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Calibration

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Articles 1 - 24 of 24

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Calibration Of Hot-Film X-Probes For High Accuracy Angle Alignment In Wind Tunnels, Dallin L. Jackson Aug 2019

Calibration Of Hot-Film X-Probes For High Accuracy Angle Alignment In Wind Tunnels, Dallin L. Jackson

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis investigates the use of hot-film thermal anemometers to align a plate on a wind tunnel at Hill Air Force Base that is used to calibrate Angle of Attack Transmitters on F-16s. A reoccuring problem with this wind tunnel is that no two instruments can verify an angle reading of the the mounting plate for the Angle of Attack Transmitters to the air stream in the wind tunnel. Multiple thermal anemometer calibration methods, such as Jorgensen’s equation and a look-up table are implemented to attemp to achieve consistent measurements between multiple probes. The results show that it is ...


Calibration Of Structured Light System Using Unidirectional Fringe Patterns, Vignesh Suresh Jan 2019

Calibration Of Structured Light System Using Unidirectional Fringe Patterns, Vignesh Suresh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

3D shape measurement has a variety of applications in many areas, such as manufacturing, design, medicine and entertainment. There are many technologies that were successfully implemented in the past decades to measure three dimensional information of an object. The measurement techniques can be broadly classified into contact and non-contact measurement methods. One of the most widely used contact method is Coordinate Measuring Machine (CMM) which dates back to late 1950s. The method by far is one of the most accurate method as it can have sub-micrometer accuracy. But it becomes difficult to use this technique for soft objects as the ...


Uncertainty In Optical Particulate Counting Sensors, Jared Todd Blanchard Apr 2018

Uncertainty In Optical Particulate Counting Sensors, Jared Todd Blanchard

Undergraduate Honors Theses

To mitigate the health problems and environmental damage caused by the burning of biomass in homes across the developing world, there is an international effort to design clean burning cookstoves that burn with greater efficiency and emit fewer harmful substances. An important tool for gauging the effectiveness of these alternate stoves is the optical particulate counting (OPC) sensor, which comes in many varieties. To facilitate comparison between measurements from different models, a mathematical model and uncertainty analysis method for OPC’s have been developed. These may be applied to any light-scattering OPC. In addition, a low-cost physical system was developed ...


Orthoplanar Spring Based Compliant Force/Torque Sensor For Robot Force Control, Jerry West Mar 2017

Orthoplanar Spring Based Compliant Force/Torque Sensor For Robot Force Control, Jerry West

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A compliant force/torque sensor for robot force control has been developed. This thesis presents methods of designing, testing, and implementing the sensor on a robotic system. The sensor uses an orthoplanar spring equipped with Hall-effect sensors to measure one component of force and two moment components. Its unique design allows for simple and cost effective manufacturing, high reliability, and compactness. The device may be used in applications where a robot must control contact forces with its environment, such as in surface cleaning tasks, manipulating doors, and removing threaded fasteners. The compliant design of the sensor improves force control performance ...


Fourth-Generation Fan Assessment Numeration System (Fans) Design And Performance Specifications, Michael P. Sama, George B. Day, Laura M. Pepple, Richard S. Gates Jan 2017

Fourth-Generation Fan Assessment Numeration System (Fans) Design And Performance Specifications, Michael P. Sama, George B. Day, Laura M. Pepple, Richard S. Gates

Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering Faculty Publications

The Fan Assessment Numeration System (FANS) is a measurement device for generating ventilation fan performance curves. Three different-sized FANS currently exist for assessing ventilation fans commonly used in poultry and livestock housing systems. All FANS consist of an array of anemometers inside an aluminum shroud that traverse the inlet or outlet of a ventilation fan. The FANS design has been updated several times since its inception and is currently in its fourth-generation (G4). The current design iteration (FANS-G4) is reported in this article with an emphasis on the hardware and software control, data acquisition systems, and operational reliability. Six FANS-G4 ...


Energy Models Of The Txaire Houses, Tajudeen Amadu Annafi May 2016

Energy Models Of The Txaire Houses, Tajudeen Amadu Annafi

Mechanical Engineering Theses

Model calibration is important as its functions improve building models. A calibrated model of the TxAIRE Houses #1 and #2 have been developed using the OpenStudio software. The model was developed and calibrated with data of the year 2014 but can be used predict electricity consumption of any year.

An actual meteorological year (AMY) weather file was also created for the houses which was used for calibration. The data used to develop this weather file were measured on-site which improved the accuracy of the model. It was found that an error difference of -1.0 % and -4.2 % occurred between ...


