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Articles 1 - 27 of 27

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Simulation Study Of Particle Tracking System, Prashant B. Patel Dec 1994

Simulation Study Of Particle Tracking System, Prashant B. Patel

Theses

A particle tracking system is being developed in the Particle Technology Laboratory of the Mechanical Engineering Department, at NJIT, In this thesis, an attempt is made to understand the effect of various parameters on the errors in the computed position and orientation of the sphere being tracked. Simulation results for a single transmitter assembly as well as a three transmitter assembly with 6, 9 and 17 antennae are presented. The effects of the level of noise in the voltages on the solution for the single transmitter assembly and three transmitter assembly are discussed. The concept of virtual antenna is introduced ...


Use Of Multiple Transmitters For 3-D Non-Intrusive Particle Tracking, Jitesh H. Agrawal Dec 1994

Use Of Multiple Transmitters For 3-D Non-Intrusive Particle Tracking, Jitesh H. Agrawal

Theses

A method for non-intrusive tracking of a particle in 3-dimensional space, based on processing of signals emitted from a transmitter embedded in the particle, is being developed. This method uses a mathematical model, which predicts the induced signal in receivers present in the vicinity of flowing particle, and supporting numerical techniques. Specific application aspects related to improving the accuracy of this method are presented.

The focus here is the development of flexible software capable of processing information coming from multiple transmitters with known distinct spatial orientation. Implementation aspects of modified existing empirical corrections for improving model-reality agreement, and new techniques ...


Investigation Of Velocity Distribution Within High Speed Waterjet, Hong Cao Dec 1994

Investigation Of Velocity Distribution Within High Speed Waterjet, Hong Cao

Theses

The aim of this research was to investigate velocity distribution within the water jet at different conditions of jet formation. The water jet (WJ) velocity was measured by the use of Laser Transit Anemometer (LTA) and statistical technique which improved the accuracy of the velocity determination.

The velocities were measured for different diameters of the sapphire nozzle under different water pressures at different axial stand off distances and radial distances across the jet. The experiments performed in this study enabled us to evaluate the effects and conditions of the water jet on the velocity distribution. The acquired results provide information ...


Viscoelastic Effects On Parallel Flow Stability, Transition To Turbulence, And Turbulent Flow, Michael Garofalo Dec 1994

Viscoelastic Effects On Parallel Flow Stability, Transition To Turbulence, And Turbulent Flow, Michael Garofalo

Theses

The classical two dimensional theory of stability of parallel flow is extended to viscoelastic fluids. How the elasticity of the fluid affects the point of stability and determines the point of transition to turbulence is analyzed. In addition the magnification of disturbances is elucidated. This study is based on a viscoelastic constitutive equation which has been successful in predicting the experimental trends of various unsteady high shear rate laminar flows. A viscoelastic stability equation which is an extension to the Orr-Sommerfeld equation for a Newtonian fluid is derived and solved for a flow between parallel plates superimposed by a two-dimensional ...


Case Study Of Assembly Defects In Manufactured Products, Michael J. Withka Dec 1994

Case Study Of Assembly Defects In Manufactured Products, Michael J. Withka

Theses

Design for Quality Manufacturability (DFQM) is a design tool that empowers engineers to create designs that are easily and effectively transformed into manufactured products. The goal of this methodology is to make designers aware of design characteristics that may lead to product defects during the assembly process. Acknowledging the possibility of these defects will enable the designer to institute design modifications early in the design phase. The benefits realized in this approach are a reduction in the number of defects in the finished product, reduced product cycle times, a reduction in monitoring costs and a reduction in time-to-market.

This thesis ...


Statistical And Finite Element Analysis Of The Effects Of Random Input Parameters On The Mechanical Characteristics Of Sheetmetal Forming Processes Using Quadrature Method, Yu Quan Dec 1994

Statistical And Finite Element Analysis Of The Effects Of Random Input Parameters On The Mechanical Characteristics Of Sheetmetal Forming Processes Using Quadrature Method, Yu Quan

Theses

In this thesis, the computer aided finite element analysis is implemented in the analysis of sheetmetal forming process. To rationalize the experimentation and analysis, the statistical method is introduced to study the variability of sheetmetal deformation process and final shape with respect to the variation of different parameters.

