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1991

Theses/Dissertations

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Articles 1 - 30 of 79

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Redesign Of Parts And Simulation Of Flexible Assembly Cell For Safety Water Shower Assembly, Balraj Y. Gardilla Dec 1991

Redesign Of Parts And Simulation Of Flexible Assembly Cell For Safety Water Shower Assembly, Balraj Y. Gardilla

Theses

A Design for Assembly (DSA) method is used to analyze the safety water shower assembly and to redesign the components with emphasis on meeting the criteria of allowing for flexible Assembly Cell (FAS). An Expert System is developed to select the right Assembly using VP-Expert. This thesis contrasts the old and new safety water shower assembly designs and describes the design of a final Flexible Assembly Cell. A PUMA 550 robot was investigated for use in the cell design. The flexible Assembly cell is simulated on silicon graphics using the IGRIP software. The economics of each part presentation method is ...


Improving The Throughput Of Plasticating Extruders : Manufacture Of Non-Circular Pellets, Measurement Of Their Interparticulate Friction Coefficient, And Implications For Screw Design, Chia-Ying Liu Dec 1991

Improving The Throughput Of Plasticating Extruders : Manufacture Of Non-Circular Pellets, Measurement Of Their Interparticulate Friction Coefficient, And Implications For Screw Design, Chia-Ying Liu

Dissertations

This dissertation addresses the hypothesis that the interparticulate friction coefficient of a bed of polymeric particulates is a function of the cross-section of the pellets. Most pellets have a circular cross-section especially those that are strand cut. But when such pellets constitute a particulate bed there are few restrictions to adjacent pellets turning with respect to each other, or of the beds rupturing under shear load. This rupture can occur in plasticating extrusion, and it results in a poorly mixed melt with an inhomogeneous temperature distribution. The temperature fluctuations cause viscosity fluctuations which in turn cause pressure fluctuations. The pressure ...


An Experimental And Analytical Investigation On The Production Of Microfibers Using A Single Hole Melt Blowing Process, Bryan David Haynes Dec 1991

An Experimental And Analytical Investigation On The Production Of Microfibers Using A Single Hole Melt Blowing Process, Bryan David Haynes

Doctoral Dissertations

An extensive experimental investigation was undertaken to study the influence of the processing variables on the production of microfibers using a single hole melt blowing process. included: The processing variables that were investigated air jet exit velocity, polymer throughput, die air gap, die setback, polymer and air temperatures, polymer melt viscosity as expressed by ASTM Melt Flow Rate (MFR), and collection distance. Polypropylene was used for the investigation. In addition to the experimental investigation, a one dimensional single hole melt blowing analytical model was developed.

The air jet exit velocity and polymer throughput had the most influence on the average ...


Computer Aided Process Planning System For Generating Alternative Process Plans, Rao T. Gali Aug 1991

Computer Aided Process Planning System For Generating Alternative Process Plans, Rao T. Gali

Master's Theses

Computer Aided Process Planning (CAPP) has a key role in Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) as an interface between design and manufacturing. Current CAPP systems treat process planning as a static function, and always generate the same machine and process combinations. Thus, these CAPP systems are inadequate for advanced manufacturing facilities such as Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS). This thesis presents research conducted for the design and development of a CAPP system called Alternative Computer Aided Process Planning (A-CAPP) which generates alternative process plans by interacting with production planning and machine loading functions to satisfy system capacity constraints.

A-CAPP is a variant ...


Integrated System Identification And Adaptive State Estimation For Control Of Flexible Space Structures, Chung-Wen Chen Jul 1991

Integrated System Identification And Adaptive State Estimation For Control Of Flexible Space Structures, Chung-Wen Chen

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Accurate state information is crucial for control of flexible space structures in which the state feedback strategy is used. The performance of a state estimator relies on accurate knowledge about both the system and its disturbances, which are represented by system model and noise covariances respectively. For flexible space structures, due to their great flexibility, obtaining good models from ground testing is not possible. In addition, the characteristics of the systems in operation may vary due to temperature gradient, reorientation, and deterioration of material, etc. Moreover, the disturbances during operation are usually not known. Therefore, adaptive methods for system identification ...


On Shock Capturing For Liquid And Gas Media, Tze Jang Chen Jul 1991

On Shock Capturing For Liquid And Gas Media, Tze Jang Chen

Mathematics & Statistics Theses & Dissertations

The numerical investigation of shock phenomena in gas or liquid media where a specifying relation for internal energy is absent poses special problems. Classically, for gas dynamics the usual procedure is to employ a splitting scheme to remove the source terms from the Euler equations, then up-wind biased shock capturing algorithms are built around the Riemann problem for the system which remains. However, in the case where the Euler equations are formulated in the term of total enthalpy, a technical difficulty associated with equation splitting forces a pressure time derivative to be treated as a source term. This makes it ...


