Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Mining Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Chemical Engineering

Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 100

Full-Text Articles in Mining Engineering

Operation And Process Control Development For A Pilot-Scale Leaching And Solvent Extraction Circuit Recovering Rare Earth Elements From Coal-Based Sources, Douglas Kweku Addo Jan 2019

Operation And Process Control Development For A Pilot-Scale Leaching And Solvent Extraction Circuit Recovering Rare Earth Elements From Coal-Based Sources, Douglas Kweku Addo

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

The US Department of Energy in 2010 has identified several rare earth elements as critical materials to enable clean technologies. As part of ongoing research in REEs (rare earth elements) recovery from coal sources, the University of Kentucky has designed, developed and is demonstrating a ¼ ton/hour pilot-scale processing plant to produce high-grade REEs from coal sources. Due to the need to control critical variables (e.g. pH, tank level, etc.), process control is required. To ensure adequate process control, a study was conducted on leaching and solvent extraction control to evaluate the potential of achieving low-cost REE recovery ...


Modeling And Validation Of Local Electrowinning Electrode Current Density Using Two Phase Flow And Nernst-Planck Equations, Joshua M. Werner, W. Zeng, M. L. Free, Z. Zhang, J. Cho Mar 2018

Modeling And Validation Of Local Electrowinning Electrode Current Density Using Two Phase Flow And Nernst-Planck Equations, Joshua M. Werner, W. Zeng, M. L. Free, Z. Zhang, J. Cho

Mining Engineering Faculty Publications

In this work we demonstrate the validity of a multi-physics model using COMSOL to predict the local current density distribution at the cathode of a copper electrowinning test cell. Important developments utilizing Euler-Euler bubbly flow with coupled Nernst-Planck transport equations allow additional insights into deposit characteristics and topographies.


Study On The Surface Features Of Preg-Robbing Carbonaceous Matter During Oxidation Treatment, Mana Pourdasht Mar 2018

Study On The Surface Features Of Preg-Robbing Carbonaceous Matter During Oxidation Treatment, Mana Pourdasht

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Carbonaceous gold ores have the ability to adsorb gold (I) cyanide from leach solutions during processing. This phenomenon, known as preg-robbing, is responsible for poor recoveries as the carbonaceous materials of the ore compete with activated carbon used during the leaching and adsorption phase of processing. Chemical oxidation of carbonaceous materials by different reagents has been utilized to investigate and compare the mechanism of Au (CN)2 adsorption onto carbonaceous materials prior to and following the treatment.

The procedure for characterization of the carbonaceous materials (plain and modified) in the sample combines the use of several analytical techniques and test ...


Tailings Dust Emissions, Emily Degner, Sam Horn, Zakary Galligan, Ryan Bernard, Julie Jameson, Josh Mueller, Natalie Tucker, Joe Griffin May 2017

Tailings Dust Emissions, Emily Degner, Sam Horn, Zakary Galligan, Ryan Bernard, Julie Jameson, Josh Mueller, Natalie Tucker, Joe Griffin

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Fugitive dust emissions from the storage and handling of mine tailings presents environmental and safety concerns, which must be addressed to promote the land sustainability and the health and safety of individuals around a tailings storage facility (TSF). The investigated dust control methods were agglomeration, binder slurry injection, and topical spray.

The Dust Busters determined that pelletizing was the most practical method of agglomeration. In order to produce durable pellets from the mine tailings, which consist primarily of silica, a binder must be added. A variety of binders were considered including magnesium and calcium chloride, bentonite, barite, cement, vinyl polymers ...


Surface Chemisty Study Of Monazite Flotation In Coal Refuse Systems, Wencai Zhang Jan 2017

Surface Chemisty Study Of Monazite Flotation In Coal Refuse Systems, Wencai Zhang

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

Rare earth mineral recovery from alternative resources such as coal and coal byproducts is increasingly important to provide an opportunity for economic recovery from U.S. sources. Currently, China produces the majority of the 149,000 tons of rare earth elements used annually worldwide of which the U.S. imports 11% or around 16,000 tons. There are no significant mining operations producing rare earth elements in the U.S. However, there are many U.S. sources containing rare earth minerals such as monazite including heavy mineral sand and phosphate operations. Monazite mineral particles of a few microns have also ...


