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Missouri University of Science and Technology

2017

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Articles 1 - 30 of 44

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Investigation On Ti6al4v-V-Cr-Fe-Ss316 Multi-Layers Metallic Structure Fabricated By Laser 3d Printing, Wei Li, Frank W. Liou, Joseph William Newkirk, Karen M. Brown Taminger, William J. Seufzer Dec 2017

Investigation On Ti6al4v-V-Cr-Fe-Ss316 Multi-Layers Metallic Structure Fabricated By Laser 3d Printing, Wei Li, Frank W. Liou, Joseph William Newkirk, Karen M. Brown Taminger, William J. Seufzer

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Joining titanium alloy and stainless steel is becoming an urgent need since their outstanding mechanical properties can be utilized integratedly. However, direct fusion joining of Ti6Al4V to SS316 can cause brittle Ti-Fe intermetallics which compromise join bonds’ mechanical properties. In this research, Laser 3D Printing was applied to explore a new Ti6Al4V to SS316 multi-metallic structure. A novel filler transition route was introduced (Ti6Al4V → V → Cr → Fe → SS316) to avoid the Ti-Fe intermetallics. Two experimental cases were performed for comparison to evaluate this novel route’s effect. In the first case, SS316 layer was directly deposited on Ti6Al4V substrate by ...


Structural Responses Of Metallic Glasses Under Neutron Irradiation, L. Yang, H. Y. Li, P. W. Wang, S. Wu, G. Guo, B. Liao, Q. L. Guo, X. Q. Fan, P. Huang, H. B. Lou, F. M. Guo, Q. Zeng, T. Sun, Y. Ren, Lianyi Chen Dec 2017

Structural Responses Of Metallic Glasses Under Neutron Irradiation, L. Yang, H. Y. Li, P. W. Wang, S. Wu, G. Guo, B. Liao, Q. L. Guo, X. Q. Fan, P. Huang, H. B. Lou, F. M. Guo, Q. Zeng, T. Sun, Y. Ren, Lianyi Chen

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Broadband Infrared Absorbers With Stacked Double Chromium Ring Resonators, H. Deng, L. Stan, D. Czaplewski, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang Nov 2017

Broadband Infrared Absorbers With Stacked Double Chromium Ring Resonators, H. Deng, L. Stan, D. Czaplewski, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Spiraling Light With Magnetic Metamaterial Quarter-Wave Turbines, J. Zeng, T. S. Luk, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang Sep 2017

Spiraling Light With Magnetic Metamaterial Quarter-Wave Turbines, J. Zeng, T. S. Luk, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Augmented Approaches To Engineering, Matthew Gary Booth Aug 2017

Augmented Approaches To Engineering, Matthew Gary Booth

Missouri S&T’s Peer to Peer

This paper presents the results of research into the integration and application of augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) systems into the fields of engineering and engineering education. The research discusses the current iterations of these systems, and the programs that are being developed to run on them. Also being discussed is the potential benefits that implementing these systems can give to engineering education by improving spatial skills for use in engineering education and engineering design. This paper also touches on the current state of the AR and VR markets, and their current focus on entertainment based consumer electronics ...


An Analysis Of The Environmental Impact Of Electric Vehicles, Ashley Schmid Aug 2017

An Analysis Of The Environmental Impact Of Electric Vehicles, Ashley Schmid

Missouri S&T’s Peer to Peer

Electric cars have the reputation as a possible solution to many modern environmental and economic issues. Electric motors have been an interest of many inventors since the 1830s, but fully electric vehicles were not prevalent until 2008 when Tesla Motors released the Roadster. The looming energy crisis is one of the main motivations for the advancement in renewable and alternative fuel technologies, but since the early 60s, it has been the environmental lobby that has been pushing for this change. The environment suffers from industrialized nations as the amount of greenhouse gas emissions reach new heights every year. Filtration systems ...


Bonding Of 304l Stainless Steel To Cast Iron By Selective Laser Melting, Baily Thomas, Austin T. Sutton, Ming-Chuan Leu, Nikhil Doiphode Aug 2017

Bonding Of 304l Stainless Steel To Cast Iron By Selective Laser Melting, Baily Thomas, Austin T. Sutton, Ming-Chuan Leu, Nikhil Doiphode

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

While cast iron is widely used in industry, a major limitation is the weldability of a dissimilar material onto cast iron due to hot cracking as a result of lack of ductility from graphite flakes. Consequently, a significant amount of preheat is often employed to reduce the cooling rate in the fusion zone, which, however, may lead to distortion of the welded parts. A potential remedy could be the Selective Laser Melting (SLM) process, where only small melt pools are created and thus the overall energy input is reduced. The present paper describes an investigation of the SLM process to ...


