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Masters Theses

2014

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Articles 1 - 30 of 35

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Validation Of A Modified Parallel Compressor Model For Prediction Of The Effects Of Inlet Swirl On Compressor Performance And Operability, Reggie Floyd Dec 2014

Validation Of A Modified Parallel Compressor Model For Prediction Of The Effects Of Inlet Swirl On Compressor Performance And Operability, Reggie Floyd

Masters Theses

Engine inlet distortion complications have plagued the turbine engine development community for decades, and engineers have developed countless methods to identify and combat the harmful effects of inlet distortion. One such type of distortion that has gained much attention in recent years is known as inlet swirl, which results in a significant flow angularity at the face of the engine. This flow angularity can affect the pressure rise and flow capacity of the fan or compressor, and subsequently affect compressor and engine performance.

Previous modeling and simulation efforts to predict the effect inlet swirl can have on fan and compressor ...


Design And Model Of The Frame For Hagrid (Hybrid Array Of Gamma Ray Detectors), Santiago Munoz Dec 2014

Design And Model Of The Frame For Hagrid (Hybrid Array Of Gamma Ray Detectors), Santiago Munoz

Masters Theses

Transfer reactions in inverse kinematics have provided critical information in the study of exotic nuclei. However, transfer reactions with charged particles suffer from poor resolution. The measurement of gamma-rays offers several advantages: they provide not only good resolution in measurements but also other information about the nuclei like lifetimes of unstable states. The combination of these two methods would be the ideal situation to gather information about nuclear structure.

HAGRiD, which stands for The Hybrid Array of Gamma Ray Detectors, is a LaBr3(Ce) [lanthanum bromide crystal with a cerium activator] scintillation array to measure gamma rays from transfer reactions ...


Design And Fabrication Of A Low-Cost Turbine Engine Component Testbed (Tect), Joshua A. Hartman Aug 2014

Design And Fabrication Of A Low-Cost Turbine Engine Component Testbed (Tect), Joshua A. Hartman

Masters Theses

With gas turbine engine testing becoming very expensive because of the increasing complexity involved with the engine, engine subsystems, and test support systems, a low-cost Turbine Engine Component Testbed (TECT) is proposed. This engine build is given the designation J1-H-02. In the present study, a small augmented gas turbine engine (GTE) is constructed. The TECT engine is built with modularity as a key design consideration to allow for flame-tube patterns and augmentor sections to be changed quickly for combustion experiments that have gained impetus due to combustion anomalies/instabilities inherent with future military engine augmentors. This testbed allows for an ...


Neutron Imaging Of Lithium (Li) Coolants Inside High Temperature Niobium (Nb) Heat Pipes, Brad Harrison Hight May 2014

Neutron Imaging Of Lithium (Li) Coolants Inside High Temperature Niobium (Nb) Heat Pipes, Brad Harrison Hight

Masters Theses

Lithium (Li) behavior inside a high temperature Nb-Li leading edge heat pipe was successfully imaged under induction heating operation via neutron imaging. Startup and cool-down operations gave visual confirmation of bulk Li movement using both gravity assisted and inverted operating orientations. The pipe was imaged during an operation cycle from ambient conditions, heated to a steady state temperature of 908.8 0C, and allowed to cool below 200°C. The experiment was performed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, Maryland, and at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

Tomographic images ...


Formulation And Experimental Verification Of Alternate Calibration Techniques Of The Temperature Dependent Response Of Phosphor Fluorescence, Kelsey Michele Winstead May 2014

Formulation And Experimental Verification Of Alternate Calibration Techniques Of The Temperature Dependent Response Of Phosphor Fluorescence, Kelsey Michele Winstead

Masters Theses

The overall goal of this work is to provide an alternative approach to the thermographic phosphor (TP) time constant calibration method for temperature recovery. In this work two techniques are proposed that retain the pulsed source input used in the standard TP time constant calibration approach but reinterpret the phosphor response taken a fixed distance such that the single-exponential decay assumption is removed. The methods do not require knowledge of key parameters prior to data processing, nor do they involve complicated numerical schemes that attempt to fit data in the low signal-to-noise region of the phosphor response. The approaches do ...


