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Masters Theses

Turbulence

Heat Transfer, Combustion

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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Single-Phase Turbulent Enthalpy Transport, Bradley J. Shields Jan 2014

Single-Phase Turbulent Enthalpy Transport, Bradley J. Shields

Masters Theses

Vapor generation is central to the flow dynamics within fuel injector nozzles. Because the degree of atomization affects engine emissions and spray characteristics, quantification of phase change within diesel fuel injectors is a topic of design interest. Within the nozzle, the large pressure gradient between the upstream and downstream plena induce large velocities, creating separation and further pressure drop at the inlet corner. When local pressure in the throat drops below the fluid vapor pressure, phase change can occur with sufficient time. At the elevated temperatures present in diesel engines, this process can be dependent upon the degree of superheat ...