Mechanical Properties Of 304l Parts Made By Laser-Foil-Printing Technology, Chia-Hung Hung, Yiyu Shen, Ming-Chuan Leu, Hai-Lung Tsai Aug 2017

Mechanical Properties Of 304l Parts Made By Laser-Foil-Printing Technology, Chia-Hung Hung, Yiyu Shen, Ming-Chuan Leu, Hai-Lung Tsai

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Laser-Foil-Printing (LFP) is a novel laminated object manufacturing process for metal additive manufacturing. It fabricates three-dimensional metal parts by using a dual-laser system to weld and cut metal foils layer by layer. A main advantage of LFP is the higher cooling rate compared to powder-based laser additive manufacturing processes due to the thermal conductivity difference between foil and powder. This study focuses on the mechanical properties of 304L stainless steel parts built by the LFP process. The experimental results indicate that the yield strength and ultimate tensile strength of LFP fabricated 304L SS parts are higher by 9% and 8 ...


Fabricating Zirconia Components With Organic Support Material By The Ceramic On-Demand Extrusion Process, Wenbin Li, Amir Ghazanfari, Devin Mcmillen, Andrew Scherff, Ming-Chuan Leu, Greg Hilmas Aug 2017

Fabricating Zirconia Components With Organic Support Material By The Ceramic On-Demand Extrusion Process, Wenbin Li, Amir Ghazanfari, Devin Mcmillen, Andrew Scherff, Ming-Chuan Leu, Greg Hilmas

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Ceramic On-Demand Extrusion (CODE) is an extrusion-based additive manufacturing process recently developed for fabricating dense, functional ceramic components. This paper presents a further development of this process and focuses on fabricating 3 mol% yttria-stabilized zirconia (3YSZ) components that cannot be fabricated without using support structures. The 3YSZ paste is deposited through the main nozzle, and a polycaprolactone (PCL) pellet feedstock is melted and deposited through an auxiliary nozzle to build support structures. After a green part is printed and dried, the support structures are removed by heating the part to ~70°C to melt the PCL. The part is then ...


Building Zr-Based Metallic Glass Part On Ti Alloy By Laser-Foil-Printing Additive Manufacturing, Yingqi Li, Yiyu Shen, Ming-Chuan Leu, Hai-Lung Tsai Aug 2017

Building Zr-Based Metallic Glass Part On Ti Alloy By Laser-Foil-Printing Additive Manufacturing, Yingqi Li, Yiyu Shen, Ming-Chuan Leu, Hai-Lung Tsai

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Through using Zr intermediate layers, Zr65.7Ti3.3Al3.7Ni11.7Cu15.6 metallic glass (MG) parts are successfully built on Ti-6Al-4V substrates by laser-foil-printing (LFP) additive manufacturing technology in which MG foils are laser welded layer-by-layer onto the substrate. The printed MG part is free of porosity, cracking and crystallization; additionally, its glass transition temperature, crystallization temperature, micro-hardness, and tensile strength are very similar to the original MG material. The Zr intermediate layers are aimed at preventing direct interaction between the first layer of MG foil and the Ti substrate; otherwise, the welded MG foils would peel off from the substrate ...


Magnetic Control Of Lateral Migration Of Ellipsoidal Microparticles In Microscale Flows, R. Zhou, C. A. Sobecki, J. Zhang, Yanzhi Zhang, Cheng Wang Aug 2017

Magnetic Control Of Lateral Migration Of Ellipsoidal Microparticles In Microscale Flows, R. Zhou, C. A. Sobecki, J. Zhang, Yanzhi Zhang, Cheng Wang

Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Klein Tunneling Near The Dirac Points In Metal-Dielectric Multilayer Metamaterials, L. Sun, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang Aug 2017

Klein Tunneling Near The Dirac Points In Metal-Dielectric Multilayer Metamaterials, L. Sun, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Realizing Structural Color Generation With Aluminum Plasmonic V-Groove Metasurfaces, W. Wang, D. Rosenmann, D. Czaplewski, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao Aug 2017

