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Masters Theses

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Articles 31 - 47 of 47

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

A Planning Tool To Predict The Welding Angle In Laser Metal Deposition, Sriram Prabhu Jan 2012

A Planning Tool To Predict The Welding Angle In Laser Metal Deposition, Sriram Prabhu

Masters Theses

"Research in Laser Metal Deposition (LMD) has been done rigorously in the past. However, the main challenge that still exists is the production of complex part geometries having overhang features. Production of such features requires individual tracks with a high aspect ratio and wider bead angle. The use of destructible/ non-destructible support structures involves costly post production operations which increase production cost. Tilting or moving the deposition surface can be useful to create overhangs but are applicable only to special cases. Since such techniques have to be used by the manufacturing community, the techniques need to be simple in calculation ...


Fabrication Of Complex Ceramic Parts With Sacrificial Material Using Freeze-Form Extrusion Fabrication, Diego Armando Garcia MontañO Jan 2012

Fabrication Of Complex Ceramic Parts With Sacrificial Material Using Freeze-Form Extrusion Fabrication, Diego Armando Garcia MontañO

Masters Theses

"An additive manufacturing process called Freeze-form Extrusion Fabrication (FEF) was developed in this study to fabricate complex ceramic parts that require the use of sacrificial materials. The aqueous paste of alumina (Al₂O₃) was used as the main material, with solids loadings as high as 50 vol. % and water as the main liquid medium. Methyl cellulose, with a 10 vol. % solids loading and 90 vol. % water content, was used as the sacrificial material. The freeze-form extrusion machine has multiple extruders (extrusion devices) capable of fabricating parts from multiple materials without mixing them. The dynamic process of extruding alumina and methyl cellulose ...


Generic Kinematic Simulation For Verification Of Laser Deposition Tool Paths, Sweta Dhaveji Chakravadhanula Jan 2012

Generic Kinematic Simulation For Verification Of Laser Deposition Tool Paths, Sweta Dhaveji Chakravadhanula

Masters Theses

"The development of 3D visual simulation tool for machine simulation is a key approach in saving time and reducing cost. It is an important step before a manufacturing operation is performed on a part, as a tool to detect collision and validate the operation results. There are several kinds of manufacturing equipment being used and hence there is a need for the development of a generalized method to visually simulate a variety of machines. This paper presents the research conducted on describing machine configuration in a generic format which not only gives useful information, but can also be used as ...


Analysis And Modeling Of Depth-Of-Cut During End Milling Of Deposited Material, Haythem Gaja Jan 2011

Analysis And Modeling Of Depth-Of-Cut During End Milling Of Deposited Material, Haythem Gaja

Masters Theses

"This study addresses depth-of-cut detection and tool-workpiece engagement using an acoustic emission monitoring system during milling machining for a deposited material. Online detection of depth-of-cut presents many technical difficulties. Researchers have used various types of sensors and methods to assess the depth-of-cut and surface errors. Due to the strong correlation between acoustic emission and cutting depth during the depth end milling process, it is useful to forecast the depth-of-cut from the acoustic emission signal. This work used regression analysis to model and detect the depth-of-cut. The experiments were carried out on a Fadal vertical 5-Axis computer numerical control machine using ...


Maskless Additive Manufacturing Of Micro Structures By Laser Sintering Of Nanoparticles, Vivekram Ramanathan Jan 2010

Maskless Additive Manufacturing Of Micro Structures By Laser Sintering Of Nanoparticles, Vivekram Ramanathan

Masters Theses

"The focus of this study was to investigate an alternate microfabrication process of sintering nanoparticles using a patterned laser light to generate two dimensional (2D) and three dimensional (3D) geometries. With trends of producing electronic and medical devices using cheaper and faster technologies, a new procedure was developed to deposit and bond miniature patterns of silver nanoparticles onto silicon substrates.

The process consists of spraying silver nanoparticles onto the substrate while a patterned or modulated laser beam is focused onto the sprayed nanoparticles. These nanoparticles exposed under the modulated laser light undergo partial melting or sintering and adhere to the ...


