Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Mechanical Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2008

Materials Science and Engineering

Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 26 of 26

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Dynamic Properties Of Railway Track And Its Components : A State-Of-The-Art Review, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Alexander Remennikov Dec 2008

Dynamic Properties Of Railway Track And Its Components : A State-Of-The-Art Review, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Alexander Remennikov

Faculty of Engineering - Papers (Archive)

Recent findings indicate one of major causes of damages, which is attributed to the resonant behaviours, in a railway track and its components. Basically, when a railway track is excited to generalised dynamic loading, the railway track deforms and then vibrates for certain duration. Dynamic responses of the railway track and its components are the key to evaluate the structural capacity of railway track and its components. If a dynamic loading resonates the railway track’s dynamic responses, its components tend to have the significant damage from excessive dynamic stresses. For example, a rail vibration could lead to defects in ...


A New Set-Up To Measure The Viscoelastic Properties Of Porous Media Using A Specific Electrodynamic Transducer, Dauchez Nicolas, Olivier Doutres Ph.D., Jean-Michel Génevaux, Guy Lemarquand Dec 2008

A New Set-Up To Measure The Viscoelastic Properties Of Porous Media Using A Specific Electrodynamic Transducer, Dauchez Nicolas, Olivier Doutres Ph.D., Jean-Michel Génevaux, Guy Lemarquand

Olivier Doutres Ph.D.

A new method for measuring viscoelastic properties of sound absorbing materials is presented. This method is derived from the quasistatic method using a loudspeaker as actuator and sensor. Previous results carried out with a traditional electrodynamic loudspeaker were limited to 100 Hz because of transducer nonlinearities. In this paper, viscoelastic properties are determined up to 500 Hz due to the design of a specific loudspeaker devoid of the main nonlinearities.


Gtaw ايجادشده با روش جوشکاری Tini-Tic و Tini بررسی ريزساختاری پوشش, Masoud Harooni, Morteza Shamanian, Alireza Fadaei Tehrani Oct 2008

Gtaw ايجادشده با روش جوشکاری Tini-Tic و Tini بررسی ريزساختاری پوشش, Masoud Harooni, Morteza Shamanian, Alireza Fadaei Tehrani

Masoud Harooni

هدف از انجام اين پژوهش بهبود سختي سطحي و ريزساختار فولاد ساده کربنی از نوع 52 و مقايسه ريز ساختار اين دو با هم GTAW ايجاد شده به روش جوشکاری TiNi-TiC و TiNi پوششی از بترتيب با نسبت استوکيومتری مساوي و نسبت ۲۰ Ti-Ni-C و Ti-Ni است. بدين منظور مخلوط پودری به طور جداگانه توسط روش فعال سازی مکانيکی فعال شد و سپس بر سطح TiC درصد تقويت کننده به ضخامت ۱ ميليمتر پيش نشانده شده با استفاده از روش جوشکاری قوسی St نمونه های فولادی 52 تنگستن- گاز ذوب و با فلز پايه امتزاج يافته است. جهت بررسي نوع ...


Sublimation Inside An Elastoplastic Material, Valery I. Levitas, Nataliya Altukhova Oct 2008

Sublimation Inside An Elastoplastic Material, Valery I. Levitas, Nataliya Altukhova

Aerospace Engineering Publications

Thermodynamic and kinetic approaches for sublimation inside elastoplastic material under tensile stress are developed for large strains. Various conceptual problems related to irreversible plastic deformation are addressed for a spherical bubble. They include definitions of the thermodynamic driving forces and activation energies, nontraditional concepts of a critical nucleus, path dependence of its appearance, modes of its growth (sublimation or expansion due to loss of mechanical stability), and the possibility of reverse transformation. The kinetic relationships between sublimation pressure and temperature are obtained.


High Temperature Heat Exchanger Annual Report, Anthony Hechanova Sep 2008

High Temperature Heat Exchanger Annual Report, Anthony Hechanova

Publications (NSTD)

Objectives

• Identify candidate materials for heat exchanger components.

• Test candidate materials for heat exchanger components.

• Design critical components in the interface between the reactor and hydrogen production plant and within the sulfur iodine thermochemical process.

• Fabricate prototypical components.

• Test prototypical components.