Realizing Structural Color Generation With Aluminum Plasmonic V-Groove Metasurfaces, W. Wang, D. Rosenmann, D. Czaplewski, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Broadband Polarization Conversion With Anisotropic Plasmonic Metasurfaces, W. Cao, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao Aug 2017

Broadband Polarization Conversion With Anisotropic Plasmonic Metasurfaces, W. Cao, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Stair Negotiation Made Easier Using Novel Interactive Energy-Recycling Assistive Stairs, Yun Seong Song, Sehoon Ha, Hsiang Hsu, Lena H. Ting, C. Karen Liu Jul 2017

Stair Negotiation Made Easier Using Novel Interactive Energy-Recycling Assistive Stairs, Yun Seong Song, Sehoon Ha, Hsiang Hsu, Lena H. Ting, C. Karen Liu

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Here we show that novel, energy-recycling stairs reduce the amount of work required for humans to both ascend and descend stairs. Our low-power, interactive, and modular steps can be placed on existing staircases, storing energy during stair descent and returning that energy to the user during stair ascent. Energy is recycled through event-triggered latching and unlatching of passive springs without the use of powered actuators. When ascending the energy-recycling stairs, naive users generated 17.4 ± 6.9% less positive work with their leading legs compared to conventional stairs, with the knee joint positive work reduced by 37.7 ± 10.5 ...


Solvent Based 3d Printing Of Biopolymer/Bioactive Glass Composite And Hydrogel For Tissue Engineering Applications, Krishna Kolan, Yong Liu, Jakeb Baldridge, Caroline Murphy, Julie A. Semon, D. E. Day, Ming-Chuan Leu Jul 2017

Solvent Based 3d Printing Of Biopolymer/Bioactive Glass Composite And Hydrogel For Tissue Engineering Applications, Krishna Kolan, Yong Liu, Jakeb Baldridge, Caroline Murphy, Julie A. Semon, D. E. Day, Ming-Chuan Leu

Biological Sciences Faculty Research & Creative Works

Three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting is an emerging technology in which scaffolding materials and cell-laden hydrogels may be deposited in a pre-determined fashion to create 3D porous constructs. A major challenge in 3D bioprinting is the slow degradation of melt deposited biopolymer. In this paper, we describe a new method for printing poly-caprolactone (PCL)/bioactive borate glass composite as a scaffolding material and Pluronic F127 hydrogel as a cell suspension medium. Bioactive borate glass was added to a mixture of PCL and organic solvent to make an extrudable paste using one syringe while hydrogel was extruded and deposited in between the PCL ...


Effect Of Wall Cooling On Boundary-Layer-Induced Pressure Fluctuations At Mach 6, C. Zhang, Lian Duan, M. Choudhari Jul 2017

Effect Of Wall Cooling On Boundary-Layer-Induced Pressure Fluctuations At Mach 6, C. Zhang, Lian Duan, M. Choudhari

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Quasistatic Error Modeling And Model Testing For A 5-Axis Machine, H-W. Ko, P. Bazzoli, Jared Adam Nisbett, L. Ma, Douglas A. Bristow, Robert G. Landers, Y. Chen, S. Kapoor, P. F. Ferreira Jun 2017

Quasistatic Error Modeling And Model Testing For A 5-Axis Machine, H-W. Ko, P. Bazzoli, Jared Adam Nisbett, L. Ma, Douglas A. Bristow, Robert G. Landers, Y. Chen, S. Kapoor, P. F. Ferreira

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Infrared Metasurfaces Created With Off-Normal Incidence Microsphere Photolithography, Chuang Qu, Edward C. Kinzel May 2017

Infrared Metasurfaces Created With Off-Normal Incidence Microsphere Photolithography, Chuang Qu, Edward C. Kinzel

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Fabricating metasurfaces over large areas at low costs remains a critical challenge to their practical implementation. This paper reports on the use of microsphere photolithography (MPL) to create infrared metasurfaces by changing the angle-of-incidence of the illumination to steer the photonic jet. The displacement of the photonic jet is shown to scale with the diameter of the microsphere while the exposure dose scales with the square of the microsphere diameter. This process is robust in the presence of local defects in the microsphere lattice. The paper demonstrates patterning split ring resonators and tripole based metasurfaces using MPL, which are fabricated ...


