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Full-Text Articles in Mining Engineering

Detonation Synthesis Of Alpha-Variant Silicon Carbide, Martin Langenderfer, Catherine E. Johnson, William Fahrenholtz, Vadym Mochalin Aug 2019

Detonation Synthesis Of Alpha-Variant Silicon Carbide, Martin Langenderfer, Catherine E. Johnson, William Fahrenholtz, Vadym Mochalin

William Fahrenholtz

A recent research study has been undertaken to develop facilities for conducting detonation synthesis of nanomaterials. This process involves a familiar technique that has been utilized for the industrial synthesis of nanodiamonds. Developments through this study have allowed for experimentation with the concept of modifying explosive compositions to induce synthesis of new nanomaterials. Initial experimentation has been conducted with the end goal being synthesis of alpha variant silicon carbide (α-SiC) in the nano-scale. The α-SiC that can be produced through detonation synthesis methods is critical to the ceramics industry because of a number of unique properties of the material. Conventional ...


The Causes Of Armature Surface Fracturing Within Helical Flux-Compression Generators, Jason Baird, Paul Nicholas Worsey Aug 2016

The Causes Of Armature Surface Fracturing Within Helical Flux-Compression Generators, Jason Baird, Paul Nicholas Worsey

Paul Nicholas Worsey

Aluminum and copper tubes filled with explosive were tested during this study of high strain rate effects, as an adjunct to helical flux-compression generator research at the University of Missouri-Rolla, directly affecting the understanding of flux cutoff and high strain-rate changes in generator armatures. Longitudinal cracks characteristically developed in the outer surface of armatures at a smaller expansion ratio than predicted. These cracks occurred within two diameters of the detonator end of the armature but did not extend when the tubing expanded under explosive pressurization. Such cracks appear to cause magnetic flux cutoff, and flux losses seriously affect energy conversion ...


Surface Fracturing Of Armatures Within Helical Flux-Compression Generators, Paul Nicholas Worsey, Jason Baird Aug 2016

Surface Fracturing Of Armatures Within Helical Flux-Compression Generators, Paul Nicholas Worsey, Jason Baird

Paul Nicholas Worsey

Tubes of aluminum and of copper filled with C-4 high-explosive were tested during this study of high strain rate effects within thin metallic structures performed as an adjunct to helical flux-compression generator research at the University of Missouri-Rolla. Focusing on the stresses within a relatively thin metallic structure when brisant explosives abutting the structure are detonated, this study directly affects the understanding of flux cutoff and high strain-rate resistivity changes in an expanding armature. The detonation wave is compressive, and the shock waves resulting from its transmission into a thin metallic structure cause both compressive and tensile regions, posing an ...


Optical Diagnostics On Helical Flux Compression Generators, A. A. Neuber, J. C. Dickens, H. Krompholz, M. F. C. Schmidt, Jason Baird, Paul Nicholas Worsey, M. Kristiansen Aug 2016

Optical Diagnostics On Helical Flux Compression Generators, A. A. Neuber, J. C. Dickens, H. Krompholz, M. F. C. Schmidt, Jason Baird, Paul Nicholas Worsey, M. Kristiansen

Paul Nicholas Worsey

Explosively driven magnetic flux compression (MFC) has been object of research for more than three decades. Actual interest in the basic physical picture of flux compression has been heightened by a newly started Department of Defense (DoD) Multi-University Research Initiative. The emphasis is on helical flux compression generators comprising a hollow cylindrical metal liner filled with high explosives and at least one helical coil surrounding the liner. After the application of a seed current, magnetic flux is trapped and high current is generated by moving, i.e., expanding, the liner explosively along the winding of the helical coil. Several key ...


Method Of Stemming A Blast Hole, Paul Nicholas Worsey Aug 2016

Method Of Stemming A Blast Hole, Paul Nicholas Worsey

Paul Nicholas Worsey

A method of stemming a blast hole loaded with an explosive charge. The blast hole has side walls, an outwardly opening mouth and a central axis extending longitudinally of the blast hole. The method comprises inserting a conduit having a discharge end inwardly through the mouth of the blast hole and positioning the discharge end of the conduit within the blast hole generally adjacent the explosive charge. Particulate stemming material is forced under pressure through the conduit for exit from its discharge end into the blast hole toward the explosive charge thereby to pack stemming material in the blast hole ...


Mechanical Stemming Construction For Blast Holes And Method Of Use, Paul Nicholas Worsey Aug 2016

Mechanical Stemming Construction For Blast Holes And Method Of Use, Paul Nicholas Worsey

Paul Nicholas Worsey

A stemming construction for a blast hole loaded with an explosive charge, comprising a tapering wedge member dispersed in the blast hole outwardly of the explosive charge with its narrower end facing outwardly toward the mouth of the blast hole, and particulate stemming material in the blast hole outwardly of the wedge member. Detonation of the explosive drives the wedge member into the stemming material to wedge the stemming material against the walls of the blast hole. The wedge member is preferably cone-shaped and can be provided with a stabilizing rod to prevent it from tilting.


Effects Of Defects On Armatures Within Helical Flux-Compression Generators, Jason Baird, Paul Nicholas Worsey, Mark F. C. Schmidt Aug 2016

Effects Of Defects On Armatures Within Helical Flux-Compression Generators, Jason Baird, Paul Nicholas Worsey, Mark F. C. Schmidt

Paul Nicholas Worsey

Tubes of aluminum and copper filled with C-4 high-explosive were tested during this study of the effects of explosive flaws and voids, their sizes and locations, and of the effects of armature machining tolerances on the expansion characteristics of armatures within helical flux-compression generators. Flaws and voids were introduced into the explosive fill of 6061-T6 aluminum armatures during assembly. The defects were located along the major axis of the fill, midway between the major axis and the explosive/armature interface, and at the interface. The resulting effects on armature expansion were recorded by high-speed framing camera, intensified charge-coupled display (ICCD ...