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Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

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Articles 1 - 30 of 114

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

A Multi-Stage Optimization Model For Flexibility In Engineering Design, Ramin Giahi, Cameron A. Mackenzie, Chao Hu Oct 2019

A Multi-Stage Optimization Model For Flexibility In Engineering Design, Ramin Giahi, Cameron A. Mackenzie, Chao Hu

Cameron A. MacKenzie

Engineered systems often operate in uncertain environments. Understanding different environments under which a system will operate is important in engineering design. Thus, there is a need to design systems with the capability to respond to future changes. This research explores designing a hybrid renewable energy system while taking into account long-range uncertainties of 20 years. The objective is to minimize the expected cost of the hybrid renewable energy system over the next 20 years. A design solution may be flexible, which means that the design can be adapted or modified to meet different scenarios in the future. The value of ...


The Use Of Sacrificial Support Structures In A Rapid Machining Process, Wutthigrai Boonsuk, Matthew C. Frank Sep 2019

The Use Of Sacrificial Support Structures In A Rapid Machining Process, Wutthigrai Boonsuk, Matthew C. Frank

Wutthigrai Boonsuk

Rapid prototyping techniques for CNC machining have been developed in an effort to produce functional prototypes in appropriate materials. One of the major challenges is to develop an automatic fixturing system for the part during the milling process. The current proposed method, sacrificial support fixturing, is similar to the support structures used in existing rapid processes, such as Stereolithography. During the machining process, the sacrificial supports emerge incrementally and, at the end of the process, are the only entities connecting the part to the stock material. In this paper, we propose methodologies for the design of sacrificial support structures for ...


Comparing Visual Assembly Aids For Augmented Reality Work Instructions, Anastacia Macallister, Melynda Hoover, Stephen Gilbert, James Oliver, Rafael Radkowski, Timothy Garrett, Joseph Holub, Eliot Winer, Scott Terry, Paul Davies Jan 2019

Comparing Visual Assembly Aids For Augmented Reality Work Instructions, Anastacia Macallister, Melynda Hoover, Stephen Gilbert, James Oliver, Rafael Radkowski, Timothy Garrett, Joseph Holub, Eliot Winer, Scott Terry, Paul Davies

Anastacia MacAllister

Increased product complexity and the focus on zero defects, especially when manufacturing complex engineered products, means new tools are required for helping workers conduct challenging assembly tasks. Augmented reality (AR) has shown considerable promise in delivering work instructions over traditional methods. Many proof-of-concept systems have demonstrated the feasibility of AR but little work has been devoted to understanding how users perceive different AR work instruction interface elements. This paper presents a between-subjects study looking at how interface elements for object depth placement in a scene impact a user’s ability to quickly and accurately assemble a mock aircraft wing in ...


Evaluation Of An Intelligent Team Tutoring System For A Collaborative Two-Person Problem: Surveillance, Alec Ostrander, Desmond Bonner, Jamiahus Walton, Anna Slavina, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson, Adam Kohl, Stephen Gilbert, Michael Dorneich, Anne Sinatra, Eliot H. Winer Jan 2019

Evaluation Of An Intelligent Team Tutoring System For A Collaborative Two-Person Problem: Surveillance, Alec Ostrander, Desmond Bonner, Jamiahus Walton, Anna Slavina, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson, Adam Kohl, Stephen Gilbert, Michael Dorneich, Anne Sinatra, Eliot H. Winer

Stephen B. Gilbert

This paper describes the development and evaluation of an Intelligent Team Tutoring System (ITTS) for pairs of learners working collaboratively to monitor an area. In the Surveillance Team Tutor (STT), learners performed a surveillance task in a virtual environment, communicating to track hostile moving soldiers. This collaborative problem solving task required significant communication to achieve the common goal of perfect surveillance. In a pilot evaluation, 16 two-person teams performed the task within one of three feedback conditions (Individual, Team, or None) across four trials each. The STT used a unique approach to filtering feedback so that teams in both individual ...


