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LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Vibration

Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Optimal Actuation In Active Vibration Control Using Pole-Placement, Carla Ann Guzzardo Jan 2012

Optimal Actuation In Active Vibration Control Using Pole-Placement, Carla Ann Guzzardo

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to find and demonstrate a method of optimal actuation in a mechanical system to control its vibration response. The overall aim is to develop an active vibration control method with a minimum control effort, allowing the smallest actuators and lowest control input. Mechanical systems were approximated by discrete masses connected with springs and dampers. Both numerical and analytical methods were used to determine the optimum force selection vector, or input vector, to accomplish the pole placement, finding the optimal location of actuators and their relative gain so that the control effort is minimized. The ...


Dynamic Characterization Of Vocal Fold Virbrations, Zhenyi Wei Jan 2012

Dynamic Characterization Of Vocal Fold Virbrations, Zhenyi Wei

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

An emerging trend among voice specialists is the use of quantitative protocols for the diagnosis and treatment of voice disorders. Vocal fold vibrations are directly related to voice quality. This research is devoted to providing an objective means of characterizing these vibrations. Our goal is to develop a dynamic model of vocal fold vibration, and map the parameter space of the model to a class of voice disorders; thus, furthering the assessment and diagnosis of voice disorder in clinical settings.

To this end, this dissertation introduces a new seven-mass biomechanical model for the vibration of vocal folds. The model is ...


State Feedback Control With Time Delay, Akshay Nareshraj Singh Jan 2009

State Feedback Control With Time Delay, Akshay Nareshraj Singh

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

In this thesis we start with an introduction to the theory of vibration control. We broadly classify the control methods into passive and active schemes. We introduce the problem of state feedback control and provide the classical solution in the form of Ackermann formula. We then identify the limitations of the classical approach and present the more elegant solution of partial pole assignment without spillover. We highlight the problem with model uncertainties and describe the method of pole assignment using data from measured receptances. This approach is extended for pole assignment for a linear vibrating system by using state feedback ...


Eigenvalue Optimization And Its Applications In Buckling And Vibration, Srinivas Gopal Krishna Jan 2007

Eigenvalue Optimization And Its Applications In Buckling And Vibration, Srinivas Gopal Krishna

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Eigenvalue problems are of immense interest and play a pivotal role not only in many fields of engineering but also in pure and applied mathematics. An in-depth understanding of this class of problems is a pre-requisite for vibration and buckling analyses of structures. Design optimization of structures to prevent failure due to instability (bucking) and vibration introduces the problem of determining optimal physical parameters such that load carrying capacity or the fundamental natural frequency is maximized. A classical example of such problems is the Lagrange problem of determining the shape of the strongest column against buckling. The primary objective of ...


The Spectral Conforming Model And Its Applications, Jaeho Shim Jan 2004

The Spectral Conforming Model And Its Applications, Jaeho Shim

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

It has been observed that finite element or finite difference model of order can approximate with fair accuracy less than one-third of the eigenvalues of the underlying continuous system corresponding to the low spectrum. The new discrete model, namely the spectral conforming model, is developed to predict the eigenvalues of continuous systems in both the low and high spectra. The spectral conforming models are developed using an inverse vibration method. The classical vibration problem is the direct method. In the direct approach, the characteristic behaviors of the system, i.e. frequency response, natural frequency, and steady state response are analyzed ...


The Transcendental Eigenvalue Problem And Its Application In System Identification, Kumar Vikram Singh Jan 2003

The Transcendental Eigenvalue Problem And Its Application In System Identification, Kumar Vikram Singh

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

An accurate mathematical model is needed to solve direct and inverse problems related to engineering analysis and design. Inverse problems of identifying the physical parameters of a non-uniform continuous system based on the spectral data are still unsolved. Traditional methods, for the system identification purpose, describe the continuous structure by a certain discrete model. In dynamic analysis, finite element or finite difference approximation methods are frequently used and they lead to an algebraic eigenvalue problem. The characteristic equation associated with the algebraic eigenvalue problem is a polynomial. Whereas, the spectral characteristic of a continuous system is represented by certain transcendental ...