Rotordynamic Analysis Of A Two-Pole Synchronous Motor With Sleeve And Pressure Dam Bearings, Justin Matthew Garrard May 2014

Rotordynamic Analysis Of A Two-Pole Synchronous Motor With Sleeve And Pressure Dam Bearings, Justin Matthew Garrard

Masters Theses

A two-pole synchronous motor was recently rewound for the von Karman Gas Dynamics facility at Arnold Engineering Development Complex, Arnold Air Force Base, Tennessee. After installing the rewound rotor, unexpected vibration amplitudes were recorded during motor checkouts. To resolve this issue, an investigation was initiated to investigate the causes of the vibration issues. The investigation discovered that the original design used sleeve bearings rather than pressure dam bearings. A study was formed to determine the effect of changing the pressure dam bearings back to sleeve bearings. Because only one spare bearing shell existed, the bearing with the highest vibration amplitudes ...


Simulating High Flux Isotope Reactor Core Thermal-Hydraulics Via Interdimensional Model Coupling, Adam Ross Travis May 2014

Simulating High Flux Isotope Reactor Core Thermal-Hydraulics Via Interdimensional Model Coupling, Adam Ross Travis

Masters Theses

A coupled interdimensional model is presented for the simulation of the thermal-hydraulic characteristics of the High Flux Isotope Reactor core at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The model consists of two domains—a solid involute fuel plate and the surrounding liquid coolant channel. The fuel plate is modeled explicitly in three-dimensions. The coolant channel is approximated as a two-dimensional slice oriented perpendicular to the fuel plate’s surface. The two dimensionally-inconsistent domains are linked to one another via interdimensional model coupling mechanisms. The coupled model is presented as a simplified alternative to a fully explicit, fully three-dimensional model. Involute geometries were ...


Thermal Response Characterization And Low Fluid Velocity Measurements Using Specialized In-Situ Thermocouples Via The Loop Current Step Response Method, Alexander Hashem Hashemian May 2014

Thermal Response Characterization And Low Fluid Velocity Measurements Using Specialized In-Situ Thermocouples Via The Loop Current Step Response Method, Alexander Hashem Hashemian

Masters Theses

In this study, a specialized balanced-leads thermocouple was developed to perform in-situ thermal response characterization via the LCSR test method. Thermal response characterization of installed thermocouples is essential in order to obtain accurate positional temperature data in rapid transient applications. An analytical model is presented that fully describes the thermocouple system based on a first-principles approach to the heat transfer physics of the sensor. In conjunction with the LCSR test, the full model presented yields quantifiable characterization parameters useful for determining accurate positional temperature data. It is necessary to employ a balanced-leads thermocouple for this experimental procedure in order to ...


Performance Analysis Of Cutting Graphite-Epoxy Composite Using A 90,000 Psi Abrasive Waterjet, Aiswarya Choppali Jan 2014

Performance Analysis Of Cutting Graphite-Epoxy Composite Using A 90,000 Psi Abrasive Waterjet, Aiswarya Choppali

Masters Theses

"Graphite-epoxy composites are being widely used in many aerospace and structural applications because of their properties: which include lighter weight, higher strength to weight ratio and a greater flexibility in design. However, the inherent anisotropy of these composites makes it difficult to machine them using conventional methods. To overcome the major issues that develop with conventional machining such as fiber pull out, delamination, heat generation and high tooling costs, an effort is herein made to study abrasive waterjet machining of composites. An abrasive waterjet is used to cut 1" thick graphite epoxy composites based on baseline data obtained from the ...


An Effectiveness - Based Analysis Of Ground Coupled Heat Exchangers, Chou Shen Jan 2014

An Effectiveness - Based Analysis Of Ground Coupled Heat Exchangers, Chou Shen

Masters Theses

"This thesis develops a theoretical framework, termed [Effectiveness] - BLU, to characterize the relation between temperatures, thermal contact and borehole length as it relates to the heat transfer processes in ground coupled heat exchangers used for ground source heat pump systems.

Borehole outflow temperature depends on the inflow temperature, the heat imposed on the borehole and the temperature history of the ground. In addition, variation of outflow temperature influences inflow temperature, even for the case of constant heat pump load. Because of this kind of feedback, the borehole inflow temperature may not be constant even with a fixed building load. Considering ...


