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Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Acoustical Characterization And Parameter Optimization Of Polymeric Noise Control Materials, Emile N. Homsi Dec 2002

Acoustical Characterization And Parameter Optimization Of Polymeric Noise Control Materials, Emile N. Homsi

Dissertations

The sound transmission loss (STL) characteristics of polymer-based materials are considered. Analytical models that predict, characterize and optimize the STL of polymeric materials, with respect to physical parameters that affect performance, are developed for single layer panel configuration and adapted for layered panel construction with homogenous core. An optimum set of material parameters is selected and translated into practical applications for validation.

Sound attenuating thermoplastic materials designed to be used as barrier systems in the automotive and consumer industries have certain acoustical characteristics that vary in function of the stiffness and density of the selected material. The validity and applicability ...


Evaporating Crossflow Sprays In Gas-Solid Flows, Guangliang Liu Dec 2002

Evaporating Crossflow Sprays In Gas-Solid Flows, Guangliang Liu

Dissertations

Injection of evaporating sprays into gas-solid flows is encountered in many engineering processes such as energy production industry and chemical industry. The phenomenon involves phase change, three-phase interactions, heat and mass transfer. All of these characteristics control the process efficiency, pollutant production and product quality. However, very limited studies are available on the evaporating spray jets in gas-solid flows, especially on the spray evaporation rate within a gas-solid medium. A combined study of experiments and theoretical analysis has been carried out here to investigate the fundamental mechanism of evaporating Crossflow spray jets in gas-solid flows.

In this study, in addition ...


Implementation Of A Two-Dimensional Discrete Element Method To Describe Granular Materials Composed Of Elliptical Cohesionless Particles, Juan Jose Martinez Alvez Dec 2002

Implementation Of A Two-Dimensional Discrete Element Method To Describe Granular Materials Composed Of Elliptical Cohesionless Particles, Juan Jose Martinez Alvez

Theses

This work is aimed at developing a discrete element simulation that models the contact between elliptical grains or particles in granular materials. The goal is to implement an algorithm to carry out collision detection between ellipses as well as ellipsoidal objects. The practical issue here is that the real shape of macroscopic grains can be approximated better using elliptical curves than using spherical curves. In addition, the simulation model will also be valid for spheres, since these objects are special cases of ellipsoids.

An accurate contact detection algorithm was investigated by means of two different formulations. The first formulation determines ...


Computer Simulation Of Automotive Disc Brake Noise, Vadims Milovs Dec 2002

Computer Simulation Of Automotive Disc Brake Noise, Vadims Milovs

Theses

Disc brake noise continues to be a major concern throughout the automotive industry despite efforts to reduce its occurrence. Many articles are written on this subject, but there still is no agreement on what exactly causes disc brake noise and what part of the braking system is responsible for it.

The goal of current research was to build a simplified but inclusive mathematical model of a disc brake system and investigate it using Matlab software. The twodimensional model including damping, Stribeck effect and stick-slip friction was built.

The model is unique in a way that all the similar models have ...


Numerical Study Of Pneumatic Conveying Of Powders, Muhammad Mushahid Rafique Quereshi Dec 2002

Numerical Study Of Pneumatic Conveying Of Powders, Muhammad Mushahid Rafique Quereshi

Theses

The dense phase mode may be advantageous over the dilute phase mode, for some pneumatic conveying problems, because it causes less erosion of the pipeline, less attrition of the material, requires less dust collection and is effective even for smaller pipe diameters. The objective of this study is to numerically determine the parameters that govern the formation slugs in dense phase conveying. The distributed Lagrange multiplier/fictitious domain method (Glowinski et al. 1998 and Singh et al. 2000) is used to perform direct simulations of the motion of solid and gas phases in pipes with rectangular cross-sections. In this approach ...


Electrohydrodynamical Manipulation Of Particles Based On Dielectrophoresis, Oleksii Vasylyschuk Dec 2002

Electrohydrodynamical Manipulation Of Particles Based On Dielectrophoresis, Oleksii Vasylyschuk

Theses

The movement of matter in a non-uniform electric field, termed dielectrophoresis, is of interest to scientists of various branches: physics, chemistry, engineering, and life science. To chemists and physicists it is a science of many varied phenomena. To engineers it is a source of new and useful techniques for separating materials or improving materials’ behavior. To ecologists it provides a major means of minimizing pollution. To life scientists it offers new ways to study and manipulate cells and their subparticles, and to help unravel the nature of living systems.

The purpose of this thesis is to concentrate on some aspects ...


Numerical And Experimental Investigation Of Dry Particle Coating, Ajit Mujumdar Dec 2002

Numerical And Experimental Investigation Of Dry Particle Coating, Ajit Mujumdar

Dissertations

Dry particle coating is an emerging field in the industries that deal with particulate products and powder processing. Compared to the widely reported experimental studies of the dry particle coating, the theoretical modeling of such processes is found to be less comprehensive. The work presented in this thesis is an attempt to fill this gap.

The first part of the dissertation aims at the numerical investigation of the hybridization system (Nara Machinery, Tokyo, Japan). The flow behavior of different materials processed in this device is analyzed using three-dimensional Discrete Element Method (DEM) as well as the computational fluid dynamics (CFD ...


