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2008

Selected Works

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Articles 1 - 30 of 68

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

A New Set-Up To Measure The Viscoelastic Properties Of Porous Media Using A Specific Electrodynamic Transducer, Dauchez Nicolas, Olivier Doutres Ph.D., Jean-Michel Génevaux, Guy Lemarquand Dec 2008

A New Set-Up To Measure The Viscoelastic Properties Of Porous Media Using A Specific Electrodynamic Transducer, Dauchez Nicolas, Olivier Doutres Ph.D., Jean-Michel Génevaux, Guy Lemarquand

Olivier Doutres Ph.D.

A new method for measuring viscoelastic properties of sound absorbing materials is presented. This method is derived from the quasistatic method using a loudspeaker as actuator and sensor. Previous results carried out with a traditional electrodynamic loudspeaker were limited to 100 Hz because of transducer nonlinearities. In this paper, viscoelastic properties are determined up to 500 Hz due to the design of a specific loudspeaker devoid of the main nonlinearities.


Edge-Stress Induced Warping Of Graphene Sheets And Nanoribbons, Ashwin Ramasubramaniam, Y. W. Zhang, C. D. Reddy, V. B. Shenoy Nov 2008

Edge-Stress Induced Warping Of Graphene Sheets And Nanoribbons, Ashwin Ramasubramaniam, Y. W. Zhang, C. D. Reddy, V. B. Shenoy

Ashwin Ramasubramaniam

We show that edge stresses introduce intrinsic ripples in freestanding graphene sheets even in the absence of any thermal effects. Compressive edge stresses along zigzag and armchair edges of the sheet cause out-of-plane warping to attain several degenerate mode shapes. Based on elastic plate theory, we identify scaling laws for the amplitude and penetration depth of edge ripples as a function of wavelength. We also demonstrate that edge stresses can lead to twisting and scrolling of nanoribbons as seen in experiments. Our results underscore the importance of accounting for edge stresses in thermal theories and electronic structure calculations for freestanding ...


Diagnostic Analysis Of A Small-Scale Incinerator By The Garson Index, Wei-Hsin Chen Nov 2008

Diagnostic Analysis Of A Small-Scale Incinerator By The Garson Index, Wei-Hsin Chen

Wei-Hsin Chen

No abstract provided.


Techniques For Developing Large Scale Fuzzy Logic Systems, Jon C. Ervin, Sema E. Alptekin Nov 2008

Techniques For Developing Large Scale Fuzzy Logic Systems, Jon C. Ervin, Sema E. Alptekin

Sema E. Alptekin

In this paper, we describe various techniques used to make Intuitionistic Fuzzy Logic Systems amenable to operating on applications with large numbers of inputs. A rule reduction technique known as Combs method is combined with an automated tuning process based on Particle Swarm Optimization. A second stage of tuning on rule weights results in improved performance and further reduction in the size of the rule-base. The entire process has been developed to operate within the Matlab software environment. The technique is tested against the Wisconsin Breast Cancer Database. The use of these tools shows great promise in significantly expanding the ...


تعيين عرض تختال در ورودي كوره هاي پيش گرم ناحيه نورد گرم مجتمع فولاد مباركه با استفاده از پردازش ديجيتال تصاوير, Eaman Alibeigi, Rasoul Amirfattahi, Masoud Harooni, Hamid Montazerolghaem Nov 2008

تعيين عرض تختال در ورودي كوره هاي پيش گرم ناحيه نورد گرم مجتمع فولاد مباركه با استفاده از پردازش ديجيتال تصاوير, Eaman Alibeigi, Rasoul Amirfattahi, Masoud Harooni, Hamid Montazerolghaem

Masoud Harooni

هر يك از تختال هاي توليد شده در بخش ريخته گري مداوم ناحيه فولاد سازي، پس از مارك زني و تعيين مشتري به يكي از دو صورت هوايي يا سيالي خنك شده و در زمان مقرر به وسيله غلطك هايي وارد كوره پيش گرم مي شوند. در اين مرحله، 1/6 mm تختال تا حرارت 1100 درجه سانتيگراد گرم شده و عمليات نورد گرم بر روي آن به منظور تهيه ورق فولاد با ضخامت صورت مي گيرد. تعيين دقيق مشخصات ابعادي تختال ها از جمله طول، عرض و ضخامت آنها قبل از ورود به كوره هاي پيش گرم و تطبيق ...


