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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Heat Transfer Analysis Via Rate Based Sensors, Jake Erik Plewa Dec 2012

Heat Transfer Analysis Via Rate Based Sensors, Jake Erik Plewa

Masters Theses

This work presents an integrated rate-based sensor and method for resolving the surface heat flux of a fundamental inverse heat conduction problem without numerical regularization or differentiation in a semi-infinite geometry that additionally accounts for thermocouple delay due to its intrinsic time constant. The sensor uses well-designed analog filters to directly regularize raw voltage data to eliminate the need for numerical regularization methods. The sensor can also be used in a series of well-designed voltage-rate interfaces that directly measure the voltages from in-depth thermocouples, which are used in conjunction with the thermocouple calibration curve to provide higher-time derivatives of the ...


Parametric Instability Investigation And Stability Based Design For Transmission Systems Containing Face-Gear Drives, Meng Peng Aug 2012

Parametric Instability Investigation And Stability Based Design For Transmission Systems Containing Face-Gear Drives, Meng Peng

Doctoral Dissertations

The objective of this dissertation is to provide a novel design methodology for face-gear transmissions based on system stability - a dynamics viewpoint. The structural dynamics models of transverse and torsional vibrations are developed for face-gear drives with spur pinions to investigate the parametric instability behavior in great depth. The unique face-gear meshing kinematics and the fluctuation of mesh stiffness due to a nonunity contact-ratio are considered in these models. Since the system is periodically timevarying, Floquet theory is utilized to solve the Mathieu-Hill system equations and determine the system stability numerically. To avoid complex numerical computations, Treglod’s approximation is ...


Droplet Characterization In The Wake Of Steam Turbine Cascades, Adam Charles Plondke May 2012

Droplet Characterization In The Wake Of Steam Turbine Cascades, Adam Charles Plondke

Masters Theses

In low-pressure steam turbines, water droplet formation on the surfaces of stationary stator blades can lead to erosion on downstream turbine blades and other equipment. One property that affects the size of the droplets that are formed is the adhesive forces between the water and the surface of the stator blade. The adhesive forces hold the droplets to the surface where they may combine, forming increasingly larger droplets. Eventually, the aerodynamic forces will tear the droplets off the surface, carrying them downstream.

To study the effect of stator surface properties on the droplet size distribution, four cascades of stator blades ...


Development And Verification Of A Navier-Stokes Solver With Vorticity Confinement Using Openfoam, Austin Barrett Kimbrell May 2012

Development And Verification Of A Navier-Stokes Solver With Vorticity Confinement Using Openfoam, Austin Barrett Kimbrell

Masters Theses

Vorticity Confinement (VC) is a numerical technique which enhances computation of fluid flows by acting as negative diffusion within the limit of vortical regions, preventing the inherent numerical dissipation present with conventional methods. VC shares similarities with large eddy simulation (LES), but its behavior is based on a stable negative dissipation of vortical structures controlled by the automatic balance between two parameters, μ [mu] and ε [epsilon].

In this thesis, three-dimensional, parallel-computing Navier-Stokes solvers with VC are developed using the OpenFOAM computational framework. OpenFOAM is an open-source collection of C++ libraries developed for computational fluid dynamics. Object-oriented programming concepts are ...


A Method For Performance Analysis Of A Ramjet Engine In A Free-Jet Test Facility And Analysis Of Performance Uncertainty Contributors, Kevin Raymond Holst May 2012

A Method For Performance Analysis Of A Ramjet Engine In A Free-Jet Test Facility And Analysis Of Performance Uncertainty Contributors, Kevin Raymond Holst

Masters Theses

Ramjet and scramjet engines are being developed to provide a more fuel efficient means of propulsion at high Mach numbers. Part of the development of these engines involves test and evaluation of an engine in ground facilities as well as in flight. Ground facilities, like Arnold Engineering Development Center (AEDC) and those at engine manufacturers like General Electric (GE) and Pratt & Whitney (PW), have decades of experience testing traditional turbine engines and much less experience testing full scale ramjet engines.

Testing a supersonic engine model in a free-jet mode presents a host of challenges not experienced during traditional direct connect ...