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Electro-Mechanical Systems

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Articles 31 - 60 of 68

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Exploration Of Magnetoelectric Thin-Film Sensors Using Supperlattice Composition Spreads, K.-S. Chang, M. Aronova, C. Gao, C. Lin, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, M. Murakami, I. Takeuchi Mar 2015

Exploration Of Magnetoelectric Thin-Film Sensors Using Supperlattice Composition Spreads, K.-S. Chang, M. Aronova, C. Gao, C. Lin, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, M. Murakami, I. Takeuchi

Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers

No abstract provided.


A Combinatorial Characterization Scheme For High-Throughput Investigations Of Hydrogen Storage Materials, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, Zhuopeng Tan, Hiroyuki Oguchi, Chun Chiu, Edwin Heilweil, James Maslar, Leonid Bendersky Mar 2015

A Combinatorial Characterization Scheme For High-Throughput Investigations Of Hydrogen Storage Materials, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, Zhuopeng Tan, Hiroyuki Oguchi, Chun Chiu, Edwin Heilweil, James Maslar, Leonid Bendersky

Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers

No abstract provided.


Modeling Of Chemical-Mechanical Couplings In Anode-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells And Reliability Analysis, Xinfang Jin, Xingjian Xue Mar 2015

Modeling Of Chemical-Mechanical Couplings In Anode-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells And Reliability Analysis, Xinfang Jin, Xingjian Xue

Xingjian "Chris" Xue

Oxygen ionic transport in conducting ceramics is an important mechanism enabling solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology. The multi-physicochemical processes lead to the fact that the distribution of oxygen vacancy site fraction is not uniform in a positive-electrode electrolyte negative-electrode (PEN) assembly. Different oxygen vacancy concentrations induce different volumetric expansion of ceramics, resulting in complicated chemical–mechanical coupling phenomena and chemical stress in SOFCs. In this research, a mathematical model is developed to study oxygen ionic transport induced chemical stress in an SOFC. The model is validated using experimental polarization curves. Comprehensive simulations are performed to investigate chemical stress distribution ...


Characterization Of 3d Interconnected Microstructural Network In Mixed Ionic And Electronic Conducting Ceramic Composites, William M. Harris, Kyle S. Brinkman, Ye Lin, Dong Su, Alex P. Cocco, Arata Nakajo, Matthew B. Degostin, Yu-Chen Karen Chen-Wiegart, Jun Wang, Fanglin Chen, Yong S. Chu, Wilson K. S. Chiu Mar 2015

Characterization Of 3d Interconnected Microstructural Network In Mixed Ionic And Electronic Conducting Ceramic Composites, William M. Harris, Kyle S. Brinkman, Ye Lin, Dong Su, Alex P. Cocco, Arata Nakajo, Matthew B. Degostin, Yu-Chen Karen Chen-Wiegart, Jun Wang, Fanglin Chen, Yong S. Chu, Wilson K. S. Chiu

Fanglin Chen

The microstructure and connectivity of the ionic and electronic conductive phases in composite ceramic membranes are directly related to device performance. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) including chemical mapping combined with X-ray nanotomography (XNT) have been used to characterize the composition and 3-D microstructure of a MIEC composite model system consisting of a Ce0.8Gd0.2O2 (GDC) oxygen ion conductive phase and a CoFe2O4 (CFO) electronic conductive phase. The microstructural data is discussed, including the composition and distribution of an emergent phase which takes the form of isolated and distinct regions. Performance implications ...


