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Masters Theses

2007

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Articles 1 - 25 of 25

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Virtual Modeling And Verification Of Air-Ride Truck Seat Using Multibody Dynamics For Whole Body Vibration Evaluation, Devdutt Nandkishore Shende Dec 2007

Virtual Modeling And Verification Of Air-Ride Truck Seat Using Multibody Dynamics For Whole Body Vibration Evaluation, Devdutt Nandkishore Shende

Masters Theses

To aid the tuning and optimization of the truck seat design to specific trucks and road profiles during the design phase, this study presents the development and validation of a virtual seat model. This study also assess the utility of the model for whole body vibrations evaluation.

The virtual dynamic seat model was developed in MSC. ADAMS/VIEW. The critical elements like the suspension mechanism, the airspring, dampers and seat cushion were modeled using tested data. To validate the performance of the virtual model, prototype tests were performed using the MTS 6-axis simulator. The modeling process was targeted to achieve ...


Estimation Of Surface Temperature And Heat Flux Using Embedded Thermocouples, Jeffrey Daniel King Dec 2007

Estimation Of Surface Temperature And Heat Flux Using Embedded Thermocouples, Jeffrey Daniel King

Masters Theses

This thesis investigates several new methods for estimating surface temperature and heat flux based on thermocouples embedded within the interior of a test article. The test apparatus was a Mach 2 axisymmetric rocket nozzle with probes embedded at depths of 1/8” and 1/4” from the inner surface of the nozzle at the throat and exit locations. Three methods for numerically estimating temperature and heat flux at the surface of the nozzle were considered: a one-thermocouple slab-coordinate method, a two-thermocouple slabcoordinate method, and a finite-element analysis (FEA) based on a one-dimensional cylindrical coordinate method. Comparisons between the methods, as ...


Inverse Kinematics Based On Fuzzy Logic And Neural Networks For The Wam-Titan Ii Teleoperation System, Joong-Kyoo Park Dec 2007

Inverse Kinematics Based On Fuzzy Logic And Neural Networks For The Wam-Titan Ii Teleoperation System, Joong-Kyoo Park

Masters Theses

The inverse kinematic problem is crucial for robotics. In this paper, a solution algorithm is presented using artificial intelligence to improve the pseudo-inverse Jacobian calculation for the 7-DOF Whole Arm Manipulator (WAM) and 6-DOF Titan II teleoperation system. An investigation of the inverse kinematics based on fuzzy logic and artificial neural networks for the teleoperation system was undertaken. Various methods such as Adaptive Neural-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS), Genetic Algorithms (GA), Multilayer Perceptrons (MLP) Feedforward Networks, Radial Basis Function Networks (RBF) and Generalized Regression Neural Networks (GRNN) were tested and simulated using MATLAB. Each method for identification of the pseudo-inverse problem ...


Analysis Of Electrical Activity Of The Core Muscles Exposed To Whole-Body Vibrations While Driving A Tractor Trailer Using Electromyography Device, Harini Mangavelli Dec 2007

Analysis Of Electrical Activity Of The Core Muscles Exposed To Whole-Body Vibrations While Driving A Tractor Trailer Using Electromyography Device, Harini Mangavelli

Masters Theses

Lower back disorders are observed to be the most significant problem for most of the industrial workers who operate commercial vehicles. A person sitting can have 40% higher load on the lumbar spine than when standing. Human core muscles related to spinal movement respond to rapid potential motions related to external acceleration inputs of vibration in order to control body posture, the increased muscle tension can result in muscle fatigue. The over use of muscles, vibration exposure combined with dehydration of spine and long term seating can lead to lower back pain and axial discomfort to the drivers. Electromyography (EMG ...


Intrustive Probe Measurements In A High-Temperature Mach Two Flow, Sonya Renee Nelson Aug 2007

Intrustive Probe Measurements In A High-Temperature Mach Two Flow, Sonya Renee Nelson

Masters Theses

To acquire heat transfer measurements of a high temperature Mach two flow a water-cooled calorimeter was placed in the flow and the water temperature rise was used to calculate the heat transfer rate and the recovery temperature of the gas. In addition, a graphite rod with a stainless steel tube at its core was used to measure the total pressure of the flow. This pressure probe was swept through the flow for two test runs to acquire a stagnation pressure profile of the gas flow. All results were compared to NASA CEA computer simulation code results. The heat transfer and ...


Influence Of The Sampling Procedure On Extracted Jet Engine Exhaust Gas Emission Samples, Ashley Dawn Owens Aug 2007

Influence Of The Sampling Procedure On Extracted Jet Engine Exhaust Gas Emission Samples, Ashley Dawn Owens

Masters Theses

The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the effects of an intrusive sample extraction process on the thermo-chemistry of extracted gas samples taken from exhaust of a GE-J85-H turbojet engine. The engine testing took place at University of Tennessee Space Institute in Tullahoma, TN, where the J85 was installed in a test bay of a research facility. The results of the analysis validate that testing methods used had a low probability of disturbing the exhaust chemistry. The tools used to analyze the thermal history of the extracted samples were the NASA CEA and LSENS programs. Several different cases of ...


