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 Selected recent publications (5)
 Discrete particle model (2)
 Computational fluid dynamics (2)
 Circulating fluidised bed (1)
 Heat transfer (1)

 Energy engineering (1)
 Biomass gasification (1)
 Adhesion (1)
 Clusterchannel model; fluoropolymers; hydrophilic polymers; mechanical properties; micromechanical modeling; PFSA membranes; structure– property relations; swelling; temperature; Young’s modulus (1)
 Engineering courses (1)
 Course evaluation (1)
 Egineering simulation (1)
 Conducting polymer sensors and actuators (1)
 Fluidized bed (1)
 Eulerian modeling (1)
 Cavity stabilization (1)
 Biochemistry Biophysics and Molecular Biology (1)
 Hydrodynamics (1)
 ASPEN Plus (1)
 Atomic force microscopy (1)
 Adsorpotion (1)
 DNA (1)
 Combustion diagnostics (1)
 Fludized beds (1)
 Computer skills (1)
 Example (1)
 Biosensors (1)
 Energy (1)
 Chemical and Biological Engineering (1)
 Biomass (1)
 Publication

 Dr. Ettouhami Essebbar (7)
 Mathematics Faculty Publications (5)
 Mechanical Engineering Publications (4)
 Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings (3)
 Kari Myöhänen (2)

 Dr. Erik Dahlquist (2)
 Mikhail Khenner (2)
 Engineering and Applied Science Education Faculty Publications (1)
 Faculty of Engineering  Papers (Archive) (1)
 Retrospective Theses and Dissertations (1)
 Chemical and Biological Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings (1)
 Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications (1)
 Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications (1)
 Nastaran Hashemi (1)
 Ganesh Balasubramanian (1)
 Conference Papers (1)
 Publication Type
Articles 1  30 of 34
FullText Articles in Mechanical Engineering
Micromechanics Model Based On The Nanostructure Of Pfsa Membranes, Ahmet Kusoglu, Michael H. Santare, Anette M. Karlsson, William B. Johnson, Simon Cleghorn
Micromechanics Model Based On The Nanostructure Of Pfsa Membranes, Ahmet Kusoglu, Michael H. Santare, Anette M. Karlsson, William B. Johnson, Simon Cleghorn
Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications
A micromechanics model is developed to predict Young’s modulus of perfluorosulfonic acid (PFSA) membranes at various temperatures and water contents. The morphology of PFSA membranes is characterized by a twophase structure, where hydrophilic clusters expand to hold water molecules during swelling, whereas the hydrophobic polymer network maintains the structural stability. A representative volume element (RVE) is proposed based on the descriptions for the nanostructure of PFSA membranes available in the literature. On the basis of mechanics model, we estimate Young’s modulus in tension of PFSA membranes as a function of water volume fraction for various temperatures. The results ...
Enhancing Co−Water Mass Transfer By Functionalized Mcm41 Nanoparticles, Haiyang Zhu, Brent H. Shanks, Theodore J. Heindel
Enhancing Co−Water Mass Transfer By Functionalized Mcm41 Nanoparticles, Haiyang Zhu, Brent H. Shanks, Theodore J. Heindel
Mechanical Engineering Publications
Organic groups are grafted to 250nmdiameter MCM41 nanoparticles with a spherical morphology to enhance the CO−water volumetric masstransfer coefficient (kLa) for synthesis gas fermentation. The results indicate that (i) 250nm MCM41 nanoparticles show a higherkLa value than large silica particles (1.4 and 7 μm), (ii) surface hydroxyl groups on MCM41 nanoparticles play an important role in masstransfer enhancement, (iii) organic groups grafted to MCM41 modify the masstransfer enhancement, and (iv) mercaptan groups grafted to MCM41 show the most masstransfer enhancement of 1.9 times that of no nanoparticle addition. The CO−water masstransfer ...