Modeling Stress Distributions In Anodic Alumina Films Prior To The Onset Of Pore Formation, Kurt R. Hebert, Ömer Ö. Çapraz, Shinsuke Ide, Pranav Shrotriya Mar 2014

Modeling Stress Distributions In Anodic Alumina Films Prior To The Onset Of Pore Formation, Kurt R. Hebert, Ömer Ö. Çapraz, Shinsuke Ide, Pranav Shrotriya

Ömer Özgür Çapraz

Porous anodic oxide (PAO) films are produced when reactive metals such as Al and Ti are electrochemically oxidized in baths that dissolve the oxide. Research in PAObased devices has been stimulated by the self-organized hexagonally ordered pore arrays found for some anodizing conditions. The initiation and ordering of pores follows a morphological instability of the initially planar barrier oxide, upon reaching a critical oxide thickness.


Morphological Instability Leading To The Formation Of Self-Ordered Porous Anodic Oxide Films, Ömer Özgür Çapraz, Kurt R. Hebert, Pranav Shrotriya, Fanliang Gao, Wei Hong Mar 2014

Morphological Instability Leading To The Formation Of Self-Ordered Porous Anodic Oxide Films, Ömer Özgür Çapraz, Kurt R. Hebert, Pranav Shrotriya, Fanliang Gao, Wei Hong

Ömer Özgür Çapraz

Porous anodic oxide (PAO) films are grown by electrochemical polarization of Al, Ti, Zr, Nb, Hf, and W in baths that dissolve the oxide. Procedures to grow films with highly ordered arrangements of nanoscale pores have led to the extensive use of PAO films as templates for nanostructured devices. The porous film geometry may be controlled precisely via the film formation voltage and bath composition (1). Recently, tracer studies and modeling showed that transport in the amorphous oxide involves both electrical migration and plastic flow (2,3). The oxide seems to behave as an incompressible material during steady-state growth of ...


Stress Distributions In Anodic Alumina Films Prior To The Onset Of Pore Formation, Ömer Ö. Çapraz, Pranav Shrotriya, Kurt R. Hebert Mar 2014

Stress Distributions In Anodic Alumina Films Prior To The Onset Of Pore Formation, Ömer Ö. Çapraz, Pranav Shrotriya, Kurt R. Hebert

Ömer Özgür Çapraz

Porous anodic oxide (PAO) films are grown by electrochemical oxidation of valve metals in baths that dissolve the oxide. The self-organized hexagonal patterns of pores in these films have led to many investigations of PAO-based devices. However, the mechanisms of pore formation and ordering have not yet been fully explained. Recent experimental and modeling results indicate the importance of plastic flow during growth of self-ordered PAO.1 Here we investigated the origin of stress driving plastic flow, and the possible role of stress in the morphological instability leading to pore formation. We report the first measurements of the evolution of ...


Tensile Stress Induced By Aluminum Corrosion, Ömer Ö. Çapraz, Kurt R. Hebert, Pranav Shrotriya, Gery R. Stafford Mar 2014

Tensile Stress Induced By Aluminum Corrosion, Ömer Ö. Çapraz, Kurt R. Hebert, Pranav Shrotriya, Gery R. Stafford

Ömer Özgür Çapraz

Stress corrosion cracking (SCC) is a critical problem affecting the safety and viability of both existing energy conversion systems and ones under consideration for future development. In SCC, chemical interactions of a metal with the environment during corrosion accelerate degradation of materials under tensile applied stress, by reducing the critical stress intensity for crack propagation. Many competing mechanisms for the effect of corrosion in SCC have been put forth, including formation of brittle oxide or hydride phases, stress concentration at corrosion pits, and absorption of hydrogen. An additional mechanism is based on observed generation of tensile stress during corrosion of ...


Curvature Interferometry Based In-Situ Measurement Of Stresses Associated With Electrochemical Reactions, Ömer Ö. Çapraz, Pranav Shrotriya, Kurt R. Hebert Mar 2014

Curvature Interferometry Based In-Situ Measurement Of Stresses Associated With Electrochemical Reactions, Ömer Ö. Çapraz, Pranav Shrotriya, Kurt R. Hebert

Ömer Özgür Çapraz

Anodization1 as well as dissolution2 of reactive metals such as aluminum results in buildup of significant levels of stresses on the reacting surface. In-situ measurement of stress evolution can provide remarkable insights into the associated electrochemical reactions and help in understanding the governing mechanisms. We report a curvature interferometry based technique for in-situ monitoring of stress evolution. Curvature interferometer is incorporated into the electrochemical cell and is used to monitor the curvature changes of the samples in order to determine the stress-thickness product of the film formed on the reacting surface.


