Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Mechanical Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Selected Works

Presented Posters and Abstracts

Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

1891 Eruption Of Foerstner Volcano (Pantelleria, Sicily): Insights Into The Vent Structure Of Basaltic Balloon Eruptions, J. Kelly, S. Carey, K. Croff-Bell, C. Roman, M. Rosi, M. Marani, M. Pistolesi, E. Baker Dec 2012

1891 Eruption Of Foerstner Volcano (Pantelleria, Sicily): Insights Into The Vent Structure Of Basaltic Balloon Eruptions, J. Kelly, S. Carey, K. Croff-Bell, C. Roman, M. Rosi, M. Marani, M. Pistolesi, E. Baker

Christopher N. Roman

AGU session number V21A-2750.


New Frontiers In Ocean Exploration: The 2010 And 2011 E/V Nautilus Field Seasons, K. Bell, R. Ballard, D. Coleman, C. Roman, M. Brennan Feb 2012

New Frontiers In Ocean Exploration: The 2010 And 2011 E/V Nautilus Field Seasons, K. Bell, R. Ballard, D. Coleman, C. Roman, M. Brennan

Christopher N. Roman

The Exploration Vessel NAUTILUS is creating a focus of international leadership for the development and integration of leading-edge technologies, educational programs, field operations, and public outreach programs for ocean exploration, in partnership with NOAA, National Geographic Society, Office of Naval Research, Sea Research Foundation and other sponsors. To do so, the program uses a complement of deep submergence vehicle systems and telepresence technologies to engage scientists, educators and the public, both at sea and ashore, allowing them to become integral members of the on-board exploration team. Two four-month field seasons were undertaken aboard NAUTILUS (2010-2011) to the Black, Aegean and ...


An Air-Sea Flux Experiment For 2030, P. Cornillon, D. Farmer, C. Roman, I. Ginis, S. Grilli Feb 2012

An Air-Sea Flux Experiment For 2030, P. Cornillon, D. Farmer, C. Roman, I. Ginis, S. Grilli

Christopher N. Roman

In January 2011 the University of Rhode Island held a two day retreat for faculty and research scientists interested in where the field is going over the next 20 years. The retreat began with presentations detailing the current status and anticipated advances in genetics, nanotechnology, numerical modeling and robotics. Participants then outlined scientific problems that they expect will exist in 2030. This was followed by breakout sessions in which participants discussed experiments, based on anticipated technological advances, that might be undertaken in the 2030 time frame to address some of the identified problems. In this presentation we outline one of ...


New Frontiers In Ocean Exploration: The 2011 E/V Nautilus Field Season, K. Bell, R. Ballard, D. Coleman, C. Roman, M. Brennan, T. Turanli, M. Duman, S. Carey, P. Nomikou, M. Marani, M. Rosi, J. Austin, M. Canals, J. Karson, L. Mayer, Y. Makovsky Dec 2011

New Frontiers In Ocean Exploration: The 2011 E/V Nautilus Field Season, K. Bell, R. Ballard, D. Coleman, C. Roman, M. Brennan, T. Turanli, M. Duman, S. Carey, P. Nomikou, M. Marani, M. Rosi, J. Austin, M. Canals, J. Karson, L. Mayer, Y. Makovsky

Christopher N. Roman

In the summer of 2011, the Exploration Vessel NAUTILUS is undertaking a four-month expedition to the Black, Aegean and Mediterranean Seas, and North Atlantic Ocean. The primary goal of the NAUTILUS is to create a focus of international leadership for the development and integration of leading-edge technologies, educational programs, field operations, and public outreach programs for ocean exploration, in partnership with NOAA, National Geographic Society, Office of Naval Research, and other sponsors. To do so, the program uses a complement of deep submergence vehicle systems and “telepresence” technologies to engage scientists, educators and the public, both at sea and ashore ...


High Resolution Sea Floor Bathymetry Using High Frequency Multibeam Sonar And Structured Light Laser Imaging, C. Roman, G. Inglis, C. Smart, I. Vaughn, S. Carey Dec 2011

High Resolution Sea Floor Bathymetry Using High Frequency Multibeam Sonar And Structured Light Laser Imaging, C. Roman, G. Inglis, C. Smart, I. Vaughn, S. Carey

Christopher N. Roman

Detailed bathymetric maps of the sea floor with centimeter level resolution can be produced by underwater vehicles using multibeam sonars and structured light laser imaging. Over spatial scales up to tens of thousands of square meters it is possible to produce maps gridded to sub centimeter levels. This level of accuracy demands detailed treatments of the sensor relative data, the vehicle navigation data and the vehicle to sensor position and rotational offsets. The presented results will show comparisons between these two sensor modalities. Data have a been collected during recent field programs to the Kolumbo volcanic crater and the Southern ...


Pre-Eruption Pressure, Temperature And Volatile Content Of Rhyolite Magma From The 1650 Ad Eruption Of Kolumbo Submarine Volcano, Greece, K. Cantner, S. Carey, H. Sigurdsson, G. Vougioukalakis, P. Nomikou, C. Roman, K. Bell, M. Alexandri Dec 2010

Pre-Eruption Pressure, Temperature And Volatile Content Of Rhyolite Magma From The 1650 Ad Eruption Of Kolumbo Submarine Volcano, Greece, K. Cantner, S. Carey, H. Sigurdsson, G. Vougioukalakis, P. Nomikou, C. Roman, K. Bell, M. Alexandri

Christopher N. Roman

Biotite-bearing, crystal-poor rhyolite magma was the predominant magma type discharged during the 1650 AD explosive eruption of Kolumbo submarine volcano, Greece. The eruption produced thick sequences of pumice deposits (~100 m) in the upper crater walls of the volcano, but also led to the formation of extensive pumice rafts that were dispersed throughout the southern Aegean Sea, and subaerial tephra fallout as far east as Turkey. Preliminary estimates of pre-eruption volatile contents have been determined using the volatile-by-difference method on plagioclase-hosted melt inclusions and yield an average value of 6.0 wt.%. This corresponds to a pre-eruption storage pressure of ...


