Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Mechanical Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Simulation Of Active Control Of Asymmetric Flows Around Slender Pointed Forebodies, Hazem Sharaf El-Din Oct 1994

Simulation Of Active Control Of Asymmetric Flows Around Slender Pointed Forebodies, Hazem Sharaf El-Din

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

At high angles of attack, the flowfield over slender forebodies becomes asymmetric with substantial side force, which may exceed the available control capability. The unsteady compressible Navier-Stokes equations are used to investigate the effectiveness of different active control methods to alleviate and possibly eliminate the flow asymmetry and the subsequent side force. Although the research work focuses on active control methods, a passive control method has been investigated. The implicit, Roe flux-difference splitting, finite volume scheme is used for the numerical computations. Both locally-conical and three-dimensional solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations are obtained.

The asymmetric flow over five-degree semi-apex angle ...


Development Of Vibration And Sensitivity Analysis Capability Using The Theory Of Structural Variations, Ting-Yu Rong Jul 1994

Development Of Vibration And Sensitivity Analysis Capability Using The Theory Of Structural Variations, Ting-Yu Rong

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

In the author's previous work entitled "General Theorems of Topological Variations of Elastic Structures and the Method of Topological Variation," 1985, some interesting properties of skeletal structures have been discovered. These properties have been described as five theorems and synthesized as a theory, called the theory of structural variations (TSV). Based upon this theory, an innovative analysis tool, called the structural variation method (SVM), has been derived for static analysis of skeletal structures (one-dimensional finite element systems).

The objective of this dissertation research is to extend TSV and SVM from one-dimensional finite element systems to multi-dimensional ones and from ...


Radiative Interactions In Multi-Dimensional Chemically Reacting Flows Using Monte Carlo Simulations, Jiwen Liu Jul 1994

Radiative Interactions In Multi-Dimensional Chemically Reacting Flows Using Monte Carlo Simulations, Jiwen Liu

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

The Monte Carlo method (MCM) is applied to analyze radiative heat transfer in nongray gases. The nongray model employed is based on the statistical narrow band model with an exponential-tailed inverse intensity distribution. The amount and transfer of the emitted radiative energy in a finite volume element within a medium are considered in an exact manner. The spectral correlation between transmittances of two different segments of the same path in a medium makes the statistical relationship different from the conventional relationship, which only provides the noncorrelated results for nongray analysis. Two features of the MCM that are different from other ...


The Development Of A Method To Extract High Purity Oxygen From The Martian Atmosphere, Dongchuan Wu Jul 1994

The Development Of A Method To Extract High Purity Oxygen From The Martian Atmosphere, Dongchuan Wu

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

A glow-discharge in an ambient Mars atmosphere (total pressure of 5 torr, composed of 95% carbon dioxide) results in the dissociation of carbon dioxide molecules into carbon monoxide and oxygen. If the glow-discharge zone is maintained adjacent and close to a silver membrane, operated at temperatures above 400°C, atomic and molecular oxygen, produced by the glow-discharge, can be separated from the other species by atomic diffusion through the membrane to an ultrahigh vacuum region where the desorbed O2 is then collected. Experiments have been conducted to study the behavior of the glow discharge in both molecular oxygen and ...


Investigation Of Wall Injectors For Supersonic Mixing Enhancement, Yaacov Haimovitch Jul 1994

Investigation Of Wall Injectors For Supersonic Mixing Enhancement, Yaacov Haimovitch

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

A comparative study of the interaction between wall mounted swept-ramp injectors and injector nozzle shape has been conducted in a constant area duct to explore techniques to enhance mixing in scramjet combustors. The scramjet combustors are currently being developed for propulsion systems applications on the envisioned hypersonic vehicles. Short combustor residence time, a requirement for fuel injection parallel to the main flow in the combustor, and an overall strong sensitivity of the vehicle performance to the propulsion system motivated the investigation. The swept-ramp injector investigated in this study produces vortex shedding and local separation downstream of the injector's nozzle ...


Flow Simulations About Steady-Complex And Unsteady Moving Configurations Using Structured-Overlapped And Unstructured Grids, James Charles Newman Iii Apr 1994

Flow Simulations About Steady-Complex And Unsteady Moving Configurations Using Structured-Overlapped And Unstructured Grids, James Charles Newman Iii

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

The limiting factor in simulating flows past realistic configurations of interest has been the discretization of the physical domain on which the governing equations of fluid flow may be solved. In an attempt to circumvent this problem, many Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) methodologies that are based on different grid generation and domain decomposition techniques have been developed. However, due to the costs involved and expertise required, very few comparative studies between these methods have been performed. In the present work, the two CFD methodologies which show the most promise for treating complex three-dimensional configurations as well as unsteady moving boundary ...


Three-Dimensional Aerodynamic Shape Optimization Using Discrete Sensitivity Analysis, Gregory Wayne Burgreen Apr 1994

Three-Dimensional Aerodynamic Shape Optimization Using Discrete Sensitivity Analysis, Gregory Wayne Burgreen

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

An aerodynamic shape optimization procedure based on discrete sensitivity analysis is extended to treat three-dimensional geometries. The function of sensitivity analysis is to directly couple computational fluid dynamics (CFD) with numerical optimization techniques, which facilitates the construction of efficient direct-design methods. The development of a practical three-dimensional design procedures entails many challenges, such as: (1) the demand for significant efficiency improvements over current design methods; (2) a general and flexible three-dimensional surface representation; and (3) the efficient solution of very large systems of linear algebraic equations. It is demonstrated that each of these challenges is overcome by: (1) employing fully ...