Quantification Of Product Color Preference In A Utility Function, Hannah L. Turner Jan 2010

Quantification Of Product Color Preference In A Utility Function, Hannah L. Turner

Masters Theses

"Currently, many marketing and engineering tools exist to help a designer optimize quantitative attributes of a product, such as height, weight, volume, or cost. However, these methods cannot effectively take into consideration aesthetic attributes of a product, or any other attributes for which there is no understood functional relationship between the attribute's potential values and the consumer's preference. This research has begun the work of developing this necessary functional relationship for the aesthetic attribute of color and has created a methodology for further research. To do this, colors were represented by their red, green, and blue light components ...


Design And Development Of Microwire Feeder For Laser Applications, Amogh J. Shenoy Jan 2010

Design And Development Of Microwire Feeder For Laser Applications, Amogh J. Shenoy

Masters Theses

"This thesis focuses on the design and development of a microwire feeder for laser applications. The use of wire-feeders in laser welding and electrical discharge machining applications has been prominent which can handle wire of 0.25 mm and it can go up to 10.0 mm in other applications. Development of microwire handling devices is complicated and difficult due to its low buckling strength; the need for high accuracy for its use; and the harsh environment it is exposed to, in laser applications. This paper presents a systematic methodology for the design and development of a high-precision microwire handling ...


Development Of Extrusion On Demand For Ceramic Freeze-Form Extrusion Fabrication Processes, Parimal Sanjay Kulkarni Jan 2009

Development Of Extrusion On Demand For Ceramic Freeze-Form Extrusion Fabrication Processes, Parimal Sanjay Kulkarni

Masters Theses

"Freeze-form Extrusion Fabrication (FEF) is a Solid Freeform Fabrication method. It involves the deposition of a ceramic paste in a layer by layer manner to construct a three dimensional structure. The ceramic paste used in this process consists of a high solids loading of ceramic powder mixed with water and a nominal amount of an aqueous organic binder. These characteristics make the process environmentally friendly. Also the absence of dies or molds in the process makes it suitable for fabrication of materials like ceramics. In the past, parts have been fabricated with continuous extrusion of a ceramic paste. In FEF ...


Sorting Automated Concept Generator Results Based On Manufacture And Assembly Concerns, Kerry Ryan Poppa Jan 2008

Sorting Automated Concept Generator Results Based On Manufacture And Assembly Concerns, Kerry Ryan Poppa

Masters Theses

"Early in the design process, it is desirable to produce a large number of potential solutions. Completely exploring a problem's solution space is an unreasonable expectation for an unaided designer or design team. Computational tools have emerged to help designers more fully explore possible solutions. These automated concept generators use knowledge from existing designs and the desired functionality of the new product to suggest solutions. Existing automated concept generation methods produce many candidate solutions, but produce unmanageably large sets of solutions. Techniques are needed to organize the set of concepts into smaller groups, more easily parsed by the human ...


Design For Manufacturing For Friction Stir Welding, Harish Bagaitkar Jan 2008

Design For Manufacturing For Friction Stir Welding, Harish Bagaitkar

Masters Theses

"This thesis is divided in two parts. In the first part, technical feasibility of implementing Friction Stir Welding (FSW) for automobile chassis fabrication is discussed using a case study. In the case study, Design for Manufacturing (DFM) principles are applied to manufacture an aluminum automobile chassis. Various DFM issues such as Tool Accessibility Issue, Joint Configuration Issue, and Fixture Support Issue along with relevant guidelines such as component geometry change and component elimination are discussed in the first section. Results show that more than 50% of the chassis joints can be welded using FSW technique. The second part of the ...


E-Design Tools For Friction Stir Welding: Cost Estimation Tool, Pradeep Kumar Tipaji Jan 2007

E-Design Tools For Friction Stir Welding: Cost Estimation Tool, Pradeep Kumar Tipaji

Masters Theses

"A cost model is an important tool for product design and material selection. An efficient and effective cost estimation tool is necessary for early design evaluation. In this paper, cost estimation models that estimate the production cost for Metal Inert Gas (MIG), Friction Stir (FS), and Friction Stir Spot (FSS) welded joints are presented. These models determine the cost incurred to fabricate each joint along with a detailed explanation of each cost component. Each cost component has been closely analyzed and major cost components have been included in the cost model"--Abstract, page iv.


