Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Mechanical Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 10 of 10

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Contact-Resonance Atomic Force Microscopy For Viscoelasticity, P. A. Yuya, D. C. Hurley, Joseph A. Turner Oct 2008

Contact-Resonance Atomic Force Microscopy For Viscoelasticity, P. A. Yuya, D. C. Hurley, Joseph A. Turner

Faculty Publications from the Department of Engineering Mechanics

We present a quantitative method for determining the viscoelastic properties of materials with nanometer spatial resolution. The approach is based on the atomic force acoustic microscopy technique that involves the resonant frequencies of the atomic force microscopy cantilever when its tip is in contact with a sample surface. We derive expressions for the viscoelastic properties of the sample in terms of the cantilever frequency response and damping loss. We demonstrate the approach by obtaining experimental values for the storage and loss moduli of a poly(methyl methacrylate) film using a polystyrene sample as a reference material. Experimental techniques and system ...


Impact Mechanics And High-Energy Absorbing Materials: Review, Pizhong Qiao, Mijia Yang, Florin Bobaru Oct 2008

Impact Mechanics And High-Energy Absorbing Materials: Review, Pizhong Qiao, Mijia Yang, Florin Bobaru

Faculty Publications from the Department of Engineering Mechanics

In this paper a review of impact mechanics and high-energy absorbing materials is presented. We review different theoretical models (rigid-body dynamics, elastic, shock, and plastic wave propagation, and nonclassical or nonlocal models. and computational methods (finite-element, finite-difference, and mesh-free methods. used in impact mechanics. Some recent developments in numerical simulation of impact (e.g., peridynamics) and new design concepts proposed as high energy absorbing materials (lattice and truss structures, hybrid sandwich composites, metal foams, magnetorheological fluids, porous shape memory alloys. are discussed. Recent studies on experimental evaluation and constitutive modeling of strain rate-dependent polymer matrix composites are also presented. Impact ...


Phase-Field Modeling Of The Formation Of Lamellar Nanostructures In Diblock Copolymer Thin Films Under Inplanar Electric Fields, Xiang-Fa Wu, Yuris A. Dzenis May 2008

Phase-Field Modeling Of The Formation Of Lamellar Nanostructures In Diblock Copolymer Thin Films Under Inplanar Electric Fields, Xiang-Fa Wu, Yuris A. Dzenis

Faculty Publications from the Department of Engineering Mechanics

Recent experiments show that external inplanar electric field can be employed to guide the molecular self-assembly in diblock copolymer (BCP) thin films to form lamellar nanostructures with potential applications in nanotechnology. We study this self-assembly process through a detailed coarse-grained phase separation modeling. During the process, the free energy of the BCP films is modeled as the Ginzburg-Landau free energy with nonlocal interaction and electrostatic coupling. The resulting Cahn-Hilliard (CH) equation is solved using an efficient semi-implicit Fourier-spectral algorithm. Numerical results show that the morphology of order parameter formed in either symmetric or asymmetric BCP thin films is strongly influenced ...


Free-Edge Stresses And Progressive Cracking In Surface Coatings Of Circular Torsion Bars, Xiang-Fa Wu, Yuris A. Dzenis, Kyle W. Strabala Apr 2008

Free-Edge Stresses And Progressive Cracking In Surface Coatings Of Circular Torsion Bars, Xiang-Fa Wu, Yuris A. Dzenis, Kyle W. Strabala

Faculty Publications from the Department of Engineering Mechanics

This paper considers the explicit solutions of free-edge stresses near circumferential cracks in surface coatings of circular torsion bars and their application in determining the progressive cracking density in the coating layers. The problem was formulated within the framework of linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM). The free-edge stresses near crack tip and the shear stresses in the cross-section of the torsion bar were approached in explicit forms based on the variational principle of complementary strain energy. Criterion for progressive cracking in the coating layer was established in sense of strain energy conservation, and the crack density is thereby estimated. Effects ...


Influence Of Spatial Correlation Function On Attenuation Of Ultrasonic Waves In Two-Phase Materials, Dalie Liu, Joseph A. Turner Feb 2008

Influence Of Spatial Correlation Function On Attenuation Of Ultrasonic Waves In Two-Phase Materials, Dalie Liu, Joseph A. Turner

Faculty Publications from the Department of Engineering Mechanics

Successful processing of materials by powder sintering relies on the creation of strong interparticle bonds. During certain critical stages of the sintering process, the medium may be modeled as two phases consisting of the particles and a surrounding matrix. Ultrasonic methods have been proposed as a potential tool for monitoring such sintering processes. Thus, an understanding of the propagation and scattering of elastic waves in two-phase solids is of fundamental importance to these monitoring techniques. In this article, expressions for the ultrasonic attenuations are developed based on the spatial statistics of the density and Lamé parameters of the material constituents ...