On Local Stresses And Spring Constants Of A Sphere-Nozzle Connection, Ban-Li Lyow May 1991

On Local Stresses And Spring Constants Of A Sphere-Nozzle Connection, Ban-Li Lyow

Dissertations

This dissertation studies the local stresses and spring constants of a spherical shell with a nozzle attachment when it is under various loadings, namely radial force, overturning moment, horizontal shear force, and torsional moment. Because of the mathematical difficulty in modeling the nozzle-sphere configuration, particularly with nozzle opening, the finite element method (ANSYS package) is utilized in this study. The model used in this study is a quadrilateral thin shell element model when the γs (spherical radius/thickness) value is larger than 10. Otherwise the isoparametric solid element is used. The resulting stresses are basically biaxial state of stresses ...


Size Reduction Of Polymeric Particulates By Jet Milling, Cheng Hua May 1991

Size Reduction Of Polymeric Particulates By Jet Milling, Cheng Hua

Theses

A basic theory for the size reduction operation by jet milling has been developed.

Typical samples of feedstock have been analyzed using screen analysis to determine the initial distribution of polymeric particulate sizes prior to jet milling.

A statistical theory .was developed using probabilities to represent the likelihood that specific size reductions would occur. These probabilities include the effects of various equipment.

The theory was then used to predict the distribution of polymeric particulate sizes after jet milling. The agreement between the predictions and actual results was within 5 %.

Encouraged by the successful work of the simulation of the process ...


Design For Manufacturability, Kocherlakota Sreedhar May 1991

Design For Manufacturability, Kocherlakota Sreedhar

Theses

Design for Manufacturability represents a new awareness of the importance of design as the first manufacturing step. It recognizes that a company cannot meet all its objectives with isolated design and manufacturing operations. The Design for Manufacturability approach embodies certain underlying imperatives that help maintain communication between all components of the Manufacturing and Design system and permit flexibility to adopt and to modify design during each stage of the product realization. Design for Manufacturability cannot be bought or sold and it should be implemented by management. Complete support of management to the implementation is very important to the success of ...


Off-Line Programming Using Igrip, Narahari K. Bhandary May 1991

Off-Line Programming Using Igrip, Narahari K. Bhandary

Theses

AT&T's FWS-200 (Flexible Work Station) has been modeled and simulated to implement Off-Line Programming (OLP). IGRIP (Interactive Graphics Robot Instruction Program) from Deneb Robotics, Inc. has been used to simulate the FWS operation. A GSL(Graphics Simulation Language) program has been used to simulate the chip placements during PCB assembly. The program leads the user through the motions of chip placement, and after the simulation run downloads the motion sequence to the FWS. The animation sequences of the FWS have been downloaded to the FWS on the Factory Floor using a C program, which is utilized to communicate ...


Development Of A Classification And Coding System For Computer-Aided Process Planning, Shilpan K. Patel May 1991

Development Of A Classification And Coding System For Computer-Aided Process Planning, Shilpan K. Patel

Theses

The chore of this work was to develop a Group Technology Classification Code which can represent the full gamut of simple, rotational parts. The automated coding plan is developed to alleviate the endeavor of the process planner to plan the tasks related to the manufacturing of a specific part. The 15 digits were devised from the Japanese KK-3 Classification and Coding system. The KK-3 System contains 21 digits. Our aim is to minimize the code length, and concurrently to eliminate the redundancies. As a result, a 15 digit G.T. Code is created. The proposed plan also generates the operation ...


Dynamic Analysis Of The Generalized Slider Crank, Sahidur Rahman May 1991

Dynamic Analysis Of The Generalized Slider Crank, Sahidur Rahman

Theses

A numerical technique is used to analyze the kinematics of the generalized slider crank mechanism and an analytical technique to derive dynamic force equations for that mechanism has been formulated. The numerical technique used for displacement analysis is based on a combination of Newton-Raphson and Davidon-Fletcher-Powell optimization algorithm using dual-number coordinate-transformation matrices. Velocity analysis is performed by using a dual number method. Finally, dynamic force analysis is accomplished on the basis of the dual-Euler equation and D'Alembert's principle. The approach is developed in such a manner that a digital computer can detect when a solution is possible and ...


Petri Net Modeling And Analysis Of An Fms Cell, Paresh A. Patel May 1991

Petri Net Modeling And Analysis Of An Fms Cell, Paresh A. Patel

Theses

Petri nets have evolved into a powerful tool for the modeling, analysis and design of asynchronous, concurrent systems. This thesis presents the modeling and analysis of a flexible manufacturing system (FMS) cell using Petri nets. In order to improve the productivity of such systems, the building of mathematical models is a crucial step.

