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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Non-Equispaced Fast Fourier Transforms In Turbulence Simulation, Aditya M. Kulkarni Jan 2017

Non-Equispaced Fast Fourier Transforms In Turbulence Simulation, Aditya M. Kulkarni

Masters Theses

Fourier pseudo-spectral method on equispaced grid is one of the approaches in turbulence simulation, to compute derivative of discrete data, using fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and gives low dispersion and dissipation errors. In many turbulent flows the dynamically important scales of motion are concentrated in certain regions which requires a coarser grid for higher accuracy. A coarser grid in other regions minimizes the memory requirement. This requires the use of Non-equispaced Fast Fourier Transform (NFFT) to compute the Fourier transform, by solving a system of linear equations.

To achieve similar accuracy, the NFFT needs to return more Fourier coefficients than ...


Simulating High Flux Isotope Reactor Core Thermal-Hydraulics Via Interdimensional Model Coupling, Adam Ross Travis May 2014

Simulating High Flux Isotope Reactor Core Thermal-Hydraulics Via Interdimensional Model Coupling, Adam Ross Travis

Masters Theses

A coupled interdimensional model is presented for the simulation of the thermal-hydraulic characteristics of the High Flux Isotope Reactor core at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The model consists of two domains—a solid involute fuel plate and the surrounding liquid coolant channel. The fuel plate is modeled explicitly in three-dimensions. The coolant channel is approximated as a two-dimensional slice oriented perpendicular to the fuel plate’s surface. The two dimensionally-inconsistent domains are linked to one another via interdimensional model coupling mechanisms. The coupled model is presented as a simplified alternative to a fully explicit, fully three-dimensional model. Involute geometries were ...


Single-Phase Turbulent Enthalpy Transport, Bradley J. Shields Jan 2014

Single-Phase Turbulent Enthalpy Transport, Bradley J. Shields

Masters Theses

Vapor generation is central to the flow dynamics within fuel injector nozzles. Because the degree of atomization affects engine emissions and spray characteristics, quantification of phase change within diesel fuel injectors is a topic of design interest. Within the nozzle, the large pressure gradient between the upstream and downstream plena induce large velocities, creating separation and further pressure drop at the inlet corner. When local pressure in the throat drops below the fluid vapor pressure, phase change can occur with sufficient time. At the elevated temperatures present in diesel engines, this process can be dependent upon the degree of superheat ...