Effect Of Length On The Performance Of Lean NoX Traps, Vitaly Y. Prikhodko Aug 2007

Effect Of Length On The Performance Of Lean NoX Traps, Vitaly Y. Prikhodko

Masters Theses

The effect of monolith length on the NOx performance of two different Lean NOx Traps has been investigated using a bench flow reactor (BFR). The washcoat composition of one of the catalysts consists of Pt/K/γ-Al2O3; the major components of the other catalyst include Pt, Pd, Rh, barium, ceria and zirconia supported on γ-alumina washcoat. Samples of 2.22-cm in diameter and length of 2.54, 5.08 and 7.62-cm within each LNT were evaluated with long and short-cycle experiments at a fixed gas hourly space velocity, and results were compared between samples ...


Mathematical Modeling Of Reverse Flow Oxidation Catalysts, Barath Raghavan May 2007

Mathematical Modeling Of Reverse Flow Oxidation Catalysts, Barath Raghavan

Masters Theses

A theoretical model and a computer simulation on methane (CH4) reduction in a simulated natural gas exhaust mixture are performed for a Reverse-Flow Oxidation Catalyst. This theoretical model is to predict the conversion of methane flowing through an oxidation catalyst with periodic reversal of flow direction. The model developed for this purpose is a transient, 1-Dimensional plug flow model with gas phase reactions and surface reactions. The derivation of the model resulted in the mole balance equation and the energy balance equation for the gas phase and the solid phase. The momentum equation for this model is neglected as it ...


Energy Harvesting From Vibration Of A Bridge, Sri Harish Valluru May 2007

Energy Harvesting From Vibration Of A Bridge, Sri Harish Valluru

Masters Theses

Basic research in smart materials and structural systems has demonstrated great potential for enhancing the functionality, serviceability and durability of civil and mechanical infrastructure systems. These smart materials (like piezoelectric materials) can be used as mechanisms to transfer mechanical energy, usually ambient vibration, into electrical energy that can be stored and used to power other devices. The intelligent renewal of aging and deteriorating civil and mechanical infrastructure systems includes efficient and innovative use of high performance sensors, actuators, and structural systems. In this work, a computational model is developed to generate power from the ambient vibration of a single span ...


Energy Harvesting Using Optimized Piezoelectric Microcantilevers, Ahmed Mohamed Elalfy May 2007

Energy Harvesting Using Optimized Piezoelectric Microcantilevers, Ahmed Mohamed Elalfy

Masters Theses

In this thesis, the energy producing capabilities and efficiency of Piezoelectric materials for ambient energy harvesting from multi-layered micro-cantilevers are analyzed. The cantilevers are then optimized utilizing a homogenization approach involving the redistribution of materials in all regions throughout the three dimensional model to yield the greatest voltage output for a specified tip force under static loading; This would be analogous to having the greatest energy production. The design of the model using the Finite Element Analysis (FEA) software ABAQUS is used in conjunction with a commercial FORTRAN optimization code, where the FEA software handles the mechanical design aspect of ...


E-Design Tools For Friction Stir Welding: Cost Estimation Tool, Pradeep Kumar Tipaji Jan 2007

E-Design Tools For Friction Stir Welding: Cost Estimation Tool, Pradeep Kumar Tipaji

Masters Theses

"A cost model is an important tool for product design and material selection. An efficient and effective cost estimation tool is necessary for early design evaluation. In this paper, cost estimation models that estimate the production cost for Metal Inert Gas (MIG), Friction Stir (FS), and Friction Stir Spot (FSS) welded joints are presented. These models determine the cost incurred to fabricate each joint along with a detailed explanation of each cost component. Each cost component has been closely analyzed and major cost components have been included in the cost model"--Abstract, page iv.


Development Of A Liquid Injection Propane System For Spark-Ignited Engines Via Fuel Temperature Control, Brian Charles Applegate Jan 2007

Development Of A Liquid Injection Propane System For Spark-Ignited Engines Via Fuel Temperature Control, Brian Charles Applegate

Masters Theses

"This work describes the development of a thermally controlled liquid propane injection system...A liquid fuel system, as described in this work, offers power gains over vaporized fuel introduction due to the ability to use the heat of vaporization from the vaporizing fuel to cool the intake charge and improve the volumetric efficiency of the engine. This system uses temperature to control the state of the fuel in the fuel system"--Introduction, page 1.