Broadband Measurement Of Rate-Dependent Viscoelasticity At Nanoscale Using Scanning Probe Microscope: Poly(Dimethylsiloxane) Example, Zhonghua Xu, Kyongsoo Kim, Qingze Zou, Pranav Shrotriya Sep 2008

Broadband Measurement Of Rate-Dependent Viscoelasticity At Nanoscale Using Scanning Probe Microscope: Poly(Dimethylsiloxane) Example, Zhonghua Xu, Kyongsoo Kim, Qingze Zou, Pranav Shrotriya

Mechanical Engineering Publications

A control approach to achieve nanoscale broadband viscoelasticmeasurement using scanning probe microscope(SPM) is reported. Current SPM-based force measurement is too slow to measure rate-dependent phenomena, and large (temporal) measurement errors can be generated when the sample itself changes rapidly. The recently developed model-less inversion-based iterative control technique is used to eliminate the dynamics and hysteresis effects of the SPM hardware on the measurements, enabling rapid excitation and measurement of rate-dependent material properties. The approach is illustrated by the mechanical characterization of poly(dimethylsiloxane) over a broad frequency range of three orders of magnitude (∼1 Hz to 4.5 KHz).


The Role Of Silicon Content On Environmental Degradations Of T91 Steels, Ajit K. Roy, D. Maitra, Pankaj Kumar Aug 2008

The Role Of Silicon Content On Environmental Degradations Of T91 Steels, Ajit K. Roy, D. Maitra, Pankaj Kumar

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

T91 grade steels showed a gradual enhancement in tensile ductility at ambient temperature due to an increase in Si content from 0.5 to 2.0 weight percent (wt.%). However, the ultimate tensile strength was reduced only above 1.5 wt.% Si. The corrosion potential became more active in an acidic solution with increasing temperature. The cracking susceptibility in a similar environment under a slow-strain-rate (SSR) condition was enhanced at higher temperatures showing reduced ductility, time to failure, and true failure stress. Cathodic potentials applied to the test specimens in SSR testing caused an enhanced cracking tendency at 30 and ...


Sum Frequency Generation Vibrational Spectroscopy Of Pyridine Hydrogenation On Platinum Nanoparticles, Kaitlin M. Bratlie, Kyriakos Komvopoulos, Gabor A. Somorjai Aug 2008

Sum Frequency Generation Vibrational Spectroscopy Of Pyridine Hydrogenation On Platinum Nanoparticles, Kaitlin M. Bratlie, Kyriakos Komvopoulos, Gabor A. Somorjai

Kaitlin M. Bratlie

Pyridine hydrogenation in the presence of a surface monolayer consisting of cubic Pt nanoparticles stabilized by tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide (TTAB) was investigated by sum frequency generation (SFG) vibrational spectroscopy using total internal reflection (TIR) geometry. TIR-SFG spectra analysis revealed that a pyridinium cation (C5H5NH+) forms during pyridine hydrogenation on the Pt nanoparticle surface, and the NH group in the C5H5NH+ cation becomes more hydrogen bound with the increase of the temperature. In addition, the surface coverage of the cation decreases with the increase of the temperature. An important contribution of this study is the in situ identification of reaction intermediates adsorbed ...


Tensile Deformation Of A Nickel-Base Alloy At Elevated Temperatures, Ajit K. Roy, Anand Venkatesh, Vikram Marthandam Aug 2008

Tensile Deformation Of A Nickel-Base Alloy At Elevated Temperatures, Ajit K. Roy, Anand Venkatesh, Vikram Marthandam

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

The results of tensile testing involving Waspaloy indicate that the failure strain was gradually reduced at temperatures ranging between ambient and 300 °C. Further, serrations were observed in the engineering stress versus strain diagrams in the temperature range of 300-600 °C. The reduced failure strain and the formation of serrations in these temperature regimes could be the result of dynamic strain aging of this alloy. The extent of work hardening due to plastic deformation was reduced at temperatures above 300 °C. A combination of ductile and intergranular brittle failures was seen at temperatures above 600 °C. γ′ was detected at ...