Homogeneous Dbd In N2: 1) Lif, Talif And Electrical Measurements, N. Gherardi, Et. EsSebbar, C. SarraBourret, N. Naudé, F. Massines
Homogeneous Dbd In N2: 1) Lif, Talif And Electrical Measurements, N. Gherardi, Et. EsSebbar, C. SarraBourret, N. Naudé, F. Massines
Dr. Ettouhami Essebbar
In this paper we compare two different discharges that can be obtained in a DBD configuration, that is to say the filamentary discharge (usual regime in atmospheric DBD) with the Atmospheric Pressure Townsend Discharge (APTD), which is a homogeneous regime obtained in nitrogen atmosphere. The aim is to help in the understanding of the processes which control the transition from one regime to the other. To do so, the discharge is characterized through electrical measurements, coupled with optical diagnostics among which Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) for radical density measurements. The influence of the addition of small quantities of additives on ...
Differential Surface Stress Sensor For Detection Of Chemical And Biological Species, K. Kang, Marit NilsenHamilton, Pranav Shrotriya
Differential Surface Stress Sensor For Detection Of Chemical And Biological Species, K. Kang, Marit NilsenHamilton, Pranav Shrotriya
Mechanical Engineering Publications
We report a sensor consisting of two micromachined cantilevers (a sensing/reference pair) that is suitable for detection of chemical and biological species. The sensing strategy involves coating the sensing cantilever with receptors that have high affinities for the analyte. The presence of analyte is detected by determining the differential surface stress associated with its adsorption/absorption to the sensing cantilever. An interferometric technique is utilized to measure the differential bending of the sensing cantilever with respect to reference. Surface stress associated with hybridization of single stranded DNA is measured to demonstrate the unique advantages of the sensor.
Approximating A ThreeDimensional Fluidized Bed With TwoDimensional Simulations, Mirka Deza, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel
Approximating A ThreeDimensional Fluidized Bed With TwoDimensional Simulations, Mirka Deza, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel
Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings
Fluidized beds can be used to gasify biomass in the production of producer gas, a flammable gas that can replace natural gas in process heating. Modeling these reactors with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations is advantageous when performing parametric studies for design and scaleup. From a computational resource point of view, twodimensional simulations are easier to perform than threedimensional simulations, but they may not capture the proper physics. This paper will compare two and threedimensional simulations in a 10.2 cm diameter fluidized bed with side air injection to determine when twodimensional simulations are adequate to capture the bed hydrodynamics ...
Simulating GasLiquid Flows In An External Loop Airlift Reactor, Deify Law, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel
Simulating GasLiquid Flows In An External Loop Airlift Reactor, Deify Law, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel
Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings
The external loop airlift reactor (ELALR) is a modified bubble column reactor that is composed of two vertical columns that are connected with two horizontal connectors. Airlift reactors are utilized in fermentation processes and are preferred over traditional bubble column reactors because they can operate over a wider range of conditions. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations can be used to enhance our understanding of the hydrodynamics within these reactors. In the present work, the gasliquid flow dynamics in an external loop airlift reactor are simulated using CFDLib with an EulerianEulerian ensembleaveraging method in twodimensional (2D) and threedimensional (3D) coordinate systems ...
Unsteady Nanoscale Thermal Transport Across A SolidFluid Interface, Ganesh Balasubramanian, Soumik Banerjee, Ishwar K. Puri
Unsteady Nanoscale Thermal Transport Across A SolidFluid Interface, Ganesh Balasubramanian, Soumik Banerjee, Ishwar K. Puri
Ganesh Balasubramanian
We simulate unsteady nanoscale thermal transport at a solidfluidinterface by placing cooler liquidvapor Ar mixtures adjacent to warmer Fe walls. The equilibration of the system towards a uniform overall temperature is investigated using nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations from which the heat flux is also determined explicitly. The Ar–Fe intermolecular interactions induce the migration of fluid atoms into quasicrystallineinterfacial layers adjacent to the walls, creating vacancies at the migration sites. This induces temperature discontinuities between the solidlikeinterfaces and their neighboring fluid molecules. The interfacial temperature difference and thus the heat flux decrease as the system equilibrates over time. The averaged ...