Controlling Properties Of Agglomerates For Chemical Processes, Joseph A. Halt Jan 2017

Controlling Properties Of Agglomerates For Chemical Processes, Joseph A. Halt

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Iron ore pellets are hard spheres made from powdered ore and binders. Pellets are used to make iron, mainly in blast furnaces. Around the time that the pelletizing process was developed, starch was proposed as a binder because it’s viscous, adheres well to iron oxides, does not contaminate pellets and is relatively cheap. In practice, however, starch leads to weak pellets with rough surfaces – these increase the amount of dust generated within process equipment and during pellet shipping and handling. Thus, even though the usual binder (bentonite clay) contaminates pellets, pelletizers prefer it to starch or other organics.

This ...


Haul Truck Tires Recycling, Omkar Bhave Dec 2016

Haul Truck Tires Recycling, Omkar Bhave

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The disposal of large Off-the-Road (OTR) tires is an increasingly important concern. These tires can weigh up to 8,450 pounds with an overall diameter and width of approximately 140.7 inches and 45.1 inches respectively. OTR tires are used for mining vehicles such as haul trucks, wheel loaders, backhoes, graders, and trenchers.[1] These new tires cost between $38,000 and $50,000 each, depending on multiple factors including oil prices and the cyclical nature of the industry. Haul trucks contain six tires per vehicle, and mines replace these tires around every 9-12 months.[2] Statistics regarding discarded ...


Haul Truck Tires Recycling, Jessica N. Lizarazu May 2016

Haul Truck Tires Recycling, Jessica N. Lizarazu

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The disposal of large Off-the-Road (OTR) tires is an increasingly important concern. These tires can weigh up to 8,450 pounds with an overall diameter and width of approximately 140.7 inches and 45.1 inches respectively. OTR tires are used for mining vehicles such as haul trucks, wheel loaders, backhoes, graders, and trenchers. These new tires cost between $38,000 and $50,000 each, depending on multiple factors including oil prices and the cyclical nature of the industry. Haul trucks contain six tires per vehicle, and mines replace these tires around every 9-12 months. Statistics regarding discarded OTR tires ...


Application Of Treated Oil Sands Drill Cuttings Waste In Micropiles Construction, Moustafa Ahmed Raafat Mohamed Aboutabikh Jan 2016

Application Of Treated Oil Sands Drill Cuttings Waste In Micropiles Construction, Moustafa Ahmed Raafat Mohamed Aboutabikh

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A micropile is constructed by drilling a hole, placing a steel reinforcing element, grouting it using neat cement. However, cement production consumes energy and generates carbon dioxide. Implementing waste materials in construction applications represents a sustainable solution for many waste management problems. On the other hand, oil sands drill cuttings waste represents one of the most difficult challenges for the oil sands mining sector. Reducing the amount oil sands drill cutting waste sent to landfill offers one of the best solutions for waste management. This thesis presents an innovative solution for application of treated oil sands waste (TOSW) in grout ...


A Petrophysical Evaluation For Permeability Of A Gas Reservoir In The Taranaki Basin, New Zealand, Musa Cetin Jan 2016

A Petrophysical Evaluation For Permeability Of A Gas Reservoir In The Taranaki Basin, New Zealand, Musa Cetin

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

The goal of this study was to evaluate permeability and study the controls on permeability in a gas saturated formation. Conventional well logs, mineral identification crossplots and empirical models were applied to analyze different lithologic and diagenetic features and to examine the effect that these features may have on the reservoir. An unusual feature was observed, and required detailed examination: there existed (in two wells) five zones of lower resistivity (higher water saturation) above the gas-water contact. This is unexpected, as above that contact, the water is usually at irreducible water saturation. I conclude that the lower resistivity (the higher ...


