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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Non-Equispaced Fast Fourier Transforms In Turbulence Simulation, Aditya M. Kulkarni Jan 2017

Non-Equispaced Fast Fourier Transforms In Turbulence Simulation, Aditya M. Kulkarni

Masters Theses

Fourier pseudo-spectral method on equispaced grid is one of the approaches in turbulence simulation, to compute derivative of discrete data, using fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and gives low dispersion and dissipation errors. In many turbulent flows the dynamically important scales of motion are concentrated in certain regions which requires a coarser grid for higher accuracy. A coarser grid in other regions minimizes the memory requirement. This requires the use of Non-equispaced Fast Fourier Transform (NFFT) to compute the Fourier transform, by solving a system of linear equations.

To achieve similar accuracy, the NFFT needs to return more Fourier coefficients than ...


Single-Phase Turbulent Enthalpy Transport, Bradley J. Shields Jan 2014

Single-Phase Turbulent Enthalpy Transport, Bradley J. Shields

Masters Theses

Vapor generation is central to the flow dynamics within fuel injector nozzles. Because the degree of atomization affects engine emissions and spray characteristics, quantification of phase change within diesel fuel injectors is a topic of design interest. Within the nozzle, the large pressure gradient between the upstream and downstream plena induce large velocities, creating separation and further pressure drop at the inlet corner. When local pressure in the throat drops below the fluid vapor pressure, phase change can occur with sufficient time. At the elevated temperatures present in diesel engines, this process can be dependent upon the degree of superheat ...