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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Approximating A Three-Dimensional Fluidized Bed With Two-Dimensional Simulations, Mirka Deza, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel Oct 2008

Approximating A Three-Dimensional Fluidized Bed With Two-Dimensional Simulations, Mirka Deza, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Fluidized beds can be used to gasify biomass in the production of producer gas, a flammable gas that can replace natural gas in process heating. Modeling these reactors with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations is advantageous when performing parametric studies for design and scale-up. From a computational resource point of view, two-dimensional simulations are easier to perform than three-dimensional simulations, but they may not capture the proper physics. This paper will compare two- and three-dimensional simulations in a 10.2 cm diameter fluidized bed with side air injection to determine when two-dimensional simulations are adequate to capture the bed hydrodynamics ...


Simulating Gas-Liquid Flows In An External Loop Airlift Reactor, Deify Law, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel Oct 2008

Simulating Gas-Liquid Flows In An External Loop Airlift Reactor, Deify Law, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

The external loop airlift reactor (ELALR) is a modified bubble column reactor that is composed of two vertical columns that are connected with two horizontal connectors. Airlift reactors are utilized in fermentation processes and are preferred over traditional bubble column reactors because they can operate over a wider range of conditions. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations can be used to enhance our understanding of the hydrodynamics within these reactors. In the present work, the gas-liquid flow dynamics in an external loop airlift reactor are simulated using CFDLib with an Eulerian-Eulerian ensemble-averaging method in two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) coordinate systems ...


Minimum Fluidization Velocity And Gas Holdup In Fluidized Beds With Side Port Air Injection, Nathan P. Franka, Joshua B. Drake, Theodore J. Heindel Aug 2008

Minimum Fluidization Velocity And Gas Holdup In Fluidized Beds With Side Port Air Injection, Nathan P. Franka, Joshua B. Drake, Theodore J. Heindel

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Fluidized beds can be used to gasify biomass in the production of producer gas, a flammable gas that can replace natural gas in process heating. Knowing how the fluidized bed hydrodynamics vary as reactor dimensions are scaled up is vital for improving reactor efficiency. This study utilizes 10.2 cm and 15.2 cm diameter fluidized beds with added side port air injection to investigate column diameter effects on fluidized bed hydrodynamics. Both inert (glass beads) and biomass (ground walnut shell and ground corncob) bed materials are used and the hydrodynamic differences with side port air injection are recorded. Minimum ...


A Validation Study For The Hydrodynamics Of Biomass In A Fluidized Bed, Mirka Deza, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel Aug 2008

A Validation Study For The Hydrodynamics Of Biomass In A Fluidized Bed, Mirka Deza, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Computational modeling of fluidized beds can be used to predict operation of biomass gasifiers after extensive validation with experimental data. The present work focused on computational simulations of a fluidized bed using a multifluid Eulerian-Eulerian model to represent the gas and solid phases as interpenetrating continua. Hydrodynamic results from the simulations were quantitatively compared with X-ray flow visualization studies of a similar bed. It was found that the Gidaspow model can accurately predict the hydrodynamics of the biomass in a fluidized bed. The coefficient of restitution of biomass was fairly high and did not affect the hydrodynamics of the bed ...


Modeling Of Dispersed Phase By Lagrangian Approach In Fluent - 2d Exercise, Kari Myöhänen Jan 2008

Modeling Of Dispersed Phase By Lagrangian Approach In Fluent - 2d Exercise, Kari Myöhänen

Kari Myöhänen

This shows an example calculation applying DPM model in Fluent. This is related to the other DPM presentation and was prepared for the course 'Theory and simulation of dispersed-phase multiphase flows" by Dr. Payman Jalali, Lappeenranta University of Technology.


Modeling Of Dispersed Phase By Lagrangian Approach In Fluent, Kari Myöhänen Jan 2008

Modeling Of Dispersed Phase By Lagrangian Approach In Fluent, Kari Myöhänen

Kari Myöhänen

This is a seminar work prepared for a course 'Theory and simulation of dispersed-phase multiphase flows' by Dr. Payman Jalali, Lappeenranta University of Technology


Dedication To Pierre Lallemand On The Occasion Of His Retirement, Dominque D'Humieres, Manfred Krafczyk, Li-Shi Luo, Robert Rubinstein Jan 2008

Dedication To Pierre Lallemand On The Occasion Of His Retirement, Dominque D'Humieres, Manfred Krafczyk, Li-Shi Luo, Robert Rubinstein

Mathematics & Statistics Faculty Publications

The fourth international conference for mesoscopic methods in engineering and science (http://www.icmmes. org), held in Munich, Germany, 16–20 July 2007, was closed with a celebration honouring Dr Pierre Lallemand on the occasion of his retirement from the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) after more than 40 years of service.