On Constitutive Models For Limited Elastic, Molecular Based Materials, Millard F. Beatty Jan 2008

On Constitutive Models For Limited Elastic, Molecular Based Materials, Millard F. Beatty

Faculty Publications from the Department of Engineering Mechanics

The response function for a general class of elastic molecular based materials characterized by their limiting molecular chain extensibility and depending on only the first principal invariant of the Cauchy–Green deformation tensor together with a certain molecular based limiting extensibility parameter is introduced. The constitutive response function for the Gent material is then derived inversely as the [0/1] Padé approximant of this class, a result that leads naturally to an infinite geometric series representation of its response function. Truncation of this series function characterizes a familiar class of quadratic materials now having physically relevant material constants. It is ...


Rippling Of Polymer Nanofibers, Xiang-Fa Wu, Yulia Kostogorova-Beller, Alexander Goponenko, Haoqing Hou, Yuris A. Dzenis Jan 2008

Rippling Of Polymer Nanofibers, Xiang-Fa Wu, Yulia Kostogorova-Beller, Alexander Goponenko, Haoqing Hou, Yuris A. Dzenis

Faculty Publications from the Department of Engineering Mechanics

This paper studies the evolution mechanism of surface rippling in polymer nanofibers under axial stretching. This rippling phenomenon has been detected in as-electrospun polyacrylonitrile in recent single-fiber tension tests, and in electrospun polyimide nanofibers after imidization. We herein propose a one-dimensional nonlinear elastic model that takes into account the combined effect of surface tension and nonlinear elasticity during the rippling initiation and its evolution in compliant polymer nanofibers. The polymer nanofiber is modeled as an incompressible, isotropically hyperelastic Mooney-Rivlin solid. The fiber geometry prior to rippling is considered as a long circular cylinder. The governing equation of surface rippling is ...


Analysis Of The Effects Of The Residual Charge And Gap Size On Electrospun Nanofiber Alignment In A Gap Method, Lihua Liu, Yuris A. Dzenis Jan 2008

Analysis Of The Effects Of The Residual Charge And Gap Size On Electrospun Nanofiber Alignment In A Gap Method, Lihua Liu, Yuris A. Dzenis

Faculty Publications from the Department of Engineering Mechanics

In this paper, the effects of residual charges on nanofiber alignment in a gap method are studied and presented. The gap method was presented by Li and Xia (2003 Nano Lett. 3 1167); in it, a gap is introduced into a traditional collector. Due to the non-perfect conductivity of electrospun nanofibers, they carry residual charges after deposition across the gap. These residual charges will interact with the charges carried by the upcoming jet/fiber, that will also deposit across the gap. The effects of these charge interactions on nanofiber alignment were studied numerically at various gap sizes. Results showed that ...


Simultaneous Birefringence, Small- And Wide-Angle X-Ray Scattering To Detect Precursors And Characterize Morphology Development During Flow-Induced Crystallization Of Polymers, Lucia Fernandez-Ballester, Tim Gough, Florian Meneau, Wim Bras, Fernando Ania, Francisco Jose Balta-Calleja, Julia A. Kornfield Jan 2008

Simultaneous Birefringence, Small- And Wide-Angle X-Ray Scattering To Detect Precursors And Characterize Morphology Development During Flow-Induced Crystallization Of Polymers, Lucia Fernandez-Ballester, Tim Gough, Florian Meneau, Wim Bras, Fernando Ania, Francisco Jose Balta-Calleja, Julia A. Kornfield

Faculty Publications from the Department of Engineering Mechanics

An experimental configuration that combines the powerful capabilities of a short-term shearing apparatus with simultaneous optical and X-ray scattering techniques is demonstrated, connecting the earliest events that occur during shear-induced crystallization of a polymer melt with the subsequent kinetics and morphology development. Oriented precursors are at the heart of the great effects that flow can produce on polymer crystallization (strongly enhanced kinetics and formation of highly oriented crystallites), and their creation is highly dependent on material properties and the level of stress applied. The sensitivity of rheo-optics enables the detection of these dilute shear-induced precursors as they form during flow ...


Computer Simulation Of Radio Frequency Heating Of Model Fruit Immersed In Water, Sohan Birla, Shaojin Wang, Juming Tang Jan 2008

Computer Simulation Of Radio Frequency Heating Of Model Fruit Immersed In Water, Sohan Birla, Shaojin Wang, Juming Tang

Faculty Publications from the Department of Engineering Mechanics

The present study investigated the effect of different factors on temperature distribution within a spherical object in a parallel plate radio frequency (RF) heating system. A finite element-computer simulation program - FEMLAB was used to solve the electromagnetic and Navier-Stoke equations for developing a model to study the effect of dielectric properties of a model fruit and its surrounding medium. The model fruit was prepared from 1% gellan gel for experimental validation of the simulation results. The results showed that spherically-shaped samples surrounded with air between RF electrodes and placed in the proximity of electrodes would not heat uniformly. Immersing the ...