Active Species Generation Of Homogeneous Dbd In N2: Experiment And Modelling, N. Gherardi, Et. EsSebbar, C. SarraBourret, N. Naudé, F. Massines, D. Tzyganov, P. Ségur, S. Pancheshnyi
Active Species Generation Of Homogeneous Dbd In N2: Experiment And Modelling, N. Gherardi, Et. EsSebbar, C. SarraBourret, N. Naudé, F. Massines, D. Tzyganov, P. Ségur, S. Pancheshnyi
Dr. Ettouhami Essebbar
No abstract provided.
A Validation Study For The Hydrodynamics Of Biomass In A Fluidized Bed, Mirka Deza, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel
A Validation Study For The Hydrodynamics Of Biomass In A Fluidized Bed, Mirka Deza, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel
Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings
Computational modeling of fluidized beds can be used to predict operation of biomass gasifiers after extensive validation with experimental data. The present work focused on computational simulations of a fluidized bed using a multifluid EulerianEulerian model to represent the gas and solid phases as interpenetrating continua. Hydrodynamic results from the simulations were quantitatively compared with Xray flow visualization studies of a similar bed. It was found that the Gidaspow model can accurately predict the hydrodynamics of the biomass in a fluidized bed. The coefficient of restitution of biomass was fairly high and did not affect the hydrodynamics of the bed ...
Surface IonElectron Recombination As The Main Source Of Atoms In Flowing N2 Dbd, D. Tsyganov, Et. EsSebbar, S. Pancheshnyi, N. Gherardi, P. Ségur, F. Massines
Surface IonElectron Recombination As The Main Source Of Atoms In Flowing N2 Dbd, D. Tsyganov, Et. EsSebbar, S. Pancheshnyi, N. Gherardi, P. Ségur, F. Massines
Dr. Ettouhami Essebbar
No abstract provided.
Talif Quantification Of Nitrogen Atoms Applied To Experimental Simulation Of Titan’S Atmosphere, Et. EsSebbar, Y. Benilan, E. Arzoumanian, M.C. Gazeau
Talif Quantification Of Nitrogen Atoms Applied To Experimental Simulation Of Titan’S Atmosphere, Et. EsSebbar, Y. Benilan, E. Arzoumanian, M.C. Gazeau
Dr. Ettouhami Essebbar
No abstract provided.
S.E.T.U.P., A New Program Of Representative Simulations Of Titan’S Atmosphere: Current Status, MC. Gazeau, E. Arzoumanian, Y. Benilan, Et. EsSebbar, A. Jolly, S. Perrier, C. Romanzin
S.E.T.U.P., A New Program Of Representative Simulations Of Titan’S Atmosphere: Current Status, MC. Gazeau, E. Arzoumanian, Y. Benilan, Et. EsSebbar, A. Jolly, S. Perrier, C. Romanzin
Dr. Ettouhami Essebbar
No abstract provided.
How Accurate Is Students’ Self Assessment Of Computer Skills?, Michael A. Collura, Samuel Bogan Daniels
How Accurate Is Students’ Self Assessment Of Computer Skills?, Michael A. Collura, Samuel Bogan Daniels
Engineering and Applied Science Education Faculty Publications
Selfevaluation by students is commonly used as a key element in program and course assessment plans. Such instruments are intended to provide crucial feedback for program improvement and thus play a significant role in closing our assessment loop. For many of the program outcomes, selfassessment by current students and graduates augments other, more objective measures. However, for some outcomes there are no practical means of obtaining objective assessment and we must rely on selfassessment. The heavy reliance on this metric begs the question “How accurate is student selfassessment?” This paper provides data from a secondsemester engineering course in which students ...
Comparison Of Townsend Dielectric Barrier Discharge In N2, N2/O2 And N2/N2o: Behavior And Density Of Radicals, F. Massines, Et. EsSebbar, N. Gherardi, N. Naudé, D. Tsyganov, P. Ségur, S. Pancheshnyi
Comparison Of Townsend Dielectric Barrier Discharge In N2, N2/O2 And N2/N2o: Behavior And Density Of Radicals, F. Massines, Et. EsSebbar, N. Gherardi, N. Naudé, D. Tsyganov, P. Ségur, S. Pancheshnyi
Dr. Ettouhami Essebbar
No abstract provided.
