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Articles 1 - 13 of 13

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Self Consistent Bathymetric Mapping Using Sub-Maps: Survey Results From The Tag Hydrothermal Structure, C. Roman, R. Reves-Sohn, H. Singh, S. Humphris Dec 2005

Self Consistent Bathymetric Mapping Using Sub-Maps: Survey Results From The Tag Hydrothermal Structure, C. Roman, R. Reves-Sohn, H. Singh, S. Humphris

Christopher N. Roman

The spatial resolution of microbathymetry maps created using robotic vehicles such as ROVs, AUVs and manned submersibles in the deep ocean is currently limited by the accuracy of the vehicle navigation data. Errors in the vehicle position estimate commonly exceed the ranging errors of the acoustic mapping sensor itself, which creates inconsistency in the map making process and produces artifacts that lower resolution and distort map integrity. We present a methodology for producing self-consistent maps and improving vehicle position estimation by exploiting accurate local navigation and utilizing terrain relative measurements. The complete map is broken down into individual "sub-maps'', which ...


Broadband Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering Spectroscopy Of Nitrogen Using A Picosecond Modeless Dye Laser, Sukesh Roy, Terrence R. Meyer, James R. Gord Nov 2005

Broadband Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering Spectroscopy Of Nitrogen Using A Picosecond Modeless Dye Laser, Sukesh Roy, Terrence R. Meyer, James R. Gord

Terrence R Meyer

Broadband picosecond coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) spectroscopy of nitrogen is demonstrated using 145-ps pump and probe beams and a 115-ps Stokes beam with a spectral bandwidth of 5 nm. This is, to our knowledge, the first demonstration of broadband CARS using subnanosecond lasers. The short temporal envelope of the laser pulses and the broadband spectral nature of the Stokes beam will enable nonresonant-background-free, single-shot, or time-dependent spectroscopy in high-pressure or hydrocarbon-rich environments. Successful correlation of room-temperature broadband picosecond N2 CARS with a theoretical spectrum is presented.


Ballistic Imaging Of The Liquid Core For A Steady Jet In Crossflow, Mark A. Linne, Megan Paciaroni, James R. Gord, Terrence R. Meyer Oct 2005

Ballistic Imaging Of The Liquid Core For A Steady Jet In Crossflow, Mark A. Linne, Megan Paciaroni, James R. Gord, Terrence R. Meyer

Terrence R Meyer

A time-gated ballistic imaging instrument is used to obtain high-spatial-resolution, single-shot images of the liquid core in a water spray issuing into a gaseous crossflow. We describe further development of the diagnostic technique to improve spatial resolution and present images and statistics for various jets under crossflow experimental conditions (different Weber numbers). Series of these images reveal a near-nozzle flow field undergoing breakup and subsequent droplet formation by stripping. One can also detect signatures of spatially periodic behavior in the liquid core and formation of small voids during breakup.


10 Khz Detection Of Co2 At 4.5 Um By Using Tunable Diode-Laser-Based Difference-Frequency Generation, Terrence R. Meyer, Sukesh Roy, Thomas N. Anderson, Robert P. Lucht, Rodolfo Barron-Jimenez, James R. Gord Oct 2005

10 Khz Detection Of Co2 At 4.5 Um By Using Tunable Diode-Laser-Based Difference-Frequency Generation, Terrence R. Meyer, Sukesh Roy, Thomas N. Anderson, Robert P. Lucht, Rodolfo Barron-Jimenez, James R. Gord

Terrence R Meyer

A compact, high-speed tunable, diode-laser-based mid-infrared (MIR) laser source has been developed for absorption spectroscopy of CO2 at rates up to 10 kHz. Radiation at 4.5 um with a mode-hop-free tuning range of 80 GHz is generated by difference-frequency mixing the 860 nm output of a distributed-feedback diode laser with the 1064 nm output of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser in a periodically poled lithium niobate crystal. MIR absorption spectroscopy of CO2 with a detection limit of 44 ppm m at 10 kHz is demonstrated in a C2H4-air laminar diffusion flame and in the exhaust of a liquid-fueled model ...


High-Resolution Sonar Surveying: Techniques And Strategies For Improved Micro-Bathymetic Mapping, Vicki Ferrini, D. Fornari, T. Shank, D. Kelley, M. Tivey, S. Carbotte, D. Glickson, C. Roman, A. Sterling Sep 2005

High-Resolution Sonar Surveying: Techniques And Strategies For Improved Micro-Bathymetic Mapping, Vicki Ferrini, D. Fornari, T. Shank, D. Kelley, M. Tivey, S. Carbotte, D. Glickson, C. Roman, A. Sterling

Christopher N. Roman

No abstract provided.


Interactive Analysis Of Waste Recycling And Energy Recovery Program In A Small-Scale Incinerator, Wei-Hsin Chen Aug 2005

Interactive Analysis Of Waste Recycling And Energy Recovery Program In A Small-Scale Incinerator, Wei-Hsin Chen

Wei-Hsin Chen

No abstract provided.


Improved Vehicle Based Multibeam Bathymetry Using Sub-Maps And Slam, Christopher Roman, Hanumant Singh Jul 2005

Improved Vehicle Based Multibeam Bathymetry Using Sub-Maps And Slam, Christopher Roman, Hanumant Singh

Christopher N. Roman

This paper presents an algorithm to improve sub-sea acoustic multibeam bottom mapping based on the simultaneous mapping and localization (SLAM) methodology. Multibeam bathymetry from underwater water vehicles can yield valuable large scale terrain maps of the sea door, but the overall accuracy of these maps is typically limited by the accuracy of the vehicle position estimates. The solution presented here uses small bathymetric patches created over short time scales in a sub-mapping context. These patches are registered with respect to one another and assembled in a single coordinate frame to produce a more accurate terrain estimate and provide improved renavigation ...


