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Mechanical Engineering Commons

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2017

University of New Mexico

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Articles 1 - 15 of 15

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Co-Simulation Framework For Power Distribution System Analysis With Humans In The Loop, Victor H. Ayon Dec 2017

Co-Simulation Framework For Power Distribution System Analysis With Humans In The Loop, Victor H. Ayon

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

Recent developments in the area of power generation have led to an increased penetration of storage and distributed energy resources (DER) in power distribution systems. As a result, new and enhanced energy management systems will be necessary as the deployment of DERs, as well as the need to control loads, continues to increase in the coming years. Advanced management systems are especially important to achieve resilient power delivery during emergency situations. During a blackout for example, a section of a distribution feeder could island to operate as a microgrid to ensure critical services such as water, food, and medical care ...


Investigating Scalable Manufacturing Of High-Conductivity Wires And Coatings From Ultra-Long Carbon Nanotubes, Pouria Khanbolouki Nov 2017

Investigating Scalable Manufacturing Of High-Conductivity Wires And Coatings From Ultra-Long Carbon Nanotubes, Pouria Khanbolouki

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are a promising candidate for next generation of electrical wirings and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding materials due to their exceptional mechanical and electrical properties. Wires and coatings from ultralong nanotubes that are highly crystalline, well-aligned and densely packed can achieve this goal. High-performance CNT conductors will be relatively lightweight and resistant to harsh conditions and therefore can potentially replace current conductors in many industries including aerospace, automotive, gas and oil.

This thesis investigates a new manufacturing approach, based on conventional solution coating and wire drawing methods, to fabricate high conductivity wires and coatings from ultra-long carbon nanotubes ...


Effect Of Alignment, Sizing, And Manufacturing Method On Mechanical Properties Of Recycled Carbon Fiber Composites, Nekoda Van De Werken Nov 2017

Effect Of Alignment, Sizing, And Manufacturing Method On Mechanical Properties Of Recycled Carbon Fiber Composites, Nekoda Van De Werken

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

The exceptional combination of properties offered by carbon fiber composites has propelled their incorporation into high performance markets such as aerospace, wind energy, luxury cars and sporting goods. While the use of carbon fiber in these sectors is expected to continue to increase, the high price and energy cost associated with carbon fiber production acts as a significant barrier of entry into larger volume markets, such as the automotive industry. One method of navigating this transition is through the use of recycled carbon fiber composites.

Carbon fiber reclamation can produce fibers with up to 90% and 100% of the strength ...


Tensile Experimentation Of Structural Aluminum Studying Void Growth, Scott Gampert Nov 2017

Tensile Experimentation Of Structural Aluminum Studying Void Growth, Scott Gampert

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

Uni-axial tensile tests were conducted on multiple dog-bone shaped poly-crystalline Aluminum specimens. The goal for this study was to understand the effects of voiding in structural aluminum and how voids grow under tension. The voids were represented by simply drilling and reaming one or more holes in varying patterns in the center of the sample. The testing clearly showed that the different hole patterns affect the area growth of voids. It also compares the developmental growth of a plasticity zone around samples with one hole to a previous study done with a different specimen shape(Ray,2003). In order to ...


Evaluation And Enhancement Of Clean Energy Systems: Analytical, Computational And Experimental Study Of Solar And Nuclear Cycles, Nima Fathi Jul 2017

Evaluation And Enhancement Of Clean Energy Systems: Analytical, Computational And Experimental Study Of Solar And Nuclear Cycles, Nima Fathi

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

Clean (and specifically renewable) energy is steadily improving its global share. However, finite availability of fossil fuels and the growing effects of climate change make it an urgent priority to convince the industry and governments to incentivize investment in the renewable energy field and to make it more attractive by decreasing the capital cost. Until recently, uncertainties in funding limited renewable energy development, especially in the US. That limitation has been one of the barriers to progress. Another limitation of many renewable energy systems is the variability in their output, which makes them unsuitable for baseline power production. Therefore, fossil ...