Modeling And Simulation Of Hydrogen Generation From Hightemperature And Low-Temperature Water Gas Shift Reactions, Wei-Hsin Chen Oct 2008

Modeling And Simulation Of Hydrogen Generation From Hightemperature And Low-Temperature Water Gas Shift Reactions, Wei-Hsin Chen

Wei-Hsin Chen

No abstract provided.


Gtaw ايجادشده با روش جوشکاری Tini-Tic و Tini بررسی ريزساختاری پوشش, Masoud Harooni, Morteza Shamanian, Alireza Fadaei Tehrani Oct 2008

Gtaw ايجادشده با روش جوشکاری Tini-Tic و Tini بررسی ريزساختاری پوشش, Masoud Harooni, Morteza Shamanian, Alireza Fadaei Tehrani

Masoud Harooni

هدف از انجام اين پژوهش بهبود سختي سطحي و ريزساختار فولاد ساده کربنی از نوع 52 و مقايسه ريز ساختار اين دو با هم GTAW ايجاد شده به روش جوشکاری TiNi-TiC و TiNi پوششی از بترتيب با نسبت استوکيومتری مساوي و نسبت ۲۰ Ti-Ni-C و Ti-Ni است. بدين منظور مخلوط پودری به طور جداگانه توسط روش فعال سازی مکانيکی فعال شد و سپس بر سطح TiC درصد تقويت کننده به ضخامت ۱ ميليمتر پيش نشانده شده با استفاده از روش جوشکاری قوسی St نمونه های فولادی 52 تنگستن- گاز ذوب و با فلز پايه امتزاج يافته است. جهت بررسي نوع ...


Homogeneous Dbd In N2: 1) Lif, Talif And Electrical Measurements, N. Gherardi, Et. Es-Sebbar, C. Sarra-Bourret, N. Naudé, F. Massines Oct 2008

Homogeneous Dbd In N2: 1) Lif, Talif And Electrical Measurements, N. Gherardi, Et. Es-Sebbar, C. Sarra-Bourret, N. Naudé, F. Massines

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

In this paper we compare two different discharges that can be obtained in a DBD configuration, that is to say the filamentary discharge (usual regime in atmospheric DBD) with the Atmospheric Pressure Townsend Discharge (APTD), which is a homogeneous regime obtained in nitrogen atmosphere. The aim is to help in the understanding of the processes which control the transition from one regime to the other. To do so, the discharge is characterized through electrical measurements, coupled with optical diagnostics among which Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) for radical density measurements. The influence of the addition of small quantities of additives on ...


European Climate Policy And The Position Of Cyprus, Theodoros Zachariadis Oct 2008

European Climate Policy And The Position Of Cyprus, Theodoros Zachariadis

Theodoros Zachariadis

No abstract provided.


Thermal Stability Of Electrodeposited Liga Ni-W Alloys For High Temperature Mems Applications, Haseeb Asma Oct 2008

Thermal Stability Of Electrodeposited Liga Ni-W Alloys For High Temperature Mems Applications, Haseeb Asma

Haseeb ASMA

For thermally stable LIGA materials for high temperature MEMS applications LIGA Ni-W layers and micro testing samples with different compositions (15 and 5 at% W) were electrodeposited. In order to investigate the thermal stability the Ni-W layers were annealed at different temperatures (300-700 degrees C) and for different durations (1, 4, 16 h). Their microstructure and micro-hardness were than analysed after annealing and compared with those of as-deposited states. The observed microstructures show, in comparison to pure LIGA nickel, a small grain growth and a relatively stable structure up to 700 degrees C. The micro-hardness values of the LIGA Ni-W ...