On Brownian Dynamics Simulation Of Nanoparticle Aggregation, Sergiy Markutsya, Shankar Subramaniam, R. Dennis Vigil, Rodney O. Fox
On Brownian Dynamics Simulation Of Nanoparticle Aggregation, Sergiy Markutsya, Shankar Subramaniam, R. Dennis Vigil, Rodney O. Fox
Mechanical Engineering Publications
Accurate simulation and control of nanoparticle aggregation in chemical reactors requires that population balance equations be solved by using realistic expressions for aggregation and breakage rate kernels. Obtaining such expressions requires that atomistic simulation approaches that can account for microscopic details of particle collisions be used. In principle, molecular dynamics simulations can provide the needed microscopic information, but because of the separation in length scales between the aggregates and solvent molecules, such simulations are too costly. Brownian dynamics simulations provide an alternative to the molecular dynamics approach for simulation of particle aggregation, but there has been no systematic attempt to ...
Proceedings From Scientific Conference On Green Energy And It, Dr. Erik Dahlquist
Proceedings From Scientific Conference On Green Energy And It, Dr. Erik Dahlquist
Dr. Erik Dahlquist
This conference is part of the annual Energitinget, a national arena for energy in Sweden, with some 2500 participants. The focus with this session is to give a forum for researchers to present scientific results, and also to discuss these with other researchers. It contains papers in the area of Energy and IT as well as Green energy generally
Laboratory Experiments As Support To The Built Up Of Titan’S Theoretical Models And Interpretation Of CassiniHuygens Data, MC. Gazeau, Y Benilan, Et. EsSebbar, T. Ferradaz, E. Hébrard, A. Jolly, F. Raulin, C. Romanzin, JC. Guillemin, C. Berteloite, A. Canosa, S. D. Le Picard, Ian R. Sims
Laboratory Experiments As Support To The Built Up Of Titan’S Theoretical Models And Interpretation Of CassiniHuygens Data, MC. Gazeau, Y Benilan, Et. EsSebbar, T. Ferradaz, E. Hébrard, A. Jolly, F. Raulin, C. Romanzin, JC. Guillemin, C. Berteloite, A. Canosa, S. D. Le Picard, Ian R. Sims
Dr. Ettouhami Essebbar
No abstract provided.
Modeling Of Dispersed Phase By Lagrangian Approach In Fluent  2d Exercise, Kari Myöhänen
Modeling Of Dispersed Phase By Lagrangian Approach In Fluent  2d Exercise, Kari Myöhänen
Kari Myöhänen
This shows an example calculation applying DPM model in Fluent. This is related to the other DPM presentation and was prepared for the course 'Theory and simulation of dispersedphase multiphase flows" by Dr. Payman Jalali, Lappeenranta University of Technology.
Modeling Of Dispersed Phase By Lagrangian Approach In Fluent, Kari Myöhänen
Modeling Of Dispersed Phase By Lagrangian Approach In Fluent, Kari Myöhänen
Kari Myöhänen
This is a seminar work prepared for a course 'Theory and simulation of dispersedphase multiphase flows' by Dr. Payman Jalali, Lappeenranta University of Technology
Use Of Modeling And Simulation In Pulp And, Dr. Erik Dahlquist
Use Of Modeling And Simulation In Pulp And, Dr. Erik Dahlquist
Dr. Erik Dahlquist
The book is a handbook for operators and process engineers in primarily pulp and paper industry, but also other process industries about how to utilise simulation as a tool for enhanced process operations. The book has been written as part of a EU COST action on Process Simulation, with 14 countries and 50 researchers and process industry representatives involved.
