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University of Tennessee, Knoxville

2014

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Articles 1 - 20 of 20

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

The Role Of Channel-Land Architecture, Diffusion Media Transport Properties, And Aging Effects On Water Transport And Storage In Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells, Jacob Michael Lamanna Dec 2014

The Role Of Channel-Land Architecture, Diffusion Media Transport Properties, And Aging Effects On Water Transport And Storage In Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells, Jacob Michael Lamanna

Doctoral Dissertations

Thermally driven transport of water vapor in polymer electrolyte fuel cells, also known as the heat-pipe effect or phase-change-induced flow, can transport several times the generated amount of water given enough temperature differentials. Understanding this transport process is necessary to properly engineer the water balance in the fuel cell to ensure high performance and long operational life. Channel-land architecture, diffusion media heat and mass transport properties, and operational age can all have an influence on thermally driven flow. High resolution neutron imaging was used to determine the steady-state water accumulation in various cell configurations to understand the influence of these ...


Stability Analysis Of The Rotary Drill-String, Liangming Pan Dec 2014

Stability Analysis Of The Rotary Drill-String, Liangming Pan

Doctoral Dissertations

Oil and natural gas are major energy sources for modern society. A rotary drilling system is the best known technology to extract them from underground. The vibration and stability of drilling systems have been studied for decades to improve drilling efficiency and protect expensive down-hole components. It is well known that severe drill-string vibrations are caused by many different loads: axial loads such as the hook load and the self-weight of the drill-string, end torques applied by the surface motor and restrained at the bit, the inertial load caused by whirling, the fluid drag force, and the contact force between ...


Validation Of A Modified Parallel Compressor Model For Prediction Of The Effects Of Inlet Swirl On Compressor Performance And Operability, Reggie Floyd Dec 2014

Validation Of A Modified Parallel Compressor Model For Prediction Of The Effects Of Inlet Swirl On Compressor Performance And Operability, Reggie Floyd

Masters Theses

Engine inlet distortion complications have plagued the turbine engine development community for decades, and engineers have developed countless methods to identify and combat the harmful effects of inlet distortion. One such type of distortion that has gained much attention in recent years is known as inlet swirl, which results in a significant flow angularity at the face of the engine. This flow angularity can affect the pressure rise and flow capacity of the fan or compressor, and subsequently affect compressor and engine performance.

Previous modeling and simulation efforts to predict the effect inlet swirl can have on fan and compressor ...


Design And Model Of The Frame For Hagrid (Hybrid Array Of Gamma Ray Detectors), Santiago Munoz Dec 2014

Design And Model Of The Frame For Hagrid (Hybrid Array Of Gamma Ray Detectors), Santiago Munoz

Masters Theses

Transfer reactions in inverse kinematics have provided critical information in the study of exotic nuclei. However, transfer reactions with charged particles suffer from poor resolution. The measurement of gamma-rays offers several advantages: they provide not only good resolution in measurements but also other information about the nuclei like lifetimes of unstable states. The combination of these two methods would be the ideal situation to gather information about nuclear structure.

HAGRiD, which stands for The Hybrid Array of Gamma Ray Detectors, is a LaBr3(Ce) [lanthanum bromide crystal with a cerium activator] scintillation array to measure gamma rays from transfer reactions ...


Design And Fabrication Of A Low-Cost Turbine Engine Component Testbed (Tect), Joshua A. Hartman Aug 2014

Design And Fabrication Of A Low-Cost Turbine Engine Component Testbed (Tect), Joshua A. Hartman

Masters Theses

With gas turbine engine testing becoming very expensive because of the increasing complexity involved with the engine, engine subsystems, and test support systems, a low-cost Turbine Engine Component Testbed (TECT) is proposed. This engine build is given the designation J1-H-02. In the present study, a small augmented gas turbine engine (GTE) is constructed. The TECT engine is built with modularity as a key design consideration to allow for flame-tube patterns and augmentor sections to be changed quickly for combustion experiments that have gained impetus due to combustion anomalies/instabilities inherent with future military engine augmentors. This testbed allows for an ...


Vehicle Multi-Pass Rut Volume And Mobility Power Study, William W. Barbour Jun 2014

Vehicle Multi-Pass Rut Volume And Mobility Power Study, William W. Barbour

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee

This paper presents the relationship between applied power by a wheeled vehicle to soil and the rutting effects. Specifically, a strong positive relationship was found between cumulative applied power and total rut volume across multiple passes by the vehicle over the same tracks. Field-testing was conducted using a high-mobility multi-purpose wheeled vehicle (HMMWV) and two distinct soil types. Sensors on the vehicle measured torque and angular velocity of each of the four wheels, from which applied power was calculated. A rut profile meter was used to document the shape of the rut after set numbers of passes and this profile ...