Structure And Properties Of (1-X)Pb(Mg1/2w1/2)O3–Xpb(Zr0.5ti0.5)O3 Solid Solution Ceramics, D. White, X. Zhao, Matthew F. Besser, Xiaoli Tan Aug 2008

Structure And Properties Of (1-X)Pb(Mg1/2w1/2)O3–Xpb(Zr0.5ti0.5)O3 Solid Solution Ceramics, D. White, X. Zhao, Matthew F. Besser, Xiaoli Tan

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The widely used piezoelectric Pb(Zr1−x Ti x )O3 ceramics have been known to have Zr4+ and Ti4+ randomly distributed on the B-site lattice in the ABO3 perovskite structure. In this study, we attempted to develop long range 1:1 B-site cation order by forming the solid solution of (1 − x)Pb(Mg1/2W1/2)O3xPb(Zr0.5Ti0.5)O3 (x ≥ 0.60). High temperature X-ray diffraction tests indicate that the cation order is embedded in the structural order. The solid solution ceramics appear ...


Abstracts, Review Of Progress In Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (Chicago, Il, July 20–25, 2008), Center For Nondestructive Evaluation, Iowa State University Jul 2008

Abstracts, Review Of Progress In Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (Chicago, Il, July 20–25, 2008), Center For Nondestructive Evaluation, Iowa State University

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Abstracts of papers presented at the 2008 Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (QNDE) conference held in Chicago, Illinois from July 20–25, 2008.


Zr-Modified Pb(Mg1/3nb2/3)O3 With A Long-Range Cation Order, Xiaohui Zhao, Weiguo Qu, Xiaoli Tan Jul 2008

Zr-Modified Pb(Mg1/3nb2/3)O3 With A Long-Range Cation Order, Xiaohui Zhao, Weiguo Qu, Xiaoli Tan

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The 1:1 structural order and B-site cation order in Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics was significantly enhanced by Zr4+ substituting Nb5+ according to the chemical formula Pb(Mg1/3Zr2x/3Nb2(1−x)/3)O3−x/3. The enhanced structural and cation order was revealed by both X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The increased charge difference and the introduced oxygen vacancies were suggested to account for the observed long-range cation order. Typical relaxor ferroelectric behavior was retained even in the ceramics with a high degree ...


The Effect Of Vibratory Milling On The Powder Properties Of Zinc Oxide Varistors, Maura Kelleher, M.S.J. Hashmi May 2008

The Effect Of Vibratory Milling On The Powder Properties Of Zinc Oxide Varistors, Maura Kelleher, M.S.J. Hashmi

Articles

The formation of powders from multi-elemental oxides for the subsequent formation of a green and sintered compact body is a major processing operation in the manufacture of ZnO varistors. The physical and chemical properties of the metal oxides are crucial not only for the formation of a varistor component with optimum microstructure and thus electrical characteristics but also for avoiding the introduction of flaws and reduced yield during subsequent manufacturing stages. The effect of vibratory milling using cylindrical zirconia media on the physical and chemical properties of the mixed multi-elemental oxide additives of a commercial ZnO varistor formulation was studied ...


Improved Method Of Co2 Laser Cutting Of Aluminum Nitride, Raathai Molian, Pranav Shrotriya, Pal Molian May 2008

Improved Method Of Co2 Laser Cutting Of Aluminum Nitride, Raathai Molian, Pranav Shrotriya, Pal Molian

Mechanical Engineering Publications

The traditional “evaporation∕melt and blow” mechanism of CO2 laser cutting of aluminum nitride (AlN) chip carriers and heat sinks suffers from energy losses due to its high thermal conductivity, formation of dross, decomposition to aluminum, and uncontrolled thermal cracking. In order to overcome these limitations, a thermochemical method that uses a defocused laser beam to melt a thin layer of AlN surface in oxygen environment was utilized. Subsequent solidification of the melt layer generated shrinkage and thermal gradient stresses that, in turn, created a crack along the middle path of laser beam and caused material separation through unstable crack ...


Response Characterization Of Electroactive Polymers As Mechanical Sensors, G. Alici, Geoffrey M. Spinks, J. D. Madden, Y. Wu, G G. Wallace Jan 2008

Response Characterization Of Electroactive Polymers As Mechanical Sensors, G. Alici, Geoffrey M. Spinks, J. D. Madden, Y. Wu, G G. Wallace

Faculty of Engineering - Papers (Archive)

The characterization of the dynamic response (including transfer function identification) of trilayer polypyrrole (PPy) type conducting polymer sensors is presented. The sensor was built like a cantilever beam with the free end stimulated through a mechanical lever system, which provided displacement inputs. The voltage generated and current passing between the two outer PPy layers as a result of the input was measured to model the output/input behavior of the sensors based on their experimental current/displacement and voltage/displacement frequency responses. We specifically targeted the low-frequency behavior of the sensor as it is a relatively slowsystem. Experimental transfer function ...