The Dissipated Power In Atomic Force Microscopy Due To Interactions With A Capillary Fluid Layer, Nicole N. Hashemi, M.R. Paul, H. Dankowicz, W. Jhe
The Dissipated Power In Atomic Force Microscopy Due To Interactions With A Capillary Fluid Layer, Nicole N. Hashemi, M.R. Paul, H. Dankowicz, W. Jhe
Nastaran Hashemi
We study the power dissipated by the tip of an oscillating micronscale cantilever as it interacts with a sample using a nonlinear model of the tipsurface force interactions that includes attractive, adhesive, repulsive, and capillary contributions. The force interactions of the model are entirely conservative and the dissipated power is due to the hysteretic nature of the interaction with the capillary fluid layer. Using numerical techniques tailored for nonlinear and discontinuous dynamical systems we compute the exact dissipated power over a range of experimentally relevant conditions. This is accomplished by computing precisely the fraction of oscillations that break the fluid ...
Response Characterization Of Electroactive Polymers As Mechanical Sensors, G. Alici, Geoffrey M. Spinks, J. D. Madden, Y. Wu, G G. Wallace
Response Characterization Of Electroactive Polymers As Mechanical Sensors, G. Alici, Geoffrey M. Spinks, J. D. Madden, Y. Wu, G G. Wallace
Faculty of Engineering  Papers (Archive)
The characterization of the dynamic response (including transfer function identification) of trilayer polypyrrole (PPy) type conducting polymer sensors is presented. The sensor was built like a cantilever beam with the free end stimulated through a mechanical lever system, which provided displacement inputs. The voltage generated and current passing between the two outer PPy layers as a result of the input was measured to model the output/input behavior of the sensors based on their experimental current/displacement and voltage/displacement frequency responses. We specifically targeted the lowfrequency behavior of the sensor as it is a relatively slowsystem. Experimental transfer function ...
Turbulent Combustion Of Polydisperse Evaporating Sprays With Droplet Crossing: Eulerian Modeling And Validation In The Infinite Knudsen Limit, S. De Chaisemartin, L. Freret, D. Kah, F. Laurent, Rodney O. Fox, J. Reveillon, M. Massot
Turbulent Combustion Of Polydisperse Evaporating Sprays With Droplet Crossing: Eulerian Modeling And Validation In The Infinite Knudsen Limit, S. De Chaisemartin, L. Freret, D. Kah, F. Laurent, Rodney O. Fox, J. Reveillon, M. Massot
Chemical and Biological Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings
The accurate simulation of the dynamics of polydisperse evaporating sprays in unsteady gaseous flows with largescale vortical structures is both a crucial issue for industrial applications and a challenge for modeling and scientific computing. The difficulties encountered by the usual Lagrangian approaches make the use of Eulerian models attractive, aiming at a lower cost and an easier coupling with the carrier gaseous phase. Among these models, the multifluid model allows for a detailed description of the polydispersity and sizevelocity correlations for droplets of various sizes. The purpose of the present study is twofold. First, we extend the multifluid model in ...
Simulation Of A Circulating Fluidised Bed Biomass Gasifier Using Aspen Plus: A Performance Analysis, Wayne Doherty, Anthony Reynolds, David Kennedy
Simulation Of A Circulating Fluidised Bed Biomass Gasifier Using Aspen Plus: A Performance Analysis, Wayne Doherty, Anthony Reynolds, David Kennedy
Conference Papers
In the near future biomass gasification is likely to play an important role in energy production and conversion. Its application has great potential in the context of climate change mitigation, increasing efficiency and energy security. Atmospheric circulating fluidised bed (CFB) technology was selected for the current study. An original computer simulation model of a CFB biomass gasifier was developed using ASPEN Plus (Advanced System for Process ENgineering Plus). It is based on Gibbs free energy minimisation and the restricted equilibrium method was used to calibrate it against experimental data. This was achieved by specifying the temperature approach for the gasification ...
Morphologies And Kinetics Of A Dewetting Ultrathin Solid Film, Mikhail Khenner
Morphologies And Kinetics Of A Dewetting Ultrathin Solid Film, Mikhail Khenner
Mathematics Faculty Publications
The surface evolution model based on geometric partial differential equation is used to numerically study the kinetics of dewetting and dynamic morphologies for the localized pinhole defect in the surface of the ultrathin solid film with the strongly anisotropic surface energy. Depending on parameters such as the initial depth and width of the pinole, the strength of the attractive substrate potential and the strength of the surface energy anisotropy, the pinhole may either extend to the substrate and thus rupture the film, or evolve to the quasiequilibrium shape while the rest of the film surface undergoes phase separation into a ...
Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A SingleFrequency Vibration Field, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev
Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A SingleFrequency Vibration Field, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev
Mathematics Faculty Publications
Dynamics of a thin dewetting liquid film on a vertically oscillating substrate is considered. We assume moderate vibration frequency and large (compared to the mean film thickness) vibration amplitude. Using the lubrication approximation and the averaging method, we formulate the coupled sets of equations governing the pulsatile and the averaged fluid flows in the film, and then derive the nonlinear amplitude equation for the averaged film thickness. We show that there exists a window in the frequencyamplitude domain where the parametric and shearflow instabilities of the pulsatile flow do not emerge. As a consequence, in this window the averaged description ...
Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A SingleFrequency Vibration Field, Mikhail Khenner
Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A SingleFrequency Vibration Field, Mikhail Khenner
Mathematics Faculty Publications
Dynamics of a thin dewetting liquid film on a vertically oscillating substrate is considered. We assume moderate vibration frequency and large (compared to the mean film thickness) vibration amplitude. Using the lubrication approximation and the averaging method, we formulate the coupled sets of equations governing the pulsatile and the averaged fluid flows in the film, and then derive the nonlinear amplitude equation for the averaged film thickness. We show that there exists a window in the frequencyamplitude domain where the parametric and shearflow instabilities of the pulsatile flow do not emerge. As a consequence, in this window the averaged description ...
Morphologies And Kinetics Of A Dewetting Ultrathin Solid Film, Mikhail Khenner
Morphologies And Kinetics Of A Dewetting Ultrathin Solid Film, Mikhail Khenner
Mathematics Faculty Publications
The surface evolution model based on geometric partial differential equation is used to numerically study the kinetics of dewetting and dynamic morphologies for the localized pinhole defect in the surface of the ultrathin solid film with the strongly anisotropic surface energy. Depending on parameters such as the initial depth and width of the pinole, the strength of the attractive substrate potential and the strength of the surface energy anisotropy, the pinhole may either extend to the substrate and thus rupture the film, or evolve to the quasiequilibrium shape while the rest of the film surface undergoes phase separation into a ...
Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A SingleFrequency Vibration Field, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev
Enhanced Stability Of A Dewetting Thin Liquid Film In A SingleFrequency Vibration Field, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev
Mathematics Faculty Publications
Dynamics of a thin dewetting liquid film on a vertically oscillating substrate is considered. We assume moderate vibration frequency and large (compared to the mean film thickness) vibration amplitude. Using the lubrication approximation and the averaging method, we formulate the coupled sets of equations governing the pulsatile and the averaged fluid flows in the film, and then derive the nonlinear amplitude equation for the averaged film thickness. We show that there exists a window in the frequencyamplitude domain where the parametric and shearflow instabilities of the pulsatile flow do not emerge. As a consequence, in this window the averaged description ...
NarrowLinewidth MegahertzRepetitionRate Optical Parametric Oscillator For HighSpeed Flow And Combustion Diagnostics, Naibo Jiang, Walter R. Lempert, Gary L. Switzer, Terrence R. Meyer, James R. Gord
NarrowLinewidth MegahertzRepetitionRate Optical Parametric Oscillator For HighSpeed Flow And Combustion Diagnostics, Naibo Jiang, Walter R. Lempert, Gary L. Switzer, Terrence R. Meyer, James R. Gord
Mechanical Engineering Publications
We demonstrate the ability to generate ultrahighfrequency sequences of broadly wavelengthtunable, highintensity laser pulses using a custombuilt optical parametric oscillator pumped by the thirdharmonic output of a "burstmode" Nd:YAG laser. Burst sequences consisting of 610 pulses separated in time by 610 Îs are obtained, with average total conversion efficiency from the 355 nm pump to the nearIR signal and idler wavelengths of 33%. Typical individual pulse output energy for the signal and idler beams is in the range of 46 mJ, limited by the available pump energy. Line narrowing is demonstrated by means of injection seeding the idler wave ...