Towards A Methodology For Integrated Freeform Manufacturing Systems Development With A Control Systems Emphasis, Jacquelyn K. Stroble Jan 2007

Towards A Methodology For Integrated Freeform Manufacturing Systems Development With A Control Systems Emphasis, Jacquelyn K. Stroble

Masters Theses

"A variety of fully integrated Freeform Fabrication (FFF) systems have been developed, a selected group for research and several for commercialization. The design methodology behind most of them is not documented, standardized, or rational. It is important to understand that the final product from any integrated system is affected not only by the unit manufacturing processes themselves, but also by the extent the individual units are assimilated into an integrated process. Thus, a scheme consisting of eight steps and the salient five elements necessary to create or retrofit an existing system to achieve an Integrated Freeform Manufacturing System (FFMS) is ...


Mechanical Properties And Microstructure Study For Direct Metal Deposition Of Titanium Alloy And Tool Steel, Yaxin Bao Jan 2007

Mechanical Properties And Microstructure Study For Direct Metal Deposition Of Titanium Alloy And Tool Steel, Yaxin Bao

Masters Theses

"This thesis is focused on the research about DMD (Direct Metal Deposition) which is an additive manufacturing process and used in various engineering applications such as producing fully dense and net shape productions in difficult-to-machine materials. In this study, the microstructure was analyzed through optical microscopy and some mechanical properties were tested with different equipments such as SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) and micro-hardness tester...In summary, this thesis validated that DMD process can be improved through surface treatments and is capable of repairing molds for die casting industry"--Introduction, page 1.


Optimal Formation Of Supplier Networks For Product Design And Production Phases To Realize An Evolving Product Family, Padmavathi K. Pakala Jan 2007

Optimal Formation Of Supplier Networks For Product Design And Production Phases To Realize An Evolving Product Family, Padmavathi K. Pakala

Masters Theses

"Due to rapid changes in customer requirements and vast improvements in technology, many product development companies have identified strategies like time-to-market (TTM) compression and product family development as critical for attaining success in today's hyper-competitive markets. Compressing the TTM, to a large extent, is dependent on the suppliers and the project execution skills of the integrator companies. This study presents a methodology for selecting suppliers for two significant phases of the product realization process, namely, product design and production. The proposed methodology uses a two-stage approach for supplier selection where suppliers for product design are selected in the first ...


On-Line Inspection And Thermal Properties Comparison For Laser Deposition Process, Yu Yang Jan 2007

On-Line Inspection And Thermal Properties Comparison For Laser Deposition Process, Yu Yang

Masters Theses

"This thesis is focused on comparing the laser deposition cladding with intended design model and comparing the effect of laser deposition process on thermal properties with traditional welding process. It is research on two aspects of laser deposition cladding. The first part of the thesis is aimed at solving the geometric inspection of laser deposition cladding, and the second part is for comparing the thermal properties of laser deposition cladding to samples of conventional welding process"--Introduction, page 1.


Application Of Laser Aided Manufacturing Process For Functionally Graded Thermal Barrier Coatings, Yashodhan Joshi Jan 2005

Application Of Laser Aided Manufacturing Process For Functionally Graded Thermal Barrier Coatings, Yashodhan Joshi

Masters Theses

"Laser Aided Manufacturing Process (LAMP) is a rapid prototyping process used to build three dimensional functional metal and ceramic parts. The process developed in the LAMP laboratory at University of Missouri-Rolla uses a 5-axis fadal CNC machine and a 2.5 KW Nd:YAG (TEM00) Rofin Sinar laser. The laser power and metal/ceramic powder are the input along with auxiliary systems such as shielding gas delivery, RT data acquisition, coolant system. The hybrid process makes use of metal deposition and machining to obtain parts meeting design tolerances.

LAMP is used to improve upon the process of Thermal Barrier ...


A Comparison Of The Level Of Maturity Of Manufacturers In The Lake Land College School District In Lean Manufacturing Techniques As Compared To Goodson's Survey Data, Mark W. Henderson Jan 2002

A Comparison Of The Level Of Maturity Of Manufacturers In The Lake Land College School District In Lean Manufacturing Techniques As Compared To Goodson's Survey Data, Mark W. Henderson

Masters Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if manufacturers in the Lake Land College School District have implemented Lean Manufacturing techniques and score as high as the manufacturers in Goodson's Michigan study. Lean Manufacturing techniques have revolutionized the auto industry, with the Toyota Production system the benchmark in Lean Manufacturing techniques. A survey using Goodson's Rapid Plant Assessment compares the level of maturity in the utilization of the Lean Manufacturing techniques with the manufacturers in the Lake Land College School District and Goodson's survey of manufacturers in Michigan. The mean score of 57.67 for the ...