A Thermodynamic Study Of Binary Real Gas Mixtures Undergoing Normal Shocks, Josiah M. Bigelow Jul 2017

A Thermodynamic Study Of Binary Real Gas Mixtures Undergoing Normal Shocks, Josiah M. Bigelow

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

We investigate the difference between Amagat and Dalton mixing laws for gaseous equations of state (EOS) using planar traveling shocks. Numerical modeling was performed in the Sandia National Laboratories hydrocode CTH utilizing tabular EOS in the SESAME format. Numerical results were compared to experimental work from the University of New Mexico Shock Tube Laboratory. Latin hypercube samples were used to assess model sensitivities to Amagat and Dalton EOS. We find that the Amagat mixing law agrees best with the experimental results and that significant difference exist between the predictions of the Amagat and Dalton mixing methods.


Characterizing The Viscoelastic Behavior Of Pdms/Pdps Copolymers, Mark E. Small Jun 2017

Characterizing The Viscoelastic Behavior Of Pdms/Pdps Copolymers, Mark E. Small

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

Viscoelasticity is the property of materials that exhibits both viscous and elastic characteristics when undergoing deformation. In polymeric materials, the mechani- cal behavior is dominated by this viscoelastic phenomenon. Creating computational models for these materials can be quite complicated due to their frequency depen- dent and temperature dependent material properties. The research presented in this paper will use state of the art methods to fully develop a material model for a filled polydimethylsiloxane-polydiphenynlsiloxane (PDMS/PDPS) copolymer foam that has yet to be characterized. Mechanical properties of PDMS/PDPS copoly- mers are currently being studied to assess engineering performance, and to ...


Evaluation Of Concrete Constitutive Models For Impact Simulations, Guillermo A. Mata Jun 2017

Evaluation Of Concrete Constitutive Models For Impact Simulations, Guillermo A. Mata

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

The research documented in this thesis deals with computational analysis of reinforced concrete impacted by both hollow and solid missiles as a continuing effort on the work conducted by the Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) and Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA). The analysis focuses on comparing two similar material models and their ability to capture the mechanistic response of a reinforced concrete slab subjected to impact loads. The analysis was performed using the Sandia National Laboratories computing software SIERRA Solid Mechanics to run the finite element model. The two constitutive models studied were the Holmquist-Johnson-Cook and Johnson-Holmquist 2 ...


An Experimental And Numerical Study Of Nanomechanical Behavior Of Hard/Soft Multilayered Coatings, Benigno Sandoval May 2017

An Experimental And Numerical Study Of Nanomechanical Behavior Of Hard/Soft Multilayered Coatings, Benigno Sandoval

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

Multilayer thin film composites, sometimes referred to as nanolaminates, have emerged as an important subset of materials with novel, and often tunable, properties such as high strength, high toughness, and resistance to wear or corrosion. Often fabricated using alternating layers of two or more materials, these multilayer thin film coatings are typically expensive and time intensive to fabricate and characterize and exhibit novel responses to nanomechanical testing such as plasticity during unloading. This thesis explores the nanoindentation response of hard/soft multilayer coatings through examination of the optical coating Al/SiC and similar coating Al/SiO2. Instrumented indentation was used ...


Investigating The Classical And Non-Classical Mechanical Properties Of Gan Nanowires, Mohammad Reza Zamani Kouhpanji May 2017

Investigating The Classical And Non-Classical Mechanical Properties Of Gan Nanowires, Mohammad Reza Zamani Kouhpanji

Electrical and Computer Engineering ETDs

Study and prediction of classical and non-classical mechanical properties of GaN is crucial due to the potential application of GaN nanowires (NWs) in piezoelectric, probe-based nanometrology, and nanolithography areas. GaN is mainly grown on sapphire substrates whose lattice constant and thermal expansion coefficient are significantly different from GaN. These discrepancies cause mechanical defects and high residual stresses and strains in GaN, which reduce its quantum efficiency.

