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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Correlation Between The Xps Peak Shapes Of Y1bu2cu3o7-X And Film Quality, Paul N. Barnes, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay, Timothy J. Haugan, Swaminathan Krishnaswami, Justin C. Tolliver, Iman Maartense Aug 2018

Correlation Between The Xps Peak Shapes Of Y1bu2cu3o7-X And Film Quality, Paul N. Barnes, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay, Timothy J. Haugan, Swaminathan Krishnaswami, Justin C. Tolliver, Iman Maartense

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) depth profiling was used to investigate the compositional and chemical profile of a typical YBCO coated conductor architecture. Results of the process revealed that the Y(3d) photoelectronic peak shape in these films is very different from bulk YBCO. To investigate this, several samples of Y i Ba2Cu307_„ thin films were intentionally created of varying quality. The films were deposited on LaA10 3 by pulsed laser deposition with ./c. values ranging from poorly conducting up to several MA/cm2. Initial results indicated a potential correlation between the Y(3d) XPS peak shape (full-width-half-maximum) of the YBCO ...


Evaluating Superconducting Ybco Film Properties Using Xray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Paul N. Barnes, Justin C. Tolliver, Timothy J. Haugan, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay, John T. Grant Aug 2018

Evaluating Superconducting Ybco Film Properties Using Xray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Paul N. Barnes, Justin C. Tolliver, Timothy J. Haugan, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay, John T. Grant

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Initial results have been recently reported that suggest a potential correlation exists between the full-width-halfmaximum (FWHM) of the Y(3d) peak obtained by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and the critical current density a YBa2Cu3O7-x film can carry. In particular, the Y(3d5/2) demonstrated a stronger correlation. Transport currents were determined by the 4-point contact method using the 1μV/cm criterion. An apparent correlation was also suggested between the Y(3d) FWHM and ac loss data points were acquired to further test the usefulness of the correlations. Samples were created by pulsed laser ...


Wettability Tailoring Of Nanotube Carpets: Morphology-Chemistry Synergy For Hydrophobic–Hydrophilic Cycling, Lymeng He, Anil Karumuri, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay Aug 2018

Wettability Tailoring Of Nanotube Carpets: Morphology-Chemistry Synergy For Hydrophobic–Hydrophilic Cycling, Lymeng He, Anil Karumuri, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Carpet-like arrays of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on graphitic carbon materials have been investigated in order to understand all-carbon hierarchical structures for multifunctional surface-active devices. Pure CNT carpets are seen to be super-hydrophobic as long as they are well aligned. For future applications involving aqueous environments, the ability to tailor the surface wettability and switch it on demand can be very useful, and enable unprecedented devices related to microfluidics, catalysis and sensing/detection systems. In this study, microwave plasma treatments were used to functionalize CNT carpets for a progressive increase in wettability so that they could eventually become super-hydrophilic. This change ...


Aligned Carbon Nanotube Arrays Bonded To Solid Graphite Substrates: Thermal Analysis For Future Device Cooling Applications, Betty T. Quinton, Levi Elston, James D. Scofield, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay Aug 2018

Aligned Carbon Nanotube Arrays Bonded To Solid Graphite Substrates: Thermal Analysis For Future Device Cooling Applications, Betty T. Quinton, Levi Elston, James D. Scofield, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are known for high thermal conductivity and have potential use as nano-radiators or heat exchangers. This paper focuses on the thermal performance of carpet-like arrays of vertically aligned CNTs on solid graphite substrates with the idea of investigating their behavior as a function of carpet dimensions and predicting their performance as thermal interface material (TIM) for electronic device cooling. Vertically aligned CNTs were grown on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) substrate, which creates a robust and durable all-carbon hierarchical structure. The multi-layer thermal analysis approach using Netzsch laser flash analysis system was used to evaluate their performance ...


Hierarchical Hybrid Architectures For Robust And Reusable Nano-Devices, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay Aug 2018

Hierarchical Hybrid Architectures For Robust And Reusable Nano-Devices, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

No abstract provided.


Nanomaterials Synthesis, Applications, And Toxicity 2012, Mallikarjuna Nadagouda, Dionysios Demetriou Dionysiou, Darren A. Lytle, Thomas F. Speth, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay Mar 2017

Nanomaterials Synthesis, Applications, And Toxicity 2012, Mallikarjuna Nadagouda, Dionysios Demetriou Dionysiou, Darren A. Lytle, Thomas F. Speth, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Nanotechnology presents new opportunities to create better materials and products. Nanomaterials find wide applications in catalysis, energy production, medicine, environmental remediation, automotive industry, and other sectors of our society. Nanomaterial-containing products are already available globally and include automotive parts, defense application, drug delivery devices, coatings, computers, clothing, cosmetics, sports equipment, and medical devices. This special issue includes emerging advances in the field, with a special emphasis given to nanomaterial synthesis and applications.


