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2014

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Articles 1 - 30 of 31

Full-Text Articles in Mining Engineering

Prediction Performance And Generalization Of The Empirical Estimation Of Rockmass Deformation Modulus Based On Rockmass Classification Systems, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Muhammad Tahir, Noor Mohammad Dec 2014

Prediction Performance And Generalization Of The Empirical Estimation Of Rockmass Deformation Modulus Based On Rockmass Classification Systems, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Muhammad Tahir, Noor Mohammad

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

The deformation modulus of rock mass can either be measured using in-situ field tests or estimated empirically. However, the empirical method is an attractive and open choice for researchers to estimate the deformation modulus of rock mass economically, efficiently and accurately and many researchers have proposed empirical equations for estimation the deformation modulus of rock mass based rock mass classification systems. In this paper attempt has been made to collect and review some these published empirical equations developed so far based on Rock Mass Rating, Geological Strength Index, and Q rock mass classification systems. These empirical equations based on each ...


Ore Classification And Breccia Formation In The 144 Zone Gold Deposit: A Chemical Replacement Model, Bare Mountain Range, Nevada, William Thomas Fischer Dec 2014

Ore Classification And Breccia Formation In The 144 Zone Gold Deposit: A Chemical Replacement Model, Bare Mountain Range, Nevada, William Thomas Fischer

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The 144 Zone is an oxidized, breccia-hosted, disseminated gold deposit that formed along the contact between Early Cambrian Carrara Formation limestone and overlying Bonanza King Formation dolomite within the Bare Mountain range in southern Nevada. Gold mineralization occurs within a breccia body that contains a variety of breccia types. Research goals of this project included classifying clay, oxide and other minerals as well as breccia types to identify the habits of gold mineralization and the minerals associated with gold. Research was also aimed at determining the paragenesis of Au mineralization and brecciation in the 144 Zone. Underground mapping provided spatial ...


The Figure Of Bitu-Man, Paul Royster Oct 2014

The Figure Of Bitu-Man, Paul Royster

Faculty Publications, UNL Libraries

The ominously imposing figure in the above illustration is “the Syncrude bird deterrent device, locally known as ‘Bitu-man’.” He stands (or stood—the original image was from the late 1970s) in the tailings pond of the Syncrude Canada Ltd. oil sands mining operation along the Athabasca River near Fort McMurray in northeastern Alberta. That operation surface mines (i.e., strip mines) bitumen-impregnated sand, processes it with hot water and steam, and discharges the liquid effluent or “tailings” into a pond covering roughly 3000 hectares (11 square miles). (Google Map coordinates: 56.9°N, -111.3° W). Residue bitumen collects on ...


A New Process To Upgrade Ilmenite To Synthetic Rutile, Fathi Habashi Oct 2014

A New Process To Upgrade Ilmenite To Synthetic Rutile, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Ilmenite occurs in black sand at the mouth of great rivers as in India, or as massive deposits like in Quebec Province in Canada. It is unsuitable for processing into pigment or for metal production because of its high iron content and its low grade. Pyrometallurgical and hydrometallurgical methods have been developed to cope with this problem which resulted in the production of two commercial products that became known as synthetic rutile and Sorelslag. Attempts are also underway to produce TiO2 pigment directly from ilmenite. This report presents a newly developed process called the Magpie process, which enables the production ...


Fluid Properties In The Formation Of High-Grade Iron Ore In Northern Minnesota, Elizabeth Drommerhausen Aug 2014

Fluid Properties In The Formation Of High-Grade Iron Ore In Northern Minnesota, Elizabeth Drommerhausen

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

The Mesabi Iron Range in Northern Minnesota has been a major producer of iron ore for over 100 years. Production has been from the 1.85 – billion-year –old Biwabik Iron Formation, an iron-rich sedimentary rock that is tilted gently to the south. Most of the known high-grade ore lies near the surface and has been already mined. Determining whether more high-grade ore may lie at depth could have significant economic impact on the mining industry in northern Minnesota. To evaluate the likelihood of finding more high-grade iron ore deeper underground, it is important to determine the source of the fluids ...


