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Full-Text Articles in Mining Engineering

Detonation Synthesis Of Alpha-Variant Silicon Carbide, Martin Langenderfer, Catherine E. Johnson, William Fahrenholtz, Vadym Mochalin Jul 2018

Detonation Synthesis Of Alpha-Variant Silicon Carbide, Martin Langenderfer, Catherine E. Johnson, William Fahrenholtz, Vadym Mochalin

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A recent research study has been undertaken to develop facilities for conducting detonation synthesis of nanomaterials. This process involves a familiar technique that has been utilized for the industrial synthesis of nanodiamonds. Developments through this study have allowed for experimentation with the concept of modifying explosive compositions to induce synthesis of new nanomaterials. Initial experimentation has been conducted with the end goal being synthesis of alpha variant silicon carbide (α-SiC) in the nano-scale. The α-SiC that can be produced through detonation synthesis methods is critical to the ceramics industry because of a number of unique properties of the material. Conventional ...


Effect Of Explosive Charge Geometry On Shockwave Propagation, Catherine E. Johnson, Phillip R. Mulligan, Kelly Williams, Martin Langenderfer, Jeffrey Heniff Dec 2017

Effect Of Explosive Charge Geometry On Shockwave Propagation, Catherine E. Johnson, Phillip R. Mulligan, Kelly Williams, Martin Langenderfer, Jeffrey Heniff

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

With advancements in the 3D printing of explosives, the understanding how the shape of an explosive charge influences the energy expansion and subsequently the focusing of energy is becoming increasingly more important. Theoretically, explosive charges could be printed to focus the energy on targets of interest or to synthesize nanomaterials. The first step to quantifying the energy expansion and shock wave convergences for a 3D printed charge is to examine simple geometries of traditional explosive charges (non-3D printed). Detonation of 15 PETN-based primasheet charges in the spherical, cubic, cylindrical, and tetrahedral configurations have been examined in this study. Qualitative data ...


Explosive-Driven Mini-System Based On Shock Wave Ferromagnetic Seed Source And Loop Magnetic Flux Compression Generator, Sergey I. Shkuratov, Evgueni F. Talantsev, Jason Baird, Allen H. Stults, Larry L. Altgilbers Jun 2007

Explosive-Driven Mini-System Based On Shock Wave Ferromagnetic Seed Source And Loop Magnetic Flux Compression Generator, Sergey I. Shkuratov, Evgueni F. Talantsev, Jason Baird, Allen H. Stults, Larry L. Altgilbers

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Completely explosive pulsed power mini-systems based on the transverse shock wave ferromagnetic generator (FMG) served as a seed source and loop magnetic flux compression generator (LFCG) as a pulsed power amplifier were proposed, designed, built and tested. The physical principles and design of the developed FMG-LFCG system are described in detail. Experimental data are presented for the explosive operation and electrical performance of the system.


Using Coupled Eulerian And Lagrangian Grids To Model Explosive Interactions With Buildings, Braden Lusk, William P. Schonberg, Jason Baird, Robert S. Woodley, Warren Noll Nov 2006

Using Coupled Eulerian And Lagrangian Grids To Model Explosive Interactions With Buildings, Braden Lusk, William P. Schonberg, Jason Baird, Robert S. Woodley, Warren Noll

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

This paper presents the development of a computational model that can be used to study the interactions between structures and detonating explosives contained within them. This model was developed as part of an effort to develop a rubble characterization model for use in AmmoSIM, an agent based urban tactical decision aid (UTDA) software for weapon-target pairing. The rubble pile created following the collapse of a building in a combat situation can significantly impact mission accomplishment, particularly in the area of movement and maneuver. The information provided by AmmoSIM will enable both platoon level and command center staff to make informed ...


