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Articles 1 - 25 of 25

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

A Discrete Curvature Estimation Based Low-Distortion Adaptive Savitzky⁻Golay Filter For Ecg Denoising., Hui Huang, Shiyan Hu, Ye Sun Apr 2019

A Discrete Curvature Estimation Based Low-Distortion Adaptive Savitzky⁻Golay Filter For Ecg Denoising., Hui Huang, Shiyan Hu, Ye Sun

Michigan Tech Publications

Electrocardiogram (ECG) sensing is an important application for the diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases. Recently, driven by the emerging technology of wearable electronics, massive wearable ECG sensors are developed, which however brings additional sources of noise contamination on ECG signals from these wearable ECG sensors. In this paper, we propose a new low-distortion adaptive Savitzky-Golay (LDASG) filtering method for ECG denoising based on discrete curvature estimation, which demonstrates better performance than the state of the art of ECG denoising. The standard Savitzky-Golay (SG) filter has a remarkable performance of data smoothing. However, it lacks adaptability to signal variations and thus often ...


Design Optimization For A Cnc Machine, Alin Resiga Apr 2018

Design Optimization For A Cnc Machine, Alin Resiga

Dissertations and Theses

Minimizing cost and optimization of nonlinear problems are important for industries in order to be competitive. The need of optimization strategies provides significant benefits for companies when providing quotes for products. Accurate and easily attained estimates allow for less waste, tighter tolerances, and better productivity. The Nelder-Mead Simplex method with exterior penalty functions was employed to solve optimum machining parameters. Two case studies were presented for optimizing cost and time for a multiple tools scenario. In this study, the optimum machining parameters for milling operations were investigated. Cutting speed and feed rate are considered as the most impactful design variables ...


Identification Of Cutting Force In End Milling Operations Using Recurrent Neural Networks, Q. Xu, K. Krishnamurthy, Bruce M. Mcmillin, Wen Feng Lu Sep 2016

Identification Of Cutting Force In End Milling Operations Using Recurrent Neural Networks, Q. Xu, K. Krishnamurthy, Bruce M. Mcmillin, Wen Feng Lu

K. Krishnamurthy

The problem of identifying the cutting force in end milling operations is considered in this study. Recurrent neural networks are used here and are trained using a recursive least squares training algorithm. Training results for data obtained from a SAJO 3-axis vertical milling machine for steady slot cuts are presented. The results show that a recurrent neural network can learn the functional relationship between the feed rate and steady-state average resultant cutting force very well. Furthermore, results for the Mackey-Glass time series prediction problem are presented to illustrate the faster learning capability of the neural network scheme presented here


A Recursive Least Squares Training Algorithm For Multilayer Recurrent Neural Networks, Q. Xu, K. Krishnamurthy, Bruce M. Mcmillin, Wen Feng Lu Sep 2016

A Recursive Least Squares Training Algorithm For Multilayer Recurrent Neural Networks, Q. Xu, K. Krishnamurthy, Bruce M. Mcmillin, Wen Feng Lu

K. Krishnamurthy

Recurrent neural networks have the potential to perform significantly better than the commonly used feedforward neural networks due to their dynamical nature. However, they have received less attention because training algorithms/architectures have not been well developed. In this study, a recursive least squares algorithm to train recurrent neural networks with an arbitrary number of hidden layers is developed. The training algorithm is developed as an extension of the standard recursive estimation problem. Simulated results obtained for identification of the dynamics of a nonlinear dynamical system show promising results.


An Immersed Boundary Geometric Preprocessor For Arbitrarily Complex Terrain And Geometry, Inanc Senocak, Micah Sandusky, Rey Deleon, Derek Wade, Kyle Felzien, Marianna Budnikova Feb 2016

An Immersed Boundary Geometric Preprocessor For Arbitrarily Complex Terrain And Geometry, Inanc Senocak, Micah Sandusky, Rey Deleon, Derek Wade, Kyle Felzien, Marianna Budnikova

Inanc Senocak

There is a growing interest to apply the immersed boundary method to compute wind fields over arbitrarily complex terrain. The computer implementation of an immersed boundary module into an existing flow solver can be accomplished with minor modifications to the rest of the computer program. However, a versatile preprocessor is needed at the first place to extract the essential geometric information pertinent to the immersion of an arbitrarily complex terrain inside a 3D Cartesian mesh. Errors in the geometric information can negatively impact the correct implementation of the immersed boundary method as part of the solution algorithm. Additionally, the distance ...


