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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Direct Numerical Simulations Of The Compressible Low Atwood Rayleigh-Taylor Instability, Scott A. Wieland Jan 2019

Direct Numerical Simulations Of The Compressible Low Atwood Rayleigh-Taylor Instability, Scott A. Wieland

Mechanical Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Two fluids are considered Rayleigh-Taylor unstable when the more dense fluid is suspended above the less dense fluid in the presence of a gravitational like accelerative force. When a pertur- bation is applied to the interface between the two, they begin mixing as the light fluid rises and the heavy fluid drops. The extension of this to the compressible regime leads to the densities of the fluids to not be constant, but instead the molar mass is used to define the weights. At the interface, a density jump still occurs, but away from the interface the densities can vary in ...


Design Of A Novel Microreactor To Study Short Residence Time Combustion, Tianzhu Fan Jan 2017

Design Of A Novel Microreactor To Study Short Residence Time Combustion, Tianzhu Fan

Mechanical Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Microreactors are useful tools for understanding the short residence time reactions of biomass polymers and fuel molecules. When coupled with sensitive detection methods, microreactors have the ability to detect all molecules produced in the reactor, including stable, meta-stable, and radical species, making microreactors one of the few experiments where nearly all chemical species may be detected. At the University of Colorado Boulder, our microreactor studies have involved very small (~1 mm internal diameter, ~28 mm long) silicon carbide (SiC) tubes to study short residence time pyrolysis reactions in conjunction with photoionization mass spectrometry (PIMS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR ...


Stabilized Conservative Level Set Method With Adaptive Wavelet-Based Mesh Refinement, Navid Shervani-Tabar Jan 2017

Stabilized Conservative Level Set Method With Adaptive Wavelet-Based Mesh Refinement, Navid Shervani-Tabar

Mechanical Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This study investigates one of the well-known shortcomings of the conservative level set method, namely the ill-defined normal vector. A stabilized formulation is proposed which does not rely on the unit normal vector anymore. Instead, the proposed stabilized conservative level set, SCLS, utilizes a modified normal vector, magnitude of which is unit in the interfacial region of width ε and approaches zero in the far field from the interface. Respective adjustments have been applied on the reinitialization equation to comply with the proposed normal vector. This methodology is general and robust and it is not topology dependent. Since the information ...