Unsteady Flow Simulations About Moving Boundary Configurations Using Dynamic Domain Decomposition Techniques, Guan-Wei Yen Apr 1994

Unsteady Flow Simulations About Moving Boundary Configurations Using Dynamic Domain Decomposition Techniques, Guan-Wei Yen

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

A computational method is developed to solve the coupled governing equations of an unsteady flowfield and those of rigid-body dynamics in six degrees-of-freedom (6-DOF). This method is capable of simulating the unsteady flowfields around multiple component configurations with at least one of the components in relative motion with respect to the others. Two of the important phenomena that such analyses can help us to understand are the unsteady aerodynamic interference and the boundary-induced component of such a flowfield. By hybridizing two dynamic domain decomposition techniques, the grid generation task is simplified, the computer memory requirement is reduced, and the governing ...


Explicit And Iterative Lqg Controller Design, Min-Hung Hsiao Apr 1994

Explicit And Iterative Lqg Controller Design, Min-Hung Hsiao

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation presents two new LQG controller designs, namely, explicit and iterative designs. For the explicit design, the explicit solutions to the corresponding Riccati equations of controller design for large structures with collocated rate sensors and actuators are derived. Numerically solving the Riccati equations for state feedback and state estimation is no longer required. Since the number of design parameters for either state feedback or state estimation equals the number of controlled modes, the performance of each mode can be easily adjusted. NASA's Spacecraft COntrol Laboratory Experiment (SCOLE) configuration is used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the explicit design ...


Analysis Of Random Structure-Acoustic Interaction Problems Using Coupled Boundary Element And Finite Element Methods, Carl S. Pates Iii Apr 1994

Analysis Of Random Structure-Acoustic Interaction Problems Using Coupled Boundary Element And Finite Element Methods, Carl S. Pates Iii

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

A coupled boundary element(BEM)-finite element(FEM) approach is presented to accurately model structure-acoustic interaction systems. The boundary element method is first applied to interior, two and three-dimensional acoustic domains with complex geometry configurations. Boundary element results are very accurate when compared with limited exact solutions.

Structure-interaction problems are then analyzed with the coupled FEM-BEM method, where the finite element method models the structure and the boundary element method models the interior acoustic domain. The coupled analysis is compared with exact and experimental results for a simplistic model. Composite panels are analyzed and compared with isotropic results. The coupled ...


Finite Element Analysis For Nonlinear Flutter Suppression Of Composite Panels At Elevated Temperatures Using Piezoelectric Materials, Run Chen Zhou Jan 1994

Finite Element Analysis For Nonlinear Flutter Suppression Of Composite Panels At Elevated Temperatures Using Piezoelectric Materials, Run Chen Zhou

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Nonlinear coupled finite element equations of motion are derived for composite panels with embedded piezoelectric layers subjected to aerodynamic, thermal loads and applied electric fields. The nonlinear equations of motion describe the coupling between a structure and an electrical network through the piezoelectric effect. The von Karman large-deflection strain-displacement relations, quasi-steady first-order piston theory aerodynamics, quasi-steady thermal stress theory and linear piezoelectricity theory are used to formulate the nonlinear coupled panel flutter finite element equations of motion in nodal displacements. The governing equations, which are referred to actuator and sensor equations, form a basis for piezoelectric actuation and sensing. Following ...


Vibration Control With Piezoelectric Actuation Applied To Nonlinear Panel Flutter Suppression, Zhihong Lai Jan 1994

Vibration Control With Piezoelectric Actuation Applied To Nonlinear Panel Flutter Suppression, Zhihong Lai

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Panel flutter is a large-deflection limit-cycle motion excited by the airflow, which is only on one side of a panel. The objective of this research is to analytically study the panel flutter limit-cycle suppression using nonlinear vibration control techniques with piezoelectric actuation. It is well known that piezoelectric materials are characterized by their ability to produce an electrical charge when subjected to a mechanical strain. The converse piezoelectric effect can be utilized to actuate a panel by applying an electrical field. Piezoelectric actuators are driven by feedback controllers, and control the panel dynamics. For a simply supported panel with piezoelectric ...


Multigrid Acceleration Of Time-Dependent Solutions Of Navier-Stokes Equations, Sarafa Oladele Ibraheem Jan 1994

Multigrid Acceleration Of Time-Dependent Solutions Of Navier-Stokes Equations, Sarafa Oladele Ibraheem

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Recent progress in Computational Fluid Dynamics is encouraging scientists to look at fine details of flow physics of problems in which natural unsteady phenomena have hitherto been neglected. The acceleration methods that have proven very successful in steady state computations can be explored for time dependent computations. In this work, an efficient multigrid methods is developed to solve the time-dependent Euler and Navier-Stokes equations. The Beam-Warming ADI method is used as the base algorithm for time stepping calculations. Application of the developed algorithm proved very efficient in selected steady and unsteady test problems. For instance, the inherent unsteadiness present in ...


Numerical Simulation Of The Nonlinear Response Of Composite Plates Under Combined Thermal And Acoustic Loading, Jayashree Moorthy Jan 1994

Numerical Simulation Of The Nonlinear Response Of Composite Plates Under Combined Thermal And Acoustic Loading, Jayashree Moorthy

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

A time-domain study of the random response of a laminated plate subjected to combined acoustic and thermal loads is carried out. The features of this problem also include given uniform static inplane forces. The formulation takes into consideration a possible initial imperfection in the flatness of the plate. High decibel sound pressure levels along with high thermal gradients across thickness drive the plate response into nonlinear regimes. This calls for the analysis to use von Karman large deflection strain-displacement relationships. A finite element model that combines the von Karman strains with the first-order shear deformation plate theory is developed. The ...