In-Situ High-Energy X-Ray Diffraction Study Of The Local Structure Of Supercooled Liquid Si, Robert Hyers, A. I. Goldman, K. F. Kelton, D. S. Robinson, J. R. Rogers, T. J. Rathz, A. K. Gangopadhyay, B. Sieve, G. W. Lee, T. H. Kim Jul 2005

In-Situ High-Energy X-Ray Diffraction Study Of The Local Structure Of Supercooled Liquid Si, Robert Hyers, A. I. Goldman, K. F. Kelton, D. S. Robinson, J. R. Rogers, T. J. Rathz, A. K. Gangopadhyay, B. Sieve, G. W. Lee, T. H. Kim

Robert Hyers

Employing the technique of electrostatic levitation, coupled with high-energy x-ray diffraction and rapid data acquisition methods, we have obtained high quality structural data more deeply into the supercooled regime of liquid silicon than has been possible before. No change in coordination number is observed in this temperature region, calling into question previous experimental claims of structural evidence for the existence of a liquid-liquid phase transition.


Diode-Laser-Based Ultraviolet-Absorption Sensor For High-Speed Detection Of The Hydroxyl Radical, Thomas N. Anderson, Robert P. Lucht, Terrence R. Meyer, Sukesh Roy, James R. Gord May 2005

Diode-Laser-Based Ultraviolet-Absorption Sensor For High-Speed Detection Of The Hydroxyl Radical, Thomas N. Anderson, Robert P. Lucht, Terrence R. Meyer, Sukesh Roy, James R. Gord

Terrence R Meyer

A new diode-laser-based UV-absorption sensor for high-speed detection of the hydroxyl radical (OH) is described. The sensor is based on sum-frequency generation of UV radiation at 313.5 nm by mixing the output of a 763-nm distributed-feedback diode laser with that of a 532-nm high-power, diode-pumped, frequency-doubled Nd:YVO4 laser in a B-barium borate crystal.


Identification Of Plasma Membrane Macro- And Microdomains From Wavelet Analysis Of Fret Microscopy, Evgeny Kobrinsky, Donald E. Mager, Sarah A. Bentil, Shin-Ichi Murata, Darrell R. Abernethy, Nikolai M. Soldatov Apr 2005

Identification Of Plasma Membrane Macro- And Microdomains From Wavelet Analysis Of Fret Microscopy, Evgeny Kobrinsky, Donald E. Mager, Sarah A. Bentil, Shin-Ichi Murata, Darrell R. Abernethy, Nikolai M. Soldatov

Sarah A. Bentil

In this study, we sought to characterize functional signaling domains by applying the multiresolution properties of the continuous wavelet transform to fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) microscopic images of plasma membranes. A genetically encoded FRET reporter of protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent phosphorylation was expressed in COS1 cells. Differences between wavelet coefficient matrices revealed several heterogeneous domains (typically ranging from 1 to 5 μm), reflecting the dynamic balance between PKC and phosphatase activity during stimulation with phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate or acetylcholine. The balance in these domains was not necessarily reflected in the overall plasma membrane changes, and observed heterogeneity was ...


Analysis On Energy Consumption And Performance Of Reheating Furnaces In A Hot Strip Mill, Wei-Hsin Chen Mar 2005

Analysis On Energy Consumption And Performance Of Reheating Furnaces In A Hot Strip Mill, Wei-Hsin Chen

Wei-Hsin Chen

No abstract provided.


Cluster Treatment Of Characteristic Roots, Ctcr, A Unique Methodology For The Complete Robustness Analysis Of Linear Time Invariant Multiple Time Delay Systems Against Delay Uncertainties, Rifat Sipahi Dec 2004

Cluster Treatment Of Characteristic Roots, Ctcr, A Unique Methodology For The Complete Robustness Analysis Of Linear Time Invariant Multiple Time Delay Systems Against Delay Uncertainties, Rifat Sipahi

Rifat Sipahi

Today, many high-tech applications such as simultaneous metal machining, neural networks, internet data congestion, population dynamics, chemical processes, formation flight problems, etc., appear in the form of multiple time delay systems (MTDS ). Due to the presence of delays, the stability of the dynamics is under question and needs to be addressed. In the last four decades, the stability analysis of the general class, Linear Time Invariant MTDS (LTI-MTDS), has been one of the challenging problems of the systems and control community, which originates from the complex stability analysis due to their infinite dimensionality. For tackling this, a unique procedure is ...


Advances In High Resolution Imaging From Underwater Vehicles, Hanumant Singh, Christopher Roman, Oscar Pizarro, Ryan Eustice Dec 2004

Advances In High Resolution Imaging From Underwater Vehicles, Hanumant Singh, Christopher Roman, Oscar Pizarro, Ryan Eustice

Christopher N. Roman

Large area mapping at high resolution underwater continues to be constrained by the mismatch between available navigation as compared to sensor accuracy. In this paper we present advances that exploit consistency and redundancy within local sensor measurements to build high resolution optical and acoustic maps that are a consistent representation of the environment.

We present our work in the context of real world data acquired using Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) and Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) working in diverse applications including shallow water coral reef surveys with the Seabed AUV, a forensic survey of the RMS Titanic in the North Atlantic ...