Performance Evaluation Of Coaxial Horizontal Axis Hydrokinetic Turbines System, Abdulaziz M. Abutunis Jan 2014

Performance Evaluation Of Coaxial Horizontal Axis Hydrokinetic Turbines System, Abdulaziz M. Abutunis

Masters Theses

"Hydrokinetic energy technologies are emerging as a viable solution for renewable power generation. Unlike conventional hydropower turbines, hydrokinetic turbines are environmentally friendly; they operate at zero-head, and do not need dams to preserve the water. Unfortunately, they have a low efficiency which makes their design a challenging task. This work was focused on the hydrodynamic performance of horizontal axis hydrokinetic turbines (HAHkTs) under different turbine arrangements and flow conditions.

It was undertaken in an effort to improve the efficiency of small HAHkTs that harness a river's kinetic energy. Four sets of experiments were performed in a water tunnel to ...


Numerical Analysis Of Thermal Stress And Deformation In Multi-Layer Laser Metal Deposition Process, Heng Liu Jan 2014

Numerical Analysis Of Thermal Stress And Deformation In Multi-Layer Laser Metal Deposition Process, Heng Liu

Masters Theses

"Direct metal deposition (DMD) has gained increasing attention in the area of rapid manufacturing and repair. It has demonstrated the ability to produce fully dense metal parts with complex internal structures that could not be achieved by traditional manufacturing methods. However, this process involves extremely high thermal gradients and heating and cooling rates, resulting in residual stresses and distortion, which may greatly affect the product integrity. The purpose of this thesis is to study the features of thermal stress and deformation involved in the DMD process. Utilizing commercial finite element analysis (FEA) software ABAQUS, a 3-D, sequentially coupled, thermo-mechanical model ...


A Driving Simulator Study To Evaluate The Impact Of Portable Changeable Message Signs (Pcms) On Driver Speed Characteristics, Bharath Kolar Venkat Jan 2014

A Driving Simulator Study To Evaluate The Impact Of Portable Changeable Message Signs (Pcms) On Driver Speed Characteristics, Bharath Kolar Venkat

Masters Theses

"This research project examined the effects of sequential Portable Changeable Message Signs (PCMS) on driver behavior in work zones. PCMS are temporary traffic control (TTC) devices, part of Intelligent Transportation Systems, which supplement static signs to provide advance warning and real-time information to drivers. Text and number based messages are displayed on the PCMS for which detailed evaluation has not been carried out before. This research fills this gap using a driving simulator (DS) supplemented by objective and subjective surveys. A work zone on I-44 in rural Missouri was replicated in the DS using video recordings and GIS (Geographical Information ...


Single-Phase Turbulent Enthalpy Transport, Bradley J. Shields Jan 2014

Single-Phase Turbulent Enthalpy Transport, Bradley J. Shields

Masters Theses

Vapor generation is central to the flow dynamics within fuel injector nozzles. Because the degree of atomization affects engine emissions and spray characteristics, quantification of phase change within diesel fuel injectors is a topic of design interest. Within the nozzle, the large pressure gradient between the upstream and downstream plena induce large velocities, creating separation and further pressure drop at the inlet corner. When local pressure in the throat drops below the fluid vapor pressure, phase change can occur with sufficient time. At the elevated temperatures present in diesel engines, this process can be dependent upon the degree of superheat ...


Modeling Dynamic Stall For A Free Vortex Wake Model Of A Floating Offshore Wind Turbine, Evan M. Gaertner Jan 2014

Modeling Dynamic Stall For A Free Vortex Wake Model Of A Floating Offshore Wind Turbine, Evan M. Gaertner

Masters Theses

Floating offshore wind turbines in deep waters offer significant advantages to onshore and near-shore wind turbines. However, due to the motion of floating platforms in response to wind and wave loading, the aerodynamics are substantially more complex. Traditional aerodynamic models and design codes do not adequately account for the floating platform dynamics to assess its effect on turbine loads and performance. Turbines must therefore be over designed due to loading uncertainty and are not fully optimized for their operating conditions. Previous research at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst developed the Wake Induced Dynamics Simulator, or WInDS, a free vortex wake ...