Comparing Visual Assembly Aids For Augmented Reality Work Instructions, Anastacia Macallister, Melynda Hoover, Stephen Gilbert, James Oliver, Rafael Radkowski, Timothy Garrett, Joseph Holub, Eliot Winer, Scott Terry, Paul Davies Jan 2019

Comparing Visual Assembly Aids For Augmented Reality Work Instructions, Anastacia Macallister, Melynda Hoover, Stephen Gilbert, James Oliver, Rafael Radkowski, Timothy Garrett, Joseph Holub, Eliot Winer, Scott Terry, Paul Davies

Stephen B. Gilbert

Increased product complexity and the focus on zero defects, especially when manufacturing complex engineered products, means new tools are required for helping workers conduct challenging assembly tasks. Augmented reality (AR) has shown considerable promise in delivering work instructions over traditional methods. Many proof-of-concept systems have demonstrated the feasibility of AR but little work has been devoted to understanding how users perceive different AR work instruction interface elements. This paper presents a between-subjects study looking at how interface elements for object depth placement in a scene impact a user’s ability to quickly and accurately assemble a mock aircraft wing in ...


Evaluation Of An Intelligent Team Tutoring System For A Collaborative Two-Person Problem: Surveillance, Alec Ostrander, Desmond Bonner, Jamiahus Walton, Anna Slavina, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson, Adam Kohl, Stephen Gilbert, Michael Dorneich, Anne Sinatra, Eliot H. Winer Jan 2019

Evaluation Of An Intelligent Team Tutoring System For A Collaborative Two-Person Problem: Surveillance, Alec Ostrander, Desmond Bonner, Jamiahus Walton, Anna Slavina, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson, Adam Kohl, Stephen Gilbert, Michael Dorneich, Anne Sinatra, Eliot H. Winer

Michael C. Dorneich

This paper describes the development and evaluation of an Intelligent Team Tutoring System (ITTS) for pairs of learners working collaboratively to monitor an area. In the Surveillance Team Tutor (STT), learners performed a surveillance task in a virtual environment, communicating to track hostile moving soldiers. This collaborative problem solving task required significant communication to achieve the common goal of perfect surveillance. In a pilot evaluation, 16 two-person teams performed the task within one of three feedback conditions (Individual, Team, or None) across four trials each. The STT used a unique approach to filtering feedback so that teams in both individual ...


Composite Structures Using Asphalt Based Roofing Scrap Materials: Eiera -- Final Report, V. J. Flanigan, K. Chandrashekhara, Susan L. Murray Jan 2019

Composite Structures Using Asphalt Based Roofing Scrap Materials: Eiera -- Final Report, V. J. Flanigan, K. Chandrashekhara, Susan L. Murray

K. Chandrashekhara

The uses of recycled materials in composites provide the potential for large cost savings and a solution to the ever-growing disposal problem. Shingles contain petroleum based binders and fillers, which used as a valuable resource in composite production. Composites offer inherent advantages over traditional materials in regard to corrosion resistance, design flexibility and extended service life. Use of scrap-roofing shingles as a core material in glass fiber reinforced composite materials offer potential low cost composite products such as sound barrier system, railroad ties and other building materials including blocks. In the present work, processes have been developed for shredding scrap ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Dec 2018

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


The Subject Librarian Newsletter, Engineering And Computer Science, Fall 2017, Buenaventura "Ven" Basco Oct 2018

The Subject Librarian Newsletter, Engineering And Computer Science, Fall 2017, Buenaventura "Ven" Basco

Buenaventura "Ven" Basco

No abstract provided.


Application Of Bayesian Belief Network For Agile Kanban Backlog Estimation, Eric D. Weflen, Kevin Korniejczuk, Sharon Lau, Steven S. Kryk, Cameron A. Mackenzie, Iris V. Rivero Sep 2018

Application Of Bayesian Belief Network For Agile Kanban Backlog Estimation, Eric D. Weflen, Kevin Korniejczuk, Sharon Lau, Steven S. Kryk, Cameron A. Mackenzie, Iris V. Rivero

Sharon Lau

What is Agile Kanban?

• Different from Kanban for JIT manufacturing!

• Visualization of workflow

• Limit work in process (WIP)


Advances In Composite Manufacturing Of Helicopter Parts, Tobias A. Weber, Hans-Joachim K. Ruff-Stahl Jul 2018

Advances In Composite Manufacturing Of Helicopter Parts, Tobias A. Weber, Hans-Joachim K. Ruff-Stahl

Hans-Joachim Ruff-Stahl

This study investigates and compares different methods for improving standard autoclave composite manufacturing in order to find suitable approaches to a more efficient composite production. The goal is not only a reduction in manufacturing times and costs but also quality enhancement. Improved part quality while decreasing costs enables a manufacturer of composite parts to expand its market share, especially in the helicopter market, which has been constantly shrinking over the last two years. Various approaches such as improved tooling technology, the use of automated systems for lamination as well as outsourcing are examined to provide an overview of possible advancements ...