A New Method Of Synthesizing Black Birnessite Nanoparticles: From Brown To Black Birnessite With Nanostructures, Shizhi Qian, Marcos A. Cheney, Pradip K. Bhowmik, Sang W. Joo, Wensheng Hou, Joseph M. Okoh Jan 2008

A New Method Of Synthesizing Black Birnessite Nanoparticles: From Brown To Black Birnessite With Nanostructures, Shizhi Qian, Marcos A. Cheney, Pradip K. Bhowmik, Sang W. Joo, Wensheng Hou, Joseph M. Okoh

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

A new method for preparing black birnessite nanoparticles is introduced. The initial synthesis process resembles the classical McKenzie method of preparing brown birnessite except for slower cooling and closing the system from the ambient air. Subsequent process, including wet-aging at 7◦C for 48 hours, overnight freezing, and lyophilization, is shown to convert the brown birnessite into black birnessite with complex nanomorphology with folded sheets and spirals. Characterization of the product is performed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and N2 adsorption (BET) techniques. Wet-aging and lyophilization times are shown ...


Stereolithography Of Poly(Ethylene Glycol) Hydrogels With Application In Tissue Engineering As Peripheral Nerve Regeneration Scaffolds, Karina Arcaute Jan 2008

Stereolithography Of Poly(Ethylene Glycol) Hydrogels With Application In Tissue Engineering As Peripheral Nerve Regeneration Scaffolds, Karina Arcaute

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

In recent years, rapid prototyping (RP) technologies initially developed to create prototypes prior to production for the automotive, aerospace, and other industries, have found applications in tissue engineering (TE). Several different RP technologies are being used to fabricate biocompatible 3D structures with controlled micro- and macro-scale characteristics. The focus of this research was to explore the capabilities of the RP technology, stereolithography (SL), for creating complex, 3D scaffolds with applications in TE using a photocrosslinkable biopolymer, poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG). The primary objective was to create an implantable multi-lumen nerve guidance conduit (NGC) for the regeneration of peripheral nerves.

Studies ...


Morphologies And Kinetics Of A Dewetting Ultrathin Solid Film, Mikhail Khenner Jan 2008

Morphologies And Kinetics Of A Dewetting Ultrathin Solid Film, Mikhail Khenner

Mathematics Faculty Publications

The surface evolution model based on geometric partial differential equation is used to numerically study the kinetics of dewetting and dynamic morphologies for the localized pinhole defect in the surface of the ultrathin solid film with the strongly anisotropic surface energy. Depending on parameters such as the initial depth and width of the pinole, the strength of the attractive substrate potential and the strength of the surface energy anisotropy, the pinhole may either extend to the substrate and thus rupture the film, or evolve to the quasiequilibrium shape while the rest of the film surface undergoes phase separation into a ...


Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A Single-Frequency Vibration Field, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev Jan 2008

Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A Single-Frequency Vibration Field, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev

Mathematics Faculty Publications

Dynamics of a thin dewetting liquid film on a vertically oscillating substrate is considered. We assume moderate vibration frequency and large (compared to the mean film thickness) vibration amplitude. Using the lubrication approximation and the averaging method, we formulate the coupled sets of equations governing the pulsatile and the averaged fluid flows in the film, and then derive the nonlinear amplitude equation for the averaged film thickness. We show that there exists a window in the frequency-amplitude domain where the parametric and shear-flow instabilities of the pulsatile flow do not emerge. As a consequence, in this window the averaged description ...


Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A Single-Frequency Vibration Field, Mikhail Khenner Jan 2008

Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A Single-Frequency Vibration Field, Mikhail Khenner

Mathematics Faculty Publications

Dynamics of a thin dewetting liquid film on a vertically oscillating substrate is considered. We assume moderate vibration frequency and large (compared to the mean film thickness) vibration amplitude. Using the lubrication approximation and the averaging method, we formulate the coupled sets of equations governing the pulsatile and the averaged fluid flows in the film, and then derive the nonlinear amplitude equation for the averaged film thickness. We show that there exists a window in the frequency-amplitude domain where the parametric and shear-flow instabilities of the pulsatile flow do not emerge. As a consequence, in this window the averaged description ...