Study On Deterioration Mechanism And Prevention And Curing Techniques Of An Rc Bunker, Henglin Lv, Haijian Xie, Shuchun Zhou, Sun Lei Jul 2014

Study On Deterioration Mechanism And Prevention And Curing Techniques Of An Rc Bunker, Henglin Lv, Haijian Xie, Shuchun Zhou, Sun Lei

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

In the coal mining industrial environment, the materials of RC bunkers suffer from serious aging problems. The cracking and deterioration of concrete and the corrosion of steel reinforcement lead to a degeneration of structural performance and a decline of structural reliability. In this paper, based on on-site detection and coal mining ground industrial environment, the deterioration characteristics of RC bunkers were tested. The investigation involved the apparent characteristics, carbonized depth, compression strength of concrete, reinforcement distribution and cover thickness, corrosion rate and mechanical properties of reinforcement, decline degree of bunkers, and so on. Then a design review check was done ...


Pressure Hydrometallurgy, Fathi Habashi Apr 2014

Pressure Hydrometallurgy, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Pressure Hydrometallurgy is a supplement to the author’s Textbook of Hydrometallugy [second edition 1999]. It is an update to the new processes described in the literature dealing with recovering metals from ores and concentrates using this technology. Great progress was made in this field that necessitated this review.


The Dark Side Of Leadership: Dealing With A Narcissistic Boss, T. W. Camm Feb 2014

The Dark Side Of Leadership: Dealing With A Narcissistic Boss, T. W. Camm

Mining Engineering

Some of the defining characteristics of narcissists include a grandiose sense of self-importance, preoccupation with success and power, a sense of infallibility, and a supreme confidence in their ability and intelligence. Ironically, many of these characteristics are rewarded in business organizations, which may explain why there seems to be so many narcissists in management positions. Assuming we will be dealing with narcissists throughout our career, it makes sense for us to understand what makes them tick, and more importantly what we can do to work with them in a constructive manner.


Travelling In Turkey, Fathi Habashi Feb 2014

Travelling In Turkey, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

The peninsula that lies between the Black and Mediterranean seas, called Asia Minor by the Romans and Anatolia by the Greeks, was one of the crossroads of ancient civilizations. The fall of Constantinople in 1453 was a turning point in the history of mankind. Visits to Istanbul, Ankara, Eskisehir given together with the history of the country. Mineral resources of the country is briefly outlined.


History Of Innovation In Extractive Metallurgy, Fathi Habashi Feb 2014

History Of Innovation In Extractive Metallurgy, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

People learned melting of ores to get metals since ancient times but the use of aqueous solutions for this purpose was introduced relatively recently in the Middle Ages. The most recent technology, however, came when electric current became available on commercial scale towards the middle of the nineteenth century. The present article records in general terms the development in pyro- , hydro-, and electrometallurgy


Treatment Of Manufacturing Scrap Tv Boards By Nitric Acid Leaching, Ahmet Deniz Bas, Haci Deveci, Ersin Y. Yazici Jan 2014

Treatment Of Manufacturing Scrap Tv Boards By Nitric Acid Leaching, Ahmet Deniz Bas, Haci Deveci, Ersin Y. Yazici

Ahmet Deniz Bas

No abstract provided.


Catalytic Or Thermal Reversed Flow Combustion Of Coal Mine Ventilation Air Methane: What Is Better Choice And When?, Krzysztof J. Gosiewski Jan 2014

Catalytic Or Thermal Reversed Flow Combustion Of Coal Mine Ventilation Air Methane: What Is Better Choice And When?, Krzysztof J. Gosiewski

Krzysztof Gosiewski

The paper presents a comparison of the two options of reverse flow reactors destined for the utilization of coal mine ventilation air methane by catalytic (CFRR) or thermal (TFRR) combustion. It has been shown that both solutions have advantages and drawbacks. The use of the catalyst significantly decreases reactor temperature and makes the operation becomes to be autothermal for methane concentrations lower than in TFRR (even as low as over 0.06 vol.%). On the other hand when methane is combusted, particularly if average concentration is higher than ca. 0.4 vol.% the maximum temperature in the reactor appears to ...