New Concept For Constructing An Autonomous Completely Explosive Pulsed Power System: Transverse Shock Wave Ferromagnetic Primary Power Source And Loop Flux Compression Amplifier, Sergey I. Shkuratov, Evgueni F. Talantsev, Jason Baird, Allen H. Stults, Larry L. Altgilbers Nov 2006

New Concept For Constructing An Autonomous Completely Explosive Pulsed Power System: Transverse Shock Wave Ferromagnetic Primary Power Source And Loop Flux Compression Amplifier, Sergey I. Shkuratov, Evgueni F. Talantsev, Jason Baird, Allen H. Stults, Larry L. Altgilbers

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A new design idea for a compact, autonomous, completely explosive pulsed power system is proposed. The system is based on the shock wave ferromagnetic generator (FMG) as a primary power source and a loop magnetic flux compression generator (LFCG) as a pulsed power amplifier. The FMG primary power source utilizes the effect of transverse shock wave demagnetization of Nd2Fe14B high-energy hard ferromagnets to produce the seed current. Results are presented of an experimental study and digital simulation of operation of the FMG-LFCG system


Transverse Explosive Shock-Wave Compression Of Nd₂Fe₁₄B High-Energy Hard Ferromagnets: Induced Magnetic Phase Transition, Sergey I. Shkuratov, Evgueni F. Talantsev, Jason Baird, Larry L. Altgilbers, Allen H. Stults Jan 2006

Transverse Explosive Shock-Wave Compression Of Nd₂Fe₁₄B High-Energy Hard Ferromagnets: Induced Magnetic Phase Transition, Sergey I. Shkuratov, Evgueni F. Talantsev, Jason Baird, Larry L. Altgilbers, Allen H. Stults

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Investigations of the magnetic phase state of Nd2Fe14B high-energy hard ferromagnets under the action of an explosive shock wave traveling across the magnetization vector, M, have been performed. We demonstrate that the transverse shock-wave compression of an Nd2Fe14B hard ferromagnet with pressure at the shock wave front of P = 22.3 GPa causes a hard ferromagnet — to — weak magnet phase transition. Due to this phase transition, the magnetostatic energy stored for an indefinite period of time in the Nd2Fe14B ferromagnet is released within a short time interval and can be transformed into pulsed primary power. Based on this effect we ...


Longitudinal Shock Wave Depolarization Of Pb(Zr₅₂Ti₄₈)O₃ Polycrystalline Ferroelectrics And Their Utilization In Explosive Pulsed Power, Sergey I. Shkuratov, Evgueni F. Talantsev, Jason Baird, Henryk Temkin, Larry L. Altgilbers, Allen H. Stults Jan 2006

Longitudinal Shock Wave Depolarization Of Pb(Zr₅₂Ti₄₈)O₃ Polycrystalline Ferroelectrics And Their Utilization In Explosive Pulsed Power, Sergey I. Shkuratov, Evgueni F. Talantsev, Jason Baird, Henryk Temkin, Larry L. Altgilbers, Allen H. Stults

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A poled lead zirconate titanate Pb(Zr52Ti48)O3 (PZT) polycrystalline piezoelectric ceramic energy-carrying element of a compact explosive-driven power generator was subjected to a longitudinal explosive shock wave (the wave front traveled along the polarization vector P0). The shock compression of the element at pressures of 1.5-3.8 GPa caused almost complete depolarization of the sample. Shock wave velocity in the PZT was determined to be 3.94 ± 0.27 km/s. The electric charge stored in a ferroelectric, due to its remnant polarization, is released during a short time interval and can be transformed into pulsed power. Compact ...