In Chapter 2, the basic characteristics and considerations of deep drawing operation is described with emphasis on the study of geometrical and physical variables of the forming process.

Chapter 3 discussed the three phases which are encountered in the computer aided finite element analysis. As a typical representative of professional finite element ...


Design For Quality Manufacturability Analysis Of Missing/Misplaced Parts And Part Interference, Altaf Yusuf Tamboo Dec 1994

Design For Quality Manufacturability Analysis Of Missing/Misplaced Parts And Part Interference, Altaf Yusuf Tamboo

Theses

Design for Quality Manufacturability (DFQM) is an approach that addresses the issue of quality manufacturability (QM) - the likelihood that defects will occur during manufacture of a product in a standard plant. The DFQM methodology is based on the premise that defects found in assembled products are often influenced by some features of the design and/or assembly process (influencing factors). These influencing factors cause defects in the presence of certain error catalysts.

One of the influencing factors is geometrical features such as shape and symmetry. A classification scheme for part shape and symmetry is developed. This scheme is summarized in ...


Development Of An Expert System To Facilitate A Pump Manufacturing/Warehouse Facility, Muhammad Mutahir Ghauri Dec 1994

Development Of An Expert System To Facilitate A Pump Manufacturing/Warehouse Facility, Muhammad Mutahir Ghauri

Theses

The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of utilizing an expert system technology as it relates to manufacturing. It appears that our industries are still uncertain about this technology. In the first phase of this study, procedure for deployment of this technology is discussed. Secondly a knowledge-based expert system is developed, using a VP-Expert microcomputer shell. The system is made of three modules, inventory module, cost analysis module, and decision making module (for the selection of pumps).

A warehouse was selected for the analysis, which carries the finished product in the form of pumps. The quantities and ...


Automatic Feature Extraction From Conventional Cad Model To Support Feature-Based Design Approach For The Sheet Metal Stamping Industries, Dipak P. Thakar May 1994

Automatic Feature Extraction From Conventional Cad Model To Support Feature-Based Design Approach For The Sheet Metal Stamping Industries, Dipak P. Thakar

Theses

Despite the continuing improvement in computer aided design (CAD) systems and improvements in computer aided manufacturing (CAM), the process planning activity has still not been completely integrated into the CAD/CAM cycle. Particularly in sheet metal stamping industries human interpretation of CAD data is required to extract the geometry and technological information of a component. As a result most CAD systems are used as advanced drafting and drawing management tools by designers. Thus the responsibility for interpreting the design data required for extracting the manufacturing part features still resides with the process planner. Which has increase possibilities of entering errors ...


Dynamic Friction Measurement, Atif Aly May 1994

Dynamic Friction Measurement, Atif Aly

Theses

The friction force between two bodies sliding at constant relative velocity is a function of their relative velocity. Under conditions of time-variable relative velocity, the instantaneous friction is a function not only of the instantaneous velocity but also the velocity history. An understanding of the resulting dynamic friction function will allow for the design of control systems where velocity is time-varying, oscillatory andoften contained in a relatively small region centered around zero amplitude. Within the control system, a portion of the control force can be implemented to effectively counteract the friction present and allow for precise motion control.

In this ...


An Interactive Computer Graphics Based Off-Line Avail Programming Environment For Coordinate Measuring Machines, Nayanesh B. Bhandutia May 1994

An Interactive Computer Graphics Based Off-Line Avail Programming Environment For Coordinate Measuring Machines, Nayanesh B. Bhandutia

Theses

Productivity can be increased by providing computer aided off-line program development environment to operate direct computer controlled Coordinate Measuring Machines (CMM). Such an environment not only results in reduced operational downtime of the CMM but also eliminates the need for the operators to learn and debug the complicated CMM programming language.