Metalurjiye Adanmış Bir Hayat, Fathi Habashi Jan 2014

Metalurjiye Adanmış Bir Hayat, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Interview


Evidence Of The Existence Of Cathodic And Anodic Zones During The Leaching Of Minerals And Metals, Fathi Habashi Jan 2014

Evidence Of The Existence Of Cathodic And Anodic Zones During The Leaching Of Minerals And Metals, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

It is accepted worldwide that the dissolution of minerals in some cases, is an electrochemical process where anodic and cathodic reactions take place. There are many parameters, such as agent concentration, that directly affect the dissolution process. The rate of leaching of minerals may differ depending on the oxygen concentration. In this paper, the existence of anodic and cathodic zones on themineral surface during the dissolution/leaching of minerals andmetals has been presentedwith some differentworks. It isworthmentioning that a good number of published papers have experimentally demonstrated the existence of anodic and cathodic areas on the mineral surface.


Hydrometallurgy Over The Years (Geçmişten Günümüze Hidrometalurji), Fathi Habashi Jan 2014

Hydrometallurgy Over The Years (Geçmişten Günümüze Hidrometalurji), Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Binlerce yıl önce insanlar, nasıl fırın yapacaklarını, ayaçları eritmek için ateşi nasıl kullanacaklarını ve metalleri nasıl üreteceklerini öğrenmelerine rağmen, cevherlerin zenginleştirilmesinde çözeltilerin kullanımı, asit ve bazların öğrenilip kullanıldığı simyacılar dönemine rastlamaktadır. Bununla birlikte modern hidrometalurjinin başlangıcı, iki önemli prosesin keşfedildiği 19. yüzyılın sonlarına dayandırılabilir. Bu prosesler, altın ve gümüşün çözündürülmesi için siyanür liç prosesi ve boksit cevherlerinin değerlendirilmesi için geliştirilen Bayer prosesidir. Daha sonra, 1940’larda, uranyum zenginleştirilmesi ile ilgili olarak Manhattan Projesi (ABD) bir dönüm noktası olmuştur. O tarihten itibaren, hidrometalurji giderek ilerlemekte ve hatta bazı pirometalurjik proseslerin yerinialmaktadır. Bu süreçte Kanada’nın, özellikle uranyum, nikel, kobalt ve çinko ...


Geçmişten Günümüze Hidrometalurji Hydrometallurgy Over The Years*, Fathi Habashi Jan 2014

Geçmişten Günümüze Hidrometalurji Hydrometallurgy Over The Years*, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Thousands of years ago people had learned how to build furnaces and use fire to melt rocks and produce metals but the use of aqueous solutions for ore processing came much later, mainly at the time of the alchemists when acids and alkalies became known and used. Modern hydrometallurgy, however, can be traced back to the end of the 19th century when two major operations were discovered: the cyanidation process for gold and silver extraction and the Bayer process for bauxite treatment. Later, in the 1940s, a breakthrough came during the Manhattan Project in USA in connection with uranium extraction ...


Ultra Clean Coal Production Using Dense Medium Separation For The Silicon Market, Seyed Hassan Amini Jan 2014

Ultra Clean Coal Production Using Dense Medium Separation For The Silicon Market, Seyed Hassan Amini

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

The production of high quality silicon requires the use of ultraclean coal containing less than 1.5% ash. The magnetite used to clean the coal in a dense medium process is a contaminant that seriously impacts the quality of the final silicon product. As such, research has been conducted to evaluate the potential to substitute the magnetite with fine silica–based alternative material generated during the silicon production process. Dense medium cyclone tests were performed based on a statistically designed program to determine the optimum conditions that maximize organic efficiency and minimize probable error and low–density bypass. The results ...


Active Current Injection Method For Limiting Ground Fault Current Harmonics In Underground Coal Mines, Yigong Zhang Jan 2014

Active Current Injection Method For Limiting Ground Fault Current Harmonics In Underground Coal Mines, Yigong Zhang

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

Current practice in U.S. underground coal mine high-voltage distribution systems is to attempt to limit ground fault current to 25 Amperes and de-energize the circuit at 10 Amperes. However, the significant amount of system capacitance due to the use of shielded cables can cause ground fault current to be two or three times the intended ground fault limit. Consequently, this practice can cause several issues such as ground fault currents significantly exceeding the neutral grounding resistor current limit, loss of relay selectivity in the distribution system, and transient overvoltages in certain ground fault situations. These issues are solved to ...


