Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Applied Mechanics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Applied Mechanics

Structural Response Analyses Of Piezoelectric Composites Using Nurbs, Vijairaj Raj Sep 2014

Structural Response Analyses Of Piezoelectric Composites Using Nurbs, Vijairaj Raj

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Variational method deduced on the basis of the minimum potential energy is an efficient method to find solutions for complex engineering problems. In structural mechanics, the potential energy comprises strain energy, kinetic energy and the work done by external actions. To obtain these, the displacement are required as a priori. This research is concerned with the development of a numerical method based on variational principles to analyze piezoelectric composite plates and solids. A Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline (NURBS) function is used for describing both the geometry and electromechanical displacement fields. Two dimensional plate models are formulated according to the first order ...


Blended Isogeometric Shells, D. J. Benson, S. Hartmann, Y. Bazilevs, Ming-Chen Hsu, T.J.R. Hughes Mar 2013

Blended Isogeometric Shells, D. J. Benson, S. Hartmann, Y. Bazilevs, Ming-Chen Hsu, T.J.R. Hughes

Ming-Chen Hsu

We propose a new isogeometric shell formulation that blends Kirchhoff–Love theory with Reissner–Mindlin theory. This enables us to reduce the size of equation systems by eliminating rotational degrees of freedom while simultaneously providing a general and effective treatment of kinematic constraints engendered by shell intersections, folds, boundary conditions, the merging of NURBS patches, etc. We illustrate the blended theory’s performance on a series of test problems.


Isogeometric Fluid–Structure Interaction Analysis With Emphasis On Non-Matching Discretizations, And With Application To Wind Turbines, Y. Bazilevs, Ming-Chen Hsu, M. A. Scott Dec 2012

Isogeometric Fluid–Structure Interaction Analysis With Emphasis On Non-Matching Discretizations, And With Application To Wind Turbines, Y. Bazilevs, Ming-Chen Hsu, M. A. Scott

Ming-Chen Hsu

In this paper we develop a framework for fluid–structure interaction (FSI) modeling and simulation with emphasis on isogeometric analysis (IGA) and non-matching fluid–structure interface discretizations. We take the augmented Lagrangian approach to FSI as a point of departure. Here the Lagrange multiplier field is defined on the fluid–structure interface and is responsible for coupling of the two subsystems. Thus the FSI formulation does not rely on the continuity of the underlying function spaces across the fluid–structure interface in order to produce the correct coupling conditions between the fluid and structural subdomains. However, in deriving the final ...


Ale-Vms And St-Vms Methods For Computer Modeling Of Wind-Turbine Rotor Aerodynamics And Fluid–Structure Interaction, Yuri Bazilevs, Ming-Chen Hsu, Kenji Takizawa, Tayfun E. Tezduyar Jul 2012

Ale-Vms And St-Vms Methods For Computer Modeling Of Wind-Turbine Rotor Aerodynamics And Fluid–Structure Interaction, Yuri Bazilevs, Ming-Chen Hsu, Kenji Takizawa, Tayfun E. Tezduyar

Ming-Chen Hsu

We provide an overview of the Arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian Variational Multiscale (ALE-VMS) and Space–Time Variational Multiscale (ST-VMS) methods we have developed for computer modeling of wind-turbine rotor aerodynamics and fluid–structure interaction (FSI). The related techniques described include weak enforcement of the essential boundary conditions, Kirchhoff–Love shell modeling of the rotor-blade structure, NURBS-based isogeometric analysis, and full FSI coupling. We present results from application of these methods to computer modeling of NREL 5MW and NREL Phase VI wind-turbine rotors at full scale, including comparison with experimental data.


High-Performance Computing Of Wind Turbine Aerodynamics Using Isogeometric Analysis, Ming-Chen Hsu, Ido Akkerman, Yuri Bazilevs Oct 2011

High-Performance Computing Of Wind Turbine Aerodynamics Using Isogeometric Analysis, Ming-Chen Hsu, Ido Akkerman, Yuri Bazilevs

Ming-Chen Hsu

In this article we present a high-performance computing framework for advanced flow simulation and its application to wind energy based on the residual-based variational multiscale (RBVMS) method and isogeometric analysis. The RBVMS formulation and its suitability and accuracy for turbulent flow in a moving domain are presented. Particular emphasis is placed on the parallel implementation of the methodology and its scalability. Two challenging flow cases were considered: the turbulent Taylor–Couette flow and the NREL 5 MW offshore baseline wind turbine rotor at full scale. In both cases, flow quantities of interest from the simulation results compare favorably with the ...