Design, Development, And Testing Of An Automated Window Sliade Controller, Greg R. Luecke, J. Slaughter Nov 2015

Design, Development, And Testing Of An Automated Window Sliade Controller, Greg R. Luecke, J. Slaughter

Greg R. Luecke

An approach to the design of active window shades is developed to control the direct solar gain through a window. Using simple actuation hardware and sensors, a control strategy is presented that automatically adjusts window shades to save HVAC energy by controlling direct solar radiation passing through a window. The control algorithm is based on a simple approach that admits direct light in the winter and blocks the direct light in the summer, while providing shade adjustment that affords maximum visibility through the window. Cloudy skies or indirect sun result in horizontal placement of the shades, and the shades close ...


An Immersed Boundary Geometric Preprocessor For Arbitrarily Complex Terrain And Geometry, Inanc Senocak, Micah Sandusky, Rey Deleon, Derek Wade, Kyle Felzien, Marianna Budnikova Nov 2015

An Immersed Boundary Geometric Preprocessor For Arbitrarily Complex Terrain And Geometry, Inanc Senocak, Micah Sandusky, Rey Deleon, Derek Wade, Kyle Felzien, Marianna Budnikova

Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

There is a growing interest to apply the immersed boundary method to compute wind fields over arbitrarily complex terrain. The computer implementation of an immersed boundary module into an existing flow solver can be accomplished with minor modifications to the rest of the computer program. However, a versatile preprocessor is needed at the first place to extract the essential geometric information pertinent to the immersion of an arbitrarily complex terrain inside a 3D Cartesian mesh. Errors in the geometric information can negatively impact the correct implementation of the immersed boundary method as part of the solution algorithm. Additionally, the distance ...


Application Of Intelligent Sensors In The Integrated Systems Health Monitoring Of A Rocket Test Stand, Ajay Mahajan, Sanjeevi Chitikeshi, Lucas Utterback, Pavan Bandhil, Fernando Figueroa Apr 2015

Application Of Intelligent Sensors In The Integrated Systems Health Monitoring Of A Rocket Test Stand, Ajay Mahajan, Sanjeevi Chitikeshi, Lucas Utterback, Pavan Bandhil, Fernando Figueroa

Dr. Ajay Mahajan

This paper describes the application of intelligent sensors in the Integrated Systems Health Monitoring (ISHM) as applied to a rocket test stand. The development of intelligent sensors is attempted as an integrated system approach, i.e. one treats the sensors as a complete system with its own physical transducer, A/D converters, processing and storage capabilities, software drivers, self-assessment algorithms, communication protocols and evolutionary methodologies that allow them to get better with time. Under a project being undertaken at the NASA Stennis Space Center, an integrated framework is being developed for the intelligent monitoring of smart elements associated with the ...


Study Of Water Transport Phenomena On Cathode Of Pemfcs Using Monte Carlo Simulation, Karn Soontrapa May 2014

Study Of Water Transport Phenomena On Cathode Of Pemfcs Using Monte Carlo Simulation, Karn Soontrapa

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

This dissertation deals with the development of a three-dimensional computational model of water transport phenomena in the cathode catalyst layer (CCL) of PEMFCs. The catalyst layer in the numerical simulation was developed using the optimized sphere packing algorithm. The optimization technique named the adaptive random search technique (ARSET) was employed in this packing algorithm. The ARSET algorithm will generate the initial location of spheres and allow them to move in the random direction with the variable moving distance, randomly selected from the sampling range, based on the Lennard-jones potential of the current and new configuration. The solid fraction values obtained ...


An Algorithm For Impacting Soft Structures, Tengfei Long Apr 2014

An Algorithm For Impacting Soft Structures, Tengfei Long

Open Access Theses

Impact among soft structures is often difficult to model because of the geometrical non-linearity involved. There are a number of previous studies of the contact dynamics of rigid bodies, but few has focused on soft structures so far.