Completely Explosive Autonomous High-Voltage Pulsed-Power System Based On Shockwave Ferromagnetic Primary Power Source And Spiral Vector Inversion Generator, Sergey I. Shkuratov, Evgueni F. Talantsev, Jason Baird, Millard F. Rose, Zachary Shotts, Z. Roberts, Allen H. Stults, Larry L. Altgilbers Jan 2006

Completely Explosive Autonomous High-Voltage Pulsed-Power System Based On Shockwave Ferromagnetic Primary Power Source And Spiral Vector Inversion Generator, Sergey I. Shkuratov, Evgueni F. Talantsev, Jason Baird, Millard F. Rose, Zachary Shotts, Z. Roberts, Allen H. Stults, Larry L. Altgilbers

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Novel explosive and conventional pulsed-power technologies were combined, and a series of explosive-driven high-voltage power supplies was designed, built, and tested. The power supply contained an explosive-driven high-voltage primary power source based on the fundamental physical effect of shockwave demagnetization of Nd2 Fe14B high-energy ferromagnet and a power-conditioning stage. The volume of the energy-carrying ferromagnetic elements in the shockwave ferromagnetic generators (FMGs) was 8.75 cm3. The power-conditioning stage was based on the spiral vector inversion generator (VIG). The combined FMG-VIG system demonstrated successful operation and good performance. The output-voltage pulse amplitude of the combined FMG-VIG ...


Pulse Charging Of Capacitor Bank By Explosive-Driven Shock Wave Ferroelectric Generator, Sergey I. Shkuratov, Evgueni F. Talantsev, Jason Baird, Allen H. Stults, Larry L. Altgilbers Jan 2006

Pulse Charging Of Capacitor Bank By Explosive-Driven Shock Wave Ferroelectric Generator, Sergey I. Shkuratov, Evgueni F. Talantsev, Jason Baird, Allen H. Stults, Larry L. Altgilbers

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Ultracompact explosive-driven shock wave ferroelectric generators (FEGs) were used as autonomous primary power sources for charging capacitor banks of different capacitance. The FEGs utilized longitudinal (when the shock wave propagates along the polarization vector P) shock wave depolarization of Pb(Zr52Ti48)O3 (PZT) polycrystalline ferroelectric ceramic. PZT disks having diameters ranging from 25 to 27 mm and three different thicknesses: 0.65, 2.1, and 5.1 mm. It was experimentally shown that during the charging process the FEGs were capable of producing pulsed power with peak amplitudes up to 0.3 MW. Results for charging ...


Completely Explosive Ultracompact High-Voltage Nanosecond Pulse-Generating System, Sergey I. Shkuratov, Evgueni F. Talantsev, Jason Baird, Millard F. Rose, Zachary Shotts, Larry L. Altgilbers, Allen H. Stults Jan 2006

Completely Explosive Ultracompact High-Voltage Nanosecond Pulse-Generating System, Sergey I. Shkuratov, Evgueni F. Talantsev, Jason Baird, Millard F. Rose, Zachary Shotts, Larry L. Altgilbers, Allen H. Stults

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A conventional pulsed power technology has been combined with an explosive pulsed power technology to produce an autonomous high-voltage power supply. The power supply contained an explosive-driven high-voltage primary power source and a power-conditioning stage. The ultracompact explosive-driven primary power source was based on the physical effect of shock-wave depolarization of high-energy Pb(Zr52Ti48)O3 ferroelectric material. The volume of the energy-carrying ferroelectric elements in the shock-wave ferroelectric generators (SWFEGs) varied from 1.2 to 2.6 cm3. The power-conditioning stage was based on the spiral vector inversion generator (VIG). The SWFEG-VIG system demonstrated successful operation and good performance. The ...


Compact Autonomous Completely Explosive Pulsed Power System Based On Transverse Shock Wave Demagnetization Of Nd₂Fe₁₄B And Magnetic Flux Compression, Sergey I. Shkuratov, Evgueni F. Talantsev, Jason Baird, Allen H. Stults, Larry L. Altgilbers Nov 2005

Compact Autonomous Completely Explosive Pulsed Power System Based On Transverse Shock Wave Demagnetization Of Nd₂Fe₁₄B And Magnetic Flux Compression, Sergey I. Shkuratov, Evgueni F. Talantsev, Jason Baird, Allen H. Stults, Larry L. Altgilbers

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The design and performance of a compact autonomous completely explosive pulsed power system based on two physical effects, the transverse shock wave demagnetization of Nd2Fe14B high-energy hard ferromagnets and magnetic flux compression, are presented. A transverse shock wave ferromagnetic generator (FMG) served as a seed source, and a compact helical magnetic flux compression generator (FCG) was used as a pulsed power amplifier. Results of a theoretical and experimental study demonstrated reliable operation of the proposed FMG-FCG system. The methodology for analytical calculation of seed current amplitude is developed.