Fabrication And Characterization Of AlXCofenicu1-X High Entropy Alloys By Laser Metal Deposition, X. Chen, L. Yan, S. Karnati, Y. Zhang, Frank W. Liou Apr 2017

Fabrication And Characterization Of AlXCofenicu1-X High Entropy Alloys By Laser Metal Deposition, X. Chen, L. Yan, S. Karnati, Y. Zhang, Frank W. Liou

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Work Zone Simulator Analysis: Driver Performance And Acceptance Of Missouri Alternate Lane Shift Configurations, Suzanna Long, Ruwen Qin, Dincer Konur, Ming-Chuan Leu, S. Moradpour, S. Thind, H. Nadathur Feb 2017

Work Zone Simulator Analysis: Driver Performance And Acceptance Of Missouri Alternate Lane Shift Configurations, Suzanna Long, Ruwen Qin, Dincer Konur, Ming-Chuan Leu, S. Moradpour, S. Thind, H. Nadathur

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The objective of this project is to evaluate MoDOT’s alternate lane shift sign configuration for work zones. The single signproposed by MoDOT provides the traveler with enough information to let them know that all lanes are available to shift around thework zone, whereas the MUTCD signs require drivers to see two signs. This research simulation project evaluates the drivers’ laneshifting performance and acceptance of the alternate lane shift sign proposed by MoDOT to be used on work zones as compared tothe MUTCD lane shift signs. Based on the study results, no difference was observed between MUTCD lane shift sign ...


Characterization And Numerical Simulation Of The Microstructural And Micromechanical Viscoelastic Behavior Of Oil Sands Using The Discrete Element Method, Eric Kofi Gbadam Jan 2017

Characterization And Numerical Simulation Of The Microstructural And Micromechanical Viscoelastic Behavior Of Oil Sands Using The Discrete Element Method, Eric Kofi Gbadam

Doctoral Dissertations

"Oil sands are naturally geologic formations of predominantly quartz sand grains whose void spaces are filled with bitumen, water, and dissolved gases. The electric rope shovel is the primary equipment used for excavating the Athabasca oil sand formations. The equipment's static and dynamic loads are transferred to the formation during excavation and propel. These loads cause ground instability leading to sinkage or rutting, crawler wear, and fracture failures. These problems result in unplanned downtimes, production losses, and high maintenance costs. In order to address these problems, there is a need to develop valid models that capture the behavior and ...


Thermomechanical Fatigue Life Investigation Of An Ultra-Large Mining Dump Truck Tire, Wedam Nyaaba Jan 2017

Thermomechanical Fatigue Life Investigation Of An Ultra-Large Mining Dump Truck Tire, Wedam Nyaaba

Doctoral Dissertations

The cost benefits associated with the use of heavy mining machinery in the surface mining industry has led to a surge in the production of ultra-large radial tires with rim diameters in excess of 35 in. These tires experience fatigue failures in operation. The use of reinforcing fillers and processing aids in tire compounds results in the formation of microstructural inhomogeneity in the compounds and may serve as sources of crack initiation in the tire. Abrasive material cutting is another source of cracks in tires used in mining applications. It suffices, then, to assume that every material plane in the ...


Optimal Design And Freeform Extrusion Fabrication Of Functionally Gradient Smart Parts, Amir Ghazanfari Jan 2017

Optimal Design And Freeform Extrusion Fabrication Of Functionally Gradient Smart Parts, Amir Ghazanfari

Doctoral Dissertations

"An extrusion-based additive manufacturing process, called the Ceramic On-Demand Extrusion (CODE) process, for producing three-dimensional ceramic components with near theoretical density was developed. In this process, an aqueous paste of ceramic particles with a very low binder content (<1 vol%) is extruded through a moving nozzle at room temperature. After a layer is deposited, it is surrounded by oil (to a level just below the top surface of most recent layer) to preclude non-uniform evaporation from the sides. Infrared radiation is then used to partially, and uniformly, dry the just-deposited layer so that the yield stress of the paste increases and the part maintains its shape. The same procedure is repeated for every layer until part fabrication is completed. Sample parts made of alumina and fully stabilized zirconia were produced using this process and their mechanical properties including density, strength, Young's modulus, Weibull modulus, toughness, and hardness were examined. Microstructural evaluation was also performed to measure the grain size, and critical flaw sizes were obtained. The results indicate that the proposed method enables fabrication of geometrically complex parts with superior mechanical properties. Furthermore, several methods were developed to increase the productivity of the CODE process and enable manufacturing of functionally graded materials with an optimum distribution of material composition. As an application of the CODE process, advanced ceramic components with embedded sapphire optical fiber sensors were fabricated and properties of parts and sensors were evaluated using standard test methods"--Abstract, page iv.