Byzantium Beneath The Black Sea, Bridget Buxton, Robert Ballard, Michael Brennan, Dwight Coleman, Katy Croff, Christopher Roman, Dan Davis, Dennis Piechota, Sergiy Voronov Dec 2007

Byzantium Beneath The Black Sea, Bridget Buxton, Robert Ballard, Michael Brennan, Dwight Coleman, Katy Croff, Christopher Roman, Dan Davis, Dennis Piechota, Sergiy Voronov

Christopher N. Roman

This poster reports on the August 2007 Black Sea Expedition of the Institute for Archaeological Oceanography at the University of Rhode Island (IAO) and the Institute for Exploration (IFE), in collaboration with the Department of the Underwater Heritage of Ukraine. This year’s work marks a new phase in a multi-year (2000–2012) archaeological and oceanographic survey of the Black Sea. 2007 fieldwork focuses on two Byzantine shipwrecks. The 10th century C.E. shipwreck Chersonesos A (discovered in 2006) lies at 140 m depth in the suboxic zone off the Crimean peninsula. The ship carried a cargo of one-handled jars ...


High-Resolution Mapping In Manus Basin, C. Roman, V. Ferrini Dec 2006

High-Resolution Mapping In Manus Basin, C. Roman, V. Ferrini

Christopher N. Roman

Near-bottom seafloor mapping with precisely navigated deep submergence vehicles has become increasingly common in a range of oceanographic settings. Recent mapping efforts at deep-water hydrothermal vent sites have resulted in high-resolution (sub-meter) bathymetry datasets that can be used to identify morphological features associated with volcanic, tectonic, and hydrothermal processes. The resolution of these maps, and our ability to accurately quantify the complex morphologic details of hydrothermal structures has been limited by a number of variables including navigational accuracy, sonar settings (e.g. acoustic wavelength, sonar orientation, ping rate), survey parameters (e.g. altitude, speed), data density, and data processing techniques ...


Self Consistent Bathymetric Mapping Using Sub-Maps: Survey Results From The Tag Hydrothermal Structure, C. Roman, R. Reves-Sohn, H. Singh, S. Humphris Dec 2005

Self Consistent Bathymetric Mapping Using Sub-Maps: Survey Results From The Tag Hydrothermal Structure, C. Roman, R. Reves-Sohn, H. Singh, S. Humphris

Christopher N. Roman

The spatial resolution of microbathymetry maps created using robotic vehicles such as ROVs, AUVs and manned submersibles in the deep ocean is currently limited by the accuracy of the vehicle navigation data. Errors in the vehicle position estimate commonly exceed the ranging errors of the acoustic mapping sensor itself, which creates inconsistency in the map making process and produces artifacts that lower resolution and distort map integrity. We present a methodology for producing self-consistent maps and improving vehicle position estimation by exploiting accurate local navigation and utilizing terrain relative measurements. The complete map is broken down into individual "sub-maps'', which ...


High-Resolution Sonar Surveying: Techniques And Strategies For Improved Micro-Bathymetic Mapping, Vicki Ferrini, D. Fornari, T. Shank, D. Kelley, M. Tivey, S. Carbotte, D. Glickson, C. Roman, A. Sterling Sep 2005

High-Resolution Sonar Surveying: Techniques And Strategies For Improved Micro-Bathymetic Mapping, Vicki Ferrini, D. Fornari, T. Shank, D. Kelley, M. Tivey, S. Carbotte, D. Glickson, C. Roman, A. Sterling

Christopher N. Roman

No abstract provided.


Underwater Terrain Reconstruction Using Sonar Data Taken From Multiple Vantage Points, Christopher Roman Dec 2003

Underwater Terrain Reconstruction Using Sonar Data Taken From Multiple Vantage Points, Christopher Roman

Christopher N. Roman

No abstract provided.


Multiscalar, Multisensor Search And Survey With Hovering Auvs, Christopher Roman, Hanumant Singh Apr 2002

Multiscalar, Multisensor Search And Survey With Hovering Auvs, Christopher Roman, Hanumant Singh

Christopher N. Roman

No abstract provided.


Uwit: Underwater Image Toolbox And Mosaicking In Matlab, R. Eustice, O. Pizarro, C. Roman, H. Singh Nov 2001

Uwit: Underwater Image Toolbox And Mosaicking In Matlab, R. Eustice, O. Pizarro, C. Roman, H. Singh

Christopher N. Roman

No abstract provided.


A Short Summary Of Seabed And Some Data Highlights, H. Singh, R. Eustice, C. Roman, O. Pizarro, N. Mcphee Nov 2001

A Short Summary Of Seabed And Some Data Highlights, H. Singh, R. Eustice, C. Roman, O. Pizarro, N. Mcphee

Christopher N. Roman

No abstract provided.