Pulsed Charging Of Capacitor Bank By Compact Explosive-Driven High-Voltage Primary Power Source Based On Longitudinal Shock Wave Depolarization Of Ferroelectric Ceramics, Sergey I. Shkuratov, Jason Baird, Evgueni F. Talantsev, Yaroslav Tkach, Larry L. Altgilbers, Allen H. Stults, Stanislav V. Kolossenok Jan 2005

Pulsed Charging Of Capacitor Bank By Compact Explosive-Driven High-Voltage Primary Power Source Based On Longitudinal Shock Wave Depolarization Of Ferroelectric Ceramics, Sergey I. Shkuratov, Jason Baird, Evgueni F. Talantsev, Yaroslav Tkach, Larry L. Altgilbers, Allen H. Stults, Stanislav V. Kolossenok

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Results of the investigation of the operation of autonomous ultracompact explosive-driven high-voltage primary power sources based on longitudinal (when the shock wave propagates along the polarization vector P0) shock wave depolarization of ferroelectric materials in the open circuit and charging modes are presented. The energy-carrying elements of shock wave ferroelectric generators (FEGs) were poled lead zirconate titanate (PZT) Pb(Zr52Ti48)O3 polycrystalline piezoelectric ceramic disks with volume 0.35 cm3. The PZT modules were shock compressed in the stress range from 1.5 to 3.8 GPa by a longitudinal shock wave generated by high explosives. In the charging mode ...


The Causes Of Armature Surface Fracturing Within Helical Flux-Compression Generators, Jason Baird, Paul Nicholas Worsey Jan 2002

The Causes Of Armature Surface Fracturing Within Helical Flux-Compression Generators, Jason Baird, Paul Nicholas Worsey

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Aluminum and copper tubes filled with explosive were tested during this study of high strain rate effects, as an adjunct to helical flux-compression generator research at the University of Missouri-Rolla, directly affecting the understanding of flux cutoff and high strain-rate changes in generator armatures. Longitudinal cracks characteristically developed in the outer surface of armatures at a smaller expansion ratio than predicted. These cracks occurred within two diameters of the detonator end of the armature but did not extend when the tubing expanded under explosive pressurization. Such cracks appear to cause magnetic flux cutoff, and flux losses seriously affect energy conversion ...


Surface Fracturing Of Armatures Within Helical Flux-Compression Generators, Paul Nicholas Worsey, Jason Baird Jan 2001

Surface Fracturing Of Armatures Within Helical Flux-Compression Generators, Paul Nicholas Worsey, Jason Baird

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Tubes of aluminum and of copper filled with C-4 high-explosive were tested during this study of high strain rate effects within thin metallic structures performed as an adjunct to helical flux-compression generator research at the University of Missouri-Rolla. Focusing on the stresses within a relatively thin metallic structure when brisant explosives abutting the structure are detonated, this study directly affects the understanding of flux cutoff and high strain-rate resistivity changes in an expanding armature. The detonation wave is compressive, and the shock waves resulting from its transmission into a thin metallic structure cause both compressive and tensile regions, posing an ...