Electrochemical And Metal-Phase Processes Accompanying Hydrogen Absorption In Aluminum During Aqueous Corrosion, Kurt R. Hebert, Ömer Ö. Çapraz, Pranav Shrotriya, Guiping Zhang Mar 2014

Electrochemical And Metal-Phase Processes Accompanying Hydrogen Absorption In Aluminum During Aqueous Corrosion, Kurt R. Hebert, Ömer Ö. Çapraz, Pranav Shrotriya, Guiping Zhang

Ömer Özgür Çapraz

Alkaline corrosion of aluminum results in large supersaturations of hydrogen, and formation of hydride and subsurface voids.1-4 Aluminum itself is not susceptible to stress corrosion cracking (SCC), but hydrogen and hydride effects are significant for SCC mechanisms on Al and Mg alloys. Chu found evidence that corrosion-induced tensile stress in several alloys additively combines with external tensile stress to promote SCC, and attributed the former to lattice contraction associated with vacancies injected during corrosion.5 Evidence for vacancy injection on Al was found from X-ray diffraction and in situ curvature measurements on Al thin films undergoing corrosion.1,6 ...


In Situ Stress Measurement During Aluminum Anodizing Using Phase-Shifting Curvature Interferometry, Ömer Çapraz, Kurt Hebert, Pranav Shrotriya Mar 2014

In Situ Stress Measurement During Aluminum Anodizing Using Phase-Shifting Curvature Interferometry, Ömer Çapraz, Kurt Hebert, Pranav Shrotriya

Ömer Özgür Çapraz

Stress measurements yield insight into technologically relevant deformation and failure mechanisms in electrodeposition, battery reactions, corrosion and anodic oxidation. Aluminum anodizing experiments were performed to demonstrate the effectiveness of phase-shifting curvature interferometry as a new technique for high-resolution in situ stress measurement. This method uses interferometry to monitor surface curvature changes, from which stress evolution is inferred. Phase-shifting of the reflected beams enhanced measurement sensitivity, and the separation of the optical path from the electrochemical cell in the present system provided increased stability. Curvature changes as small as 10−3 km−1 were detected, at least comparable to the resolution ...


Morphological Instability Leading To Formation Of Porous Anodic Oxides, Ömer Çapraz, Kurt Hebert, Pranav Shrotriya Dec 2013

Morphological Instability Leading To Formation Of Porous Anodic Oxides, Ömer Çapraz, Kurt Hebert, Pranav Shrotriya

Ömer Özgür Çapraz

No abstract provided.


Development Of A Novel Handheld Device For Active Compensation Of Physiological Tremor, Abhijit Saxena Jul 2013

Development Of A Novel Handheld Device For Active Compensation Of Physiological Tremor, Abhijit Saxena

Abhijit Saxena

In microsurgery, the human hand imposes certain limitations in accurately positioning the tip of a device such as scalpel. Any errors in the motion of the hand make microsurgical procedures difficult and involuntary motions such as hand tremors can make some procedures significantly difficult to perform. This is particularly true in the case of vitreoretinal microsurgery. The most familiar source of involuntary motion is physiological tremor. Real-time compensation of tremor is, therefore, necessary to assist surgeons to precisely position and manipulate the tool-tip to accurately perform a microsurgery. In this thesis, a novel handheld device (AID) is described for compensation ...