Modeling Explosive Lensing On A Cylindrical Body In Air: A First Step Towards Sealing An Underwater Offshore Oil Spill, Phillip R. Mulligan Jan 2016

Modeling Explosive Lensing On A Cylindrical Body In Air: A First Step Towards Sealing An Underwater Offshore Oil Spill, Phillip R. Mulligan

Doctoral Dissertations

"In 2010, the British Petroleum (BP) Deepwater Horizon accident leaked oil into the Gulf of Mexico for 87 days. A fast response method that can seal an oil pipe and stop the release of oil is needed in order to prevent future oil leaks from turning into ecological and financial disasters. Explosives can serve this need.

This research examined how a circular implosive discontinuous explosive lens interacts with a cylindrical surface. The following research was designed to study the applicability of the Method this author developed to predict the peak pressure from multiple shockwaves converging on a centrally located cylinder ...


The Dispersion And Selective Flocculation Of Hematite Ore, Howard James Haselhuhn Iii Jan 2015

The Dispersion And Selective Flocculation Of Hematite Ore, Howard James Haselhuhn Iii

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

Iron ore is one of the most important ores in the world. Over the past century, most mining of iron ore has been focused on magnetite (Fe3O4). As the name suggests, magnetite is magnetic in nature and is easily separated from gangue (unwanted) minerals through magnetic separation processes. Unfortunately, the magnetite ore bodies are diminishing. Because of this, there has been a recent drive to pursue technology that can economically separate hematite (Fe2O3) from its gangue minerals as hematite is a much more abundant source of iron. Most hematite ore has a very small liberation size that is frequently less ...


Pilot Scale Demonstration And Evaluation Of Innovative Non-Deslimed Non-Classified Gravity-Fed Hm Cyclone, Yumo Zhang Jan 2015

Pilot Scale Demonstration And Evaluation Of Innovative Non-Deslimed Non-Classified Gravity-Fed Hm Cyclone, Yumo Zhang

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

Coal preparation plants are required in some cases to produce a high-grade product using a low specific gravity cut-point. For these situations, a second higher gravity separation would be desirable to generate a mid-grade product that can be utilized for electricity generation thereby maximizing coal recovery. A study was conducted to evaluate the potential of achieving efficient separations at two different density cut-points in a single stage using a three-product dense medium cyclone. Variations in density cut-point and process efficiency values were quantified as a function of the feed medium density, feed medium-to-coal ratio, and feed pressure using a three-level ...


Sustainable Disposal Of Coal Processing Waste Streams, Mohammad Rezaee Jan 2015

Sustainable Disposal Of Coal Processing Waste Streams, Mohammad Rezaee

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

Modern coal preparation facilities incorporate a wide array of solid-solid and solid-liquid separation processes for rejecting mineral matter to meet market specifications. The coarse mineral matter is typically placed into engineered refuse piles whereas the fine refuse is either stored in impoundments or co-disposed with the coarse refuse. The discharge water from the refuse material represents an environmental concern due to the potential release of trace elements, and the subsequent elevation of total dissolved solids and conductivity. The research findings reported in this dissertation addresses sustainable coal processing waste disposal through using strategies aimed at minimizing the environmental impacts. To ...


Studies On The Role Of Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Polyacrylamides In Fine Coal Flotation, Ontlametse Kenneth Molatlhegi Jan 2015

Studies On The Role Of Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Polyacrylamides In Fine Coal Flotation, Ontlametse Kenneth Molatlhegi

Masters Theses

"The current study investigated the effect of novel organic/inorganic (hybrid) polyacrylamide polymer as ash (slimes) depressant in fine coal flotation for the possibility to enhance the combustible recovery and ash rejection. Raw coal samples contain about 25% of ash-forming minerals were crushed, grinded to -75um and floated in the presence of in-house synthesized hybrid Polyacrylamide (Al(OH)3-PAM or Al-PAM) at different operational parameters. Denver flotation cell with a 5-Liters capacity was used and the parameters investigated include: Al-PAM dosage, Al-PAM conditioning time, dual use of Al-PAM and a dispersant, impeller rotation speed and pulp's pH. For ...