Thermal Hydraulic Characteristics Of Fuel Defects In Plate Type Nuclear Research Reactors, Isaac Thomas Bodey May 2014

Thermal Hydraulic Characteristics Of Fuel Defects In Plate Type Nuclear Research Reactors, Isaac Thomas Bodey

Doctoral Dissertations

Turbulent flow coupled with heat transfer is investigated for a High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) fuel plate. The Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes Models are used for fluid dynamics and the transfer of heat from a thermal nuclear fuel plate using the Multi-physics code COMSOL. Simulation outcomes are compared with experimental data from the Advanced Neutron Source Reactor Thermal Hydraulic Test Loop. The computational results for the High Flux Isotope Reactor core system provide a more physically accurate simulation of this system by modeling the turbulent flow field in conjunction with the diffusion of thermal energy within the solid and fluid phases ...


Strain-Based Design Methodology Of Large Diameter Grade X80 Linepipe, Mark D. Lower May 2014

Strain-Based Design Methodology Of Large Diameter Grade X80 Linepipe, Mark D. Lower

Doctoral Dissertations

Continuous growth in energy demand is driving oil and natural gas production to areas that are often located far from major markets where the terrain is prone to earthquakes, landslides, and other types of ground motion. Transmission pipelines that cross this type of terrain can experience large longitudinal strains and plastic circumferential elongation as the pipeline experiences alignment changes resulting from differential ground movement. Such displacements can potentially impact pipeline safety by adversely affecting structural capacity and leak tight integrity of the linepipe steel.

Planning for new long-distance transmission pipelines usually involves consideration of higher strength linepipe steels because their ...


Modeling, Analysis, And Control Of A Mobile Robot For In Vivo Fluoroscopy Of Human Joints During Natural Movements, Matthew A. Young May 2014

Modeling, Analysis, And Control Of A Mobile Robot For In Vivo Fluoroscopy Of Human Joints During Natural Movements, Matthew A. Young

Doctoral Dissertations

In this dissertation, the modeling, analysis and control of a multi-degree of freedom (mdof) robotic fluoroscope was investigated. A prototype robotic fluoroscope exists, and consists of a 3 dof mobile platform with two 2 dof Cartesian manipulators mounted symmetrically on opposite sides of the platform. One Cartesian manipulator positions the x-ray generator and the other Cartesian manipulator positions the x-ray imaging device. The robotic fluoroscope is used to x-ray skeletal joints of interest of human subjects performing natural movement activities. In order to collect the data, the Cartesian manipulators must keep the x-ray generation and imaging devices accurately aligned while ...


Design And Economic Analysis Of A Geothermal Vertical Coupled Heat Pump System For The University Of Tennessee, Knoxville Campus, Joseph W. Birchfield Iv, Will Kester, Jason Cho May 2014

Design And Economic Analysis Of A Geothermal Vertical Coupled Heat Pump System For The University Of Tennessee, Knoxville Campus, Joseph W. Birchfield Iv, Will Kester, Jason Cho

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Formulation And Experimental Verification Of Alternate Calibration Techniques Of The Temperature Dependent Response Of Phosphor Fluorescence, Kelsey Michele Winstead May 2014

Formulation And Experimental Verification Of Alternate Calibration Techniques Of The Temperature Dependent Response Of Phosphor Fluorescence, Kelsey Michele Winstead

Masters Theses

The overall goal of this work is to provide an alternative approach to the thermographic phosphor (TP) time constant calibration method for temperature recovery. In this work two techniques are proposed that retain the pulsed source input used in the standard TP time constant calibration approach but reinterpret the phosphor response taken a fixed distance such that the single-exponential decay assumption is removed. The methods do not require knowledge of key parameters prior to data processing, nor do they involve complicated numerical schemes that attempt to fit data in the low signal-to-noise region of the phosphor response. The approaches do ...


A Study Of Indentation Cracking In Brittle Materials Using Cohesive Zone Finite Elements, Kurt E. Johanns May 2014

A Study Of Indentation Cracking In Brittle Materials Using Cohesive Zone Finite Elements, Kurt E. Johanns

Doctoral Dissertations

Cohesive zone finite element simulations of pyramidal indentation cracking in brittle materials have been carried out in order to: (1) critically examine indentation cracking models that relate fracture toughness to indentation data; (2) determine the underlying physical mechanisms of indentation crack growth from a continuum view and their relationship to material properties; (3) explore the influence of indenter geometry on crack extension; and (4) provide a platform from which future simulations can add more complex material behavior as well as guidance for experimental measurements of fracture toughness. Standard fracture toughness geometries in addition to simplified indentation geometries were simulated in ...


Transport Resistance In Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells, Jon Patrick Owejan May 2014

Transport Resistance In Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells, Jon Patrick Owejan

Doctoral Dissertations

Fuel cells offer the potential for high efficiency energy conversion with only water and heat as significant products of the electrochemical reaction. For a cost-competitive product, fuel cell researchers are exploring the limits of the Pt catalyst loading in parallel with performance and durability trade-offs. A significant portion of the performance loss in low-cost PEMFCs is associated with the partial pressure of oxygen (for an air cathode) at the Pt surface. This dissertation explores the main components of oxygen transport resistance which are associated with diffusion through partially saturated porous media and the ionomer coating in the catalyst layer.