Self-Biased 215mhz Magnetoelectric Nems Resonator For Ultra-Sensitive Dc Magnetic Field Detection, Tianxiang Nan Jun 2013

Self-Biased 215mhz Magnetoelectric Nems Resonator For Ultra-Sensitive Dc Magnetic Field Detection, Tianxiang Nan

Tianxiang Nan

High sensitivity magnetoelectric sensors with their lectromechanical resonance frequencies , 200 kHz have been recently demonstrated using gnetostrictive/piezoelectric magnetoelectric eterostructures. In this work, we demonstrate a novel agnetoelectric nano-electromechanical systems (NEMS) resonator with an electromechanical resonance frequency of 215 MHz based on an AlN/(FeGaB/Al2O3) 3 10 magnetoelectric heterostructure for detecting DC magnetic fields. This magnetoelectric NEMS resonator showed a high quality factor of 735, and strong magnetoelectric coupling with a large voltage tunable sensitivity. The admittance of the magnetoelectric NEMS resonator was very sensitive to DC magnetic fields at its electromechanical resonance, which led to a new detection ...


Haptography: Capturing And Recreating The Rich Feel Of Real Surfaces, Katherine J. Kuchenbecker, Joseph Romano, William Mcmahan Mar 2013

Haptography: Capturing And Recreating The Rich Feel Of Real Surfaces, Katherine J. Kuchenbecker, Joseph Romano, William Mcmahan

William McMahan

Haptic interfaces, which allow a user to touch virtual and remote environments through a hand-held tool, have opened up exciting new possibilities for applications such as computer-aided design and robot-assisted surgery. Unfortunately, the haptic renderings produced by these systems seldom feel like authentic re-creations of the richly varied surfaces one encounters in the real world. We have thus envisioned the new approach of haptography, or haptic photography, in which an individual quickly records a physical interaction with a real surface and then recreates that experience for a user at a different time and/or place. This paper presents an overview ...


Ultra-Thin-Film Aln Contour-Mode Resonators For Sensing Applications, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Gianluca Piazza Feb 2013

Ultra-Thin-Film Aln Contour-Mode Resonators For Sensing Applications, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Gianluca Piazza

Matteo Rinaldi

This paper reports on the design and experimental verification of a new class of ultra-thin-film (250 nm) aluminum nitride (AlN) microelectromechanical system (MEMS) contour mode resonators (CMRs) suitable for the fabrication of ultra-sensitive gravimetric sensors. The device thickness was opportunely scaled in order to increase the mass sensitivity, while keeping a constant frequency of operation. In this first demonstration the resonance frequency of the device was set to 178 MHz and a mass sensitivity as high as 38.96 KHz⋅μm2/fg was attained. This device demonstrates the unique capability of the CMR-S technology to decouple resonance frequency from mass ...


5-10 Ghz Aln Contour-Mode Nanoelectromechanical Resonators, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Gianluca Piazza Feb 2013

5-10 Ghz Aln Contour-Mode Nanoelectromechanical Resonators, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Gianluca Piazza

Matteo Rinaldi

This paper reports on the design and experimental verification of Super High Frequency (SHF) laterally vibrating NanoElctroMechanical (NEMS) resonators. For the first time, AlN piezoelectric nanoresonators with multiple frequencies of operation ranging between 5 and 10 GHz have been fabricated on the same chip and attained the highest f-Q product (4.6E12 Hz) ever reported in AlN contour-mode devices. These piezoelectric NEMS resonators are the first of their class to demonstrate on-chip sensing and actuation of nanostructures without the need of cumbersome or power consuming excitation and readout systems. Effective piezoelectric activity has been demonstrated in thin AlN films having ...


