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Full-Text Articles in Mining Engineering

Iron Pigments Through The Ages, Fathi Habashi Sep 2015

Iron Pigments Through The Ages, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Naturally occurring iron oxides were used since ancient times as ochre yellow and red pigments. It was only in the 18th century that artificially prepared Prussian blue was discovered. This discovery opened up a new field of chemistry - - cyano compounds.


Mining And Civilization, Fathi Habashi Jul 2015

Mining And Civilization, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Ancient ruins or an ancient stone statue recalls the work of miners who brought the material from a quarry so that the sculptor can create a work of art. Carving of massive stone blocks and piercing tunnels in mountains are arts in which the same tools of mining are used and mining engineers are involved. Studying history of mining necessitates also the study of archaeology, art, architecture, and world history in general since it is the history of civilization. The pyramids of Egypt, the gold of Tut Ankh Amoun, the Coloseum in Rome, the Taj Mahal in Agra, and the ...


A New Process To Upgrade Ilmenite To Synthetic Rutile, Fathi Habashi Oct 2014

A New Process To Upgrade Ilmenite To Synthetic Rutile, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Ilmenite occurs in black sand at the mouth of great rivers as in India, or as massive deposits like in Quebec Province in Canada. It is unsuitable for processing into pigment or for metal production because of its high iron content and its low grade. Pyrometallurgical and hydrometallurgical methods have been developed to cope with this problem which resulted in the production of two commercial products that became known as synthetic rutile and Sorelslag. Attempts are also underway to produce TiO2 pigment directly from ilmenite. This report presents a newly developed process called the Magpie process, which enables the production ...


Pressure Hydrometallurgy, Fathi Habashi Apr 2014

Pressure Hydrometallurgy, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Pressure Hydrometallurgy is a supplement to the author’s Textbook of Hydrometallugy [second edition 1999]. It is an update to the new processes described in the literature dealing with recovering metals from ores and concentrates using this technology. Great progress was made in this field that necessitated this review.


Travelling In Turkey, Fathi Habashi Feb 2014

Travelling In Turkey, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

The peninsula that lies between the Black and Mediterranean seas, called Asia Minor by the Romans and Anatolia by the Greeks, was one of the crossroads of ancient civilizations. The fall of Constantinople in 1453 was a turning point in the history of mankind. Visits to Istanbul, Ankara, Eskisehir given together with the history of the country. Mineral resources of the country is briefly outlined.


History Of Innovation In Extractive Metallurgy, Fathi Habashi Feb 2014

History Of Innovation In Extractive Metallurgy, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

People learned melting of ores to get metals since ancient times but the use of aqueous solutions for this purpose was introduced relatively recently in the Middle Ages. The most recent technology, however, came when electric current became available on commercial scale towards the middle of the nineteenth century. The present article records in general terms the development in pyro- , hydro-, and electrometallurgy


Metalurjiye Adanmış Bir Hayat, Fathi Habashi Jan 2014

Metalurjiye Adanmış Bir Hayat, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Interview


Evidence Of The Existence Of Cathodic And Anodic Zones During The Leaching Of Minerals And Metals, Fathi Habashi Jan 2014

Evidence Of The Existence Of Cathodic And Anodic Zones During The Leaching Of Minerals And Metals, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

It is accepted worldwide that the dissolution of minerals in some cases, is an electrochemical process where anodic and cathodic reactions take place. There are many parameters, such as agent concentration, that directly affect the dissolution process. The rate of leaching of minerals may differ depending on the oxygen concentration. In this paper, the existence of anodic and cathodic zones on themineral surface during the dissolution/leaching of minerals andmetals has been presentedwith some differentworks. It isworthmentioning that a good number of published papers have experimentally demonstrated the existence of anodic and cathodic areas on the mineral surface.


Hydrometallurgy Over The Years (Geçmişten Günümüze Hidrometalurji), Fathi Habashi Jan 2014

Hydrometallurgy Over The Years (Geçmişten Günümüze Hidrometalurji), Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Binlerce yıl önce insanlar, nasıl fırın yapacaklarını, ayaçları eritmek için ateşi nasıl kullanacaklarını ve metalleri nasıl üreteceklerini öğrenmelerine rağmen, cevherlerin zenginleştirilmesinde çözeltilerin kullanımı, asit ve bazların öğrenilip kullanıldığı simyacılar dönemine rastlamaktadır. Bununla birlikte modern hidrometalurjinin başlangıcı, iki önemli prosesin keşfedildiği 19. yüzyılın sonlarına dayandırılabilir. Bu prosesler, altın ve gümüşün çözündürülmesi için siyanür liç prosesi ve boksit cevherlerinin değerlendirilmesi için geliştirilen Bayer prosesidir. Daha sonra, 1940’larda, uranyum zenginleştirilmesi ile ilgili olarak Manhattan Projesi (ABD) bir dönüm noktası olmuştur. O tarihten itibaren, hidrometalurji giderek ilerlemekte ve hatta bazı pirometalurjik proseslerin yerinialmaktadır. Bu süreçte Kanada’nın, özellikle uranyum, nikel, kobalt ve çinko ...


Geçmişten Günümüze Hidrometalurji Hydrometallurgy Over The Years*, Fathi Habashi Jan 2014

Geçmişten Günümüze Hidrometalurji Hydrometallurgy Over The Years*, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Thousands of years ago people had learned how to build furnaces and use fire to melt rocks and produce metals but the use of aqueous solutions for ore processing came much later, mainly at the time of the alchemists when acids and alkalies became known and used. Modern hydrometallurgy, however, can be traced back to the end of the 19th century when two major operations were discovered: the cyanidation process for gold and silver extraction and the Bayer process for bauxite treatment. Later, in the 1940s, a breakthrough came during the Manhattan Project in USA in connection with uranium extraction ...


Interview, Fathi Habashi Nov 2013

Interview, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Translation of a Turkish interview published in MEi Online


Pyrite: The Strategic Mineral That Became An Industrial Nuisance, Fathi Habashi Nov 2013

Pyrite: The Strategic Mineral That Became An Industrial Nuisance, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Pyrite, known since antiquity, had at one time a great strategic importance because it was the main raw material for making elemental sulfur for gun powder manufacture and for making SO2 for sulfuric acid production. However, when other sources of cheap elemental sulfur became available, pyrite not only lost its importance but became a nuisance for the metallurgical industry because of problems associated with its disposal. At present only pyrite-containing gold is treated by a variety of methods to recover gold.


Kinetics And Mechanisms Of Gold And Silver Dissolution In Cyanide Solution, Fathi Habashi Mar 1967

Kinetics And Mechanisms Of Gold And Silver Dissolution In Cyanide Solution, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

The dissolution of gold and silver in cyanide solution is an oxidation–reduction process in which cyanide ion forms a strong complex with Au+ or Ag+ ions and the reduction of oxygen on the surface of metal may take place partially to the hydrogen peroxide stage or completely to hydroxyl ion.