3d Simulation Of Wind Turbine Rotors At Full Scale. Part Ii: Fluid–Structure Interaction Modeling With Composite Blades, Y. Bazilevs, Ming-Chen Hsu, J. Kiendel, R. Wuchner, K. U. Bletzigner Oct 2011

3d Simulation Of Wind Turbine Rotors At Full Scale. Part Ii: Fluid–Structure Interaction Modeling With Composite Blades, Y. Bazilevs, Ming-Chen Hsu, J. Kiendel, R. Wuchner, K. U. Bletzigner

Ming-Chen Hsu

In this two-part paper, we present a collection of numerical methods combined into a single framework, which has the potential for a successful application to wind turbine rotor modeling and simulation. In Part 1 of this paper we focus on: 1. The basics of geometry modeling and analysis-suitable geometry construction for wind turbine rotors; 2. The fluid mechanics formulation and its suitability and accuracy for rotating turbulent flows; 3. The coupling of air flow and a rotating rigid body. In Part 2, we focus on the structural discretization for wind turbine blades and the details of the fluid–structure interaction ...


3d Simulation Of Wind Turbine Rotors At Full Scale. Part I: Geometry Modeling And Aerodynamics, Y. Bazilevs, Ming-Chen Hsu, I. Akkerman, S. Wright, K. Takizawa, B. Henicke, T. Spielman, T. E. Tezduyar Jan 2011

3d Simulation Of Wind Turbine Rotors At Full Scale. Part I: Geometry Modeling And Aerodynamics, Y. Bazilevs, Ming-Chen Hsu, I. Akkerman, S. Wright, K. Takizawa, B. Henicke, T. Spielman, T. E. Tezduyar

Ming-Chen Hsu

In this two-part paper we present a collection of numerical methods combined into a single framework, which has the potential for a successful application to wind turbine rotor modeling and simulation. In Part 1 of this paper we focus on: 1. The basics of geometry modeling and analysis-suitable geometry construction for wind turbine rotors; 2. The fluid mechanics formulation and its suitability and accuracy for rotating turbulent flows; 3. The coupling of air flow and a rotating rigid body. In Part 2 we focus on the structural discretization for wind turbine blades and the details of the fluid–structure interaction ...


A Generalized Finite Element Formulation For Arbitrary Basis Functions: From Isogeometric Analysis To Xfem, D. J. Benson, Y. Bazilevs, E. Deluycker, Ming-Chen Hsu, M. Scott, T. J. R. Hughes, T. Belytschko Aug 2010

A Generalized Finite Element Formulation For Arbitrary Basis Functions: From Isogeometric Analysis To Xfem, D. J. Benson, Y. Bazilevs, E. Deluycker, Ming-Chen Hsu, M. Scott, T. J. R. Hughes, T. Belytschko

Ming-Chen Hsu

Many of the formulations of current research interest, including iosogeometric methods and the extended finite element method, use nontraditional basis functions. Some, such as subdivision surfaces, may not have convenient analytical representations. The concept of an element, if appropriate at all, no longer coincides with the traditional definition. Developing a new software for each new class of basis functions is a large research burden, especially, if the problems involve large deformations, non-linear materials, and contact. The objective of this paper is to present a method that separates as much as possible the generation and evaluation of the basis functions from ...


Isogeometric Shell Analysis: The Reissner–Mindlin Shell, D. J. Benson, Y. Bazilevs, Ming-Chen Hsu, T.J.R. Hughes Jan 2010

Isogeometric Shell Analysis: The Reissner–Mindlin Shell, D. J. Benson, Y. Bazilevs, Ming-Chen Hsu, T.J.R. Hughes

Ming-Chen Hsu

A Reissner–Mindlin shell formulation based on a degenerated solid is implemented for NURBS-based isogeometric analysis. The performance of the approach is examined on a set of linear elastic and nonlinear elasto-plastic benchmark examples. The analyses were performed with LS-DYNA, an industrial, general-purpose finite element code, for which a user-defined shell element capability was implemented. This new feature, to be reported on in subsequent work, allows for the use of NURBS and other non-standard discretizations in a sophisticated nonlinear analysis framework.