A Perception-Driven Autonomous Urban Vehicle, John Leonard, Jonathan How, Seth Teller, Mitch Berger, Stefan Campbell, Gaston Fiore, Luke Fletcher, Emilio Frazzoli, Albert Huang, Sertac Karaman, Olivier Koch, Yoshiaki Kuwata, David Moore, Edwin Olson, Steve Peters, Justin Teo, Robert Truax, Matthew Walter, David Barrett, Alexander Epstein, Keoni Mahelona, Katy Moyer, Troy Jones, Ryan Buckley, Matthew Antone, Robert Galejs, Siddhartha Krishnamurthy, Jonathan Williams Sep 2008

A Perception-Driven Autonomous Urban Vehicle, John Leonard, Jonathan How, Seth Teller, Mitch Berger, Stefan Campbell, Gaston Fiore, Luke Fletcher, Emilio Frazzoli, Albert Huang, Sertac Karaman, Olivier Koch, Yoshiaki Kuwata, David Moore, Edwin Olson, Steve Peters, Justin Teo, Robert Truax, Matthew Walter, David Barrett, Alexander Epstein, Keoni Mahelona, Katy Moyer, Troy Jones, Ryan Buckley, Matthew Antone, Robert Galejs, Siddhartha Krishnamurthy, Jonathan Williams

David Barrett

This paper describes the architecture and implementation of an autonomous passenger vehicle designed to navigate using locally perceived information in preference to potentially inaccurate or incomplete map data. The vehicle architecture was designed to handle the original DARPA Urban Challenge requirements of perceiving and navigating a road network with segments defined by sparse waypoints. The vehicle implementation includes many heterogeneous sensors with significant communications and computation bandwidth to capture and process high-resolution, high-rate sensor data. The output of the comprehensive environmental sensing subsystem is fed into a kinodynamic motion planning algorithm to generate all vehicle motion. The requirements of driving ...


An Experimental Study On Carbon Monoxide Conversion And Hydrogen Generation From Water Gas Shift Reaction, Wei-Hsin Chen Sep 2008

An Experimental Study On Carbon Monoxide Conversion And Hydrogen Generation From Water Gas Shift Reaction, Wei-Hsin Chen

Wei-Hsin Chen

No abstract provided.


Unsteady Nanoscale Thermal Transport Across A Solid-Fluid Interface, Ganesh Balasubramanian, Soumik Banerjee, Ishwar K. Puri Sep 2008

Unsteady Nanoscale Thermal Transport Across A Solid-Fluid Interface, Ganesh Balasubramanian, Soumik Banerjee, Ishwar K. Puri

Ganesh Balasubramanian

We simulate unsteady nanoscale thermal transport at a solid-fluidinterface by placing cooler liquid-vapor Ar mixtures adjacent to warmer Fe walls. The equilibration of the system towards a uniform overall temperature is investigated using nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations from which the heat flux is also determined explicitly. The Ar–Fe intermolecular interactions induce the migration of fluid atoms into quasicrystallineinterfacial layers adjacent to the walls, creating vacancies at the migration sites. This induces temperature discontinuities between the solidlikeinterfaces and their neighboring fluid molecules. The interfacial temperature difference and thus the heat flux decrease as the system equilibrates over time. The averaged ...


Active Species Generation Of Homogeneous Dbd In N2: Experiment And Modelling, N. Gherardi, Et. Es-Sebbar, C. Sarra-Bourret, N. Naudé, F. Massines, D. Tzyganov, P. Ségur, S. Pancheshnyi Sep 2008

Active Species Generation Of Homogeneous Dbd In N2: Experiment And Modelling, N. Gherardi, Et. Es-Sebbar, C. Sarra-Bourret, N. Naudé, F. Massines, D. Tzyganov, P. Ségur, S. Pancheshnyi

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

No abstract provided.


