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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Enhance Diamond Coating Adhesion By Oriented Interlayer Microcracking, Habio Guo, Xingcheng Xiao, Yue Qi, Zhi-Hui Xu, Xiaodong Li Dec 2009

Enhance Diamond Coating Adhesion By Oriented Interlayer Microcracking, Habio Guo, Xingcheng Xiao, Yue Qi, Zhi-Hui Xu, Xiaodong Li

Faculty Publications

In this paper, we report a microcrack toughening mechanism for enhancing the adhesion of diamondcoating. The oriented microcracks were formed within the TiC interlayer to dissipate strain energy and accommodate deformation via the crack opening-closing mechanism, thus enhancing the coating/substrate interfacial toughness. The delamination of diamondcoating was effectively prevented when the parallel microcracks were confined within the interlayer and arrested at interfaces of coating/interlayer/substrate. Density functional theory calculations revealed that the highly anisotropicfracture strength of the TiC phase energetically favors crack initiation and propagation along (100) planes only, which are 54.7° away from the interface. These ...


Tobacco Mosaic Virus Templated Synthesis Of One Dimensional Inorganic-Polymer Hybrid Fibres, Jianhua Rong, Fiona Oberbeck, Xinnan Wang, Xiaodong Li, Jerry Oxsher, Zhongwei Niu, Qian Wang May 2009

Tobacco Mosaic Virus Templated Synthesis Of One Dimensional Inorganic-Polymer Hybrid Fibres, Jianhua Rong, Fiona Oberbeck, Xinnan Wang, Xiaodong Li, Jerry Oxsher, Zhongwei Niu, Qian Wang

Faculty Publications

Inorganic–polymer hybrid nanofibres were prepared by using a rod-like tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) as a template. With tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) as a precursor, long silica-coated TMVfibres were formed via a head-to-tail assembly, which showed a substantial increase of the elastic modulus. Furthermore, homogenous titania–TMV hybrid fibres could be prepared using polyaniline-coated TMV fibres as a template, which were used to form a composite film that was able to sense liquefied petroleum gases.


La0.85Sr0.15Mno3− Infiltrated Y0.5Bi1.5O3 Cathodes For Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Jiang Zhiyi, Changrong Xia, Fei Zhao, Fanglin Chen Mar 2009

La0.85Sr0.15Mno3− Infiltrated Y0.5Bi1.5O3 Cathodes For Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Jiang Zhiyi, Changrong Xia, Fei Zhao, Fanglin Chen

Faculty Publications

Porous yttria-stabilized bismuth oxides (YSB) were investigated as the backbones for La0.85Sr0.15MnO3−(LSM) infiltrated cathodes in intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells. The cathodes were evaluated using anode-supported single cells with scandia-stabilized zirconia as the electrolytes. With humidified H2 as the fuel, the cell showed peak power density of 0.33, 0.52, and 0.74 W cm−2 at 650, 700, and 750°C, respectively. At 650°C, the cell polarization resistance was only 1.38 Ω cm2, <50% of the lowest value previously reported, indicating that YSB is a promising backbone for the LSM infiltrated cathode.


Low Temperature, Organic-Free Synthesis Of Ba3B6O9(Oh)6 Nanorods And ß-Bab2O4 Nanospindles, Rui Li, Xinyoung Tao, Xiaodong Li Feb 2009

Low Temperature, Organic-Free Synthesis Of Ba3B6O9(Oh)6 Nanorods And ß-Bab2O4 Nanospindles, Rui Li, Xinyoung Tao, Xiaodong Li

Faculty Publications

Using a low temperature, organic-free hydrothermal technique, single-crystalline barium polyborate Ba3B6O9(OH)6 (BBOH) nanorods were synthesized. It was found that β-BaB2O4(BBO) nanospindles can be achieved by annealing the BBOH nanorods at a relatively low temperature of 810 °C. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) techniques were used to characterize these nanomaterials. The formation mechanisms are discussed in conjunction with the crystallographic characteristics and surface energy of the BBOH nanorods and BBO nanospindles. UV-vis absorption spectra demonstrated that both BBOH nanorods and BBO nanospindles are ...


Unveiling The Formation Mechanism Of Pseudo-Single-Crystal Aragonite Platelets In Nacre, Xiaodong Li, Zaiwang Huang Feb 2009

Unveiling The Formation Mechanism Of Pseudo-Single-Crystal Aragonite Platelets In Nacre, Xiaodong Li, Zaiwang Huang

Faculty Publications

We demonstrate direct evidence that a single-crystal-like aragonite platelet is essentially assembled with aragonite nanoparticles. The aragonite nanoparticles are readily oriented and assembled into pseudo-single-crystal aragonite platelets via screw dislocation and amorphous aggregation, which are two dominant mediating mechanisms between nanoparticles during biomineralization. These findings will advance our understanding of nacre’s biomineralization process and provide additional design guidelines for developing biomimetic materials.


Inhomogeneous Degradation Of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane In Pem Fuel Cells, Xinyu Huang, Wonseok Yoon Jan 2009

Inhomogeneous Degradation Of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane In Pem Fuel Cells, Xinyu Huang, Wonseok Yoon

Faculty Publications

Membrane durability is one of the technical barriers for the commercialization of polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells. Membrane embrittlement (a form of mechanical weakening) can lead to the frequently observed “sudden death” behavior of PEM fuel cells. It is the objective of this study to explore the fundamental mechanisms of the mechanical weakening of perfluorosulfonic acid (PFSA) based electrolyte membranes during the accelerated degradation test.