Analysis Of A Ventilation Network In A Multiple Fans Limestone Mine, Ali Haghighat Jan 2014

Analysis Of A Ventilation Network In A Multiple Fans Limestone Mine, Ali Haghighat

Masters Theses

"As mining progresses the total resistance of an excavation is increased, the mine characteristic curve becomes steeper, and the operating point moves up the fan curve, reducing the total air quantity and increasing the system pressure. For multi-level ventilation networks with a number of fans the process can be tedious, and on a count of numerous dependent factors the optimal combination of fans is very hard to be achieved. The design of a ventilation network in conjunction with multi surface fans and booster fans entails a complex procedure.

The objective of this study is to provide a plan to improve ...


Multiscale Modeling Of The Mine Ventilation System And Flow Through The Gob, William Chad Wedding Jan 2014

Multiscale Modeling Of The Mine Ventilation System And Flow Through The Gob, William Chad Wedding

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

The following dissertation introduces the hazard of methane buildup in the gob zone, a caved region behind a retreating longwall face. This region serves as a reservoir for methane that can bleed into the mine workings. As this methane mixes with air delivered to the longwall panel, explosive concentrations of methane will be reached.

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is one of the many approaches to study the gob environment. Several studies in the past have researched this topic and a general approach has been developed that addresses much of the complexity of the problem. The topic of research herein presents ...


Test Development To Determine The Feasibility Of Rubber Tractor Treads For Use As Blasting Mats, Matthew Kurtis Coy Jan 2014

Test Development To Determine The Feasibility Of Rubber Tractor Treads For Use As Blasting Mats, Matthew Kurtis Coy

Masters Theses

"The objective of this thesis was to determine if rubber tractor treads could be used as an alternative material for blasting mats. These treads are made from steel cable and vulcanized rubber and are very tough. However, once they reach the end of their life on mobile equipment, they are destined for a landfill, or dump site because they are too tough to recycle. A potential alternative use for them is as blasting mats.

An examination of existing mat designs was conducted to better understand the matting methods used by the blasting industry today, to learn from those designs allow ...


An Analysis Of Burn Cut Pull Optimization Through Varying Relief Hole Depths, Michael Robert Allen Jan 2014

An Analysis Of Burn Cut Pull Optimization Through Varying Relief Hole Depths, Michael Robert Allen

Masters Theses

"In underground blasting, the pull of the initial cut is the limiting factor for the success of the rest of the round. By improving the pull of the first cut, a critical step is made towards improving the entire round. This project attempted to optimize a burn cut's effective pull by varying the depths of the relief holes in the burn, and then analyzing the results. In testing, relief holes were drilled to depths both shorter and longer than that of the cut's charged holes. The overall objective was to consistently achieve greater pull than in a standard ...


Determining And Mitigating The Effects Of Firing A Linear Shaped Charge Under Water, Brian Burch Jan 2014

Determining And Mitigating The Effects Of Firing A Linear Shaped Charge Under Water, Brian Burch

Masters Theses

"When fired under water, a Linear Shaped Charge (LSC) does not penetrate a steel target as well as in air. This lack of performance has been a problem for shaped charge manufacturers and their clients. It was obvious that this degradation of performance is due to water having a higher density than air and water being incompressible compared to air. This study aimed to better determine how the water was affecting the LSC and to provide a method of mitigation.

LSCs of different sizes were submerged under water and fired through the water with and without a target. It was ...


The Effects Of Advanced Structural Materials To Mitigate Explosive And Impact Threats, Caleb Michael Baumgart Jan 2014

The Effects Of Advanced Structural Materials To Mitigate Explosive And Impact Threats, Caleb Michael Baumgart

Masters Theses

"In a world of ever newer and modified improvised explosive devices (IEDs) that are very common in certain parts of the world, it is always more important to improve the devices used for protection. This research endeavors to design and analyze a blast barrier using three different media types to mitigate the high pressures from an IED or a car bomb. The three media types used in this research are pumice, steel grit, and foam. Six barriers were built to test the three media types and account for the changes from a standard solid concrete barrier to a barrier with ...


Development Of Industry Oriented Cfd Code For Analysis / Design Of Face Ventilation Systems, Todor P. Petrov Jan 2014

Development Of Industry Oriented Cfd Code For Analysis / Design Of Face Ventilation Systems, Todor P. Petrov

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

Two of the main safety and health issues recognized during deep cut coal mining are methane and dust hazards. Advances in continuous miner technology have improved safety and productivity. However, these advances have created some environmental problems, notably more dust and methane being generated at the face during coal extraction.

