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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Sputtering Power Effects On Growth And Mechanical Properties Of Cr2alc Max Phase Coatings, Muhammad Naveed, Aleksei Obrosov, Andrzej Zak, Wlodzimierz Dudzinski, Alex A. Volinsky, Sabine Weiß Nov 2016

Sputtering Power Effects On Growth And Mechanical Properties Of Cr2alc Max Phase Coatings, Muhammad Naveed, Aleksei Obrosov, Andrzej Zak, Wlodzimierz Dudzinski, Alex A. Volinsky, Sabine Weiß

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Coating growth and mechanical properties of nanolamellar Cr2AlC coatings at various sputtering power were investigated in the present study. Cr2AlC coating was deposited on the IN 718 superalloy and (100) Si wafers by DC magnetron sputtering at different sputtering powers. The structure and properties were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and nanoindentation. It was found that coatings had columnar structure with nanocrystalline substructure. Deposition rate increased with the sputtering power. XRD results showed the presence of the Cr2AlC MAX phase, intermetallic AlCr2 and Cr7 ...


Eigenstress Model For Electrochemistry Of Solid Surfaces, Hongxin Ma, Xilin Xiong, Panpan Gao, Xi Li, Yu Yan, Alex A. Volinsky, Yanjing Su Jun 2016

Eigenstress Model For Electrochemistry Of Solid Surfaces, Hongxin Ma, Xilin Xiong, Panpan Gao, Xi Li, Yu Yan, Alex A. Volinsky, Yanjing Su

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Thermodynamic analysis and molecular dynamics simulations were conducted to systematically study the size-dependent electrochemical response of solids. By combining the generalized Young-Laplace equation with the popular Butler-Volmer formulation, the direct influence of surface stress on solid film electrochemical reactions was isolated. A series of thermodynamic formulas were developed to describe the size-dependent electrochemical properties of the solid surface. These formulas include intrinsic surface elastic parameters, such as surface eigenstress and surface elastic modulus. Metallic films of Au, Pt, Ni, Cu and Fe were studied as examples. The anodic current density of the metal film increased, while the equilibrium potential decreased ...


Dynamic Recrystallization Behavior And Processing Map Of The Cu–Cr–Zr–Nd Alloy, Yi Zhang, Huili Sun, Alex A. Volinsky, Baohong Tian, Kexing Song, Zhe Chai, Ping Liu, Yong Liu May 2016

Dynamic Recrystallization Behavior And Processing Map Of The Cu–Cr–Zr–Nd Alloy, Yi Zhang, Huili Sun, Alex A. Volinsky, Baohong Tian, Kexing Song, Zhe Chai, Ping Liu, Yong Liu

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Hot deformation behavior of the Cu–Cr–Zr–Nd alloy was studied by hot compressive tests in the temperature range of 650–950 °C and the strain rate range of 0.001–10 s−1 using Gleeble-1500D thermo-mechanical simulator. The results showed that the flow stress is strongly dependent on the deformation temperature and the strain rate. With the increase of temperature or the decrease of strain rate, the flow stress significantly decreases. Hot activation energy of the alloy is about 404.84 kJ/mol and the constitutive equation of the alloy based on the hyperbolic-sine equation was established. Based ...


Microfocusing At The Pg1 Beamline At Flash, S. Dziarzhytski, N. Gerasimova, Rene Goderich, T. Mey, M. Rübhausen, F. Siewert, H. Weigelt, G. Brenner Jan 2016

Microfocusing At The Pg1 Beamline At Flash, S. Dziarzhytski, N. Gerasimova, Rene Goderich, T. Mey, M. Rübhausen, F. Siewert, H. Weigelt, G. Brenner

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

The Kirkpatrick-Baez (KB) refocusing mirror system installed at the PG1 branch of the plane-grating monochromator beamline at the soft X-ray/XUV free-electron laser in Hamburg (FLASH) is designed to provide tight aberration-free focusing down to 4 µm × 6 µm full width at half-maximum (FWHM) on the sample. Such a focal spot size is mandatory to achieve ultimate resolution and to guarantee best performance of the vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV) off-axis parabolic double-monochromator Raman spectrometer permanently installed at the PG1 beamline as an experimental end-station. The vertical beam size on the sample of the Raman spectrometer, which operates without entrance slit, defines and ...


User Involvement In The Partner Program Of The Educational Social Network, Ilya V. Osipov, Alex A. Volinsky, Anna Y. Praskikova Jan 2016

User Involvement In The Partner Program Of The Educational Social Network, Ilya V. Osipov, Alex A. Volinsky, Anna Y. Praskikova

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

The paper describes experiments to attract active online system users to the partner program. The objective is to grow the number of users by involving existing system users in viral mechanics. Several examples of user motivation are given, along with the specific interface implementations and viral mechanics. Viral K-factor was used as the metrics for the resulting system growth assessment. Specific examples show both positive and negative outcomes. Growth of the target system parameters is discussed.


On Event-Triggered Adaptive Architectures For Decentralized And Distributed Control Of Large-Scale Modular Systems, Ali Albattat, Benjamin C. Gruenwald, Tansel Yucelen Jan 2016

On Event-Triggered Adaptive Architectures For Decentralized And Distributed Control Of Large-Scale Modular Systems, Ali Albattat, Benjamin C. Gruenwald, Tansel Yucelen

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

The last decade has witnessed an increased interest in physical systems controlled over wireless networks (networked control systems). These systems allow the computation of control signals via processors that are not attached to the physical systems, and the feedback loops are closed over wireless networks. The contribution of this paper is to design and analyze event-triggered decentralized and distributed adaptive control architectures for uncertain networked large-scale modular systems; that is, systems consist of physically-interconnected modules controlled over wireless networks. Specifically, the proposed adaptive architectures guarantee overall system stability while reducing wireless network utilization and achieving a given system performance in ...


Functional Performance Differences Between The Genium And C-Leg Prosthetic Knees And Intact Knees, Michael J. Highsmith, Jason T. Kahle, Rebecca M. Miro, M. E. Cress, Derek J. Lura, William S. Quillen, Stephanie Carey, Rajiv V. Dubey, Larry J. Mengelkoch Jan 2016

Functional Performance Differences Between The Genium And C-Leg Prosthetic Knees And Intact Knees, Michael J. Highsmith, Jason T. Kahle, Rebecca M. Miro, M. E. Cress, Derek J. Lura, William S. Quillen, Stephanie Carey, Rajiv V. Dubey, Larry J. Mengelkoch

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Microprocessor prosthetic knees (MPKs) have advanced technologically, offering new features to decrease impairment and activity limitations for persons with transfemoral amputation (TFA). The Genium knee is functionally untested, and functional differences between it and intact knees are unknown. This study sought to determine whether Genium use improves functional performance compared with the C-Leg. A randomized experimental crossover design was used, with a cross-section of five nonamputee controls for comparison to nor­mal. Twenty community-ambulating persons with TFA were trained and tested for accommodation with study components. All subjects (n = 25) were assessed using the Continuous-Scale Physical Functional Performance-10 (CS-PFP10) assessment ...