Morphologies And Kinetics Of A Dewetting Ultrathin Solid Film, Mikhail Khenner Jan 2008

Morphologies And Kinetics Of A Dewetting Ultrathin Solid Film, Mikhail Khenner

Mathematics Faculty Publications

The surface evolution model based on geometric partial differential equation is used to numerically study the kinetics of dewetting and dynamic morphologies for the localized pinhole defect in the surface of the ultrathin solid film with the strongly anisotropic surface energy. Depending on parameters such as the initial depth and width of the pinole, the strength of the attractive substrate potential and the strength of the surface energy anisotropy, the pinhole may either extend to the substrate and thus rupture the film, or evolve to the quasiequilibrium shape while the rest of the film surface undergoes phase separation into a ...


Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A Single-Frequency Vibration Field, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev Jan 2008

Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A Single-Frequency Vibration Field, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev

Mathematics Faculty Publications

Dynamics of a thin dewetting liquid film on a vertically oscillating substrate is considered. We assume moderate vibration frequency and large (compared to the mean film thickness) vibration amplitude. Using the lubrication approximation and the averaging method, we formulate the coupled sets of equations governing the pulsatile and the averaged fluid flows in the film, and then derive the nonlinear amplitude equation for the averaged film thickness. We show that there exists a window in the frequency-amplitude domain where the parametric and shear-flow instabilities of the pulsatile flow do not emerge. As a consequence, in this window the averaged description ...


Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A Single-Frequency Vibration Field, Mikhail Khenner Jan 2008

Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A Single-Frequency Vibration Field, Mikhail Khenner

Mathematics Faculty Publications

Dynamics of a thin dewetting liquid film on a vertically oscillating substrate is considered. We assume moderate vibration frequency and large (compared to the mean film thickness) vibration amplitude. Using the lubrication approximation and the averaging method, we formulate the coupled sets of equations governing the pulsatile and the averaged fluid flows in the film, and then derive the nonlinear amplitude equation for the averaged film thickness. We show that there exists a window in the frequency-amplitude domain where the parametric and shear-flow instabilities of the pulsatile flow do not emerge. As a consequence, in this window the averaged description ...


Morphologies And Kinetics Of A Dewetting Ultrathin Solid Film, Mikhail Khenner Jan 2008

Morphologies And Kinetics Of A Dewetting Ultrathin Solid Film, Mikhail Khenner

Mathematics Faculty Publications

The surface evolution model based on geometric partial differential equation is used to numerically study the kinetics of dewetting and dynamic morphologies for the localized pinhole defect in the surface of the ultrathin solid film with the strongly anisotropic surface energy. Depending on parameters such as the initial depth and width of the pinole, the strength of the attractive substrate potential and the strength of the surface energy anisotropy, the pinhole may either extend to the substrate and thus rupture the film, or evolve to the quasiequilibrium shape while the rest of the film surface undergoes phase separation into a ...


Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A Single-Frequency Vibration Field, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev Jan 2008

Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A Single-Frequency Vibration Field, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev

Mathematics Faculty Publications

Dynamics of a thin dewetting liquid film on a vertically oscillating substrate is considered. We assume moderate vibration frequency and large (compared to the mean film thickness) vibration amplitude. Using the lubrication approximation and the averaging method, we formulate the coupled sets of equations governing the pulsatile and the averaged fluid flows in the film, and then derive the nonlinear amplitude equation for the averaged film thickness. We show that there exists a window in the frequency-amplitude domain where the parametric and shear-flow instabilities of the pulsatile flow do not emerge. As a consequence, in this window the averaged description ...


Morphologies And Kinetics Of A Dewetting Ultrathin Solid Film, Mikhail Khenner Dec 2007

Morphologies And Kinetics Of A Dewetting Ultrathin Solid Film, Mikhail Khenner

Mikhail Khenner

The surface evolution model based on geometric partial differential equation is used to numerically study the kinetics of dewetting and dynamic morphologies for the localized pinhole defect in the surface of the ultrathin solid film with the strongly anisotropic surface energy. Depending on parameters such as the initial depth and width of the pinole, the strength of the attractive substrate potential and the strength of the surface energy anisotropy, the pinhole may either extend to the substrate and thus rupture the film, or evolve to the quasiequilibrium shape while the rest of the film surface undergoes phase separation into a ...


Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A Single-Frequency Vibration Field, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev Dec 2007

Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A Single-Frequency Vibration Field, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev

Mikhail Khenner

Dynamics of a thin dewetting liquid film on a vertically oscillating substrate is considered. We assume moderate vibration frequency and large (compared to the mean film thickness) vibration amplitude. Using the lubrication approximation and the averaging method, we formulate the coupled sets of equations governing the pulsatile and the averaged fluid flows in the film, and then derive the nonlinear amplitude equation for the averaged film thickness. We show that there exists a window in the frequency-amplitude domain where the parametric and shear-flow instabilities of the pulsatile flow do not emerge. As a consequence, in this window the averaged description ...