Ultra-Thin Super High Frequency Two-Port Aln Contour-Mode Resonators And Filters, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Chengjie Zuo, Gianluca Piazza Feb 2013

Ultra-Thin Super High Frequency Two-Port Aln Contour-Mode Resonators And Filters, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Chengjie Zuo, Gianluca Piazza

Matteo Rinaldi

This paper reports on the demonstration of a new class of ultra-thin (250 nm thick) Super High Frequency (SHF) AlN piezoelectric two-port resonators and filters. A thickness field excitation scheme was employed to excite a higher order contour extensional mode of vibration in an AlN nano plate (250 nm thick) above 3 GHz and synthesize a 1.96 GHz narrow-bandwidth channel-select filter. The devices of this work are able to operate over a frequency range from 1.9 to 3.5 GHz and are employed to synthesize the highest frequency MEMS filter based on electrically self-coupled AlN contour-mode resonators. Very ...


Nanoenabled Microelectromechanical Sensor For Volatile Organic Chemical Detection, Chiara Zuniga, Matteo Rinaldi, Samuel M. Khamis, A. T. Johnson, Gianluca Piazza Feb 2013

Nanoenabled Microelectromechanical Sensor For Volatile Organic Chemical Detection, Chiara Zuniga, Matteo Rinaldi, Samuel M. Khamis, A. T. Johnson, Gianluca Piazza

Matteo Rinaldi

A nanoenabled gravimetric chemical sensor prototype based on the large scale integration of single-stranded DNA (ss-DNA) decorated single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) as nanofunctionalization layer for aluminum nitride contour-mode resonant microelectromechanical (MEM) gravimetric sensors has been demonstrated. The capability of two distinct single strands of DNA bound to SWNTs to enhance differently the adsorption of volatile organic compounds such as dinitroluene (simulant for explosive vapor) and dymethyl-methylphosphonate (simulant for nerve agent sarin) has been verified experimentally. Different levels of sensitivity (17.3 and 28 KHz µm^2/fg) due to separate frequencies of operation (287 and 450 MHz) on the same ...


Super-High-Frequency Two-Port Aln Contour-Mode Resonators For Rf Applications, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Chengjie Zuo, Gianluca Piazza Feb 2013

Super-High-Frequency Two-Port Aln Contour-Mode Resonators For Rf Applications, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Chengjie Zuo, Gianluca Piazza

Matteo Rinaldi

This paper reports on the design and experimental verification of a new class of thin-film (250 nm) superhigh- frequency laterally-vibrating piezoelectric microelectromechanical (MEMS) resonators suitable for the fabrication of narrow-band MEMS filters operating at frequencies above 3 GHz. The device dimensions have been opportunely scaled both in the lateral and vertical dimensions to excite a contourextensional mode of vibration in nanofeatures of an ultra-thin (250 nm) AlN film. In this first demonstration, 2-port resonators vibrating up to 4.5 GHz have been fabricated on the same die and attained electromechanical coupling, kt^2, in excess of 1.5%. These devices ...


Response Characterization Of Electroactive Polymers As Mechanical Sensors, G. Alici, Geoffrey M. Spinks, J. D. Madden, Y. Wu, G G. Wallace Mar 2012

Response Characterization Of Electroactive Polymers As Mechanical Sensors, G. Alici, Geoffrey M. Spinks, J. D. Madden, Y. Wu, G G. Wallace

Gursel Alici

The characterization of the dynamic response (including transfer function identification) of trilayer polypyrrole (PPy) type conducting polymer sensors is presented. The sensor was built like a cantilever beam with the free end stimulated through a mechanical lever system, which provided displacement inputs. The voltage generated and current passing between the two outer PPy layers as a result of the input was measured to model the output/input behavior of the sensors based on their experimental current/displacement and voltage/displacement frequency responses. We specifically targeted the low-frequency behavior of the sensor as it is a relatively slowsystem. Experimental transfer function ...