Atomic Force Microscopy Used To Determine The Young's Modulus Of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells, Samuel C. Lieber Aug 2002

Atomic Force Microscopy Used To Determine The Young's Modulus Of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells, Samuel C. Lieber

Theses

The Young's modulus of cultured mouse and rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) was measured with an atomic force microscope (AFM). The AFM can image the three-dimensional structure of biological cells in a physiological environment enabling real-time biochemical and physiological processes to be monitored at a resolution similar to that obtained for the electron microscope (EM). Cellular mechanical properties were determined by indenting the cell's body, and analyzing the indentation data with classical infinitesimal strain theory. This calculation was accomplished by modeling the AFM probe as a cone. as well as a blunted cone. The blunted cone geometry ...


Development Of Icejet-Based Surface Processing Technology, Dimitri V. Shishkin May 2002

Development Of Icejet-Based Surface Processing Technology, Dimitri V. Shishkin

Dissertations

The objective of the proposed work is to acquire knowledge needed for the development and deployment of manufacturing processes utilizing the enormous technological potential of water ice. Material removal by blasting with ice media such as particles, pellets and slugs was investigated. The ice media was accelerated by entrainment in a fluid stream (air, steam, liquid water, supercritical C02), impact of rotating blades, fluid expansion, etc. The ice-airjet has to replace sand blasting and the ice-waterjet has to replace the abrasive waterjet. Based on these results, technical approaches for surface processing and machining will be improved. A primary advantage ...


Destructive Disassembly Of Bolts And Screws Using Impact, Kyung Geun Pak May 2002

Destructive Disassembly Of Bolts And Screws Using Impact, Kyung Geun Pak

Dissertations

Disassembly, the process of separating parts or components at the end of their useful life is complex due to a variety of fastener shapes and variability in their damage during use. As a natural solution, mechanical impact has been suggested as a cost-effective method for destructive disassembly of joining elements.

The objective of this research is to improve the efficiency of impact disassembly process by studying the characteristics of elastic waves caused by impact. This research presents a new method for increasing the shear stress applied on the bolt head without increasing the energy input invested on launching striker. The ...


Concurrent Evaporating Spray Jets In Dilute Gas-Solid Pipe Flows, Xiaohua Wang May 2002

Concurrent Evaporating Spray Jets In Dilute Gas-Solid Pipe Flows, Xiaohua Wang

Dissertations

Evaporating spray jets into gas-solids suspensions are encountered in many industrial applications. The rapid evaporation of spray jets has significant effects on the gas-solids mixing near the jet nozzle regions, including non-uniform solids concentration dilution, gas/solids temperature reduction, and gas/solids velocity acceleration. Furthermore, the jet structure is altered by the change of solids loading, jet mass flow rate and initial droplet size distribution. These interactions of gas, solids and evaporating droplets dominate the process efficiency and product quality. There is an urgent need for exploring fundamental mechanisms of the multi-phase interactions with heat and mass transfer as there ...


Experiments With A Galton Board, Christopher Oshman May 2002

Experiments With A Galton Board, Christopher Oshman

Theses

Galton boards have been used for over a half-century as a tool to illustrate the formation of Gaussian shaped distributions as well as the Central Limit Theorem. Here, the Galton board was used to study the spontaneous percolation of a particle through an ordered array of rigid scatterers. The apparatus that was designed and fabricated provided a means to release 1/8" diameter spheres one at a time in a controlled and precise manner at any location on the board. The three experimental variables used in these experiments were the particle material, the release height, and the board tilt. angle ...


Current Requirements By Electro Hydrodynamic Filter Systems Under Shipboard Operation Conditions, Ravi Shankar Attri May 2002

Current Requirements By Electro Hydrodynamic Filter Systems Under Shipboard Operation Conditions, Ravi Shankar Attri

Theses

An experimental study was performed to determine the current required by an ElectroHydrodynamic (EHD) filter system to clean contaminants from Diesel Engine Lubrication Oil under normal shipboard operation conditions. The amount of current at a set predetermined voltage, which together means Power, was needed in order to anticipate the power required to perform a Shipboard Site Test Evaluation of the EHD filter.

The filter uses the effect of dielectrophoresis to separate contaminants from the lubrication oil. The filter operates at two thousand volts (2KV ac-rms) and thus requires substantial current to energize its electrodes. This type of Power is not ...


Flexible Manufacturing System Utilizing Computer Integrated Control And Modeling, Yahia Mohammed Al-Smadi May 2002

Flexible Manufacturing System Utilizing Computer Integrated Control And Modeling, Yahia Mohammed Al-Smadi

Theses

In today's fast-automated production, Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS) play a very important role by processing a variety of different types of workpieces simultaneously. This study provides valuable information about existing FMS workcells and brings to light a unique concept called Programmable Automation.

Another integrated concept of programmable automation that is discussed is the use of two feasibility approaches towards modeling and controlling FMS operations; the most commonly used is programmable logic controllers (PLC), and the other one, which has not yet implemented in many industrial applications is Petri Net controllers (PN). This latter method is a unique powerful technique ...