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Computational fluid dynamics

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Optimization Of Mixing In A Simulated Biomass Bed Reactor With A Center Feeding Tube, Michael T. Blatnik Jan 2013

Optimization Of Mixing In A Simulated Biomass Bed Reactor With A Center Feeding Tube, Michael T. Blatnik

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Producing gasoline-type fuels from lignocellulosic biomass has two advantages over producing alcohol-type fuels from plant sugars: gasoline has superior fuel characteristics and plant lignin/cellulose does not compete with human food supplies. A promising technology for converting lignocellulose to fuel is catalytic fast pyrolysis (CFP). The process involves injecting finely ground biomass into a fluidized bed reactor (FBR) at high temperatures, which reduce the biomass to gases that react inside the catalyst particles. This entails complex hydrodynamics to efficiently mix a stream of biomass into a catalyst bed that is fluidized by a separate stream of inert gas. Understanding the ...


Multidimensional Modeling Of Condensing Two-Phase Ejector Flow, Michael F. Colarossi Jan 2011

Multidimensional Modeling Of Condensing Two-Phase Ejector Flow, Michael F. Colarossi

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Condensing ejectors utilize the beneficial thermodynamics of condensation to produce an exiting static pressure that can be in excess of either entering static pressure. The phase change process is driven by both turbulent mixing and interphase heat transfer. Semi-empirical models can be used in conjunction with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to gain some understanding of how condensing ejectors should be designed and operated.

The current work describes the construction of a multidimensional simulation capability built around an Eulerian pseudo-fluid approach. The transport equations for mass and momentum treat the two phases as a continuous mixture. The fluid is treated as ...