Sprawl Angle In Simplified Models Of Vertical Climbing: Implications For Robots And Roaches, Goran A. Lynch, Lawrence Rome, Daniel E. Koditschek Mar 2012

Sprawl Angle In Simplified Models Of Vertical Climbing: Implications For Robots And Roaches, Goran A. Lynch, Lawrence Rome, Daniel E. Koditschek

Daniel E Koditschek

Empirical data taken from fast climbing sprawled posture animals reveals the presence of strong lateral forces with significant pendulous swaying of the mass center trajectory in a manner captured by a recently proposed dynamical template. In this simulation study we explore the potential benefits of pendulous dynamical climbing in animals and in robots by examining the stability and power advantages of variously more and less sprawled limb morphologies when driven by conventional motors in contrast with animal-like muscles. For open loop models of gait generation inspired by the neural-deprived regimes of high stride-frequency animal climbing, our results corroborate earlier hypotheses ...


Response Characterization Of Electroactive Polymers As Mechanical Sensors, G. Alici, Geoffrey M. Spinks, J. D. Madden, Y. Wu, G G. Wallace Oct 2011

Response Characterization Of Electroactive Polymers As Mechanical Sensors, G. Alici, Geoffrey M. Spinks, J. D. Madden, Y. Wu, G G. Wallace

Gordon Wallace

The characterization of the dynamic response (including transfer function identification) of trilayer polypyrrole (PPy) type conducting polymer sensors is presented. The sensor was built like a cantilever beam with the free end stimulated through a mechanical lever system, which provided displacement inputs. The voltage generated and current passing between the two outer PPy layers as a result of the input was measured to model the output/input behavior of the sensors based on their experimental current/displacement and voltage/displacement frequency responses. We specifically targeted the low-frequency behavior of the sensor as it is a relatively slowsystem. Experimental transfer function ...


Development Of A Novel Methodology For Indoor Emission Source Identification, Kwanghoon Han Mar 2011

Development Of A Novel Methodology For Indoor Emission Source Identification, Kwanghoon Han

Kwanghoon Han

The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a methodology to identify individual sources of emissions based on the measurements of mixed air samples and the emission signatures of individual materials previously determined by Proton Transfer Reaction-Mass Spectrometry (PTR-MS), an on-line analytical device. The methodology based on signal processing principles was developed by employing the method of multiple regression least squares (MRLS) and a normalization technique. Samples of nine typical building materials were tested individually and in combination, including carpet, ceiling material, gypsum board, linoleum, two paints, polyolefine, PVC and wood. Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) emissions from each ...


Voltage Impulse Induced Bistable Magnetization Switching In Multiferroic Heterostructures, Tianxiang Nan Dec 2010

Voltage Impulse Induced Bistable Magnetization Switching In Multiferroic Heterostructures, Tianxiang Nan

Tianxiang Nan

We report on voltage impulse induced reversible bistable magnetization switching in FeGaB/lead zirconate titanate (PZT) multiferroic heterostructures at room temperature. This was realized through strain-mediated magnetoelectric coupling between ferroelectric PZT and ferromagnetic FeGaB layer. Two reversible and stable voltage-impulse induced mechanical strain states were obtained in the PZT by applying an electric field impulse with its amplitude smaller than the electric coercive field, which led to reversible voltage impulse induced bistable magnetization switching. These voltage impulse induced bistable magnetization switching in multiferroic heterostructures provides a promising approach to power efficient bistable magnetization switching that is crucial for information storage.


Ultra-Thin-Film Aln Contour-Mode Resonators For Sensing Applications, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Gianluca Piazza Sep 2010

Ultra-Thin-Film Aln Contour-Mode Resonators For Sensing Applications, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Gianluca Piazza

Matteo Rinaldi

This paper reports on the design and experimental verification of a new class of ultra-thin-film (250 nm) aluminum nitride (AlN) microelectromechanical system (MEMS) contour mode resonators (CMRs) suitable for the fabrication of ultra-sensitive gravimetric sensors. The device thickness was opportunely scaled in order to increase the mass sensitivity, while keeping a constant frequency of operation. In this first demonstration the resonance frequency of the device was set to 178 MHz and a mass sensitivity as high as 38.96 KHz⋅μm2/fg was attained. This device demonstrates the unique capability of the CMR-S technology to decouple resonance frequency from mass ...