A New Process To Upgrade Ilmenite To Synthetic Rutile, Fathi Habashi Oct 2014

A New Process To Upgrade Ilmenite To Synthetic Rutile, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Ilmenite occurs in black sand at the mouth of great rivers as in India, or as massive deposits like in Quebec Province in Canada. It is unsuitable for processing into pigment or for metal production because of its high iron content and its low grade. Pyrometallurgical and hydrometallurgical methods have been developed to cope with this problem which resulted in the production of two commercial products that became known as synthetic rutile and Sorelslag. Attempts are also underway to produce TiO2 pigment directly from ilmenite. This report presents a newly developed process called the Magpie process, which enables the production ...


Pressure Hydrometallurgy, Fathi Habashi Apr 2014

Pressure Hydrometallurgy, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Pressure Hydrometallurgy is a supplement to the author’s Textbook of Hydrometallugy [second edition 1999]. It is an update to the new processes described in the literature dealing with recovering metals from ores and concentrates using this technology. Great progress was made in this field that necessitated this review.


Catalytic Or Thermal Reversed Flow Combustion Of Coal Mine Ventilation Air Methane: What Is Better Choice And When?, Krzysztof J. Gosiewski Jan 2014

Catalytic Or Thermal Reversed Flow Combustion Of Coal Mine Ventilation Air Methane: What Is Better Choice And When?, Krzysztof J. Gosiewski

Krzysztof Gosiewski

The paper presents a comparison of the two options of reverse flow reactors destined for the utilization of coal mine ventilation air methane by catalytic (CFRR) or thermal (TFRR) combustion. It has been shown that both solutions have advantages and drawbacks. The use of the catalyst significantly decreases reactor temperature and makes the operation becomes to be autothermal for methane concentrations lower than in TFRR (even as low as over 0.06 vol.%). On the other hand when methane is combusted, particularly if average concentration is higher than ca. 0.4 vol.% the maximum temperature in the reactor appears to ...


Evidence Of The Existence Of Cathodic And Anodic Zones During The Leaching Of Minerals And Metals, Fathi Habashi Jan 2014

Evidence Of The Existence Of Cathodic And Anodic Zones During The Leaching Of Minerals And Metals, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

It is accepted worldwide that the dissolution of minerals in some cases, is an electrochemical process where anodic and cathodic reactions take place. There are many parameters, such as agent concentration, that directly affect the dissolution process. The rate of leaching of minerals may differ depending on the oxygen concentration. In this paper, the existence of anodic and cathodic zones on themineral surface during the dissolution/leaching of minerals andmetals has been presentedwith some differentworks. It isworthmentioning that a good number of published papers have experimentally demonstrated the existence of anodic and cathodic areas on the mineral surface.


Hydrometallurgy Over The Years (Geçmişten Günümüze Hidrometalurji), Fathi Habashi Jan 2014

Hydrometallurgy Over The Years (Geçmişten Günümüze Hidrometalurji), Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Binlerce yıl önce insanlar, nasıl fırın yapacaklarını, ayaçları eritmek için ateşi nasıl kullanacaklarını ve metalleri nasıl üreteceklerini öğrenmelerine rağmen, cevherlerin zenginleştirilmesinde çözeltilerin kullanımı, asit ve bazların öğrenilip kullanıldığı simyacılar dönemine rastlamaktadır. Bununla birlikte modern hidrometalurjinin başlangıcı, iki önemli prosesin keşfedildiği 19. yüzyılın sonlarına dayandırılabilir. Bu prosesler, altın ve gümüşün çözündürülmesi için siyanür liç prosesi ve boksit cevherlerinin değerlendirilmesi için geliştirilen Bayer prosesidir. Daha sonra, 1940’larda, uranyum zenginleştirilmesi ile ilgili olarak Manhattan Projesi (ABD) bir dönüm noktası olmuştur. O tarihten itibaren, hidrometalurji giderek ilerlemekte ve hatta bazı pirometalurjik proseslerin yerinialmaktadır. Bu süreçte Kanada’nın, özellikle uranyum, nikel, kobalt ve çinko ...