An application software was developed to provide a computer based graphical environment for on-the-screen CMM inspection simulation and AVAIL part program development. A comprehensive, menu driven front-end was developed as a foundation for this software. Algorithms were designed and coded to read and interpret CAD software part design information ...


Implementation Of Continuous Flow Manufacturing In United States Industries, Rohit P. Patel May 1994

Implementation Of Continuous Flow Manufacturing In United States Industries, Rohit P. Patel

Theses

Continuous Flow Manufacturing (CFM) is one of the key strategies to enable the United States industries to adapt to any volume increase and rapidly changing requirements of the market place. CFM is an on-going analysis and improvement activity used to optimize the efficiency, effectiveness and flexibility of any process. The two basic goals of CFM are to reduce cycle time to less than customer order leadtime and to eliminate inefficiencies from the overall manufacturing processes.

The thesis will describe reasons for the scarcity of CFM in United States industries. The methodology applied was a detailed six page questionnaire sent to ...


An Integrated Approach To Implement Iso 9000 Series Standards To United States Manufacturing Industry, Jatin N. Amin May 1994

An Integrated Approach To Implement Iso 9000 Series Standards To United States Manufacturing Industry, Jatin N. Amin

Theses

Implementation of ISO 9000 series quality system standards to the U.S. manufacturing industry is discussed by developing a generic model for implementation. In recent past, quality became a prime performance issue to formulate strategy to improve market share and profit for U.S. manufacturing industry. Many companies seeks for ISO 9000 registration. Manufacturing industry and other industries as well, are facing numerous problems in implementing ISO 9000 quality system standards. At present, about 400 U.S. companies have gained certification under this standard.

In this work an attempt has been made, to highlight problems which are most likely to ...


Remediation Of Contaminated Sites Using Hot Gas Injection, Sanjay Jayabal May 1994

Remediation Of Contaminated Sites Using Hot Gas Injection, Sanjay Jayabal

Theses

Remediation of contaminated subsurface sites at lower cost and time than currently used technologies are being demonstrated for a systems concept using new technology developed at the Hazardous Substance Management Research Center at New Jersey Institute of Technology. A technique for pneumatic fracture is employed to "open" subsurface passages to enhance vacuum extraction of contaminants. Economical and environmentally sound destruction of these contaminants is then accomplished using catalytic oxidation followed by scrubbing to remove air pollutants. The hot gas from this phase of the process is then injected into the subsurface formation after being used to preheat the fuel/air ...


Kinematic And Kinetic Analysis Of Geneva Mechanisms And Their Applications To Synchronization Of Motion, Bijan Sepahpour May 1994

Kinematic And Kinetic Analysis Of Geneva Mechanisms And Their Applications To Synchronization Of Motion, Bijan Sepahpour

Theses

Geneva mechanisms have been used for generating intermittent motion for use in indexing and packaging operations. Due to their popularity, cost effectiveness and diversified applications in industry, it is desirable to optimize their design.

Optimization techniques and modifications have been developed to provide long life, trouble-free high-speed indexing and intermittent motion while minimizing the undesirable inherent dynamic characteristics of this class of mechanisms.

A general information base of the motion characteristics and types of geneva mechanisms available has been established. Development of the full spectrum of the required equations, generation of the normalized values of critical design parameters along with ...


A Knowledge-Based Designer Assistant System With Application To The Design Of Helical Springs, Giridhar Raja Jan 1994

A Knowledge-Based Designer Assistant System With Application To The Design Of Helical Springs, Giridhar Raja

Theses

Design problems are generally difficult to solve because the domain of solutions is often infinite (like design of gears, bearings, shafts, springs etc.) and generally requires several iterations before we can arrive at the right solution. The search for the right solution satisfied by several constraints is also time consuming. Thus design intrinsically requires backtracking and several iterations to obtain the desired solution.

