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Mechanical Engineering Commons

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University of Tennessee, Knoxville

2012

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Articles 1 - 18 of 18

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Validation Of Weak Form Thermal Analysis Algorithms Supporting Thermal Signature Generation, Elton Lewis Freeman Dec 2012

Validation Of Weak Form Thermal Analysis Algorithms Supporting Thermal Signature Generation, Elton Lewis Freeman

Masters Theses

Extremization of a weak form for the continuum energy conservation principle differential equation naturally implements fluid convection and radiation as flux Robin boundary conditions associated with unsteady heat transfer. Combining a spatial semi-discretization via finite element trial space basis functions with time-accurate integration generates a totally node-based algebraic statement for computing. Closure for gray body radiation is a newly derived node-based radiosity formulation generating piecewise discontinuous solutions, while that for natural-forced-mixed convection heat transfer is extracted from the literature. Algorithm performance, mathematically predicted by asymptotic convergence theory, is subsequently validated with data obtained in 24 hour diurnal field experiments for ...


Steam Reheat In Nuclear Power Plants, Paul John Marotta Dec 2012

Steam Reheat In Nuclear Power Plants, Paul John Marotta

Doctoral Dissertations

In this work, reheating steam from a commercial nuclear power plant is explored in order to increase efficiency and power output. A thermal source in the form of a High Temperature Gas Reactor (HTGR) is considered. Engineering challenges include proof-of-principle, reactor sizing, evaluation, and feasibility.

The proposed thermodynamic process modifications have been evaluated for a range of inlet steam quality conditions. The evaluation of the steam tube dimensions and number of optimal tubes have been calculated utilizing the so-called Log Mean Temperature Difference method. Subsequently, the performance of the steam tubes was further analyzed within a water vapor and liquid ...


Heat Transfer Analysis Via Rate Based Sensors, Jake Erik Plewa Dec 2012

Heat Transfer Analysis Via Rate Based Sensors, Jake Erik Plewa

Masters Theses

This work presents an integrated rate-based sensor and method for resolving the surface heat flux of a fundamental inverse heat conduction problem without numerical regularization or differentiation in a semi-infinite geometry that additionally accounts for thermocouple delay due to its intrinsic time constant. The sensor uses well-designed analog filters to directly regularize raw voltage data to eliminate the need for numerical regularization methods. The sensor can also be used in a series of well-designed voltage-rate interfaces that directly measure the voltages from in-depth thermocouples, which are used in conjunction with the thermocouple calibration curve to provide higher-time derivatives of the ...


Experimental Studies And Dynamics Modeling Analysis Of The Swimming And Diving Of Whirligig Beetles (Coleoptera: Gyrinidae), Zhonghua Xu, Scott C. Lenaghan, Benjamin E. Reese, Xinghua Jia, Mingjun Zhang Nov 2012

Experimental Studies And Dynamics Modeling Analysis Of The Swimming And Diving Of Whirligig Beetles (Coleoptera: Gyrinidae), Zhonghua Xu, Scott C. Lenaghan, Benjamin E. Reese, Xinghua Jia, Mingjun Zhang

Faculty Publications and Other Works -- Mechanical, Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering

Whirligig beetles (Coleoptera, Gyrinidae) can fly through the air, swiftly swim on the surface of water, and quickly dive across the air-water interface. The propulsive efficiency of the species is believed to be one of the highest measured for a thrust generating apparatus within the animal kingdom. The goals of this research were to understand the distinctive biological mechanisms that allow the beetles to swim and dive, while searching for potential bio-inspired robotics applications. Through static and dynamic measurements obtained using a combination of microscopy and high-speed imaging, parameters associated with the morphology and beating kinematics of the whirligig beetle ...


Measurement Of Power-Law Creep Parameters By Instrumented Indentation Methods, Caijun Su Aug 2012

Measurement Of Power-Law Creep Parameters By Instrumented Indentation Methods, Caijun Su

Doctoral Dissertations

New experimental methods have been developed to measure the uniaxial power-law creep parameters α [alpha] and n in the relation έ[epsilon dot]=α[alpha]σn[sigma] (έ [epsilon dot] is the creep strain rate and σ [sigma] is the creep stress) from the load, time, displacement and stiffness data recorded during an instrumented indentation experiment performed with a conical or pyramidal indenter. The methods are based on an analysis of Bower et al., which relates the indentation creep rate to the uniaxial creep parameters based on simple assumptions about the constitutive behavior (Bower et al., 1993). Using finite ...


Parametric Instability Investigation And Stability Based Design For Transmission Systems Containing Face-Gear Drives, Meng Peng Aug 2012

Parametric Instability Investigation And Stability Based Design For Transmission Systems Containing Face-Gear Drives, Meng Peng

Doctoral Dissertations

The objective of this dissertation is to provide a novel design methodology for face-gear transmissions based on system stability - a dynamics viewpoint. The structural dynamics models of transverse and torsional vibrations are developed for face-gear drives with spur pinions to investigate the parametric instability behavior in great depth. The unique face-gear meshing kinematics and the fluctuation of mesh stiffness due to a nonunity contact-ratio are considered in these models. Since the system is periodically timevarying, Floquet theory is utilized to solve the Mathieu-Hill system equations and determine the system stability numerically. To avoid complex numerical computations, Treglod’s approximation is ...