Results of studies performed in the last three decades concerning the face ventilation for deep cut mining showed very complicated airflow behavior. The specifics of flow patterns developed by the face ventilation systems presents significant challenge for analytical description even for equipment-free entry. Fortunately, there are methods, such as numerical ...


Status Of Communication And Tracking Technologies In Underground Coal Mines, Alexander D. Douglas Jan 2014

Status Of Communication And Tracking Technologies In Underground Coal Mines, Alexander D. Douglas

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

In 2006, Congress passed the MINER Act requiring mine operators to submit an emergency response plan that included post-accident communications and tracking systems to MSHA within three years of the Act. These systems were required to be designed for maximum survivability after a catastrophic event, such as a fire or explosion, and to be permissible (meets MSHA criteria for explosion-proof). At that time, no commercially available systems existed that met these standards. Several companies undertook developing new, or enhancing existing, technologies to meet these requirements. This research presents the results of a study that was conducted to determine the present ...


Fragmentation Analysis In The Dynamic Stress Wave Collision Regions In Bench Blasting, Catherine E. Johnson Jan 2014

Fragmentation Analysis In The Dynamic Stress Wave Collision Regions In Bench Blasting, Catherine E. Johnson

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

The first step in many mining operations is blasting, and the purpose of blasting is to fragment the rock mass in the most efficient way for that mine site and the material end use. Over time, new developments to any industry occur, and design and implementation of traditional techniques have to change as a consequence. Possibly the greatest improvement in blasting in recent years is that of electronic detonators. The improvements related to safety and increased fragmentation have been invaluable. There has been ongoing debate within the explosives industry regarding two possible theories for this. Shorter timing delays that allow ...


Evaluation Of Overpressure Wave Transition By Airblast Overpressure And Shock Wave Attenuation Analysis Using A Small Black Powder Charge, William R. Weitzel Jan 2014

Evaluation Of Overpressure Wave Transition By Airblast Overpressure And Shock Wave Attenuation Analysis Using A Small Black Powder Charge, William R. Weitzel

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

Eight flush mount pressure sensors were used in a series of 3 test sequences to measure air overpressure produced by a firecracker. Overpressure was recorded at a range of 1 inch to 21 inches away from detonation, and charge weight was determined to be 0.1mg of black powder. Air overpressure prediction equations were developed from test series then compared to collected data for subsequent tests. Overpressure wave velocity was measured using wave arrival time and distance between sensors. This wave velocity was compared to calculated wave velocity using overpressure and ideal gas law. Overpressure and wave velocity are directly ...


Behavior In Air Leakage And Recirculation Under The Influence Of Booster Fans, Koziba Feledi Jan 2014

Behavior In Air Leakage And Recirculation Under The Influence Of Booster Fans, Koziba Feledi

Masters Theses

"A booster fan is an underground mechanical ventilation equipment installed in series with a main surface fan that is used to boost the air pressure provided by the surface main fan passing through it. As mining continues to expand and go deeper, the need for improved and efficient ventilation increases. This has led to the use of booster fans and other auxiliary ventilation devices in underground mines. Research defining how system leakage and recirculation are affected by booster fans; describing how system leakage and recirculation are affected by the location, placement, and amount of air pressure from the booster fans ...


A Modified Initiation And Cut Profile Study Of The 10500 Grain Per Foot Linear Shaped Charge, Matthew Ortel Jan 2014

A Modified Initiation And Cut Profile Study Of The 10500 Grain Per Foot Linear Shaped Charge, Matthew Ortel

Masters Theses

"A 10,500 grain per foot (gr/ft.) linear shaped charge (LSC) was developed to cut targets that were too thick for smaller LSC. The manufacturer observed shallower penetration from the 10,500 gr/ft. LSC than was expected. This prompted investigations to uncover the cause of the perceived reduced performance.

A study performed at the Missouri University of Science and Technology changed the initiation method of the 10,500 gr/ft. charge to increase the cut performance of the charge. A modified two point, single end initiation method was devised and tested. This initiation method was termed "dual initiation ...