Near-Wall Measurements For A Turbulent Impinging Slot Jet System, Jiang Zhe, Vijay Modi Apr 2015

Near-Wall Measurements For A Turbulent Impinging Slot Jet System, Jiang Zhe, Vijay Modi

Dr. Jiang Zhe

The velocity field in the vicinity of a target surface with a turbulent slot jet impinging normally on it is examined. The impingement region is confined by means of a confinement plate that is flush with the slot and parallel to the impingement plate. The distance H of the impingement wall from the slot is varied from 2 to 9.2 slot widths. Jet Reynolds numbers (based on slot width B) of 10,000–30,000 are considered. Mean velocity and root mean square velocity measurements are carried out using hot-wire anemometry. A boundary layer probe is utilized in order ...


Comparison Of Magnetic Probe Calibration At Nano And Millitesla Magnitudes, Ryan A. Pahl, Joshua L. Rovey, David Pommerenke Jan 2014

Comparison Of Magnetic Probe Calibration At Nano And Millitesla Magnitudes, Ryan A. Pahl, Joshua L. Rovey, David Pommerenke

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Magnetic field probes are invaluable diagnostics for pulsed inductive plasma devices where field magnitudes on the order of tenths of tesla or larger are common. Typical methods of providing a broadband calibration of Ḃ probes involve either a Helmholtz coil driven by a function generator or a network analyzer. Both calibration methods typically produce field magnitudes of tens of microtesla or less, at least three and as many as six orders of magnitude lower than their intended use. This calibration factor is then assumed constant regardless of magnetic field magnitude and the effects of experimental setup are ignored. This work ...


Investigation Of The One-Probe And Two-Probe Calibration Integral Equation Methods Using Experimental Data, Abhay Sanjeev Pande Dec 2013

Investigation Of The One-Probe And Two-Probe Calibration Integral Equation Methods Using Experimental Data, Abhay Sanjeev Pande

Masters Theses

This work aims to expand the applicability of the recently devised physics-based Calibration Integral Equation Method (CIEM) at the University of Tennessee Knoxville, for solving the Inverse Heat Conduction Problem (IHCP) as applied to a one-dimensional domain. Contrary to conventional schemes of solving the IHCP, the CIEM does not require the knowledge of the thermo-physical properties of the domain, sensor characterization and sensor probe locations. The pertinent information is implicitly accounted for via an experimental run. The experimental run ‘calibrates’ the physics of the domain and is called the ‘calibration run’. The net surface heat flux during a real ‘unknown ...


Prediction Of Discrete Element Parameters For Modeling The Strength Of Sandy Soils In Wheel/Soil Traction Applications, Timothy Reeves May 2013

Prediction Of Discrete Element Parameters For Modeling The Strength Of Sandy Soils In Wheel/Soil Traction Applications, Timothy Reeves

All Dissertations

The problem of wheel performance on deformable soil has been studied for many years, but prior to the rise of computational mechanics, such investigations have been limited to development of analytical and empirical models, as well as experimental research. Such models have merit but are necessarily highly idealized and are limited in their applications. Today, many computational models have been implemented for a wide variety of wheel/soil applications.
For the specific case of sandy (i.e. non-cohesive) soils, in terms of the soil's physics the Discrete Element Method (DEM) provides arguably the most realistic model. In DEM, each ...


A Pipeline For Structured Light Bathymetric Mapping, Gabrielle Inglis, Clara Smart, J. Vaughn, Chris Roman Oct 2012

A Pipeline For Structured Light Bathymetric Mapping, Gabrielle Inglis, Clara Smart, J. Vaughn, Chris Roman

Christopher N. Roman

This paper details a methodology for using structured light laser imaging to create high resolution bathymetric maps of the sea floor. The system includes a pair of stereo cameras and an inclined 532nm sheet laser mounted to a remotely operated vehicle (ROV). While a structured light system generally requires a single camera, a stereo vision set up is used here for in-situ calibration of the laser system geometry by triangulating points on the laser line. This allows for quick calibration at the survey site and does not require precise jigs or a controlled environment. A batch procedure to extract the ...


Reduced Leak Calibration Uncertainties By The Outgassing Quantification Method, Philip Mason Carper May 2012

Reduced Leak Calibration Uncertainties By The Outgassing Quantification Method, Philip Mason Carper

Masters Theses

Standard leaks are used throughout industry for various applications, such as gas transfer, calibration of mass spectrometers, and calibration of leak detectors. The ability to provide a controlled delivery of gases at relatively low flow rates makes standard leaks a popular choice for calibration standards. This ability also allows for precise quantities of gas to accumulate over time. The accumulation of gas from standard leaks is used as a “transfer standard” for making in-process adjustments to measurement instrumentation. With the advent of tighter quality control constraints, the quantification and control of leak rates is becoming an increasingly important matter, placing ...