Passive Control Architectures For Collaborative Virtual Haptic Interaction And Bilateral Teleoperation Over Unreliable Packet-Switched Digital Network, Ke Huang Aug 2012

Passive Control Architectures For Collaborative Virtual Haptic Interaction And Bilateral Teleoperation Over Unreliable Packet-Switched Digital Network, Ke Huang

Doctoral Dissertations

This PhD dissertation consists of two major parts: collaborative haptic interaction (CHI) and bilateral teleoperation over the Internet. For the CHI, we propose a novel hybrid peer-to-peer (P2P) architecture including the shared virtual environment (SVE) simulation, coupling between the haptic device and VE, and P2P synchronization control among all VE copies. This framework guarantees the interaction stability for all users with general unreliable packet-switched communication network which is the most challenging problem for CHI control framework design. This is achieved by enforcing our novel \emph{passivity condition} which fully considers time-varying non-uniform communication delays, random packet loss/swapping/duplication for ...


Vision-Based Robot Control In The Context Of Human-Machine Interactions, Andrzej Nycz Aug 2012

Vision-Based Robot Control In The Context Of Human-Machine Interactions, Andrzej Nycz

Doctoral Dissertations

This research has explored motion control based on visual servoing – in the context of complex human-machine interactions and operations in realistic environments. Two classes of intelligent robotic systems were studied in this context: operator assistance with a high dexterity telerobotic manipulator performing remote tooling-centric tasks, and a bio-robot for X-ray imaging of lower extremity human skeletal joints during natural walking. The combination of human-machine interactions and practical application scenarios has led to the following fundamental contributions: 1) exploration and evaluation of a new concept of acquiring fluoroscope images of musculoskeletal features of interest during natural human motion, 2) creation of ...


Nonlinear Vibration Control And Limit-Cycle Analysis Of Rotor/Autobalancer Systems Equipped With Hydrodynamic And Active Magnetic Bearing Supports, Daeyi Jung Aug 2012

Nonlinear Vibration Control And Limit-Cycle Analysis Of Rotor/Autobalancer Systems Equipped With Hydrodynamic And Active Magnetic Bearing Supports, Daeyi Jung

Doctoral Dissertations

In recent years, there has been much interest in the use of automatic balancing devices (ABDs) in rotating machinery. Autobalancers consists of several freely moving eccentric balancing masses mounted on the rotor, which, at certain operating speeds, act to cancel rotor imbalance. This “automatic balancing” phenomena occurs as a result of nonlinear dynamic interactions between the balancer and rotor wherein the balancer masses naturally synchronize with the rotor with appropriate phase to cancel the imbalance. However, due to inherent nonlinearity of the autobalancer, the potential for other undesirable non-synchronous limit-cycle behavior exists. In such situations, the balancer masses do not ...


Sustainability Analysis Of Personal Transportation For Near Urban Commuting, Theodore Ansink, Matthew Atchley, Virginia Browning, Yue Cao, Michelle Everett, James Hall Jr, William R. Henson, Eugene Ng, Michael Picklesimer, Justin Ridenour, Scott Teeters, James Wilson May 2012

Sustainability Analysis Of Personal Transportation For Near Urban Commuting, Theodore Ansink, Matthew Atchley, Virginia Browning, Yue Cao, Michelle Everett, James Hall Jr, William R. Henson, Eugene Ng, Michael Picklesimer, Justin Ridenour, Scott Teeters, James Wilson

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Reduced Leak Calibration Uncertainties By The Outgassing Quantification Method, Philip Mason Carper May 2012

Reduced Leak Calibration Uncertainties By The Outgassing Quantification Method, Philip Mason Carper

Masters Theses

Standard leaks are used throughout industry for various applications, such as gas transfer, calibration of mass spectrometers, and calibration of leak detectors. The ability to provide a controlled delivery of gases at relatively low flow rates makes standard leaks a popular choice for calibration standards. This ability also allows for precise quantities of gas to accumulate over time. The accumulation of gas from standard leaks is used as a “transfer standard” for making in-process adjustments to measurement instrumentation. With the advent of tighter quality control constraints, the quantification and control of leak rates is becoming an increasingly important matter, placing ...


Droplet Characterization In The Wake Of Steam Turbine Cascades, Adam Charles Plondke May 2012

Droplet Characterization In The Wake Of Steam Turbine Cascades, Adam Charles Plondke

Masters Theses

In low-pressure steam turbines, water droplet formation on the surfaces of stationary stator blades can lead to erosion on downstream turbine blades and other equipment. One property that affects the size of the droplets that are formed is the adhesive forces between the water and the surface of the stator blade. The adhesive forces hold the droplets to the surface where they may combine, forming increasingly larger droplets. Eventually, the aerodynamic forces will tear the droplets off the surface, carrying them downstream.

To study the effect of stator surface properties on the droplet size distribution, four cascades of stator blades ...


