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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

The Spectral Center Of Gravity Effect And Auditory Filter Bandwidth, Marc Fagelson, Linda M. Thibodeau Nov 1994

The Spectral Center Of Gravity Effect And Auditory Filter Bandwidth, Marc Fagelson, Linda M. Thibodeau

Marc A. Fagelson

The spectral center of gravity refers to a listener’s averaging of frequency and intensity components when formant peaks in a speechlike signal are separated by 3.5 Bark units or less. In this paper a total of 18 synthetic vowels whose spectra approximated /ae/ or /inverted vee/ were generated digitally; each stimulus contained the first 40 harmonics of a 100‐Hz fundamental. Nine spectra contained three formants, while the balance contained only two. Subjects with normal hearing and mild high‐frequency hearing loss above 3000 Hz were instructed to identify synthetic vowels as either /ae/ or /inverted vee/ as ...


Click‐Evoked Otoacoustic Emissions In Normal‐Hearing Children, Jacek Smurzynski Jan 1994

Click‐Evoked Otoacoustic Emissions In Normal‐Hearing Children, Jacek Smurzynski

Jacek Smurzynski

Click‐evoked otoacoustic emissions (CEOEs) were collected from 167 ears of 106 normal‐hearing children using the ILO88 system with the stimuli presented at 80±2 dB pe SPL. Subjects were divided into five age groups: 13–24 months (24 ears), 25–36 months (49 ears), 37–48 months (31 ears), 49–60 months (34 ears), and 61–72 months (29 ears). All subjects had normal middle ear function and their audiological data were within normal limits. Mean overall CEOE level was calculated for each age group. None was statistically different from any other. However, the data of the 167 ...


Improved Fokker–Planck Model For The Joint Scalar, Scalar Gradient Pdf, Rodney O. Fox Jan 1994

Improved Fokker–Planck Model For The Joint Scalar, Scalar Gradient Pdf, Rodney O. Fox

Rodney O. Fox

The joint scalar, scalar gradient probability density function (PDF) of an inert nonpremixed scalar diffusing in a one-dimensional system of random-sized lamellas is investigated by numerical simulation. The form of the scalar PDF, at a given RMS value, is nearly identical to that predicted by direct numerical simulation (DNS) of scalar mixing in isotropic turbulence and the mapping closure, and the moments of both the scalar and the scalar gradient suggest that their limiting marginal PDF are Gaussian. The joint scalar, scalar gradient PDF is found to be restricted to a bounded region in the scalar-scalar gradient plane, whose form ...


Convective Fuel Droplet Burning Accompanied By An, Wei-Hsin Chen Dec 1993

Convective Fuel Droplet Burning Accompanied By An, Wei-Hsin Chen

Wei-Hsin Chen

No abstract provided.


Double Flame And Multiple Solution Computations For A, Wei-Hsin Chen Dec 1993

Double Flame And Multiple Solution Computations For A, Wei-Hsin Chen

Wei-Hsin Chen

No abstract provided.