Geçmişten Günümüze Hidrometalurji Hydrometallurgy Over The Years*, Fathi Habashi Jan 2014

Geçmişten Günümüze Hidrometalurji Hydrometallurgy Over The Years*, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Thousands of years ago people had learned how to build furnaces and use fire to melt rocks and produce metals but the use of aqueous solutions for ore processing came much later, mainly at the time of the alchemists when acids and alkalies became known and used. Modern hydrometallurgy, however, can be traced back to the end of the 19th century when two major operations were discovered: the cyanidation process for gold and silver extraction and the Bayer process for bauxite treatment. Later, in the 1940s, a breakthrough came during the Manhattan Project in USA in connection with uranium extraction ...


Pyrite: The Strategic Mineral That Became An Industrial Nuisance, Fathi Habashi Nov 2013

Pyrite: The Strategic Mineral That Became An Industrial Nuisance, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Pyrite, known since antiquity, had at one time a great strategic importance because it was the main raw material for making elemental sulfur for gun powder manufacture and for making SO2 for sulfuric acid production. However, when other sources of cheap elemental sulfur became available, pyrite not only lost its importance but became a nuisance for the metallurgical industry because of problems associated with its disposal. At present only pyrite-containing gold is treated by a variety of methods to recover gold.


Froth Flotation Performance Enhancement By Feed Cavitation And Magnetic Plastic Particle Addition, Mehmet Saracoglu Jan 2013

Froth Flotation Performance Enhancement By Feed Cavitation And Magnetic Plastic Particle Addition, Mehmet Saracoglu

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

Froth flotation is the most commonly used process to recover and upgrade the portion of the coal preparation plant feed that has a particle size smaller than 150 microns. Problems that occur when employing froth flotation in the coal industry include i) coal surfaces that are weakly-to-moderately hydrophobic, and ii) flotation systems that are overloaded and limited by insufficient retention time.

Research was performed to evaluate techniques that could be implemented to improve flotation performance under the aforementioned scenarios. Pre-aeration of flotation feed using a cavitation system was extensively evaluated in laboratory and full-scale test programs. The benefits of adding ...


Thermal Combustion Of Lean Methane–Air Mixtures: Flow Reversal Research And Demonstration Reactor Model And Its Validation, Krzysztof J. Gosiewski Jan 2012

Thermal Combustion Of Lean Methane–Air Mixtures: Flow Reversal Research And Demonstration Reactor Model And Its Validation, Krzysztof J. Gosiewski

Krzysztof Gosiewski

Problem of the coal mine shafts ventilation air methane (VAM) utilization is briefly presented. A research and demonstration plant experiments were carried out as the first step to a future industrial application. The plant contained a thermal flow reversal reactor (TFRR) as the main unit where lean methane–air mix- ture is combusted. The study consisted of the plant experiments and mathematical model simulations as well. The paper presents the mathematical model description and its experimental validation based on comparison of the model results with measured plant data. The aim of the paper is to assess whether dynamic, one dimensional ...


Development Of Strategies To Minimize The Release Of Trace Elements From Coal Waste Sources, Mohammad Rezaee Jan 2012

Development Of Strategies To Minimize The Release Of Trace Elements From Coal Waste Sources, Mohammad Rezaee

Theses and Dissertations--Mining Engineering

To assess strategies aimed at minimizing the release of trace elements and the impact of disposal of coal waste materials on the environment, two long-term leaching experiments of up to five months duration were performed using waste materials from two plants cleaning high and low sulfur bituminous coal. The tests evaluated the mobility of major trace elements under different disposal scenarios: (i) a static leaching test designed to simulate the quiescent conditions encountered by coal waste material stored under water in a stable impoundment, and (ii) a dynamic test to simulate waste materials exposed to the atmosphere, either in variable ...