Carbon Nanotube Based Groundwater Remediation: The Case Of Trichloroethylene, Kshitij C. Jha, Zhuonan Liu, Hema Vijwani, Mallikarjuna Nadagouda, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay, Mesfin Tsige Aug 2016

Carbon Nanotube Based Groundwater Remediation: The Case Of Trichloroethylene, Kshitij C. Jha, Zhuonan Liu, Hema Vijwani, Mallikarjuna Nadagouda, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay, Mesfin Tsige

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Adsorption of chlorinated organic contaminants (COCs) on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) has been gaining ground as a remedial platform for groundwater treatment. Applications depend on our mechanistic understanding of COC adsorption on CNTs. This paper lays out the nature of competing interactions at play in hybrid, membrane, and pure CNT based systems and presents results with the perspective of existing gaps in design strategies. First, current remediation approaches to trichloroethylene (TCE), the most ubiquitous of the COCs, is presented along with examination of forces contributing to adsorption of analogous contaminants at the molecular level. Second, we present results on TCE adsorption ...


A Comparative Study Of Three Different Chemical Vapor Deposition Techniques Of Carbon Nanotube Growth On Diamond Films, Betty T. Quinton, Paul N. Barnes, Chakrapani V. Varanasi, Bang-Hung Tsao, Kevin J. Yost, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay Aug 2016

A Comparative Study Of Three Different Chemical Vapor Deposition Techniques Of Carbon Nanotube Growth On Diamond Films, Betty T. Quinton, Paul N. Barnes, Chakrapani V. Varanasi, Bang-Hung Tsao, Kevin J. Yost, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

This paper compares between the methods of growing carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on diamond substrates and evaluates the quality of the CNTs and the interfacial strength. One potential application for these materials is a heat sink/spreader for high-power electronic devices. The CNTs and diamond substrates have a significantly higher specific thermal conductivity than traditional heat sink/spreader materials making them good replacement candidates. Only limited research has been performed on these CNT/diamond structures and their suitability of different growth methods. This study investigates three potential chemical vapor deposition (CVD) techniques for growing CNTs on diamond: thermal CVD (T-CVD), microwave ...


Carbon-Based Hierarchical Scaffolds For Myoblast Differentiation: Synergy Between Nano-Functionalization And Alignment, Akhil Patel, Shilpaa Mukundan, Wenhu Wang, Anil K. Karumuri, Vinayak Sant, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay, Shilpa Sant Apr 2016

Carbon-Based Hierarchical Scaffolds For Myoblast Differentiation: Synergy Between Nano-Functionalization And Alignment, Akhil Patel, Shilpaa Mukundan, Wenhu Wang, Anil K. Karumuri, Vinayak Sant, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay, Shilpa Sant

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

While several scaffolds have been proposed for skeletal muscle regeneration, multiscale hierarchical scaffolds with the complexity of extracellular matrix (ECM) haven’t been engineered successfully. By precise control over nano- and microscale features, comprehensive understanding of the effect of multiple factors on skeletal muscle regeneration can be derived. In this study, we engineered carbon-based scaffolds with hierarchical nano- and microscale architecture with controlled physico-chemical properties. More specifically, we built multiscale hierarchy by growing carbon nanotube (CNT) carpets on two types of scaffolds, namely, interconnected microporous carbon foams and aligned carbon fiber mats. Nanostructured CNT carpets offered fine control over nano-roughness ...


Silver Nanoparticles Supported On Carbon Nanotube Carpets: Influence Of Surface Functionalization, Anil K. Karumuri, Dhawal P. Oswal, Heather A. Hostetler, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay Apr 2016

Silver Nanoparticles Supported On Carbon Nanotube Carpets: Influence Of Surface Functionalization, Anil K. Karumuri, Dhawal P. Oswal, Heather A. Hostetler, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

The effectiveness of nanoparticle-based functional devices depends strongly on the surface morphology and area of the support. An emerging powerful approach of increasing the available surface area without decreasing strength or increasing bulk is to attach arrays of suitable nanotubes on the surface, and to attach the necessary nanoparticles to them. Earlier publications by this team have shown that carpet-like arrays of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) can be successfully grown on a variety of larger carbon substrates such as graphite, foams and fabric, which offer hierarchical multiscale supporting architecture suitable for the attachment of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). A limiting factor of ...