A Heuristic Scheduling Scheme In Multiuser Ofdma Networks, Zheng Sun, Zhiqiang He, Ruochen Wang, Kai Niu Aug 2008

A Heuristic Scheduling Scheme In Multiuser Ofdma Networks, Zheng Sun, Zhiqiang He, Ruochen Wang, Kai Niu

Zheng Sun

Conventional heterogeneous-traffic scheduling schemes utilize zero-delay constraint for real-time services, which aims to minimize the average packet delay among real-time users. However, in light or moderate load networks this strategy is unnecessary and leads to low data throughput for non-real-time users. In this paper, we propose a heuristic scheduling scheme to solve this problem. The scheme measures and assigns scheduling priorities to both real-time and non-real-time users, and schedules the radio resources for the two user classes simultaneously. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme efficiently handles the heterogeneous-traffic scheduling with diverse QoS requirements and alleviates the unfairness between real-time ...


Hydrogen Generation From A Catalytic Water Gas Shift Reaction Under Microwave Irradiation, Wei-Hsin Chen Aug 2008

Hydrogen Generation From A Catalytic Water Gas Shift Reaction Under Microwave Irradiation, Wei-Hsin Chen

Wei-Hsin Chen

No abstract provided.


Production And Purification Of Zircon Opacifier From Zircon Found In The Coastal Area Of Bangladesh, Haseeb Asma Aug 2008

Production And Purification Of Zircon Opacifier From Zircon Found In The Coastal Area Of Bangladesh, Haseeb Asma

Haseeb ASMA

In this study the potentiality of Bangladesh zircon as a raw material for opacifier was examined. Preparation of zircon flour was done by both wet and dry ball milling. Wet milling of zircon was found to be much efficient than dry milling. Zircon flour of peak size 8 mu m obtained by wet milling was purified by leaching in concentrated H(2)SO(4) acid. Leaching time was varied from 2 to 20 h and sulphuric acid concentration ranged from 10 to 80 ml/l. Both un-purified and purified Bangladesh zircon flour were tested for their performance as opacifier in ...


Production And Purification Of Zircon Opacifier From Zircon Found In The Coastal Area Of Bangladesh Aug 2008

Production And Purification Of Zircon Opacifier From Zircon Found In The Coastal Area Of Bangladesh

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

In this study the potentiality of Bangladesh zircon as a raw material for opacifier was examined. Preparation of zircon flour was done by both wet and dry ball milling. Wet milling of zircon was found to be much efficient than dry milling. Zircon flour of peak size 8 μm obtained by wet milling was purified by leaching in concentrated H2SO4 acid. Leaching time was varied from 2 to 20 h and sulphuric acid concentration ranged from 10 to 80 ml/l. Both un-purified and purified Bangladesh zircon flour were tested for their performance as opacifier in a couple of local ...


Improvement Of Parameter Estimation For Non-Linear Hysteretic Systems With Slip By A Fast Bayesian Bootstrap Filter, S. J. Li, Yoshiyuki Suzuki, Mohammad N. Noori Aug 2008

Improvement Of Parameter Estimation For Non-Linear Hysteretic Systems With Slip By A Fast Bayesian Bootstrap Filter, S. J. Li, Yoshiyuki Suzuki, Mohammad N. Noori

Mohammad N. Noori

Modeling and identification of non-linear hysteretic systems are widely encountered in the structural dynamics field, especially for the hysteresis with slip. A model, called SL model, which can describe the pinching of most practical hysteresis loops perfectly was proposed by Baber and Noori (J. Eng. Mech. 111 (1985) 1010). A method of estimating the parameters of SL model on the basis of input–output data based on bootstrap filter was proposed by the writers. Bootstrap filter is a filtering method based on Bayesian state estimation and Monte Carlo method, which has the great advantage of being able to handle any ...