Implementation Of A Conrad Probe On A Boundary Layer Measurement System, Charles Rocky Ulk Aug 2010

Implementation Of A Conrad Probe On A Boundary Layer Measurement System, Charles Rocky Ulk

Master's Theses and Project Reports

This thesis presents the design, calibration, and performance evaluation of a type of two-hole pressure probe anemometer known as a Conrad probe, as well as its subsequent implementation on an autonomous, compact boundary layer measurement device and its first application for subsonic in-flight measurements of a swept wing boundary layer. Calibration of the Conrad probe was accomplished using two calibration functions and a non-nulling method for resolving in-plane flow velocity direction and magnitude over a range of ±30 degrees. This approach to calibration and application offered the advantages of rapid data acquisition with lower energy consumption than alternative methods for ...


An Alternative Method To Determining Optical Lever Sensitivity In Atomic Force Microscopy Without Tip-Sample Contact, Christopher J. Tourek, Sriram Sundararajan Jan 2010

An Alternative Method To Determining Optical Lever Sensitivity In Atomic Force Microscopy Without Tip-Sample Contact, Christopher J. Tourek, Sriram Sundararajan

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Force studies using atomic force microscopy generally require knowledge of the cantilever spring constants and the optical lever sensitivity. The traditional method of evaluating the optical lever sensitivity by pressing the tip against a hard surface can damage the tip, especially sharp ones. Here a method is shown to calculate the sensitivity without having to bring the tip into contact. Instead a sharpened tungsten wire is used to cause a point contact directly onto the cantilever and cause cantilever bending. Using beam theory, the sensitivity thus found can be converted to the equivalent sensitivity that would be obtained using the ...


Optimal Checkerboard Selection For Structured Light System Calibration, William F. Lohry, Ying Xu, Song Zhang Aug 2009

Optimal Checkerboard Selection For Structured Light System Calibration, William F. Lohry, Ying Xu, Song Zhang

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Structured light system calibration has been widely studied over the decades, and a variety of calibration approaches have been proposed. Among these methods, the flexible method using flat checkerboard is widely adopted. However, there is a lack of studies on selecting the optimal checker size for high accuracy calibration, whilst it is vital to understanding this factor. This paper presents a systematic study on how the checker size affects the calibration accuracy for a structured light system, and provides a general guideline to select the optimal size. For this initial study, 7 different checker sizes are selected, and experiments demonstrated ...


Multi-Physics Modeling And Calibration For Self-Sensing Of Thermomechanical In-Plane Microactuators, Kendall B. Teichert Jul 2008

Multi-Physics Modeling And Calibration For Self-Sensing Of Thermomechanical In-Plane Microactuators, Kendall B. Teichert

Theses and Dissertations

As technology advances and engineering capabilities improve, more research has focused on microscopic possibilities. Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) is one area that has received much attention recently. Within MEMS much research has focused on sensing and actuation. This thesis presents work on a particular actuator of interest, the thermomechanical in-plane microactuator (TIM). Recent work has shown the possibility of a novel approach of sensing mechanical outputs of the TIM without ancillary sensors. This sensing approach exploits the piezoresistive property of silicon. However, to implement this approach a full model of the TIM would need to be obtained to describe the physics ...


Three-Dimensional Shape Measurement Using A Structured Light System With Dual Cameras, Song Zhang, Shing-Tung Yau Jan 2008

Three-Dimensional Shape Measurement Using A Structured Light System With Dual Cameras, Song Zhang, Shing-Tung Yau

Song Zhang

A structured light system for three-dimensional shape measurement with single camera has the shortcoming of camera occlusion. To alleviate this problem, this paper introduces a structured light system with dual cameras for three-dimensional shape measurement. We discuss (1) system description, (2) system calibration, (3) three-dimensional data registration using the iterative closest-point (ICP) algorithm, and (4) three-dimensional data merging using holoimage. The principle of the system is introduced, and experiments are presented to verify its performance.