A Consistent Algorithm For Implementing The Space Conservation Law, Venkata Pavan Pillalamarri Narasimha Rao Jan 2014

A Consistent Algorithm For Implementing The Space Conservation Law, Venkata Pavan Pillalamarri Narasimha Rao

Masters Theses

Fluid flows occurring in moving and/or deforming environments are influenced by the transient nature of their containment. In Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), simulating such flow fields requires effort to maintain the geometric integrity of the transient flow domain. Convective fluxes in such domains are evaluated with respect to the motion of the boundaries of the control volume. These simulations demand conservation of space in addition to the conservation of mass, momentum and energy as the solution continues in time.

The Space Conservation Law in its continuous form can be inferred by using the rules of fundamental calculus. However, implementing ...


Cfd Simulation Of The Flow Around Nrel Phase Vi Wind Turbine, Yang Song Jan 2014

Cfd Simulation Of The Flow Around Nrel Phase Vi Wind Turbine, Yang Song

Masters Theses

The simulation of the turbulent and potentially separating flow around a rotating, twisted, and tapered airfoil is a challenging task for CFD simulations. This thesis describes CFD simulations of the NREL Phase VI turbine that was experimentally characterized in the 24.4m X 36.6m NREL/NASA Ames wind tunnel. All computations in this research are performed on the experimental base configuration of 0o yaw angle, 3o tip pitch angle, and a rotation rate of 72 rpm. The significance of specific mesh resolution regions to the accuracy of the CFD prediction is discussed. The ability of CFD to ...


Fabrication Of Out-Of-Autoclave Bismaleimide Based Composite Laminates With Embedded Fiber Optic Sensors, Sudharshan Anandan Jan 2014

Fabrication Of Out-Of-Autoclave Bismaleimide Based Composite Laminates With Embedded Fiber Optic Sensors, Sudharshan Anandan

Masters Theses

"Composites are becoming the material of choice in applications where weight savings are critical, like aerospace structures. The common composites used are- Carbon/Epoxy and Carbon/Bismaleimide (BMI). BMI based systems are preferred in applications which involve operating temperatures higher than conventional epoxies. Carbon/BMI laminates are traditionally fabricated in an autoclave, which is associated with high operating costs. In this work, a low cost out of autoclave (OOA) process is evaluated. It is desirable to have BMI OOA prepreg systems cure at reasonably low temperatures with sufficient degree of cure and green strength to maintain rigidity for subsequent freestanding ...


Impact Of Fracture Spacing And Mechanical Parameter Anisotropy On Fracture Width In Horizontal Wells In Shales, Deepak Gokaraju Jan 2014

Impact Of Fracture Spacing And Mechanical Parameter Anisotropy On Fracture Width In Horizontal Wells In Shales, Deepak Gokaraju

Masters Theses

"The success of economically viable production of oil and gas from ultra-low permeability shale reservoirs depends on the creation of an extensive fracture network through hydraulic fracture stimulation. Multiple hydraulic fractures are created simultaneously in each stage to increase the surface area of contact between the wellbore and reservoir. The spacing between fractures is an important component to consider when developing an optimum stimulation design. An important aspect of shale rock properties is that shales are inherently anisotropic with a horizontal plane of isotropy (transversely isotropic) due to their finely layered structure. This study aims to provide an insight into ...


Effect Of Stress Concentrations On Fatigue Of Composite And Metallic Structures, Ross Henry Falen Jan 2014

Effect Of Stress Concentrations On Fatigue Of Composite And Metallic Structures, Ross Henry Falen

Masters Theses

"The complex shapes of hydrokinetic turbine blades can include part features such as a fillet, step, or hole. Situations can arise where two part features, such as a hole and a fillet, may be in close proximity which can introduce stress concentrations within the blade structure, adversely affecting the structure's life. Because the interaction between the part features isn't well known, fatigue data is needed to determine the proper analysis.

In this thesis, two separate topics are discussed and investigated. The first topic deals with stress concentrations in hydrokinetic turbine blades. Several blade designs were tested and improved ...