Development Of A Mechatronics Design Studio, Sema E. Alptekin Aug 2008

Development Of A Mechatronics Design Studio, Sema E. Alptekin

Sema E. Alptekin

Mechatronics is a combination of mechanics, electronics and information technology intended to raise the intelligence level and flexibility of products and devices. There is a need to develop programs and laboratories in Mechatronics to create an understanding of how new technologies influence the traditional methods of designing products and manufacturing systems. A model "Mechatronics Design Studio" has recently been developed to support the Mechatronics and Manufacturing Automation courses offered at Cal Poly's Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering Department. Laboratory experiments have been developed and several student projects have been completed. In this paper, an overview of the design studio and ...


The Dependence Of Measured Modulation Error Ratio On Phase Noise, Ron D. Katznelson Aug 2008

The Dependence Of Measured Modulation Error Ratio On Phase Noise, Ron D. Katznelson

Ron D. Katznelson

This paper reviews the algorithms used by Vector Signal Analyzers to measure Modulation Error Ratio (MER) and derives the explicit functional dependence of measured MER on phase noise of digital transmitters. The modulation error model is introduced and the analytical expression for key estimated parameters required to obtain MER measure are derived. The essential elements of algorithms employed by MER measurement instruments to estimate amplitude scale, frequency offset, and initial phase intercept and the resulting MER are identified. The frequency response of the effective phase-noise rejection filtering action associated with a given measurement epoch is derived. It is shown that ...


Sum Frequency Generation Vibrational Spectroscopy Of Pyridine Hydrogenation On Platinum Nanoparticles, Kaitlin M. Bratlie, Kyriakos Komvopoulos, Gabor A. Somorjai Aug 2008

Sum Frequency Generation Vibrational Spectroscopy Of Pyridine Hydrogenation On Platinum Nanoparticles, Kaitlin M. Bratlie, Kyriakos Komvopoulos, Gabor A. Somorjai

Kaitlin M. Bratlie

Pyridine hydrogenation in the presence of a surface monolayer consisting of cubic Pt nanoparticles stabilized by tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide (TTAB) was investigated by sum frequency generation (SFG) vibrational spectroscopy using total internal reflection (TIR) geometry. TIR-SFG spectra analysis revealed that a pyridinium cation (C5H5NH+) forms during pyridine hydrogenation on the Pt nanoparticle surface, and the NH group in the C5H5NH+ cation becomes more hydrogen bound with the increase of the temperature. In addition, the surface coverage of the cation decreases with the increase of the temperature. An important contribution of this study is the in situ identification of reaction intermediates adsorbed ...


Uncertainty Analysis In Mcp-Based Wind Resource Assessment And Energy Production Estimation, Matthew Lackner, Anthony L. Rogers, James F. Manwell Jul 2008

Uncertainty Analysis In Mcp-Based Wind Resource Assessment And Energy Production Estimation, Matthew Lackner, Anthony L. Rogers, James F. Manwell

Matthew Lackner

This paper presents a mathematical framework to properly account for uncertainty in wind resource assessment and wind energy production estimation. A meteorological tower based wind measurement campaign is considered exclusively, in which measurecorrelate- predict is used to estimate the long-term wind resource. The evaluation of a wind resource and the subsequent estimation of the annual energy production (AEP) is a highly uncertain process. Uncertainty arises at all points in the process, from measuring the wind speed to the uncertainty in a power curve. A proper assessment of uncertainty is critical for judging the feasibility and risk of a potential wind ...


Surface Ion-Electron Recombination As The Main Source Of Atoms In Flowing N2 Dbd, D. Tsyganov, Et. Es-Sebbar, S. Pancheshnyi, N. Gherardi, P. Ségur, F. Massines Jul 2008

Surface Ion-Electron Recombination As The Main Source Of Atoms In Flowing N2 Dbd, D. Tsyganov, Et. Es-Sebbar, S. Pancheshnyi, N. Gherardi, P. Ségur, F. Massines

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

No abstract provided.