In the design of helical springs where the load, deflection, allowable stress, and material are specified, there are an infinite number of solutions. If, in addition to these requirements, the mean coil radius, wire diameter, free height ...


Base Plate Placement For A Predefined Workspace Of A Stewart Platform Parallel Manipulator, Rajesh Chanda Jan 1994

Base Plate Placement For A Predefined Workspace Of A Stewart Platform Parallel Manipulator, Rajesh Chanda

Theses

This thesis deals with solving the problem of placing the base plate in an optimum position and orientation in a three dimensional space for the desired locations of the mobile end platform of a Stewart platform parallel manipulator.

First the workspace of the mobile plate is expressed as a function of the base plate position. Then the objective function is generated by summing the squared distances from the various desired locations of the mobile plate to the center of the platform's workspace. This function consists of six unknown variables which define the position and orientation of the base plate ...


Concurrent Engineering And Design For Manufacture In The Medical Device Industry, Martin A. Mathelier Jan 1994

Concurrent Engineering And Design For Manufacture In The Medical Device Industry, Martin A. Mathelier

Theses

Concurrent Engineering (CE) is an approach to product development in which engineers work on design and manufacturability at the same time. The ultimate goal of concurrent engineering is to reduce the time-to-market while improving quality. This thesis goes into details about the tools necessary to achieve successful product development in the Medical Device Industry. The novelty of this thesis is not in the tools themselves but rather in the way that they are applied to the medical device industry. The need for the CE approach is of utmost importance because of the vast competition in the medical device industry.

The ...


Prediction Of Linear And Non-Linear Components Of Cutter Deflection In End Milling Tools, Kimberly Nazimek Jan 1994

Prediction Of Linear And Non-Linear Components Of Cutter Deflection In End Milling Tools, Kimberly Nazimek

Theses

In this study, cutter length, cutter diameter, depth of cut, and magnitude of the instantaneous force vector are examined to determine their effects on cutter deflection during end milling. Their contributions to both linear and non-linear cutter deflection are examined. Models are developed to compute deflection for both flat and ball end mills. These models are evaluated to determine the contribution of each type of deflection encountered during a variety of milling conditions. A discussion on the transfer of deflection data to an estimation of machining accuracy is then presented.


Development Of A Non-Intrusive Particle Motion Tracking Technique Fo, Jerry R. Volcy Jan 1994

Development Of A Non-Intrusive Particle Motion Tracking Technique Fo, Jerry R. Volcy

Theses

Implementation aspects of monitoring the position and orientation of a one-inch diameter particle in space non-intrusively based on the principle of magnetic induction coupling are discussed. A radio-transmitter embedded within the particle induces voltages in receiver antennae. Position and orientation of the particle are deciphered from these voltages. A previously developed math model that predicts the voltage induced in an antenna given the position and orientation of the transmitter with respect to the antenna as well as the numerical techniques used to obtain the inverse solution of computing position and orientation from a given set of voltages are used.

Practical ...


Measurement Of Velocity Of A High Speed Waterjet, Chang-Hsin Yu Jan 1994

Measurement Of Velocity Of A High Speed Waterjet, Chang-Hsin Yu

Theses

In order to maximum the productivity of water jet cutting and cleaning. The determination of the particle velocities at different conditions of water jet formation is essential to the establishment of a prediction model of the cutting results.

The Study is Intended to develop an interface between Laser Transit Anemometer (LTA) and IBM PC for velocity field measurement of the jet by automation of technology design. To achieve this, a turbo basic program is developed to link LTA, counter processor, NIC-320 nicolet oscilloscope and IBM PC together for improve the efficiency and quality of velocity's measurement of the jet ...


