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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

The Development Of A Method To Extract High Purity Oxygen From The Martian Atmosphere, Dongchuan Wu Jul 1994

The Development Of A Method To Extract High Purity Oxygen From The Martian Atmosphere, Dongchuan Wu

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

A glow-discharge in an ambient Mars atmosphere (total pressure of 5 torr, composed of 95% carbon dioxide) results in the dissociation of carbon dioxide molecules into carbon monoxide and oxygen. If the glow-discharge zone is maintained adjacent and close to a silver membrane, operated at temperatures above 400°C, atomic and molecular oxygen, produced by the glow-discharge, can be separated from the other species by atomic diffusion through the membrane to an ultrahigh vacuum region where the desorbed O2 is then collected. Experiments have been conducted to study the behavior of the glow discharge in both molecular oxygen and ...


Dynamics And Controls For Robot Manipulators With Open And Closed Kinematic Chain Mechanisms , Sam-Sang You Jan 1994

Dynamics And Controls For Robot Manipulators With Open And Closed Kinematic Chain Mechanisms , Sam-Sang You

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation deals with dynamics and controls for robot manipulators with open and closed kinematic chain mechanisms;Part I of this dissertation considers the problem of designing a class of robust algorithms for the trajectory tracking control of unconstrained single robot manipulator. The general control structure consists of two parts: The nominal control laws are first introduced to stabilize the system in the absence of uncertainties, then a class of robust nonlinear control laws are adopted to compensate for both the structured uncertainties and the unstructured uncertainties by using deterministic approach. The possible upper bounds of uncertainties are assumed to ...


Spline Network Modeling And Fault Classification Of A Heating Ventilation And Air-Conditioning System , Mathew Scaria Chackalackal Jan 1994

Spline Network Modeling And Fault Classification Of A Heating Ventilation And Air-Conditioning System , Mathew Scaria Chackalackal

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A spline network, that is an alternative to artificial neural networks, is introduced in this dissertation. This network has an input layer, a single hidden layer, and an output layer. Spline basis functions, with small support, are used as the activation functions. The network is used to model the steady state operation of a complex Heating Ventilation and Air-conditioning (HVAC) system. Real data was used to train the spline network. A neural network was also trained on the same set of data. Based on the training process, it is possible to conclude that when compared to artificial neural networks, the ...


Characterization And Analysis Of Viscoelastically Loaded Thin Film Piezoelectric Resonators Incorporated In An Oscillator Microsensing System , Ronald Patrick O'Toole Jan 1994

Characterization And Analysis Of Viscoelastically Loaded Thin Film Piezoelectric Resonators Incorporated In An Oscillator Microsensing System , Ronald Patrick O'Toole

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the recent advancement of piezoelectric resonator technology, there has been a large growth in the application of these devices for chemical sensing. These sensors operate by detecting changes in their environment which perturb the electrical - acoustic operation and in turn can be harnessed by means of supporting electronics and signal processing to monitor various processes. Examples include remote environmental monitoring, chemical process control, and commercial gas phase detectors. In this dissertation, the chemical sensing theory and properties of piezoelectric resonators such as the bulk-acoustic wave thin-film resonator (TFR) and the quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) are developed. This analysis concentrates ...


Dynamics And Vibrations Of Magnetostrictive Transducers , David L. Hall Jan 1994

Dynamics And Vibrations Of Magnetostrictive Transducers , David L. Hall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

An engineering investigation into the dynamics and vibrations of magnetostrictive transducers is conducted. The transducers are examined from a linear systems perspective. The system input is electric current. The system output is displacement. A comparison is made between the classic low-signal linear transduction equations for the material and those for the electromechanical transducer containing the material. A magnetomechanical model is derived assuming the magnetostrictive rod behaves as a linear spring. The model is an expression for the complex valued, frequency, coupling, and load dependant magnetic permeability of the magnetostrictive material within the transducer. One-dimensional analytical constant parameter linear electromagnetic models ...