Modelling Of Directed Energy Deposition Processes, Xueyang Chen Jan 2014

Modelling Of Directed Energy Deposition Processes, Xueyang Chen

Masters Theses

"The laser additive manufacturing technique of laser deposition allows quick fabrication of fully-dense metallic components directly from Computer Aided Design (CAD) solid models. The applications of laser deposition include rapid prototyping, rapid tooling and part refurbishment. The development of an accurate predictive model for laser deposition is extremely complicated due to the multitude of process parameters and materials properties involved. In this work, a heat transfer and fluid flow model is developed.

In the heat transfer and fluid flow model, the governing equations for solid, liquid and gas phases in the calculation domain have been formulated using the continuum model ...


Additive Manufacturing Laser Deposition Of Ti-6al-4v For Aerospace Repair Application, Nanda Kumar Dey Jan 2014

Additive Manufacturing Laser Deposition Of Ti-6al-4v For Aerospace Repair Application, Nanda Kumar Dey

Masters Theses

"Parts or products machined from high performance metals are very expensive, partly due to the processing complexities during manufacturing. Therefore, many high performance metal parts users, such as the aerospace industry, mold/die casting industry, heavy machinery consumers etc., extend the service of these damaged parts by employing repair or remanufacturing technology. The research objective is to use laser deposition and machining processes to repair titanium parts.

This thesis discusses a new way of approach for developing a repair process for Ti-6Al-4V for the aerospace industry using Laser Metal Deposition (LMD). The repairs were conducted in a multi-axis hybrid manufacturing ...


Characterization Of 304l Stainless Steel By Means Of Minimum Input Energy On The Selective Laser Melting Platform, Ben Brown Jan 2014

Characterization Of 304l Stainless Steel By Means Of Minimum Input Energy On The Selective Laser Melting Platform, Ben Brown

Masters Theses

"Developing parameter sets for new materials on the Selective Laser Melting (SLM) platform has traditionally been done through the use of single line processing windows and a basic design of experiments (DOE) which would include varying machine parameters to maximize density. This study expands the traditional method by determining the main effects statistically for density, allowing for a more in depth analysis wherein the experimental results are statistically correlated to the variable machine parameters used. With this analysis, parameter optimization with respect to achieving near full density, while also considering build rates, can be performed. New parameters for 304L stainless ...


An Interactive Product Development Model In Remanufacturing Environment: A Chaos-Based Artificial Bee Colony Approach, Vishwa V. Kumar Jan 2014

An Interactive Product Development Model In Remanufacturing Environment: A Chaos-Based Artificial Bee Colony Approach, Vishwa V. Kumar

Masters Theses

"This research presents an interactive product development model in re-manufacturing environment. The product development model defined a quantitative value model considering product design and development tasks and their value attributes responsible to describe functions of the product. At the last stage of the product development process, re-manufacturing feasibility of used components is incorporated. The consummate feature of this consideration lies in considering variability in cost, weight, and size of the constituted components depending on its types and physical states.

Further, this research focuses on reverse logistics paradigm to drive environmental management and economic concerns of the manufacturing industry after the ...


Measurement And Verification - Retro-Commissioning Of A Leed Gold Rated Building Through Means Of An Energy Model: Are Aggressive Energy Simulation Models Reliable?, Justin M. Marmaras Jan 2014

Measurement And Verification - Retro-Commissioning Of A Leed Gold Rated Building Through Means Of An Energy Model: Are Aggressive Energy Simulation Models Reliable?, Justin M. Marmaras

Masters Theses

During the construction of the new 3 story, 25,000+ square foot police station, a decision was made to participate in the LEED program to ensure the building had low operating costs, reduced emissions, conserved water and overall energy. The design of the building includes a primary-secondary ground source heat pump (GSHP) loop, a Dedicated Outside Air System (DOAS) with Energy Recovery Ventilation (ERV) wheel, all controlled by CO2 monitoring through Demand Control Ventilation (DCV) to supply heat pumps located in each space; all monitored by a Building Automation System (BAS).

The building’s future energy performance was predicted through ...