Semi-Automated Approach To Shape Optimal Design Of Planar Structures, Gurinder Pal Singh Jan 1994

Semi-Automated Approach To Shape Optimal Design Of Planar Structures, Gurinder Pal Singh

Theses

This paper presents a general algorithm, using IDEAS programmability features to integrate different phases of shape optimization process. The present work is mainly concentrated on planar structures, defined by thin or shell finite elements. Interactive programs are generated to convert input data to geometric models, to define mesh areas, to generate finite element mesh and to execute adaptive mesh refinement techniques. The importance of automated mesh generation and refinement is highlighted and various optimization methods are considered. Further, a special attention is given to integration issues of shape optimization capabilities into CAD environment. To demonstrate the developed algorithm, an automotive ...


Analysis For Handling Flexible Green Sheets With Automated Tools, Chao Xie Jan 1994

Analysis For Handling Flexible Green Sheets With Automated Tools, Chao Xie

Theses

The electronics industry is characterized by rapid technological advances. Increase in number of I/O interconnections on chips and need for more compact assemblies is forcing designer to consider multilayer ceramic packaging. With the advancement in co-fired technology, the green tapes are becoming widely used now, and will be even more so in the future. There is considerable knowledge and expertise on the preparation of multilayer ceramic materials but little information is available on the handling of laminate ceramic green sheets with automated tools.

In this thesis, we will analyze the displacement, the principal and shearing stress of the different ...


Machining Of Silicon Wafers With An Abrasive Water Jet Cutter, Frank J. Marciniak Jan 1994

Machining Of Silicon Wafers With An Abrasive Water Jet Cutter, Frank J. Marciniak

Theses

This thesis consists of a study of the effects of abrasive water jet cutting on brittle silicon substrates. In total, 26 different cuts were made in a single crystal silicon substrate with an abrasive water jet cutter under different conditions of water flow, water pressure, and abrasive flow rate. These cuts were analyzed for surface roughness, and microstructure.

The roughness measurements were compared in order to determine the best possible cutting conditions. The cut with the best roughness of 0.000170 inches was obtained under cutting conditions of 30 KSI water pressure, 1 inch/minute cutting speed, and an abrasive ...


Design For Quality Manufacturability Analysis For Common Assembly Process, Suriyanarayanan Ramachandra Jan 1994

Design For Quality Manufacturability Analysis For Common Assembly Process, Suriyanarayanan Ramachandra

Theses

The globalization of market economy has precipitated a dramatic increase in competition necessitating the need for higher quality products at lower cost in shorter time periods. Shorter life cycles and proliferation of products has made companies integrate all the phases of manufacturing to bring about a superior design. Design for Quality Manufacturability (DFQM) provides a technique to invoke manufacturing and assembly considerations while designing a product. The DFQM architecture identifies factors consisting of several variables that are influenced by certain error catalysts to cause one or more specific defects. A methodology is suggested to identify and quantify these error catalysts ...


A Systematic Approach To Defense Diversification, Sathappan Venkatachalam Jan 1994

A Systematic Approach To Defense Diversification, Sathappan Venkatachalam

Theses

The decline in defense spending has resulted in defense dependent companies seeking new markets through re-designing existing products, developing new products and restructuring their businesses. Defense diversification is defined as the process of transitioning a defense company's core capabilities (technologies, products, services) into commercial and non-Department of Defense government markets. A combination of site visits and review of the literature on defense diversification demonstrates the need for diversifying companies to adopt a systematic approach.

A concurrent new product development/product redevelopment model is proposed, based on the principles of concurrent engineering. The model consists of an eight phase development ...


A Survey Of Manufacturing Practices In Southeast Asia, Fe Irma A. Ramirez Jan 1994

A Survey Of Manufacturing Practices In Southeast Asia, Fe Irma A. Ramirez

Theses

This paper presents a study of the current manufacturing practices in Southeast Asia particularly Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines. This region is regarded as the next region to watch in terms of economic performance and potential. A mail survey of manufacturing companies in these countries was performed in order to get the data. A six-page questionnaire was sent and covered the following areas: company profile, production control and management, quality management and automation and computerization. Majority of the respondents were medium- and large scale companies and carried a wide array of products. Most of the firms were labor intensive rather ...