Work Zone Simulator Analysis: Driver Performance And Acceptance Of Missouri Alternate Lane Shift Configurations, Suzanna Long, Ruwen Qin, Dincer Konur, Ming-Chuan Leu, S. Moradpour, S. Thind, H. Nadathur Jul 2018

Work Zone Simulator Analysis: Driver Performance And Acceptance Of Missouri Alternate Lane Shift Configurations, Suzanna Long, Ruwen Qin, Dincer Konur, Ming-Chuan Leu, S. Moradpour, S. Thind, H. Nadathur

Ruwen Qin

The objective of this project is to evaluate MoDOT’s alternate lane shift sign configuration for work zones. The single signproposed by MoDOT provides the traveler with enough information to let them know that all lanes are available to shift around thework zone, whereas the MUTCD signs require drivers to see two signs. This research simulation project evaluates the drivers’ laneshifting performance and acceptance of the alternate lane shift sign proposed by MoDOT to be used on work zones as compared tothe MUTCD lane shift signs. Based on the study results, no difference was observed between MUTCD lane shift sign ...


Lean Energy Analysis: Identifying, Discovering And Tracking Energy Savings Potential, J. Kelly Kissock, John Seryak Mar 2017

Lean Energy Analysis: Identifying, Discovering And Tracking Energy Savings Potential, J. Kelly Kissock, John Seryak

J. Kelly Kissock

Energy in manufacturing facilities is used for direct production of goods, space conditioning, and general facility support such as lighting. This paper presents a methodology, called lean energy analysis, LEA, for graphically and statistically analyzing plant energy use in terms of these major end uses.

The LEA methodology uses as few as 60 easily obtainable data points. Multivariable change-point models of electricity and natural gas use as functions of outdoor air temperature and production data are developed. The statistical models are used to subdivide plant energy use into facility, space-conditioning and production-related components.

These breakdowns suggest the savings potential from ...


Improving Compressed Air Energy Efficiency In Automotive Plants: Practical Examples And Implementation, Nasr Alkadi, J. Kelly Kissock Mar 2017

Improving Compressed Air Energy Efficiency In Automotive Plants: Practical Examples And Implementation, Nasr Alkadi, J. Kelly Kissock

J. Kelly Kissock

The automotive industry is the largest industry in the United States in terms of the dollar value of production [1]. U.S. automakers face tremendous pressure from foreign competitors, which have an increasing manufacturing presence in this country. The Big Three North American Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs)-General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler-are reacting to declining sales figures and economic strain by working more efficiently and seeking out opportunities to reduce production costs without negatively affecting the production volume or the quality of the product. Successful, cost-effective investment and implementation of the energy efficiency technologies and practices meet the challenge of ...


Measuring Plant-Wide Energy Savings, J. Kelly Kissock, Carl Eger Mar 2017

Measuring Plant-Wide Energy Savings, J. Kelly Kissock, Carl Eger

J. Kelly Kissock

This paper presents a general method for measuring plant-wide industrial energy savings and demonstrates the method using a case study from an actual industrial energy assessment. The method uses regression models to characterize baseline energy use. It takes into account changes in weather and production, and can use sub-metered data or whole plant utility billing data. In addition to calculating overall savings, the method is also able to disaggregate savings into components, which provides additional insight into the effectiveness of the individual savings measures. Although the method incorporates search techniques and multi-variable least-squares regression, it is easily implemented using data ...


Virtual Reality Integrated Welder Training, Richard T. Stone, Kristopher Patrick Watts, Peihan Zhong Feb 2017

Virtual Reality Integrated Welder Training, Richard T. Stone, Kristopher Patrick Watts, Peihan Zhong

Richard T. Stone

Training in the welding industry is a critical and often costly endeavor; this study examines the training potential, team learning, material consumption, and cost implications of using integrated virtual reality technology as a major part of welder training. In this study, 22 participants were trained using one of two separate methods (traditional training (TT) and virtual reality integrated training (VRI)). The results demonstrated that students trained using 50% virtual reality had training outcomes that surpassed those of traditionally trained students across four distinctive weld qualifications (2F, 1G, 3F, 3G). In addition, the VRI group demonstrated significantly higher levels of team ...