Bio-Inspired Flow Fields For Pem Fuel Cells- Decoupling Pressure And Distribution Effects On Performance And Identifying Design Opportunities, Joshua David Heck Jan 2017

Bio-Inspired Flow Fields For Pem Fuel Cells- Decoupling Pressure And Distribution Effects On Performance And Identifying Design Opportunities, Joshua David Heck

Masters Theses

"The performance of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs) is significantly impacted by flow distributor geometry. The effects of flow distributor geometry on PEMFCs was explored in two ways in this study. Firstly, the relative effects of pressure and distribution characteristics of different flow fields on fuel cell unit and system level performance were considered. A method of decoupling these effects was proposed and demonstrated by application to the traditional serpentine and parallel flow field designs.The performance of these two designs were modeled computationally and it was shown that, of the 17% better performance of the serpentine design, 12 ...


Wrinkling Of Functionally Graded Sandwich Structures Subject To Biaxial And In-Plane Shear Loads, Harold Costa Jan 2017

Wrinkling Of Functionally Graded Sandwich Structures Subject To Biaxial And In-Plane Shear Loads, Harold Costa

Masters Theses

"Benefits of a functionally graded core increasing wrinkling stability of sandwich panels have been demonstrated in a recent paper [1] where a several-fold increase in the wrinkling stress was observed, without a significant weight penalty, using a stiffer core adjacent to the facings. In the present paper wrinkling is analyzed in case where the facings are subject to biaxial compression and/or in-plane shear loading and the core is arbitrary graded through-the-thickness. Two issues addressed are the effect of biaxial or in-plane shear loads on wrinkling stability of panels with both graded and ungraded core and the verification that functional ...


Dynamic Electromechanical Characterization Of Ferroelectrics At Cryogenic Temperatures, William Kent Hays Jan 2017

Dynamic Electromechanical Characterization Of Ferroelectrics At Cryogenic Temperatures, William Kent Hays

Masters Theses

"Electromechanical coupling in ferroelectric materials has given rise to a myriad of technological applications. Through the complex domain structure of ferroelectrics materials, which are typically stiff and have low damping, can exhibit significant structural damping. The applications for a material with a relatively large Young’s modulus and the ability to damp out vibrations would be useful for structures, more specifically, aerospace structures. The dynamic mechanical properties of ferroelectrics, particularly mechanical properties while an electric field is applied, are not well understood. This is due in part to the lack of experimental methods to measure such properties. Even with recent ...


Ti-Fe Intermetallics Analysis And Control In Joining Titanium Alloy And Stainless Steel By Laser Metal Deposition, Wei Li Jan 2017

Ti-Fe Intermetallics Analysis And Control In Joining Titanium Alloy And Stainless Steel By Laser Metal Deposition, Wei Li

Masters Theses

"Direct fusion joining titanium alloy and stainless steel can cause brittle Ti-Fe intermetallics which compromise the mechanical properties of diffusion bonds between titanium alloys and stainless steel. Therefore, filler metals are required as transition layers. In this research, stainless steel metallic powder was directly deposited on the titanium alloy substrate by laser beam, the Ti-Fe intermetallic phases formed in this process were investigated through analyzing fracture morphology, phase identification, and Vickers Hardness Number (VHN). After that, Laser Metal Deposition (LMD) was applied to explore a new fabricating process to join Ti6Al4V and SS316. A transition composition route was introducedTi6Al4V → V ...


Volumetric Error Compensation For 5-Axis Machine Tools, Jennifer Ruth Creamer Jan 2017

Volumetric Error Compensation For 5-Axis Machine Tools, Jennifer Ruth Creamer

Doctoral Dissertations

"This work presents a geometric error compensation method for large 5-axis machine tools. The compensation method presented here uses tool tip measurements recorded throughout the axis space to construct a position-dependent geometric error model that can easily be used for error compensation. The measurements are taken using a laser tracker, permitting rapid error data gathering at most locations in the axis space. First two model types are compared for generating table-based error compensation and experimental results are presented. Table-based compensation is then extended to machine tool controller types with restrictions on the number or combination of compensation tables using an ...


Retarding Field Energy Analyzer For High Energy Pulsed Electron Beam Measurements, J. Hu, Joshua L. Rovey, W. Zhao Jan 2017

Retarding Field Energy Analyzer For High Energy Pulsed Electron Beam Measurements, J. Hu, Joshua L. Rovey, W. Zhao

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.