Under ...


Kinesthetic Haptics Sensing And Discovery With Bilateral Teleoperation Systems, Tian Qiu May 2014

Kinesthetic Haptics Sensing And Discovery With Bilateral Teleoperation Systems, Tian Qiu

Doctoral Dissertations

In the mechanical engineering field of robotics, bilateral teleoperation is a classic but still increasing research topic. In bilateral teleoperation, a human operator moves the master manipulator, and a slave manipulator is controlled to follow the motion of the master in a remote, potentially hostile environment. This dissertation focuses on kinesthetic perception analysis in teleoperation systems. Design of the controllers of the systems is studied as the influential factor of this issue. The controllers that can provide different force tracking capability are compared using the same experimental protocol. A 6 DOF teleoperation system is configured as the system testbed. An ...


Simulating High Flux Isotope Reactor Core Thermal-Hydraulics Via Interdimensional Model Coupling, Adam Ross Travis May 2014

Simulating High Flux Isotope Reactor Core Thermal-Hydraulics Via Interdimensional Model Coupling, Adam Ross Travis

Masters Theses

A coupled interdimensional model is presented for the simulation of the thermal-hydraulic characteristics of the High Flux Isotope Reactor core at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The model consists of two domains—a solid involute fuel plate and the surrounding liquid coolant channel. The fuel plate is modeled explicitly in three-dimensions. The coolant channel is approximated as a two-dimensional slice oriented perpendicular to the fuel plate’s surface. The two dimensionally-inconsistent domains are linked to one another via interdimensional model coupling mechanisms. The coupled model is presented as a simplified alternative to a fully explicit, fully three-dimensional model. Involute geometries were ...


Neutron Imaging Of Lithium (Li) Coolants Inside High Temperature Niobium (Nb) Heat Pipes, Brad Harrison Hight May 2014

Neutron Imaging Of Lithium (Li) Coolants Inside High Temperature Niobium (Nb) Heat Pipes, Brad Harrison Hight

Masters Theses

Lithium (Li) behavior inside a high temperature Nb-Li leading edge heat pipe was successfully imaged under induction heating operation via neutron imaging. Startup and cool-down operations gave visual confirmation of bulk Li movement using both gravity assisted and inverted operating orientations. The pipe was imaged during an operation cycle from ambient conditions, heated to a steady state temperature of 908.8 0C, and allowed to cool below 200°C. The experiment was performed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, Maryland, and at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

Tomographic images ...


Thermal Response Characterization And Low Fluid Velocity Measurements Using Specialized In-Situ Thermocouples Via The Loop Current Step Response Method, Alexander Hashem Hashemian May 2014

Thermal Response Characterization And Low Fluid Velocity Measurements Using Specialized In-Situ Thermocouples Via The Loop Current Step Response Method, Alexander Hashem Hashemian

Masters Theses

In this study, a specialized balanced-leads thermocouple was developed to perform in-situ thermal response characterization via the LCSR test method. Thermal response characterization of installed thermocouples is essential in order to obtain accurate positional temperature data in rapid transient applications. An analytical model is presented that fully describes the thermocouple system based on a first-principles approach to the heat transfer physics of the sensor. In conjunction with the LCSR test, the full model presented yields quantifiable characterization parameters useful for determining accurate positional temperature data. It is necessary to employ a balanced-leads thermocouple for this experimental procedure in order to ...


Rotordynamic Analysis Of A Two-Pole Synchronous Motor With Sleeve And Pressure Dam Bearings, Justin Matthew Garrard May 2014

Rotordynamic Analysis Of A Two-Pole Synchronous Motor With Sleeve And Pressure Dam Bearings, Justin Matthew Garrard

Masters Theses

A two-pole synchronous motor was recently rewound for the von Karman Gas Dynamics facility at Arnold Engineering Development Complex, Arnold Air Force Base, Tennessee. After installing the rewound rotor, unexpected vibration amplitudes were recorded during motor checkouts. To resolve this issue, an investigation was initiated to investigate the causes of the vibration issues. The investigation discovered that the original design used sleeve bearings rather than pressure dam bearings. A study was formed to determine the effect of changing the pressure dam bearings back to sleeve bearings. Because only one spare bearing shell existed, the bearing with the highest vibration amplitudes ...


Design Of Surgical End Effectors For Robotic Parallel Continuum Manipulators, Andrew L. Orekhov, Caroline E. Bryson, D. Caleb Rucker Apr 2014

Design Of Surgical End Effectors For Robotic Parallel Continuum Manipulators, Andrew L. Orekhov, Caroline E. Bryson, D. Caleb Rucker

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

No abstract provided.


Students At The University Of Tennessee Utilize Ethanol For Advanced Vehicle Technology Competition, Karson Nichole Stone Apr 2014

Students At The University Of Tennessee Utilize Ethanol For Advanced Vehicle Technology Competition, Karson Nichole Stone

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

No abstract provided.