Low-Frequency Dynamics Of Moored Vessels, Bohdan W. Oppenheim, P. A. Wilson Jan 2017

Low-Frequency Dynamics Of Moored Vessels, Bohdan W. Oppenheim, P. A. Wilson

Bohdan W. Oppenheim

Three complete theories of the low-frequency dynamics of ships and disks moored with multileg mooring systems in deep water are derived, evaluated, and computerized. One theory is nonlinear; it includes the effects of cubic damping, nonlinear mooring forces and the excitation-yaw motion feedback, and it is handled by simulation. It yields random, regular and transient records, probabilities and statistics, exact and linearized transfer functions, and spectra of responses. The second theory is linear, solved in the frequency domain. The third is a static theory, which is a by-product of the linear one. Mooring lines of arbitrary compositions are considered.


Life Cycle Assessment Of The Production Of Hydrogen And Transportation Fuels From Corn Stover Via Fast Pyrolysis, Yanan Zhang, Guiping Hu, Robert C. Brown Oct 2016

Life Cycle Assessment Of The Production Of Hydrogen And Transportation Fuels From Corn Stover Via Fast Pyrolysis, Yanan Zhang, Guiping Hu, Robert C. Brown

Guiping Hu

This life cycle assessment (LCA) evaluates and quantifies the environmental impacts of the production of hydrogen and transportation fuels from the fast pyrolysis and upgrading of corn stover. Input data for this analysis come from Aspen Plus modeling, a GREET model database and a U.S Life Cycle Inventory Database. SimaPro 7.3 software is employed to estimate the environmental impacts. The results indicate that the net fossil energy input is 0.25 MJ and 0.23 MJ per km traveled for a light-duty vehicle fueled by gasoline and diesel fuel, respectively. Bio-oil production requires the largest fossil energy input ...


Techno-Economic Analysis Of Co-Located Corn Grain And Corn Stover Ethanol Plants, Longwen Ou, Tristan Brown, Rajeeva Thilakaratne, Guiping Hu, Robert C. Brown Oct 2016

Techno-Economic Analysis Of Co-Located Corn Grain And Corn Stover Ethanol Plants, Longwen Ou, Tristan Brown, Rajeeva Thilakaratne, Guiping Hu, Robert C. Brown

Guiping Hu

The goal of this paper is to evaluate the economic performance of co-located corn grain ethanol (Gen 1) and cellulosic ethanol (Gen 2) facilities. We present six scenarios to evaluate the impact of stover-to-grain mass (SGM) ratios on overall minimum ethanol selling price (MESP). For the Gen 1 plant, MESP is $3.18/ gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) while for the Gen 2 plant it is $5.64/GGE. Co-located Gen 1 and Gen 2 plants operating at the lowest SGM ratio of 0.4 generates the lowest overall MESP of $3.73/GGE as well as the highest MESP for ...


Techno-Economic Analysis Of Monosaccharide Production Via Biomass Fast Pyrolysis, Yanan Zhang, Tristan Brown, Guiping Hu, Robert C. Brown Oct 2016

Techno-Economic Analysis Of Monosaccharide Production Via Biomass Fast Pyrolysis, Yanan Zhang, Tristan Brown, Guiping Hu, Robert C. Brown

Guiping Hu

The economic feasibility of a facility producing monosaccharides, hydrogen and transportation fuels via fast pyrolysis and upgrading pathway was evaluated by modeling a 2000 dry metric ton biomass/day facility using Aspen Plus®. Equipment sizing and cost were based on Aspen Economic Evaluation® software. The results indicate that monosaccharide production capacity could reach 338 metric tons/day. Co-product yields of hydrogen and gasoline were 23.4 and 141 metric tons/day, respectively. The total installed equipment and total capital costs were estimated to be $210 million and $326 million, respectively. A facility internal rate of return (IRR) of 11.4 ...