Biarticular Muscles Influence Postural Responses: Implications For Treatment Of Stiff-Knee Gait, Ashley Elizabeth Clark May 2012

Biarticular Muscles Influence Postural Responses: Implications For Treatment Of Stiff-Knee Gait, Ashley Elizabeth Clark

Masters Theses

Stiff knee gait is a prevalent and troublesome movement disorder among children with cerebral palsy, where peak knee flexion is diminished during swing phase. Rectus femoris transfer surgery, a common treatment for stiff-knee gait, reattaches the distal tendon of this biarticular, or two joint, muscle to a new site, such as the sartorius insertion on the tibia. Biarticular muscles play a unique role in motor control. As a biarticular muscle, rectus femoris may offer unrecognized benefits to maintain balance. This study uses musculoskeletal modeling and simulation to investigate the role of this biarticular muscle on balance recovery following support-surface translations ...


Development And Verification Of A Navier-Stokes Solver With Vorticity Confinement Using Openfoam, Austin Barrett Kimbrell May 2012

Development And Verification Of A Navier-Stokes Solver With Vorticity Confinement Using Openfoam, Austin Barrett Kimbrell

Masters Theses

Vorticity Confinement (VC) is a numerical technique which enhances computation of fluid flows by acting as negative diffusion within the limit of vortical regions, preventing the inherent numerical dissipation present with conventional methods. VC shares similarities with large eddy simulation (LES), but its behavior is based on a stable negative dissipation of vortical structures controlled by the automatic balance between two parameters, μ [mu] and ε [epsilon].

In this thesis, three-dimensional, parallel-computing Navier-Stokes solvers with VC are developed using the OpenFOAM computational framework. OpenFOAM is an open-source collection of C++ libraries developed for computational fluid dynamics. Object-oriented programming concepts are ...


A Gps-Based Mobility Power Model For Military Vehicle Applications, George William Bozdech May 2012

A Gps-Based Mobility Power Model For Military Vehicle Applications, George William Bozdech

Masters Theses

In recent years, military vehicles have been equipped with hybrid, diesel-electric drives to improve fuel efficiency and stealth capabilities. These vehicles require an accurate estimate of the power duty cycles during distinct operating conditions. To meet this demand, a GPS-based mobility power and duty cycle analysis is one approach to predict the power requirements of on-road and off-road vehicles. The dynamic vehicle parameters needed to estimate the forces developed during locomotion are determined from the GPS tracking data, and these forces include the following: the motion resistance, gravitational, linear inertia, rotational inertia, and aerodynamic drag. The motion resistance force generated ...


Test Size And Volume Effects On Fatigue Behavior Of Bulk Metallic Glasses (Bmgs), Qingming Feng May 2012

Test Size And Volume Effects On Fatigue Behavior Of Bulk Metallic Glasses (Bmgs), Qingming Feng

Masters Theses

As a potential structural material, performance of bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) under cyclic loading is critical in applications. Among the mechanical properties of metallic glasses, the fatigue behavior received less attention and is not well understood. BMGs exhibit significant size effects on the mechanical behavior under monotonic loading, such as compression, tension, and bending. At the same time, different test-volume could lead to a distinct difference in the mechanical behavior of BMGs.

The fatigue behavior of the Zr52.5Cu17.9Ni14.6Al10.0Ti5.0 [atomic percent (at. %)] BMG alloy (Vitreloy 105) with ...


A Method For Performance Analysis Of A Ramjet Engine In A Free-Jet Test Facility And Analysis Of Performance Uncertainty Contributors, Kevin Raymond Holst May 2012

A Method For Performance Analysis Of A Ramjet Engine In A Free-Jet Test Facility And Analysis Of Performance Uncertainty Contributors, Kevin Raymond Holst

Masters Theses

Ramjet and scramjet engines are being developed to provide a more fuel efficient means of propulsion at high Mach numbers. Part of the development of these engines involves test and evaluation of an engine in ground facilities as well as in flight. Ground facilities, like Arnold Engineering Development Center (AEDC) and those at engine manufacturers like General Electric (GE) and Pratt & Whitney (PW), have decades of experience testing traditional turbine engines and much less experience testing full scale ramjet engines.

Testing a supersonic engine model in a free-jet mode presents a host of challenges not experienced during traditional direct connect ...


A Data-Driven Predictive Approach For Drug Delivery Using Machine Learning Techniques, Yuan Yuan Li, Scott C. Lenaghan, Mingjun Zhang Jan 2012

A Data-Driven Predictive Approach For Drug Delivery Using Machine Learning Techniques, Yuan Yuan Li, Scott C. Lenaghan, Mingjun Zhang

Faculty Publications and Other Works -- Mechanical, Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering

In drug delivery, there is often a trade-off between effective killing of the pathogen, and harmful side effects associated with the treatment. Due to the difficulty in testing every dosing scenario experimentally, a computational approach will be helpful to assist with the prediction of effective drug delivery methods. In this paper, we have developed a data-driven predictive system, using machine learning techniques, to determine, in silico, the effectiveness of drug dosing. The system framework is scalable, autonomous, robust, and has the ability to predict the effectiveness of the current drug treatment and the subsequent drug-pathogen dynamics. The system consists of ...