Morphologies And Kinetics Of A Dewetting Ultrathin Solid Film, Mikhail Khenner Jan 2008

Morphologies And Kinetics Of A Dewetting Ultrathin Solid Film, Mikhail Khenner

Mathematics Faculty Publications

The surface evolution model based on geometric partial differential equation is used to numerically study the kinetics of dewetting and dynamic morphologies for the localized pinhole defect in the surface of the ultrathin solid film with the strongly anisotropic surface energy. Depending on parameters such as the initial depth and width of the pinole, the strength of the attractive substrate potential and the strength of the surface energy anisotropy, the pinhole may either extend to the substrate and thus rupture the film, or evolve to the quasiequilibrium shape while the rest of the film surface undergoes phase separation into a ...


Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A Single-Frequency Vibration Field, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev Jan 2008

Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A Single-Frequency Vibration Field, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev

Mathematics Faculty Publications

Dynamics of a thin dewetting liquid film on a vertically oscillating substrate is considered. We assume moderate vibration frequency and large (compared to the mean film thickness) vibration amplitude. Using the lubrication approximation and the averaging method, we formulate the coupled sets of equations governing the pulsatile and the averaged fluid flows in the film, and then derive the nonlinear amplitude equation for the averaged film thickness. We show that there exists a window in the frequency-amplitude domain where the parametric and shear-flow instabilities of the pulsatile flow do not emerge. As a consequence, in this window the averaged description ...


Design Issues For Therapeutic Ultrasound Angioplasty Waveguides, Declan Noone, Graham Gavin, Garrett Mcguinness Jan 2008

Design Issues For Therapeutic Ultrasound Angioplasty Waveguides, Declan Noone, Graham Gavin, Garrett Mcguinness

Conference Papers

Therapeutic ultrasound angioplasty is a new minimally invasive cardiovascular procedure for disrupting atherosclerotic lesions. Mechanical energy is transmitted in the form of ultrasound waves via long, flexible wire waveguides navigated to the lesion site through the vascular system. The underpinning principle of this technology is that plaque may be disrupted through a combination of direct contact ablation, pressure waves, cavitation and acoustic streaming, which all depend on the amplitude and frequency of displacements at the distal tip of the wire waveguide. This study identifies a number of key design issues for clinical devices of this type, and describes testing procedures ...


Morphologies And Kinetics Of A Dewetting Ultrathin Solid Film, Mikhail Khenner Dec 2007

Morphologies And Kinetics Of A Dewetting Ultrathin Solid Film, Mikhail Khenner

Mikhail Khenner

The surface evolution model based on geometric partial differential equation is used to numerically study the kinetics of dewetting and dynamic morphologies for the localized pinhole defect in the surface of the ultrathin solid film with the strongly anisotropic surface energy. Depending on parameters such as the initial depth and width of the pinole, the strength of the attractive substrate potential and the strength of the surface energy anisotropy, the pinhole may either extend to the substrate and thus rupture the film, or evolve to the quasiequilibrium shape while the rest of the film surface undergoes phase separation into a ...


Validity Of The One-Dimensional Limp Model For Porous Media, Olivier Doutres, Nicolas Dauchez, Jean-Michel Génevaux, Olivier Dazel Dec 2007

Validity Of The One-Dimensional Limp Model For Porous Media, Olivier Doutres, Nicolas Dauchez, Jean-Michel Génevaux, Olivier Dazel

Olivier Doutres Ph.D.

A straightforward criterion for determining the validity of the limp model validity for porous materials is addressed here. The limp model is an “equivalent fluid” model which gives a better description of porous behavior than the well known “rigid frame” model. It is derived from the poroelastic Biot model, assuming that the frame has no bulk stiffness. A criterion is proposed for identifying the porous materials for which the limp model can be used. It relies on a new parameter, the Frame Stiffness Influence FSI, based on porous material properties. The critical values of FSI under which the limp model ...


Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A Single-Frequency Vibration Field, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev Dec 2007

Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A Single-Frequency Vibration Field, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev

Mikhail Khenner

Dynamics of a thin dewetting liquid film on a vertically oscillating substrate is considered. We assume moderate vibration frequency and large (compared to the mean film thickness) vibration amplitude. Using the lubrication approximation and the averaging method, we formulate the coupled sets of equations governing the pulsatile and the averaged fluid flows in the film, and then derive the nonlinear amplitude equation for the averaged film thickness. We show that there exists a window in the frequency-amplitude domain where the parametric and shear-flow instabilities of the pulsatile flow do not emerge. As a consequence, in this window the averaged description ...