Techno-Economic Analysis Of Fast Pyrolysis And Upgrading Facilities Employing Two Depolymerization Pathways, Yanan Zhang, Tristan Brown, Guiping Hu, Robert C. Brown Oct 2016

Techno-Economic Analysis Of Fast Pyrolysis And Upgrading Facilities Employing Two Depolymerization Pathways, Yanan Zhang, Tristan Brown, Guiping Hu, Robert C. Brown

Guiping Hu

We evaluate the economic feasibility of fast pyrolysis and upgrading facilities 11 employing either of two depolymerization pathways: two-stage hydrotreating 12 followed by a FCC (fluid catalytic cracking) stage or single-stage hydrotreating 13 followed by a hydrocracking stage. In the hydrotreating/FCC pathway, two options 14 are available as the hydrogen source for hydrotreating: merchant hydrogen or 15 hydrogen from natural gas reforming. The primary products of the hydrotreating/FCC 16 pathway are commodity chemicals whereas the primary products for the 17 hydrotreating/hydrocracking pathway are transportation fuels and hydrogen. The two 18 pathways are modeled using Aspen Plus® for ...


Comparative Techno-Economic Analysis Of Biohydrogen Production Via Bio-Oil Gasification And Bio-Oil Reforming, Yanan Zhang, Tristan Brown, Guiping Hu, Robert C. Brown Oct 2016

Comparative Techno-Economic Analysis Of Biohydrogen Production Via Bio-Oil Gasification And Bio-Oil Reforming, Yanan Zhang, Tristan Brown, Guiping Hu, Robert C. Brown

Guiping Hu

This paper evaluates the economic feasibility of biohydrogen production via two bio-oil processing pathways: bio-oil gasification and bio-oil reforming. Both pathways employ fast pyrolysis to produce bio-oil from biomass stock. The two pathways are modeled using Aspen Plus® for a 2000 t d-1 facility. Equipment sizing and cost calculations are based on Aspen Economic Evaluation® software. Biohydrogen production capacity at the facility is 147 t d-1 for the bio-oil gasification pathway and 160 t d-1 for the bio-oil reforming pathway. The biomass-to-fuel energy efficiencies are 47% and 84% for the bio-oil gasification and bio-oil reforming pathways, respectively. Total capital investment ...


Moving Object Recognition And Guidance Of Robots Using Neural Networks, Abhijit Neogy, S. N. Balakrishnan, Cihan H. Dagli Aug 2016

Moving Object Recognition And Guidance Of Robots Using Neural Networks, Abhijit Neogy, S. N. Balakrishnan, Cihan H. Dagli

Cihan H. Dagli

The design of a robust guidance system for a robot is discussed. The two major tasks for this guidance system are the online recognition of a moving object invariant to rotation and translation, and tracking the moving object using a neural-network-driven vision system. This system included computer software ported to the IBM PC and interfaced with an IBM 7535 robot. The operation of this guidance system involved recognition of a moving object and the ability to track it till the robot and effector was in close proximity of the object. It was found that the robot was able to track ...


Full Virtual Reality Vs. Integrated Virtual Reality Training In Welding, Richard T. Stone, Elease Mclaurin, Peihan Zhong, Kristopher Patrick Watts Jun 2016

Full Virtual Reality Vs. Integrated Virtual Reality Training In Welding, Richard T. Stone, Elease Mclaurin, Peihan Zhong, Kristopher Patrick Watts

Richard T. Stone

This study demonstrates that both fully virtual and virtual reality (VR) integrated into real-world training programs are appropriate for use in the domain of welding training, depending on the level of task difficulty. Performance differences were virtually indistinguishable between participants in the fully virtual and the integrated training group at the low and medium weld difficulty levels. At the highest level of difficulty, it became apparent that the VR system was no longer solely sufficient for training. This study also tracked the usage patterns for the visual aids used in the VR simulator. These optional aids were presented to the ...


Developing Students’ Understanding Of Global Issues Through Lean Manufacturing, Frank E. Peters, Leslie Potter, Kyung J. Min Sep 2015

Developing Students’ Understanding Of Global Issues Through Lean Manufacturing, Frank E. Peters, Leslie Potter, Kyung J. Min

Leslie Potter

While traditional international exchange programs provide valuable experience for engineering students, they are neither within reach nor practical for all students. An innovative course was developed and executed Spring 2007 to provide engineering students with an intense international experience. This course is aimed at strengthening ABET outcome item (h) [the broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global, economic, environmental, and societal context]. Additionally, the course provides students the opportunity to practice contemporary, industry-relevant skills by exploring lean manufacturing, including tools, philosophies, and current literature. In the first offering of the course, fifteen students participated ...