In this thesis, the theory and application of Petri nets are presented with emphasis on their application to the modeling and analysis of practical automated manufacturing systems. The theory of Petri nets includes their basic notation and properties. In order to illustrate how a Petri net with ...


Design For Assembly : Re-Design Of An Electrical Switch For The Ease Of Automatic Assembly, Achyuta Reddy Pannala May 1991

Design For Assembly : Re-Design Of An Electrical Switch For The Ease Of Automatic Assembly, Achyuta Reddy Pannala

Theses

A design for assembly (DFA) method is used to analyze the existing design of parts of an electrical switch, and to reduce and re-design them, for the ease of automatic assembly. The procedure for the selection of suitable and economical assembly method is presented based on the Boothroyd & Dewhurst methods. Analysis of the initial design for manual assembly and the re-design for automatic assembly are presented. An algorithmic approach for simplified generation of all mechanical assembly sequences and selecting the good assembly sequences is presented with graphical representations. A work station needed for the automatic assembly is developed, which incorporates ...


Design For Manufacturability : Re-Design Of Pencil Sharpener For The Ease Of Assembly, Amit R. Rathod May 1991

Design For Manufacturability : Re-Design Of Pencil Sharpener For The Ease Of Assembly, Amit R. Rathod

Theses

A Design For Manufacturability (DFM) approach is used to analyze the existing design of a pencil sharpener, and to reduce and re-design the parts of pencil sharpener for the ease of assembly. The procedure for the selection of a suitable and economical assembly method is based on the Boothroyd and Dewhurst methods. Analysis of the initial design for manual assembly and re-design for automatic as well as manual assembly is presented. An algorithmic approach for simplified generation of all mechanical assembly sequences and selection of the assembly sequences is presented using De Fazio and Whitney approach.


Effect Of Shrinkage On The Design And Manufacture Of Plastic Parts In Injection Molding Using Cad/Cam Techniques, Deepak M. Shastri May 1991

Effect Of Shrinkage On The Design And Manufacture Of Plastic Parts In Injection Molding Using Cad/Cam Techniques, Deepak M. Shastri

Theses

Computer aided design software in injection molding has revolutionized injection molding in the design and manufacturing processes. Computer Aided Engineering can be applied to injection molding to increase the process efficiency, reduce part costs, and produce accurate parts in less time. The mold designer has many software programs to choose from to produce satisfactory mold designs from part geometries, and a correct selection can produce profitable results. A study of the need for and the scope of computers in injection molding is performed to evaluate the suitability of a CAE package by considering the value added to the parts using ...


Implementation Of Automated Assembly, Kang H. Kong May 1991

Implementation Of Automated Assembly, Kang H. Kong

Theses

Research has shown that about 60 - 80% wealth producing activities is related to manufacturing in major industrial countries.

Increased competition in industry has resulted in a greater emphasis on using automation to improve productivity and quality and also to reduce cost.

Most of the manufacturing works such as machining, painting, storage, retrieval, inspection and transportation have changed to automation successfully, except assembly. Manual assembly is predominant over automatic assembly techniques due to inherent assembly problem and the fact that the assembly machines lack the innate intelligence of human operator and lack sufficient flexibility to changeover when product designs and market ...


Investigation Of Stagnation Flow Heat Transfer For A Heated Horizontal Round Plate, Ching-Hua Wei May 1991

Investigation Of Stagnation Flow Heat Transfer For A Heated Horizontal Round Plate, Ching-Hua Wei

Dissertations

The heat transfer characteristics in stagnation flow are investigated through three cases in this study. The first is forced convection by an array of air jets; the second is free convection of a downward-facing heated round plate; the third is free convection of an upward-facing heated round plate.

The first case is investigated by systematic experiments which examine the heat transfer characteristics mainly by five air jets impinging normally to a flat plate, with varying nozzle diameters, and Reynolds numbers, at different distances between the nozzles and the plate. The empirical formulas of heat transfer around the stagnation point and ...


Large-Amplitude Finite Element Flutter Analysis Of Composite Panels In Hypersonic Flow, Carl E. Gray Jr. Apr 1991

Large-Amplitude Finite Element Flutter Analysis Of Composite Panels In Hypersonic Flow, Carl E. Gray Jr.

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

A finite-element approach is presented for determining the nonlinear flutter characteristics of two-dimensional isotropic and three-dimensional composite laminated thin panels using the third-order-piston, transverse loading, aerodynamic theory. The unsteady, hypersonic, aerodynamic theory and the von Karman large deflection plate theory are used to formulate the aeroelastic problem. Nonlinear flutter analyses are performed to assess the influence of the higher-order aerodynamic theory on the structure's limit-cycle amplitude and the dynamic pressure of the flow velocity. A solution procedure is presented to solve the nonlinear panel flutter and large-amplitude free vibration finite element equations. This procedure is a linearized updated mode ...


