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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Investigation Of The Striation Formation In The Course Of Abrasive Waterjet Cutting, Jo-Fei Chao Dec 1992

Investigation Of The Striation Formation In The Course Of Abrasive Waterjet Cutting, Jo-Fei Chao

Dissertations

The principal defect of the surfaces generated by abrasive waterjet machining is excessive waviness (striation). The existing theories of striation formation are not adequate to explain this phenomenon. The presented study is concerned with the development of an understanding of the mechanism of striation formation.

A spectral analysis of temporal process and spatial surface characteristics demonstrated that the striation is caused by nozzle vibration that is due to the conditions of the motion control of the nozzle. This enabled us to discover a means for improving the surface finish. From a study of the surface spectra, it was found that ...


Study Of Surface Properties Produced By Magneto-Plasma On Nitriding For Improving Wear Resistance, I-Tsung Shih Dec 1992

Study Of Surface Properties Produced By Magneto-Plasma On Nitriding For Improving Wear Resistance, I-Tsung Shih

Dissertations

In this work a newly developed surface treatment process, Magneto-Plasma Ion Nitriding process, was developed and studied. This process was developed to increase durability and wear resistance of operational surfaces of different machine components.

In this study, orthogonal experimental analysis was used to develop, optimize, and select the process parameters. Coating layers were characterized and studied by using scanning electron microscopy(SEM), Auger electron spectroscopy(AES), and image analysis system. The influence of different process treatment parameters, such as temperature, nitrogen concentration, and magnetization, on the layers properties was studied. The mechanism of layer formation and bonding was proposed and ...


Analysis Of A Band-Saw, Suat Ali Ozsoylu Dec 1992

Analysis Of A Band-Saw, Suat Ali Ozsoylu

Dissertations

The solution for the transverse oscillations of a band-saw is determined. Two different models are treated: a fourth-order model and a second-order model. The response characteristics for both models are determined using Laplace transformation. To obtain the inverse Laplace Transform for the fourth-order model, it was necessary to fmd the frequencies by applying the Extended Lanczos Method in order to overcome the problem for computer overflow.

The limits of stability for both models are studied by plotting the eigenvalues against changing parameter values. Conditions for the onset of divergence and flutter instabilities, which need to be taken into account in ...


Kinematic Synthesis Of Adjustable Four-Bar Mechanisms For Multi-Phase Motion Generation, Shao Jie Wang Dec 1992

Kinematic Synthesis Of Adjustable Four-Bar Mechanisms For Multi-Phase Motion Generation, Shao Jie Wang

Dissertations

A four-bar linkage can satisfy up to five prescribed positions for the motion generation problem. The adjustable four-bar linkage, on the other hand, can satisfy more than five given positions by making some of the parameters adjustable.

Limited work had been done in the area of motion generation problems of kinematic synthesis of adjustable four-bar linkages until Wilhelm introduced the concept of multiple adjustments.

This study considers for the first time, the adjustment of a moving pivot, and the problems of three phases of motion. Various combinations of the number of prescribed positions for the motion generation problems are solved ...


Expert System For The Injection Molding Of Engineering Thermoplastics, Tzy-Cherng Jan Oct 1992

Expert System For The Injection Molding Of Engineering Thermoplastics, Tzy-Cherng Jan

Dissertations

Injection molding of engineering thermoplastics is the most widely used manufacturing method in industry. It is a priority to maintain a deviation-free operating environment to ensure high quality, low cost manufacture. An expert system for the injection molding of engineering thermoplastics has been investigated. The system can be used to attenuate the deviations experienced during the injection molding of engineering thermoplastics. The system is coded in C programming language.

The resolution procedures of this system include two stages such as the definition of declarative knowledge and the procedure of corrective actions. In the definition of declarative knowledge, all of the ...


Development Of Prediction Technique For The Geometry Of The Abrasive Waterjet Generated Kerf, Yichung Chung May 1992

Development Of Prediction Technique For The Geometry Of The Abrasive Waterjet Generated Kerf, Yichung Chung

Dissertations

This study is concerned with the development of a practical and accurate technique for off-line determination of the variables characterizing the macro-geometry of the kerf generated in the course of abrasive waterjet (AWJ) machining of ductile materials. The study involved generation and processing of a database relating operational conditions with kerf dimensions. The total number of generated samples exceeded 1500.

A physical model relating the process results with operational conditions was constructed and used for the selection of a statistical technique for analysis of the acquired experimental information. The semiempirical model developed here is based on a simple theoretical model ...


Investigation Of Waterjet-Workpiece Interaction, Hung-Yuan Li May 1992

Investigation Of Waterjet-Workpiece Interaction, Hung-Yuan Li

Dissertations

The objective of this research is to develop new knowledge related to the fundamental physical phenomena of waterjet machining of ductile materials, and to use this knowledge to construct a numerical analysis model. The resulting knowledge will enable enhancement of waterjet cutting efficiency.

Experimental study of fundamental mechanisms and the acquisition of the data detailing micro and macro scale phenomena which occur during the machining process is carried out. It is shown that the material damage mechanism associated with waterjet machining is erosion cavitation which initiates ultrasonic stress wave propagation in the workpiece. Fatigue, an important element in producing material ...


Particle Dynamics Modeling Of Boundary Effects In Granular Couette Flow, Hyeong-Jin Kim May 1992

Particle Dynamics Modeling Of Boundary Effects In Granular Couette Flow, Hyeong-Jin Kim

Dissertations

This study provides insights in understanding boundary effects on the flow of dry granular materials composed of identical, smooth, inelastic spheres between parallel, bumpy walls in the absence of gravity. The results of this study are useful in providing a basis upon which developing theories can be modified as well as substantiating previous and current experiments. This in turn has a major importance in many industries which are concerned with handling of particulates, such as coal, mineral processing, powder metallurgy, and agriculture.

The particle dynamics or discrete element method is used to model this flow, thereby providing a means of ...


Structural Reliability Using Finite Element Method, Che-Chen Liou May 1992

Structural Reliability Using Finite Element Method, Che-Chen Liou

Dissertations

During the last decade, structural reliability theory has been treated in a large number of research papers; therefore, from being a subject only well known by a relatively small number of researchers, it has become an important engineering discipline. From the application point of view, many practical applications have been made successfully.

In this dissertation some important fundamental concepts in statistics and in reliability theory are presented. The concept of failure mode can be defined as: A set of failed elements turn a structure into a mechanism. Usually, a structure has many possible failure modes; therefore, it will be necessary ...


Statistical, Random And Fractal Characterizations Of Surface Topography With Engineering Applications, Gongyao Zhou Jan 1992

Statistical, Random And Fractal Characterizations Of Surface Topography With Engineering Applications, Gongyao Zhou

Dissertations

Two methods, namely the conventional and fractal geometry methods, are developed for surface topography characterization. The conventional method utilizing statistical and random process techniques is used to study waterjet machined surfaces. In the study the waterjet surfaces are separated into smooth and striation zones, where striation influence is negligible in the smooth zone. It is found that the smooth zone has a random, moderately isotropic texture, with the height distribution nearly Gaussian. In the striation zone the major frequencies of the surface profile power spectra are independent of cutting parameters, while the amplitudes of these frequencies monotonically increase with cutting ...