Mitigating Visually Induced Motion Sickness: A Virtual Hand-Eye Coordination Task, Michael K. Curtis, Kayla Dawson, Kelli Jackson, Liat Litwin, Chase Meusel, Michael C. Dorneich, Stephen B. Gilbert, Jonathan W. Kelly, Richard T. Stone Aug 2015

Mitigating Visually Induced Motion Sickness: A Virtual Hand-Eye Coordination Task, Michael K. Curtis, Kayla Dawson, Kelli Jackson, Liat Litwin, Chase Meusel, Michael C. Dorneich, Stephen B. Gilbert, Jonathan W. Kelly, Richard T. Stone

Richard T. Stone

Virtual reality has grown rapidly over the past decade, yet visually induced motion sickness (VIMS), continues to affect the usability of this technology. Aside from medicine, physical hand-eye-coordination tasks have been found to be effective in mitigating symptoms of VIMS, however the need for equipment outside of virtual reality limits the usefulness of these mitigation techniques. In this study, 21 participants were sickened via a virtual obstacle course and used one of two mitigation techniques. The first, natural decay, is simply waiting outside the virtual environment (VE) for symptoms to subside; the other was a virtual peg-in-hole task, performed in ...


Why Toyota And Honda Topped The 2002 J.D. Power Quality Study, Susan Lightle, Kenneth Yale Rosenzweig, John Talbott Jun 2015

Why Toyota And Honda Topped The 2002 J.D. Power Quality Study, Susan Lightle, Kenneth Yale Rosenzweig, John Talbott

Kenneth Y. Rosenzweig

Toyota again topped the annual J. D. Power and Associates quality study released in late May of 2002. Toyota scored the highest mark ever with l 07 defects per l 00 vehicles, while Honda came in second with 113 defects. The study was based on responses of approximately 65,000 new car owners queried during their first 90-days of ownership. These results do not surprise us, as we have been fortunate to make numerous sojourns to the Toyota plant in Georgetown, Kentucky, and observe the manufacturing processes. These trips were normally facilitated by a former Japanese student of ours, Minako ...


A Comparison Between Single And Dual Monitor Productivity And The Effects Of Window Management Styles On Performance, Alex Stegman, Chen Ling, Randa Shehab Apr 2015

A Comparison Between Single And Dual Monitor Productivity And The Effects Of Window Management Styles On Performance, Alex Stegman, Chen Ling, Randa Shehab

Dr. Chen Ling

Several research studies have been published on user opinion and productivity of using dual monitor systems. These studies found that users typically enjoy using multiple monitors, but none found a strong increase in performance and productivity. Other researchers have focused on improving multiple monitor usability, but often without any statistical framework. This study compared single and dual monitor productivity measures: task time, cursor movement, and number of window switches. Additionally, window management styles (WMS) were studied in order to help designers understand user behavior better. WMS were broken into two categories, toggler and resizer, and then compared to the WMS ...


A Nano-Cheese-Cutter To Directly Measure Interfacial Adhesion Of Freestanding Nano-Fibers, Xin Wang, Johnny F. Najem, Shing-Chung Wong, Kai-Tak Wan Apr 2015

A Nano-Cheese-Cutter To Directly Measure Interfacial Adhesion Of Freestanding Nano-Fibers, Xin Wang, Johnny F. Najem, Shing-Chung Wong, Kai-Tak Wan

Dr. Shing-Chung Josh Wong

A nano-cheese-cutter is fabricated to directly measure the adhesion between two freestanding nano-fibers. A single electrospun fiber is attached to the free end of an atomic force microscope cantilever, while a similar fiber is similarly prepared on a mica substrate in an orthogonal direction. External load is applied to deform the two fibers into complementary V-shapes, and the force measurement allows the elastic modulus to be determined. At a critical tensile load, “pull-off” occurs when the adhering fibers spontaneously detach from each other, yielding the interfacial adhesion energy. Loading-unloading cycles are performed to investigate repeated adhesion-detachment and surface degradation.


Zespół Energii Odnawialnej I Zrównoważonego Rozwoju (Eozr), Wojciech M. Budzianowski Dec 2014

Zespół Energii Odnawialnej I Zrównoważonego Rozwoju (Eozr), Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.