Applications Of Search Theory To Coordinated Searching By Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, Steven R. Hansen Apr 2007

Applications Of Search Theory To Coordinated Searching By Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, Steven R. Hansen

Theses and Dissertations

Concepts in optimal search theory have been used in human-based aerial search since World War II. This thesis addresses the technical and theoretical issues necessary to apply this crucial theory to search path planning for Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (SUAVs). A typical search often requires that more than one target be located. Accordingly, a method is presented to locate multiple targets in three dimensions, as well as to differentiate between them. However, significant error can be present when locating targets from an airborne platform, and the idea of target quality is also introduced as a way to describe the reliability ...


Novel Method For Structured Light System Calibration, Song Zhang, Peisen S. Huang Aug 2006

Novel Method For Structured Light System Calibration, Song Zhang, Peisen S. Huang

Song Zhang

System calibration, which usually involves complicated and time-consuming procedures, is crucial for any 3-D shape measurement system. In this work, a novel systematic method is proposed for accurate and quick calibration of a 3-D shape measurement system we developed based on a structured light technique. The key concept is to enable the projector to “capture” images like a camera, thus making the calibration of a projector the same as that of a camera. With this new concept, the calibration of structured light systems becomes essentially the same as the calibration of traditional stereovision systems, which is well established. The calibration ...


Recent Development In The Weibull Stress Model For Prediction Of Cleavage Fracture In Ferritic Steels, Xiaosheng Gao, Robert H. Dodds Jr. Jan 2006

Recent Development In The Weibull Stress Model For Prediction Of Cleavage Fracture In Ferritic Steels, Xiaosheng Gao, Robert H. Dodds Jr.

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Research

This paper reviews recent developments in the Weibull stress model for prediction of cleavage fracture in ferritic steels. The procedure to calibrate the Weibull stress parameters builds upon the toughness scaling model between two crack configurations having different constraint levels and eliminates the recently discovered non-uniqueness that arises in calibrations using only fracture toughness data obtained under small scale yielding (SSY) conditions. The introduction of a non-zero threshold value for Weibull stress in the expression for cumulative failure probability is consistent with the experimental observations that there exists a minimum toughness value for cleavage fracture in ferritic steels, and brings ...


3-D Optical Measurement Using Phase Shifting Based Methods, Peisen S. Huang, Song Zhang Oct 2005

3-D Optical Measurement Using Phase Shifting Based Methods, Peisen S. Huang, Song Zhang

Song Zhang

We review some of our most recent works on 3-D shape measurement using the digital fringe projection and phase-shifting method. First, we introduce the measurement principle and phase-shifting algorithms. Then we discuss an effective method for phase error compensation and a novel idea for system calibration. Finally, we describe a 3-D shape measurement system for high-resolution, real-time 3-D shape acquisition, reconstruction and display.


Calibration Of Boom Sprays, J R. Peirce Jan 1979

Calibration Of Boom Sprays, J R. Peirce

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

Boom sprays have become increasingly common on Western Australian farms, allowing farmers to take advantage of modern herbicided.

Most boom sprays used on farms have 50 cm nozzle spacings and require calibrating regularily to ensure accurate herbicide application.

By following these steps, the boom will deliver accurate amounts of herbicide.


Design, Calibration, And Application Of A Sensor For Measuring Time Dependent Angle Of Attack Of Helicopter Blades, Weiyuan Henry Liu Jul 1978

Design, Calibration, And Application Of A Sensor For Measuring Time Dependent Angle Of Attack Of Helicopter Blades, Weiyuan Henry Liu

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Various pressure probes were designed and tested which could be attached to helicopter blades when a helicopter is in flight. The pressure probes consisted of spherical heads which were held in place by cylindrical shanks. Built inside the heads were transducers to measure the pressure differential between pressure ports which were located on the front portion of the spherical head facing the airstream. Data was obtained over a range of airstream velocity of 11,6 to 88.4- m/s (38 to 290 ft/sec), corresponding to Reynolds numbers of 0.24 to 1.84x105 based on the sphere ...


The Accuracy Of Pressure Gauges Used On Household Steam Pressure Cookers, Arnold E. Baragar May 1938

The Accuracy Of Pressure Gauges Used On Household Steam Pressure Cookers, Arnold E. Baragar

Historical Research Bulletins of the Nebraska Agricultural Experiment Station

In the pressure cooker, high temperature is obtained by using steam under pressure. Since the pressure gauge is used as the indicator of temperature it is essential that the gauge register the correct pressure. Hence, this paper deals mainly with a study of the accuracy of both new and old pressure gauges used on steam pressure cookers. At the same time, four other phases were investigated: (1) the proper functioning of safety valves, (2) the various methods of sealing the lid to the cooker, (3) the proper evacuation of air from the cooker, and (4) the use of a thermometer ...