The Changing Role Of The Automotive Supplier, Samuel Arthur Schwall Jan 1991

The Changing Role Of The Automotive Supplier, Samuel Arthur Schwall

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Development Of Theory Of Constraint-Based Framework For Determining Process Batch, Transfer Batch And Buffer Size In Shop Floor, Tajinder P.S. Vohra Jan 1991

Development Of Theory Of Constraint-Based Framework For Determining Process Batch, Transfer Batch And Buffer Size In Shop Floor, Tajinder P.S. Vohra

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Ultrasonic Flaw Classification And Sizing , Sung-Jin Song Jan 1991

Ultrasonic Flaw Classification And Sizing , Sung-Jin Song

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Flaw classification (determination of the flaw type) and flaw sizing (prediction of the flaw shape, orientation and sizing parameters) are very important issues in ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation of materials. In this work, new techniques for both classification and sizing are described;In the area of flaw classification, a methodology is developed which can solve classification problems in weldments using probabilistic neural networks. In the area of flaw sizing, four new approaches are presented including (1) the determination of distance-gain-size (DGS) curves and frequency response curves for flat-bottom holes based on a theoretical ultrasonic scattering model, (2) a time-of-flight equivalent (TOFE ...


Modification Of Axial-Flow Compressor Stall Margin By Variation Of Stationary Blade Setting Angles , John Paul Rukavina Jan 1991

Modification Of Axial-Flow Compressor Stall Margin By Variation Of Stationary Blade Setting Angles , John Paul Rukavina

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The useful operating range of the multistage, axial-flow compressor component of a gas turbine engine limits the extent of operation of that engine. Generally, the compressor stalls or surges at low flow rates and chokes at high flow rates. Thus, any improvement in the range between these compressor aerodynamic limits is normally of benefit to the engine also. An idea for delaying the onset of rotating stall in a multistage, axial-flow compressor which involved circumferentially varying the blade setting angles of stationary blades upstream of the compressor rotors was investigated. Tests involving two low-speed, multistage, axial-flow compressors and an intermediate-speed ...


Synthesis And Analysis Of Elastic High-Speed Cam-Operated Mechanisms , Hsin-Ting Jonathan Liu Jan 1991

Synthesis And Analysis Of Elastic High-Speed Cam-Operated Mechanisms , Hsin-Ting Jonathan Liu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the synthesis of high-speed cam profiles, we must compensate for the elastic deflections induced by large inertial effects generated during operation. Thus, differential equations with kinematic constraints need to be solved. The governing dynamic equations are in homogeneous, periodic, linear, ordinary differential equations which possess multiple unstable and high vibrational regions at various operating speed zones. These regions are found to be intrinsically determined by the changing geometry of the follower linkage during operation;This dissertation considers two types of cam driven linkages. Parts I and II consider a cam driving a lumped inertia through a massless elastic slider-crank ...


Ionic Structure Of Methane Flames , Timothy Wayne Pedersen Jan 1991

Ionic Structure Of Methane Flames , Timothy Wayne Pedersen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this research was to predict the structure of ions generated in methane flames. These simulations might lead to a better understanding of the interactions between ions in hydrocarbon flames. It was thought that such an understanding could lead to technology for electrically controlling combustion processes, formation of soot, and heat transfer;The reaction mechanisms used in this study was for a methane or hydrogen/methane flame. It contains reactions for the oxidation of fuels, chemiionization, ion-molecule reactions, and dissociative recombination. A computer model was developed to evaluate the formation of ions based on the proposed reaction mechanism ...


Wavelet-Based Methods For Computational Fluid Dynamics, Tsan Huang Huang Jan 1991

Wavelet-Based Methods For Computational Fluid Dynamics, Tsan Huang Huang

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Variability In Fatigue Crack Growth And Fracture Toughness Properties In A Ceramic Reinforced Metal-Matrix Composite, Eda Emine Topur Jan 1991

Variability In Fatigue Crack Growth And Fracture Toughness Properties In A Ceramic Reinforced Metal-Matrix Composite, Eda Emine Topur

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Hybrid Stress Analysis Of Electronic Packages, Navtej Singh Sehra Jan 1991

Hybrid Stress Analysis Of Electronic Packages, Navtej Singh Sehra

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Trajectories Of Multiple Fracture Initiating From Cracks At Pmma/Aluminum Interface, Peter Adonellis Jan 1991

Trajectories Of Multiple Fracture Initiating From Cracks At Pmma/Aluminum Interface, Peter Adonellis

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Calculation Of The Metal Temperature Distribution Within A Two- Pass Counter-Crossflow Tubular Air Preheater, Ali Yilmaz Jan 1991

Calculation Of The Metal Temperature Distribution Within A Two- Pass Counter-Crossflow Tubular Air Preheater, Ali Yilmaz

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.