This thesis models impact between soft structures without any restraint on their geometries. The goal is to simulate the dynamics involved among soft structures during an impact process. This has been done through designing and implementing an contact algorithm that uses the finite element method along with a three-dimensional solid element to solve the fundamental time integration problem. Modeling of the contact ...


Validation Of Weak Form Thermal Analysis Algorithms Supporting Thermal Signature Generation, Elton Lewis Freeman Dec 2012

Validation Of Weak Form Thermal Analysis Algorithms Supporting Thermal Signature Generation, Elton Lewis Freeman

Masters Theses

Extremization of a weak form for the continuum energy conservation principle differential equation naturally implements fluid convection and radiation as flux Robin boundary conditions associated with unsteady heat transfer. Combining a spatial semi-discretization via finite element trial space basis functions with time-accurate integration generates a totally node-based algebraic statement for computing. Closure for gray body radiation is a newly derived node-based radiosity formulation generating piecewise discontinuous solutions, while that for natural-forced-mixed convection heat transfer is extracted from the literature. Algorithm performance, mathematically predicted by asymptotic convergence theory, is subsequently validated with data obtained in 24 hour diurnal field experiments for ...


Parallel-Sparse Symmetrical/Unsymmetrical Finite Element Domain Decomposition Solver With Multi-Point Constraints For Structural/Acoustic Analysis, Siroj Tungkahotara, Willie R. Watson, Duc T. Nguyen, Subramaniam D. Rajan Jan 2011

Parallel-Sparse Symmetrical/Unsymmetrical Finite Element Domain Decomposition Solver With Multi-Point Constraints For Structural/Acoustic Analysis, Siroj Tungkahotara, Willie R. Watson, Duc T. Nguyen, Subramaniam D. Rajan

Civil & Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications

Details of parallel-sparse Domain Decomposition (DD) with multi-point constraints (MPC) formulation are explained. Major computational components of the DD formulation are identified. Critical roles of parallel (direct) sparse and iterative solvers with MPC are discussed within the framework of DD formulation. Both symmetrical and unsymmetrical system of simultaneous linear equations (SLE) can be handled by the developed DD formulation. For symmetrical SLE, option for imposing MPC equations is also provided.

Large-scale (up to 25 million unknowns involving complex numbers) structural and acoustic Finite Element (FE) analysis are used to evaluate the parallel computational performance of the proposed DD implementation using ...


A Pre-Crash Simulator To Evaluate Vehicle Collision Prediction Algorithms, Dana Desrosiers, Charles Birdsong, Peter Schuster Aug 2007

A Pre-Crash Simulator To Evaluate Vehicle Collision Prediction Algorithms, Dana Desrosiers, Charles Birdsong, Peter Schuster

Mechanical Engineering

This paper describes a software simulator for pre-crash collision predictions. The simulator is a surrogate test bed for evaluating the performance of proposed pre-crash algorithms. It reads data from a file, transfers distance and angular position of a target to a test algorithm, and then records the algorithm’s predictions. To illustrate the simulator functionality, a simplified test algorithm is also described. This algorithm predicts collision risks based on assumptions about the size and acceleration of a target object, and the turning and braking limits of the host vehicle. The test algorithm is shown to be effective for cases where ...


Lectures In Computational Fluid Dynamics Of Incompressible Flow: Mathematics, Algorithms And Implementations, James M. Mcdonough Jan 2007

Lectures In Computational Fluid Dynamics Of Incompressible Flow: Mathematics, Algorithms And Implementations, James M. Mcdonough

Mechanical Engineering Textbook Gallery

From Prologue:

The present lecture notes are written to emphasize the mathematics of the Navier–Stokes (N.–S.) equations of incompressible flow and the algorithms that have been developed over the past 30 years for solving them.