Kinetics Of Aluminization And Homogenization In Wrought H-X750 Nickel-Base Superalloy, Sean Reilly Jan 2014

Kinetics Of Aluminization And Homogenization In Wrought H-X750 Nickel-Base Superalloy, Sean Reilly

Masters Theses

In sub-millimeter sheets of wrought H-X750 Nickel-base superalloy, aluminum-rich coatings are bonded to matrix with a vapor phase aluminization process. If an appropriate amount of aluminum is bonded to matrix with homogenization treatment, the resulting diffusion couple will diffuse into coherent (g/g’) heterogeneous phases creating matrix that is both precipitation and solid solution strengthened.

The diffusional mechanisms for solid solution mass transport involved with the growth and dispersion of bonded aluminum-rich coatings in the aluminization process only differ from the no external mass flow homogenization process with annealing treatment in that the boundary conditions are different. In each case ...


The Optimization Of Offshore Wind Turbine Towers Using Passive Tuned Mass Dampers, Onur Can Yilmaz Jan 2014

The Optimization Of Offshore Wind Turbine Towers Using Passive Tuned Mass Dampers, Onur Can Yilmaz

Masters Theses

Increasing energy demand and carbon emissions have driven the development of alternative energy solutions. One promising technology is wind energy. Wind energy technology developments has advanced substantially since the 1980s. Offshore wind turbines have become a major research focus, due to the promising offshore wind resource. However, challenges in offshore wind energy have arisen due to the additional wave loading and strong wind loads. Structural control systems have been implemented and researched in order to decrease dynamic response of these systems. The previous studies were successful at decreasing fatigue loads in the tower and support structure of offshore wind turbines ...


New Generator Control Algorithms For Smart-Bladed Wind Turbines To Improve Power Capture In Below Rated Conditions, Bryce B. Aquino Jan 2014

New Generator Control Algorithms For Smart-Bladed Wind Turbines To Improve Power Capture In Below Rated Conditions, Bryce B. Aquino

Masters Theses

NEW GENERATOR CONTROL ALGORITHMS FOR SMART-BLADED WIND TURBINES TO IMPROVE POWER CAPTURE IN BELOW RATED CONDITIONS

APRIL 2014

BRYCE BAUTISTA AQUINO

B.S.M.E., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AMHERST

M.S.M.E., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AMHERST

Directed by: Professor Matthew A. Lackner

ABSTRACT

With wind turbines growing in size, operation and maintenance has become a more important area of research with the goal of making wind energy more profitable. Wind turbine blades are subjected to intense fluctuating loads that can cause significant damage over time. The need for advanced methods of alleviating blade loads to extend the lifespan of ...


Design Of A Passive Exoskeleton Spine, Haohan Zhang Jan 2014

Design Of A Passive Exoskeleton Spine, Haohan Zhang

Masters Theses

ABSTRACT

DESIGN OF A PASSIVE EXOSKELETON SPINE

SEPTEMBER 2014

HAOHAN ZHANG, B.E.M.E, DALIAN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY

M.S.M.E., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AMHERST

Directed by: Professor Frank C. Sup IV

In this thesis, a passive exoskeleton spine was designed and evaluated by a series of biomechanics simulations. The design objectives were to reduce the human operator’s back muscle efforts and the intervertebral reaction torques during a full range sagittal plane spine flexion/extension. The biomechanics simulations were performed using the OpenSim modeling environment. To manipulate the simulations, a full body musculoskeletal model was created based ...


An Experimental Study Of The C-Start Of A Mechanical Fish, Benjamin Kandaswamy Chinna Thambi Jan 2014

An Experimental Study Of The C-Start Of A Mechanical Fish, Benjamin Kandaswamy Chinna Thambi

Masters Theses

The Northern Pike have recorded the highest accelerations for marine propulsors. The mean peak acceleration and velocity for a number of trials were found to be 120 ms-2 and 4 ms-1 respectively (Harper and Blake 1990) for live fish. Here, we emulate this fast-start motion and analyze the performance of the Northern Pike, using a mechanical fish. The mechanical fish was made of a PVC head attached to a spring steel frame with aluminum ribs and a plastic tail. A latex rubber sheet was used as the skin of the fish. The set-up used air bearings for frictionless motion with ...