Determination Of Material Emission Signatures By Ptr-Ms And Their Correlations With Odor Assessments By Human Subjects, Kwanghoon Han Apr 2010

Determination Of Material Emission Signatures By Ptr-Ms And Their Correlations With Odor Assessments By Human Subjects, Kwanghoon Han

Kwanghoon Han

The objectives of this study were to determine volatile organic compound (VOC) emission signatures of nine typical building materials by using proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) and to explore the correlation between the PTR-MS measurements and the measurements of acceptability by human subjects. VOC emissions from each material were measured in a 50-l small-scale chamber. Chamber air was sampled by PTR-MS to determine emission signatures. Sorbent tube sampling and TD-GC/MS analysis were also performed to identify the major VOCs emitted and to compare the resulting data with the PTR-MS emission signatures. The data on the acceptability of air quality ...


The Carillon And Its Haptic Signature : Modeling The Changing Force-Feedback Constraints Of A Musical Instrument For Haptic Display, Mark Havryliv, F. Geiger, M. Gurtler, Fazel Naghdy, Greg Schiemer Feb 2010

The Carillon And Its Haptic Signature : Modeling The Changing Force-Feedback Constraints Of A Musical Instrument For Haptic Display, Mark Havryliv, F. Geiger, M. Gurtler, Fazel Naghdy, Greg Schiemer

Greg Schiemer

The carillon is one of the few instruments that elicits sophisticated haptic interaction from amateur and professional players alike. Like the piano keyboard, the velocity of a player’s impact on each carillon key, or baton, affects the quality of the resultant tone; unlike the piano, each carillon baton returns a different force-feedback. Force-feedback varies widely from one baton to the next across the entire range of the instrument and with further idiosyncratic variation from one instrument to another. This makes the carillon an ideal candidate for haptic simulation. The application of synthesized forcefeedback based on an analysis of forces ...


Super-High-Frequency Two-Port Aln Contour-Mode Resonators For Rf Applications, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Chengjie Zuo, Gianluca Piazza Dec 2009

Super-High-Frequency Two-Port Aln Contour-Mode Resonators For Rf Applications, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Chengjie Zuo, Gianluca Piazza

Matteo Rinaldi

This paper reports on the design and experimental verification of a new class of thin-film (250 nm) super-high-frequency laterally-vibrating piezoelectric microelectromechanical (MEMS) resonators suitable for the fabrication of narrow-band MEMS filters operating at frequencies above 3 GHz. The device dimensions have been opportunely scaled both in the lateral and vertical dimensions to excite a contour-extensional mode of vibration in nanofeatures of an ultra-thin (250 nm) AlN film. In this first demonstration, 2-port resonators vibrating up to 4.5 GHz have been fabricated on the same die and attained electromechanical coupling, kt2, in excess of 1.5%. These devices are employed ...


Ultra-Thin Super High Frequency Two-Port Aln Contour-Mode Resonators And Filters, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Chengjie Zuo, Gianluca Piazza Jul 2009

Ultra-Thin Super High Frequency Two-Port Aln Contour-Mode Resonators And Filters, Matteo Rinaldi, Chiara Zuniga, Chengjie Zuo, Gianluca Piazza

Matteo Rinaldi

This paper reports on the demonstration of a new class of ultra-thin (250 nm thick) Super High Frequency (SHF) AlN piezoelectric two-port resonators and filters. A thickness field excitation scheme was employed to excite a higher order contour extensional mode of vibration in an AlN nano plate (250 nm thick) above 3 GHz and synthesize a 1.96 GHz narrow-bandwidth channel-select filter. The devices of this work are able to operate over a frequency range from 1.9 to 3.5 GHz and are employed to synthesize the highest frequency MEMS filter based on electrically self-coupled AlN contour-mode resonators. Very ...