demolition, aerospace, and in other applications that require the cutting of metal. Users of LSC's typically know the size of shaped charge needed to cut their target but commonly encounter previously untested materials. The motivation for this thesis is to provide an understanding as to what target material properties are good indicators of cutting performance so the selection of LSC can be more efficient. The author found that penetration theories for other types shaped charges were insufficient for the LSC, possibly because of the relatively slow projectile created ...


Determination Of Explosive Energy Partition Values In Rock Blasting Through Small-Scale Testing, Joshua Calnan Jan 2015

Determination Of Explosive Energy Partition Values In Rock Blasting Through Small-Scale Testing, Joshua Calnan

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

Blasting is a critical part of most mining operations. The primary function of blasting is to fragment and move rock. For decades, attempts have been made at increasing the efficiency of blasting to reduce costs and increase production. Most of these attempts involve trial and error techniques that focus on changing a single output. These techniques are costly and time consuming and it has been shown that as one output is optimized other outputs move away from their optimum level. To truly optimize a blasting program, the transfer of explosive energy into individual components must be quantified. Explosive energy is ...


Determining And Mitigating The Effects Of Firing A Linear Shaped Charge Under Water, Brian Burch Jan 2014

Determining And Mitigating The Effects Of Firing A Linear Shaped Charge Under Water, Brian Burch

Masters Theses

"When fired under water, a Linear Shaped Charge (LSC) does not penetrate a steel target as well as in air. This lack of performance has been a problem for shaped charge manufacturers and their clients. It was obvious that this degradation of performance is due to water having a higher density than air and water being incompressible compared to air. This study aimed to better determine how the water was affecting the LSC and to provide a method of mitigation.

LSCs of different sizes were submerged under water and fired through the water with and without a target. It was ...


Investigating Planer Propagation Of A Shockwave In A Shock Tunnel, John Rathbun, Dave Mclane Aug 2012

Investigating Planer Propagation Of A Shockwave In A Shock Tunnel, John Rathbun, Dave Mclane

Kaleidoscope

No abstract provided.


Geometric Variables Shock-Tunnel Configurations And Their Effects On Pressure-Time Waveforms, Chase W. Guengerich, Mark A. Faulhaber Jun 2012

Geometric Variables Shock-Tunnel Configurations And Their Effects On Pressure-Time Waveforms, Chase W. Guengerich, Mark A. Faulhaber

Kaleidoscope

No abstract provided.


Shock-Tunnel Waveform Analysis, Dave Mclane, John Rathbun Nov 2011

Shock-Tunnel Waveform Analysis, Dave Mclane, John Rathbun

Kaleidoscope

No abstract provided.


Blasting With Ammonium Nitrate, G A. Greaves Jan 1971

Blasting With Ammonium Nitrate, G A. Greaves

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

THE mixture of ammonium nitrate prills with 6 per cent, of distillate fuel oil, known as "ANFO", is now widely used for blasting in dry ground.

Farmers and clearing contractors use ANFO for stump-blasting, dam sinking and timber clearing.


New Regulations For Explosives, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia Jan 1964

New Regulations For Explosives, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

THE Explosives Regulations, 1963, are now in operation and the new rules will affect purchase and keeping of explosives by small users.