Multifunctional Nanomaterials For Biomedical Engineering: Unique Properties, Fabrications, And Diverse Applications, Jen-Jie Chieh, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay, Yali Cui Jul 2015

Multifunctional Nanomaterials For Biomedical Engineering: Unique Properties, Fabrications, And Diverse Applications, Jen-Jie Chieh, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay, Yali Cui

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Nanomaterials possess many unique properties useful for biomedical applications ranging from preoperative and intraoperative imaging to coatings, assays, and cell scaffolds. Their popularity and production value are full of competitiveness. Their related methodologies and instruments are also created or emphasized as the mainstream. Since multifunctional nanomaterials attract interests and attention of researchers, engineers, and businessmen in biomedical engineering, this journal is set up to publish a special issue devoted to this topic. The result is a collection of five original research articles, whose authors belong to academic or research institutions of five different countries from Asia, Europe, and America. Papers ...


Dechlorination Of Environmental Contaminants Using A Hybrid Nanocatalyst: Palladium Nanoparticles Supported On Hierarchical Carbon Nanostructures, Hema Vijwani, Abinash Agrawal, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay Jan 2013

Dechlorination Of Environmental Contaminants Using A Hybrid Nanocatalyst: Palladium Nanoparticles Supported On Hierarchical Carbon Nanostructures, Hema Vijwani, Abinash Agrawal, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

This paper demonstrates the effectiveness of a new type of hybrid nanocatalyst material that combines the high surface area of nanoparticles and nanotubes with the structural robustness and ease of handling larger supports. The hybrid material is made by fabricating palladium nanoparticles on two types of carbon supports: as-received microcellular foam (Foam) and foam with carbon nanotubes anchored on the pore walls (CNT/Foam). Catalytic reductive dechlorination of carbon tetrachloride with these materials has been investigated using gas chromatography. It is seen that while both palladium-functionalized carbon supports are highly effective in the degradation of carbon tetrachloride, the rate of ...


Novel Platform Development Using Assembly Of Carbon Nanotube, Nanogold And Immobilized Rna Capture Element For Rapid, Selective Sensing Of Bacteria, Elizabeth I. Maurer, Kristen K. Comfort, Saber M. Hussain, John J. Schlager, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay Nov 2012

Novel Platform Development Using Assembly Of Carbon Nanotube, Nanogold And Immobilized Rna Capture Element For Rapid, Selective Sensing Of Bacteria, Elizabeth I. Maurer, Kristen K. Comfort, Saber M. Hussain, John J. Schlager, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

This study examines the creation of a nano-featured biosensor platform designed for the rapid and selective detection of the bacterium Escherichia coli. The foundation of this sensor is carbon nanotubes decorated with gold nanoparticles that are modified with a specific, surface adherent ribonucleiuc acid (RNA) sequence element. The multi-step sensor assembly was accomplished by growing carbon nanotubes on a graphite substrate, the direct synthesis of gold nanoparticles on the nanotube surface, and the attachment of thiolated RNA to the bound nanoparticles. The application of the compounded nano-materials for sensor development has the distinct advantage of retaining the electrical behavior property ...


Studies On Yba2nbo6 And Yba2cu3-Xnbxoy Buffer Layers, S. Sathiraju, R. Wheeler, Paul N. Barnes, T. L. Peterson, Iman Maartense, A. L. Campbell, N. A. Yust, T. J. Haugan, Q. Jia, Paul Arendt, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay, S. Vemulakonda Nov 2012

Studies On Yba2nbo6 And Yba2cu3-Xnbxoy Buffer Layers, S. Sathiraju, R. Wheeler, Paul N. Barnes, T. L. Peterson, Iman Maartense, A. L. Campbell, N. A. Yust, T. J. Haugan, Q. Jia, Paul Arendt, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay, S. Vemulakonda

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

No abstract provided.


X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopic Studies Of Dolomite Surfaces Exposed To Undersaturated And Supersaturated Aqueous Solutions, Xiaoming Hu, Pratik Joshi, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay, Steven R. Higgins Oct 2012

X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopic Studies Of Dolomite Surfaces Exposed To Undersaturated And Supersaturated Aqueous Solutions, Xiaoming Hu, Pratik Joshi, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay, Steven R. Higgins

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Cleaved surfaces of dolomite were studied using ex-situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) following exposure of the surfaces to various experimental conditions. Dolomite samples exposed to air, to a highly undersaturated solution (0.1 M NaCl, pH = 9), and to solution with a supersaturation (-Delta mu/kT) of 5.5 (pH = 9) were investigated with semiquantitative methods of analysis to ascertain the degree of non-stoichiometry resulting at the dolomite surface from reactive conditions. It was found that the dolomite cleavage surface in undersaturated solution was not altered significantly from the stoichiometric surface termination. The composition of the cleaved surface after exposure ...