Surface Properites Of Coal And Their Effects On The Selective Oil Agglomeration Process , Xiaoping Qiu Jan 1992

Surface Properites Of Coal And Their Effects On The Selective Oil Agglomeration Process , Xiaoping Qiu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The heat of immersion of coal in water and various organic liquids provides a useful means for characterizing the surface of the material, while the oil-water-coal, three-phase contact angle provides a characterization of the coal surface as well as the interactions among oil, water, and coal. Such characterizations may provide an indication of how well the coal will respond to cleaning by the froth flotation and oil agglomeration methods which are controlled by the surface properties of the material;The heat of immersion of two types of coal in water and in several different organic liquids was determined with a ...


An Analysis Of The Kinetics For Oil Agglomeration Of Coal , David Tyson Jan 1990

An Analysis Of The Kinetics For Oil Agglomeration Of Coal , David Tyson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In batch tests with graphite, 2 min. were required to produce a maximum shift towards larger particle sizes in the distribution curves for a stirring speed of 21,000 rpm, slurry concentration of 2 wt%, and oil dosage of 10 v/w%. For a stirring speed of 650 rpm, 4 min. were required for the maximum shift. When the oil was pre-emulsified and then added to the slurry, the maximum shift required 1 min. at 650 rpm. In all these cases, the distribution curves showed particle size reductions after their maximum shift. In the case of 650 rpm, the shift ...


Resource Recovery From Wastewater Treatment Sludge Containing Gypsum, L.L. Smith, M.L. Fortney, C.E. Morris, Thomas D. Wheelock, J.A. Carrazza Jan 1984

Resource Recovery From Wastewater Treatment Sludge Containing Gypsum, L.L. Smith, M.L. Fortney, C.E. Morris, Thomas D. Wheelock, J.A. Carrazza

Chemical and Biological Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

The disposal of wastewater treatment sludge generated at the Radford Army Ammunition Plant (RAAP) is a serious problem. The sludge is produced by neutralizing spent acid contained in the wastewater with lime, and consists principally of very finely divided wet gypsum (calcium sulfate dihydrate). Although the sludge is presently being disposed of in a landfill, the sludge is difficult to handle and convert into a load-bearing material. Therefore an alternative method of disposal is being developed and evaluated.

The alternative method involves drying and granulating the sludge, followed by high temperature calcination in a fluidized bed reactor to recover usable ...


Evaluation Of The Removal Of Organic Sulfur From Coal, R. Markuszewski, L.J. Miller, W.E. Straszheim, C.W. Fan, Thomas D. Wheelock, R.T. Greer Jan 1981

Evaluation Of The Removal Of Organic Sulfur From Coal, R. Markuszewski, L.J. Miller, W.E. Straszheim, C.W. Fan, Thomas D. Wheelock, R.T. Greer

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

As the removal of sulfur from coal prior to combustion acquires more importance in order to meet evermore stringent antipollution regulations, research on the development of methods for the cleaning of coal continues to expand. Reviews are available which describe the various methods for desulfurizing coal (1, 2, 3). The sulfur content in coal is usually a few per cent, but it can range from less than 0.5 per cent to as much as 8 per cent or more. Much of the sulfur is inorganic in nature, occurring in discrete mineral phases; the inorganic sulfur is mostly pyrite with ...


A Mathematical Model Of The Chemistry Of The Dump Leaching Of Chalcopyrite, Knona Constance Liddell Jan 1979

A Mathematical Model Of The Chemistry Of The Dump Leaching Of Chalcopyrite, Knona Constance Liddell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.