Towards A Methodology For Integrated Freeform Manufacturing Systems Development With A Control Systems Emphasis, Jacquelyn K. Stroble Jan 2007

Towards A Methodology For Integrated Freeform Manufacturing Systems Development With A Control Systems Emphasis, Jacquelyn K. Stroble

Masters Theses

"A variety of fully integrated Freeform Fabrication (FFF) systems have been developed, a selected group for research and several for commercialization. The design methodology behind most of them is not documented, standardized, or rational. It is important to understand that the final product from any integrated system is affected not only by the unit manufacturing processes themselves, but also by the extent the individual units are assimilated into an integrated process. Thus, a scheme consisting of eight steps and the salient five elements necessary to create or retrofit an existing system to achieve an Integrated Freeform Manufacturing System (FFMS) is ...


Empirical Investigation Of Enhanced Air Fins, Stephen John Dale Rucker Jan 2007

Empirical Investigation Of Enhanced Air Fins, Stephen John Dale Rucker

Masters Theses

"Enhanced convective heat transfer surfaces have been a subject of interest for quite some time. Many different methods have been used to increase the amount of heat transfered from a surface. However, nearly all surface enhancement methods come with a price, frictional losses. This thesis studies the use of enhanced convective heat transfer surfaces on air fins in the laminar, transitional, and turbulent flow regimes with emphasis on the transitional regime. A major goal of this thesis is to further the understanding of the influence of an enhanced wall geometry on the transition from laminar to turbulent flow. Causing the ...


Transient Performance Of Closed Loop Thermosyphons Incorporating Thermal Storage, Kyle S. Benne Jan 2007

Transient Performance Of Closed Loop Thermosyphons Incorporating Thermal Storage, Kyle S. Benne

Masters Theses

This thesis considers a unique application of a thermosyphon to a conventional thermal storage deice. In such an application, the dynamics of the thermosyphon are coupled with the condition of the storage volume. This thesis specifically focuses on the transient energy addition or charge process, where heat accumulated within the storage volume continuously decreases the driving buoyant force and volumetric flow rate"--Abstract, page iv.


Compressor Valve Failure Detection And Prognostics, Raghuram Puthali Ramesh Jan 2007

Compressor Valve Failure Detection And Prognostics, Raghuram Puthali Ramesh

Masters Theses

"Reciprocating compressors are commonly used machinery for industrial applications. Unscheduled downtime and maintenance activity on the compressors causes considerable loss in throughput and efficiency of a plant. Of all the failures that cause unscheduled downtime in reciprocating compressors, valve related causes are predominant. Most of the failures associated with the valves are tracked to the failure of moving elements within the valve. Achieving higher reliability of critical reciprocating systems requires continuously monitoring the system and performing dynamic analysis of the sensory data for valve fault diagnosis. Continuous monitoring will improve the time and cost to repair through keeping a constant ...


Mechanical Properties And Microstructure Study For Direct Metal Deposition Of Titanium Alloy And Tool Steel, Yaxin Bao Jan 2007

Mechanical Properties And Microstructure Study For Direct Metal Deposition Of Titanium Alloy And Tool Steel, Yaxin Bao

Masters Theses

"This thesis is focused on the research about DMD (Direct Metal Deposition) which is an additive manufacturing process and used in various engineering applications such as producing fully dense and net shape productions in difficult-to-machine materials. In this study, the microstructure was analyzed through optical microscopy and some mechanical properties were tested with different equipments such as SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) and micro-hardness tester...In summary, this thesis validated that DMD process can be improved through surface treatments and is capable of repairing molds for die casting industry"--Introduction, page 1.


Optimal Formation Of Supplier Networks For Product Design And Production Phases To Realize An Evolving Product Family, Padmavathi K. Pakala Jan 2007

Optimal Formation Of Supplier Networks For Product Design And Production Phases To Realize An Evolving Product Family, Padmavathi K. Pakala

Masters Theses

"Due to rapid changes in customer requirements and vast improvements in technology, many product development companies have identified strategies like time-to-market (TTM) compression and product family development as critical for attaining success in today's hyper-competitive markets. Compressing the TTM, to a large extent, is dependent on the suppliers and the project execution skills of the integrator companies. This study presents a methodology for selecting suppliers for two significant phases of the product realization process, namely, product design and production. The proposed methodology uses a two-stage approach for supplier selection where suppliers for product design are selected in the first ...


On-Line Inspection And Thermal Properties Comparison For Laser Deposition Process, Yu Yang Jan 2007

On-Line Inspection And Thermal Properties Comparison For Laser Deposition Process, Yu Yang

Masters Theses

"This thesis is focused on comparing the laser deposition cladding with intended design model and comparing the effect of laser deposition process on thermal properties with traditional welding process. It is research on two aspects of laser deposition cladding. The first part of the thesis is aimed at solving the geometric inspection of laser deposition cladding, and the second part is for comparing the thermal properties of laser deposition cladding to samples of conventional welding process"--Introduction, page 1.