Specifically, for nanoscale applications, the mechanical properties of materials differ significantly compared to the bulk properties due to size-effects. Therefore, it is essential to investigate the mechanical properties of GaN NWs using the non-classical ...


Analytic Solutions For The Crack-Tip Plastic Zone Under Mixed Mode Loading Conditions, Jason Ivey May 2017

Analytic Solutions For The Crack-Tip Plastic Zone Under Mixed Mode Loading Conditions, Jason Ivey

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

Analytic solutions for the plastic region surrounding a crack tip are derived under mixed mode I/II and mixed mode I/II/III loading conditions for an elastic-plastic solid with a semi-infinite crack. Both the Von Mises and Tresca yield criteria are applied. Additionally, plane stress and plane strain assumptions are included when applicable. The results show a strong dependence on the ratio of the stress intensity factors for each loading mode. It is shown that the plastic zone area given by the Tresca yield criterion is larger than that given by the Von Mises yield criterion. Lastly, it is ...


Characterization Of A Small Electro-Mechanical Contact Using Non-Conventional Measurement Techniques, Kelsey M. Johnson Apr 2017

Characterization Of A Small Electro-Mechanical Contact Using Non-Conventional Measurement Techniques, Kelsey M. Johnson

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

Currently there are limitations in computing chatter behavior of small electrical contacts embedded in components using finite element models. Reduced order models (ROM) have been developed of such electrical contact sub-assemblies to assess the chatter behavior of the contacts during vibration and shock environments. The current ROM method requires experimental validation. This ROM also neglects the damping effects of the viscous fluid that typically surrounds such sub-assemblies. Dynamic ring-down testing of the electrical contacts in air was performed and will provide a validation data set for the current ROM. Additionally, dynamic ring-down testing of the electrical contact was performed in ...


The Mathematical Theory Of Deformation Arrest In Large-Strain Dynamic Plasticity, Brendan A. Kullback Apr 2017

The Mathematical Theory Of Deformation Arrest In Large-Strain Dynamic Plasticity, Brendan A. Kullback

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

Ductile structural components subjected to explosive loadings exhibit a large range of behaviors. The response of beams, walls, and blast doors is estimated using two methods. The engineering level approaches are highly simplified and neglect much of the relevant physics while the use of finite element or shock-code simulation is expensive and not suited to rapid problem solving and parameter studies. In this dissertation, a medium fidelity reduced order modeling approach has been derived to capture the most relevant physics governing rupture of ductile bodies dynamically deforming in tension.

Solution of the inertially stretching jet is used to reveal the ...


High-Throughput Tensile Testing Reveals Stochastic Properties In Additively Manufactured Steel, Bradley C. Salzbrenner Apr 2017

High-Throughput Tensile Testing Reveals Stochastic Properties In Additively Manufactured Steel, Bradley C. Salzbrenner

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

An adage within the Additive Manufacturing (AM) community is that “complexity is free”. Complicated geometric features that normally drive manufacturing cost and limit design options are not typically problematic in AM. While geometric complexity is usually viewed from the perspective of part design, this advantage of AM also opens up new options in rapid, efficient material property evaluation and qualification. This Thesis demonstrates how 100’s of miniature tensile bars can be produced and tested for comparable cost and in comparable time to a few conventional tensile bars. With this technique, it is possible to evaluate the stochastic nature of ...


Simulation And Analysis Of A Drilling Fluid Using A Herschel-Bulkley Model, Daniel Powell Apr 2017

Simulation And Analysis Of A Drilling Fluid Using A Herschel-Bulkley Model, Daniel Powell

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

In the study, a drilling fluid with known properties is analyzed and simulated in the laminar regime through a pipe with dimensions of 1.5m in length and 0.02m in diameter. The purpose of the conducted analysis is to demonstrate the advantages of the Herschel-Bulkley model currently used in the oil and gas industry for analyzing non-Newtonian drilling fluids.

For comparison, the analysis is also performed using more simple models for non-Newtonian fluids such as the Bingham Plastic model and the Power Law model and for a Newtonian fluid (water). In addition to analytical models, computations are ...