Talif Quantification Of Nitrogen Atoms Applied To Experimental Simulation Of Titan’S Atmosphere, Et. Es-Sebbar, Y. Benilan, E. Arzoumanian, M.-C. Gazeau Jul 2008

Talif Quantification Of Nitrogen Atoms Applied To Experimental Simulation Of Titan’S Atmosphere, Et. Es-Sebbar, Y. Benilan, E. Arzoumanian, M.-C. Gazeau

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

No abstract provided.


S.E.T.U.P., A New Program Of Representative Simulations Of Titan’S Atmosphere: Current Status, M-C. Gazeau, E. Arzoumanian, Y. Benilan, Et. Es-Sebbar, A. Jolly, S. Perrier, C. Romanzin Jul 2008

S.E.T.U.P., A New Program Of Representative Simulations Of Titan’S Atmosphere: Current Status, M-C. Gazeau, E. Arzoumanian, Y. Benilan, Et. Es-Sebbar, A. Jolly, S. Perrier, C. Romanzin

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

No abstract provided.


Moving From Low Income Housing Toward Affordable Quality Housing, B Bakhtyar Jul 2008

Moving From Low Income Housing Toward Affordable Quality Housing, B Bakhtyar

B Bakhtyar

Smart growth development entails retracting the city, hence attempting to house low-income residents at new affordable housing facilities within a metropolitan area. This paper introduces the Low Income Housing Tax credit (LIHTC) as an alternative funding source for developing affordable housing projects. In this article, we present the affordable housing and smart growth elements in two selected tax credit programs in the United States. We compared these elements with the Malaysian commitments in Agenda 21 and recommend how we could move forward in utilizing these elements to develop the Malaysian LIHTC point system that supports both affordable housing and smart ...


High-Resolution Optical Imaging For Deep-Water Archaeology, Hanumant Singh, Christopher Roman, Oscar Pizarro, Brendan Foley, Ryan Eustice, Ali Can Jun 2008

High-Resolution Optical Imaging For Deep-Water Archaeology, Hanumant Singh, Christopher Roman, Oscar Pizarro, Brendan Foley, Ryan Eustice, Ali Can

Christopher N. Roman

No abstract provided.


Comparison Of Townsend Dielectric Barrier Discharge In N2, N2/O2 And N2/N2o: Behavior And Density Of Radicals, F. Massines, Et. Es-Sebbar, N. Gherardi, N. Naudé, D. Tsyganov, P. Ségur, S. Pancheshnyi Jun 2008

Comparison Of Townsend Dielectric Barrier Discharge In N2, N2/O2 And N2/N2o: Behavior And Density Of Radicals, F. Massines, Et. Es-Sebbar, N. Gherardi, N. Naudé, D. Tsyganov, P. Ségur, S. Pancheshnyi

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

No abstract provided.


Dual Beam Actuation Of Piezoelectric Aln Rf Mems Switches Integrated With Aln Contour-Mode Resonators, Nipun Sinha, Rashed Mahamameed, Chengjie Zuo, Marcelo B. Pisani, Carlos R. Perez, Gianluca Piazza Jun 2008

Dual Beam Actuation Of Piezoelectric Aln Rf Mems Switches Integrated With Aln Contour-Mode Resonators, Nipun Sinha, Rashed Mahamameed, Chengjie Zuo, Marcelo B. Pisani, Carlos R. Perez, Gianluca Piazza

Nipun Sinha

This work reports on piezoelectric Aluminum Nitride (AlN) based dual-beam RF MEMS switches that have been monolithically integrated with AlN contour-mode resonators. The dual-beam switch design presented in this paper intrinsically compensates for the residual stress in the deposited films, requires low actuation voltage (5-20 V), facilitates active pull-off to open the switch and fast switching times (1 to 2 µsec). This work also presents the combined response (cascaded S-parameters) of a resonator and a switch that were co-fabricated on the same substrate. The response shows that the resonator can be effectively turned on and off by the switch. A ...