Velocity Imaging For The Liquid–Gas Interface In The Near Field Of An Atomizing Spray: Proof Of Concept, David L. Sedarsky, Megan E. Paciaroni, Mark A. Linne, James R. Gord, Terrence R. Meyer Mar 2006

Velocity Imaging For The Liquid–Gas Interface In The Near Field Of An Atomizing Spray: Proof Of Concept, David L. Sedarsky, Megan E. Paciaroni, Mark A. Linne, James R. Gord, Terrence R. Meyer

Terrence R Meyer

We describe adaptation of ballistic imaging for the liquid core of an atomizing spray. To describe unambiguously the forces that act to break apart the liquid core in a spray, one must directly measure the force vectors themselves. It would be invaluable, therefore, to obtain velocity and acceleration data at the liquid-gas interface. We employ double-image ballistic imaging to extract velocity information through the application of image analysis algorithms. This method is shown to be effective for liquid phase droplet features within the resolution limit of the imaging system. In light of these results, it is clear that a three- ...


A Parallel Implementation Of Particle Swarm Optimization Using Digital Pheromones, Vijay Kalivarapu, Jung Leng Foo, Eliot H. Winer Jan 2006

A Parallel Implementation Of Particle Swarm Optimization Using Digital Pheromones, Vijay Kalivarapu, Jung Leng Foo, Eliot H. Winer

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

A parallel implementation of Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) using digital pheromones to coordinate the movements of the swarm within an n-dimensional design space is presented in this paper. Digital pheromones are models simulating real pheromones emitted by insects for communication to indicate a source of food or a nesting location. This principle of communication and organization between each insect in a swarm offers substantial improvement when integrated into a Particle Swarm Optimization algorithm. Digital swarms are used to search a design space with digital pheromones aiding communication within the swarm to improve search efficiency. With statistical analysis, the pheromone strength ...


A Fast Algorithm For Planning Collision-Free Paths With Rotations, S.-F. Chen, James H. Oliver, David Fernández-Baca Mar 1998

A Fast Algorithm For Planning Collision-Free Paths With Rotations, S.-F. Chen, James H. Oliver, David Fernández-Baca

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Motion planning is a major problem in robotics. The objective is to plan a collision-free path for a robot moving through a workspace populated with obstacles. In this paper, we present a fast and practical algorithm for moving a convex polygonal robot among a set of polygonal obstacles with translations and rotations. The running time is O(c((n + k)N + n log n)), where c is a parameter controlling the precision of the results, n is the total number of obstacle vertices, k is the number of intersections of configuration space obstacles, and N is the number of obstacles ...


Parallel Disassembly By Onion Peeling, Shiang-Fong Chen, Shuo-Yan Chou, Lin-Lin Chen, James H. Oliver Jun 1997

Parallel Disassembly By Onion Peeling, Shiang-Fong Chen, Shuo-Yan Chou, Lin-Lin Chen, James H. Oliver

Mechanical Engineering Publications

For some assembly structures, parallel disassembly of components is necessary in order to reach a particular internal component. Due to the large number of possible combinations, the parallel disassembly problem is not easily solved in a general form. In order to reduce the time complexity of finding a disassembly sequence, this paper introduces a simplified mating graph and develops a data structure to facilitate an efficient parallel disassembly algorithm. This algorithm takes Max {O(N3 ), O(E)} time to find an efficient sequence to reach a particular component, where N is the number of components and E is the number ...


Mesh Reduction Using An Angle Criterion Approach, M. Asif Khan, Judy M. Vance Jun 1996

Mesh Reduction Using An Angle Criterion Approach, M. Asif Khan, Judy M. Vance

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Surface polygonization is the process by which a representative polygonal mesh of a surface is constructed for rendering or analysis purposes. This work presents a new surface polygonization algorithm specifically tailored to be applied to a large class of models which are created with parametric surfaces having triangular meshes. This method has particular application in the area of building virtual environments from computer-aided-design (CAD) models. The algorithm is based on an edge reduction scheme that collapses two vertices of a given triangular polygon edge onto one new vertex. A two step approach is implemented consisting of boundary edge reduction followed ...


Design, Development, And Testing Of An Automated Window Sliade Controller, Greg R. Luecke, J. Slaughter Nov 1995

Design, Development, And Testing Of An Automated Window Sliade Controller, Greg R. Luecke, J. Slaughter

Mechanical Engineering Publications

An approach to the design of active window shades is developed to control the direct solar gain through a window. Using simple actuation hardware and sensors, a control strategy is presented that automatically adjusts window shades to save HVAC energy by controlling direct solar radiation passing through a window. The control algorithm is based on a simple approach that admits direct light in the winter and blocks the direct light in the summer, while providing shade adjustment that affords maximum visibility through the window. Cloudy skies or indirect sun result in horizontal placement of the shades, and the shades close ...