Development, Modeling, And Simulation Of A Nano Aerial Vehicle Using Empirical Data, Wyatt Emery Davenport Jan 2007

Development, Modeling, And Simulation Of A Nano Aerial Vehicle Using Empirical Data, Wyatt Emery Davenport

Masters Theses

"The ultimate goals of this study were to use experimental data to estimate the flight capabilities of a flapping wing nano aerial vehicle (NAV), estimate the power required to provide such flight, and develop a controller approach for future use in the design of this aircraft. The experimental data is a collection of measurements of the normal force on a flapping wing taken in stationary water, and was used to develop empirical coefficient derivatives for use in the dynamic modeling of the NAV"--Abstract, page iii.


Robust Mechanism Synthesis With Random And Interval Variables, Pavan Kumar Venigella Jan 2007

Robust Mechanism Synthesis With Random And Interval Variables, Pavan Kumar Venigella

Masters Theses

"Robust mechanism synthesis ensures that the performance of a mechanism is not sensitive to uncertainties in the mechanism and its environment. The uncertainties include the dimension variations, installation errors, random input motion, and various external forces. Robust mechanism synthesis is used to minimize the impact of these uncertainties on the mechanism performance. Robust mechanism synthesis has been performed by either a probabilistic approach or a worst case approach. The former approach describes uncertain parameters as random variables while the latter approach treats uncertain parameters as interval variables. In this work, methods are developed for robustness assessment and robust mechanism synthesis ...


Modeling And Control Of Freeze-Form Extrusion Fabrication, Xiyue Zhao Jan 2007

Modeling And Control Of Freeze-Form Extrusion Fabrication, Xiyue Zhao

Masters Theses

"Freeze-form Extrusion Fabrication (FEF) is an additive manufacturing technique that extrudes ceramic loaded aqueous pastes layer by layer below the paste freezing temperature for component fabrication. As the FEF is aimed at being conducted at low environmental temperatures, down to -20°C, it is necessary to investigate the effect of environmental temperature on the process. The advantages of fabrication at low temperature have been proved by experiments. Comparisons in terms of operation parameters, self-sustaining ability, and system dynamic response were performed at different environmental temperatures ranging from 20°C to -20°C.

It is commonly known in paste extrusion processes ...


Empirical Dynamic Modeling And Nonlinear Force Control Of Friction Stir Welding, Xin Zhao Jan 2007

Empirical Dynamic Modeling And Nonlinear Force Control Of Friction Stir Welding, Xin Zhao

Masters Theses

"Current Friction Stir Welding (FSW) process models are mainly concerned with the detailed analysis of material flow, heat generation, etc. and therefore, are computationally intensive. Dynamic models describing the total forces acting on the tool throughout the entire welding process are required for the design of feedback control strategies and improved process planning and analysis. In this thesis, empirical models relating the process parameters (i.e., plunge depth, travel speed, and rotation speed) to the process variables (i.e., axial, path, and normal forces) are developed to describe their dynamic relationships"--Abstract, page iv.


Adhesion-Delamination Mechanics Of Linear And Axisymmetric Film At Film-Substrate Interface, Ming-Fung Wong Jan 2007

Adhesion-Delamination Mechanics Of Linear And Axisymmetric Film At Film-Substrate Interface, Ming-Fung Wong

Masters Theses

"This thesis is to characterize the thin membrane adhesion-delamination phenomena which occur in biological cells and micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) operation. The delamination of a thin film adhered to a rigid substrate is subjected to the coupling effects of tensile residual stress and interfacial adhesion energy. The adhesion-delamination mechanics is derived using the classical linear elasticity and thermodynamics energy balance. The membrane deformation is here dominated by a mixed plate-bending and membrane-stretching, while the concomitant stress is neglected. An 1-dimensional model is first investigated where a pre-stressed rectangular film clamped at both ends delaminates from a rigid punch of the same ...


Selective Laser Sintering Of Stearic Acid-Coated Alumina Ceramic, Jason J. Nolte Jan 2007

Selective Laser Sintering Of Stearic Acid-Coated Alumina Ceramic, Jason J. Nolte

Masters Theses

"The purpose of this research is to develop a process that will enable a Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) machine to create geometrically complex green parts of various sizes that become strong, dense ceramic parts after sintering. This will be applicable to SLS systems already operational in industry, and may offer a more cost-effective, more time-efficient method for producing high-temperature ceramic rapid prototype parts. Alumina was the chosen ceramic for the developmental stage of this research. Fine alumina powder (average particle size of 0.4 µm) was coated with stearic acid, which served as a binder. Green parts were made from ...