Effects Of Defects On Armatures Within Helical Flux-Compression Generators, Jason Baird, Paul Nicholas Worsey, Mark F. C. Schmidt Jan 2001

Effects Of Defects On Armatures Within Helical Flux-Compression Generators, Jason Baird, Paul Nicholas Worsey, Mark F. C. Schmidt

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Tubes of aluminum and copper filled with C-4 high-explosive were tested during this study of the effects of explosive flaws and voids, their sizes and locations, and of the effects of armature machining tolerances on the expansion characteristics of armatures within helical flux-compression generators. Flaws and voids were introduced into the explosive fill of 6061-T6 aluminum armatures during assembly. The defects were located along the major axis of the fill, midway between the major axis and the explosive/armature interface, and at the interface. The resulting effects on armature expansion were recorded by high-speed framing camera, intensified charge-coupled display (ICCD ...


Optical Diagnostics On Helical Flux Compression Generators, A. A. Neuber, J. C. Dickens, H. Krompholz, M. F. C. Schmidt, Jason Baird, Paul Nicholas Worsey, M. Kristiansen Oct 2000

Optical Diagnostics On Helical Flux Compression Generators, A. A. Neuber, J. C. Dickens, H. Krompholz, M. F. C. Schmidt, Jason Baird, Paul Nicholas Worsey, M. Kristiansen

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Explosively driven magnetic flux compression (MFC) has been object of research for more than three decades. Actual interest in the basic physical picture of flux compression has been heightened by a newly started Department of Defense (DoD) Multi-University Research Initiative. The emphasis is on helical flux compression generators comprising a hollow cylindrical metal liner filled with high explosives and at least one helical coil surrounding the liner. After the application of a seed current, magnetic flux is trapped and high current is generated by moving, i.e., expanding, the liner explosively along the winding of the helical coil. Several key ...


Method Of Stemming A Blast Hole, Paul Nicholas Worsey Oct 1993

Method Of Stemming A Blast Hole, Paul Nicholas Worsey

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A method of stemming a blast hole loaded with an explosive charge. The blast hole has side walls, an outwardly opening mouth and a central axis extending longitudinally of the blast hole. The method comprises inserting a conduit having a discharge end inwardly through the mouth of the blast hole and positioning the discharge end of the conduit within the blast hole generally adjacent the explosive charge. Particulate stemming material is forced under pressure through the conduit for exit from its discharge end into the blast hole toward the explosive charge thereby to pack stemming material in the blast hole ...


Mechanical Stemming Construction For Blast Holes And Method Of Use, Paul Nicholas Worsey Jul 1988

Mechanical Stemming Construction For Blast Holes And Method Of Use, Paul Nicholas Worsey

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A stemming construction for a blast hole loaded with an explosive charge, comprising a tapering wedge member dispersed in the blast hole outwardly of the explosive charge with its narrower end facing outwardly toward the mouth of the blast hole, and particulate stemming material in the blast hole outwardly of the wedge member. Detonation of the explosive drives the wedge member into the stemming material to wedge the stemming material against the walls of the blast hole. The wedge member is preferably cone-shaped and can be provided with a stabilizing rod to prevent it from tilting.


An Investigation Of Combined Thermal Weakening And Mechanical Disintegration Of Hard Rock, George Bromley Clark, T. F. Lehnhoff, Vernon Dale Allen, Mahendrakumar Ramkrishna Patel Jan 1973

An Investigation Of Combined Thermal Weakening And Mechanical Disintegration Of Hard Rock, George Bromley Clark, T. F. Lehnhoff, Vernon Dale Allen, Mahendrakumar Ramkrishna Patel

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

"The research under modified Contract No. H0220068 has been devoted to experimental thermal-mechanical fragmentation of Missouri red granite in place, and to supporting theoretical analyses. The results of the previous year's experimental work showed that thermal stresses are several times more effective in fragmenting hard rock when they are created within the rock rather than upon the surface. Also, large blocks {4-foot cubes) are not adequate to simulate the response of in situ rock.

Based upon laboratory tests an experimental round was designed analogous to an explosive blasting round with coiled wire heating elements placed in drill holes. Three ...