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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Analysis Of Chaotic Natural Convection In A Tall Rectangular Cavity With Non-Isothermal Walls, Heather Dillon, Ashley Emery, Ann Mescher Jan 2013

Analysis Of Chaotic Natural Convection In A Tall Rectangular Cavity With Non-Isothermal Walls, Heather Dillon, Ashley Emery, Ann Mescher

Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

A computational model is presented that extends prior work on unsteady natural convection in a tall rectangular cavity with aspect ratio 10 and applies Proper Orthogonal Decomposition to the results.The solution to the weakly compressible Navier-Stokes equation is computed for a range of Rayleigh numbers between 2x10^7 and 2.2x10^8 with Prandtl number 0.71.A detailed spectral analysis shows dynamic system behavior beyond the Hopf bifurcation that was not previously observed.The wider Rayleigh range reveals new dynamic system behavior for the rectangular geometry, specifically a return to a stable oscillatory behavior that was not predicted ...


Optimization Of Mixing In A Simulated Biomass Bed Reactor With A Center Feeding Tube, Michael T. Blatnik Jan 2013

Optimization Of Mixing In A Simulated Biomass Bed Reactor With A Center Feeding Tube, Michael T. Blatnik

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Producing gasoline-type fuels from lignocellulosic biomass has two advantages over producing alcohol-type fuels from plant sugars: gasoline has superior fuel characteristics and plant lignin/cellulose does not compete with human food supplies. A promising technology for converting lignocellulose to fuel is catalytic fast pyrolysis (CFP). The process involves injecting finely ground biomass into a fluidized bed reactor (FBR) at high temperatures, which reduce the biomass to gases that react inside the catalyst particles. This entails complex hydrodynamics to efficiently mix a stream of biomass into a catalyst bed that is fluidized by a separate stream of inert gas. Understanding the ...