Computational Geometry For Optimal Workpiece Orientation, K. Haghpassand, James H. Oliver Jun 1995

Computational Geometry For Optimal Workpiece Orientation, K. Haghpassand, James H. Oliver

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Workpiece orientation is formulated as an optimal design problem based on a discrete approximation of design surface geometry, the kinematic capabilities of the process machine tool, and processing cost. The primary process application addressed is three-and four-axis numerically controlled (NC) milling, although the techniques presented may be applied to machines with more general articulation. Recent developments in applied spherical geometry are employed to formulate a constrained problem, and furthermore, a nonlinear optimization problem. For three-axis milling applications, a weight is assigned to each surface normal of the discrete model corresponding to the actual area it represents. Workpiece/machine orientation is ...


Identification Of Cutting Force In End Milling Operations Using Recurrent Neural Networks, Q. Xu, K. Krishnamurthy, Bruce M. Mcmillin, Wen Feng Lu Jun 1994

Identification Of Cutting Force In End Milling Operations Using Recurrent Neural Networks, Q. Xu, K. Krishnamurthy, Bruce M. Mcmillin, Wen Feng Lu

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The problem of identifying the cutting force in end milling operations is considered in this study. Recurrent neural networks are used here and are trained using a recursive least squares training algorithm. Training results for data obtained from a SAJO 3-axis vertical milling machine for steady slot cuts are presented. The results show that a recurrent neural network can learn the functional relationship between the feed rate and steady-state average resultant cutting force very well. Furthermore, results for the Mackey-Glass time series prediction problem are presented to illustrate the faster learning capability of the neural network scheme presented here


A Recursive Least Squares Training Algorithm For Multilayer Recurrent Neural Networks, Q. Xu, K. Krishnamurthy, Bruce M. Mcmillin, Wen Feng Lu Jun 1994

A Recursive Least Squares Training Algorithm For Multilayer Recurrent Neural Networks, Q. Xu, K. Krishnamurthy, Bruce M. Mcmillin, Wen Feng Lu

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Recurrent neural networks have the potential to perform significantly better than the commonly used feedforward neural networks due to their dynamical nature. However, they have received less attention because training algorithms/architectures have not been well developed. In this study, a recursive least squares algorithm to train recurrent neural networks with an arbitrary number of hidden layers is developed. The training algorithm is developed as an extension of the standard recursive estimation problem. Simulated results obtained for identification of the dynamics of a nonlinear dynamical system show promising results.


Decomposition Of Measured Contours Into Geometric Features For Dimensional Inspection, Devaraj Rajkumar Jan 1990

Decomposition Of Measured Contours Into Geometric Features For Dimensional Inspection, Devaraj Rajkumar

Dissertations and Theses

Image processing systems used in Vision Assisted Dimensional Inspection usually output a set of boundary pixels representing the part edges. This boundary information must be divided into several subsets representing the various edges of the actual object, so that comparisons with the nominal part can be made.

The purpose of this project is to devise a method to divide the set of pixels obtained from the image processing system into subsets of pixels. Each of these subsets represent an edge in the contour of the actual object. This method must also detect transition points between the adjacent features. This project ...


A Comparative Study Of The Performance Of Various Image Analysis Methods For Dimensional Inspection With Vision Systems, Ralf Koeppe Jan 1989

A Comparative Study Of The Performance Of Various Image Analysis Methods For Dimensional Inspection With Vision Systems, Ralf Koeppe

Dissertations and Theses

Dimensional inspection with Vision Systems requires a careful selection of image analysis methods in order to obtain accurate information about the geometry of the parts to be measured.

The purpose of this project is to study, implement and compare different image evaluation methods and to show their strengths and weaknesses with respect to dimensional inspection. Emphasis is made on the inspection of circular features. The criteria of comparison for these methods are discussed. Using synthetically generated images, various analysis methods are compared and conclusions for their use are drawn. Results of the comparison show that the selection of a method ...