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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Correlation Between Particle Velocities And Conditions Of Abrasive Waterjet Formation, Wei-Long Chen May 1990

Correlation Between Particle Velocities And Conditions Of Abrasive Waterjet Formation, Wei-Long Chen

Dissertations

The velocities of water and abrasive particles in abrasive waterjet(AWJ) were measured by the use of Laser Transit Anemometer(LTA). A setup for the velocity measurement was constructed and a statistical technique was used to improve the accuracy of the velocity determination. A comparison of the magnitude of velocities determined by LTA, Piezoelectric Force Transducer and Schlieren Photograph clearly indicates the feasibility of the use of LTA.

The velocities of water and particles were measured for different diameters of water and slurry nozzles, abrasive mass flow rates and particle sizes. The performed experiments enabled us to evaluate the effects ...


On Local Stresses And Spring Constants Of Pipe-Nozzle Connection, Hson-Chih Sun May 1990

On Local Stresses And Spring Constants Of Pipe-Nozzle Connection, Hson-Chih Sun

Dissertations

This thesis presents a comprehensive study of local stresses and spring coefficients of pipe with a nozzle connection, analyzed by the finite element method (FEM). Six types of loading are discussed: radial force, circumferential moment, longitudinal moment, circumferential shear force, longitudinal shear force, and torsional moment.

For the local stresses, the bending and membrane stress factors due to each of these loadings are presented in a series of plots with various gamma (piping radius/thick-ness) and beta (nozzle radius/pipe radius) values. These stress factors will readily replace those previously published in WRC No. 107. This work not only gives ...