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2017

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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Development Of Economic Water Usage Sensor And Cyber-Physical Systems Co-Simulation Platform For Home Energy Saving, Joe Singer Dec 2017

Development Of Economic Water Usage Sensor And Cyber-Physical Systems Co-Simulation Platform For Home Energy Saving, Joe Singer

Mechanical Engineering Master's Theses

In this thesis, two Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) approaches were considered to reduce residential building energy consumption. First, a flow sensor was developed for residential gas and electric storage water heaters. The sensor utilizes unique temperature changes of tank inlet and outlet pipes upon water draw to provide occupant hot water usage. Post processing of measured pipe temperature data was able to detect water draw events. Conservation of energy was applied to heater pipes to determine relative internal water flow rate based on transient temperature measurements. Correlations between calculated flow and actual flow were significant at a 95% confidence level. Using ...


Investigation Of 2195 And 2219 Post Weld Heat Treatments For Additive Friction Stir Lap Welds, Matthew Champagne Dec 2017

Investigation Of 2195 And 2219 Post Weld Heat Treatments For Additive Friction Stir Lap Welds, Matthew Champagne

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

To evaluate potential uses for friction stir welding in additive manufacturing, two separate parts were fabricated, one of 2195-T84 and the other 2219-T87, utilizing fixed pin techniques and additive lap welds. The parts were cut into samples, artificially aged and subjected to Rockwell hardness (HRB), Vickers hardness, micrographic photography, and metallographic imaging on both pre- and post- heat treatment. Additionally, tensile testing was performed on the heat-treated samples. A comparisons of test results showed a minimal increase in the yield strength of the 2195-T84 samples compared to as-welded tensile results obtained from a previous project. The ultimate tensile strength was ...


Design, Manufacture, And Structural Dynamic Analysis Of A Biomimetic Insect-Sized Wing For Micro Air Vehicles, Jose Enrique Rubio Dec 2017

Design, Manufacture, And Structural Dynamic Analysis Of A Biomimetic Insect-Sized Wing For Micro Air Vehicles, Jose Enrique Rubio

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

The exceptional flying characteristics of airborne insects motivates the design of biomimetic wing structures that can exhibit a similar structural dynamic behavior. For this purpose, this investigation describes a method for both manufacturing a biomimetic insect-sized wing using the photolithography technique and analyzing its structural dynamic response. The geometry of a crane fly forewing (family Tipulidae) is acquired using a micro-computed tomography scanner. A computer-aided design model is generated from the measurements of the reconstructed scanned model of the insect wing to design the photomasks of the membrane and the venation network required for the photolithography procedure. A composite material ...


Application Of Pca To Cardiac Optical Mapping, Louis Woodhams Dec 2017

Application Of Pca To Cardiac Optical Mapping, Louis Woodhams

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Structural remodeling of the heart due to pathologies such as hypertension and myocardial infarction leads to the appearance of myofibroblasts, a phenotype largely absent in physiologic myocardium. While myofibroblasts are responsible for wound healing and structural repair of damaged myocardium, they are thought to have deleterious effects on electrical and mechanical properties of the heart. Understanding these effects is critical to developing effective treatments, and has motivated the development of a series of in vitro engineered heart tissues and cardiomyocyte-myofibroblast co-cultures whose mechanical and electrophysiological function can be deduced from video analysis. Electrophysiological properties are evident from changes in intensity ...


Automatic Compact Disc Transfer For Quality Assurance Testing, Ravi P. Ramachandran, John Chen, Linda M. Head, John L. Schmalzel, Hampton C. Gabler Dec 2017

Automatic Compact Disc Transfer For Quality Assurance Testing, Ravi P. Ramachandran, John Chen, Linda M. Head, John L. Schmalzel, Hampton C. Gabler

John L. Schmalzel

The purpose of this project was to design, build and test a low cost prototype that transfers compact discs (CDs) from a spindle to a computer based testing station. This will speed up the CD production/testing interface and eliminate the need for manual operation. Along with a heavy product design technical component, the project included a real life educational experience for the four students who got credit for a one year advanced senior project. Various designs were considered and the optimal design (based on cost and performance) was prototyped.


A Virtual Reality Environment For Multi-Sensor Data Integration, Scott Papson, Joseph Oagaro, Robi Polikar, John Chen, John L. Schmalzel, Shreekanth Mandayam Dec 2017

A Virtual Reality Environment For Multi-Sensor Data Integration, Scott Papson, Joseph Oagaro, Robi Polikar, John Chen, John L. Schmalzel, Shreekanth Mandayam

John L. Schmalzel

Virtual reality (VR) has typically found applications in industrial design, rapid prototyping and advanced scientific visualization. In this paper, we investigate the use of VR for multi-sensor data integration. We attempt to demonstrate that multiple data types-graphical, functional and measurement can be effectively combined inside of a VR environment. This platform allows the user to rapidly sift through large and complex data sets and isolate features of interest. Furthermore, VR environments can be made to evolve based on system data and user input-this provides the ability to develop scenarios that can be used to make informed decisions. Results demonstrating the ...


A Venture Capital Fund For Undergraduate Engineering Students At Rowan University, Anthony J. Marchese, John C. Chen, John L. Schmalzel Dec 2017

A Venture Capital Fund For Undergraduate Engineering Students At Rowan University, Anthony J. Marchese, John C. Chen, John L. Schmalzel

John L. Schmalzel

All engineering students at Rowan University are required to take the 8-semester Engineering Clinic sequence wherein multidisciplinary student teams engage in semester-long design projects. In addition to projects that are funded by local industry, faculty research grants or departmental budgets, a Venture Capital Fund has been created, which is specifically ear-marked for the development of original student inventions. Funding of up to $2500 per student team per semester is competitively awarded based on student-generated proposals to the Venture Capital Fund, which has been created through a series of grants from the National Collegiate Inventors and Innovators Alliance (NCIIA). To qualify ...


Material State Awareness For Composites Part Ii: Precursor Damage Analysis And Quantification Of Degraded Material Properties Using Quantitative Ultrasonic Image Correlation (Quic), Subir Patra, Sourav Banerjee Dec 2017

Material State Awareness For Composites Part Ii: Precursor Damage Analysis And Quantification Of Degraded Material Properties Using Quantitative Ultrasonic Image Correlation (Quic), Subir Patra, Sourav Banerjee

Faculty Publications

Material state awareness of composites using conventional Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) method is limited by finding the size and the locations of the cracks and the delamination in a composite structure. To aid the progressive failure models using the slow growth criteria, the awareness of the precursor damage state and quantification of the degraded material properties is necessary, which is challenging using the current NDE methods. To quantify the material state, a new offline NDE method is reported herein. The new method named Quantitative Ultrasonic Image Correlation (QUIC) is devised, where the concept of microcontinuum mechanics is hybrid with the experimentally ...


Material State Awareness For Composites Part I: Precursor Damage Analysis Using Ultrasonic Guided Coda Wave Interferometry (Cwi), Subir Patra, Sourav Banerjee Dec 2017

Material State Awareness For Composites Part I: Precursor Damage Analysis Using Ultrasonic Guided Coda Wave Interferometry (Cwi), Subir Patra, Sourav Banerjee

Faculty Publications

Detection of precursor damage followed by the quantification of the degraded material properties could lead to more accurate progressive failure models for composite materials. However, such information is not readily available. In composite materials, the precursor damages—for example matrix cracking, microcracks, voids, interlaminar pre-delamination crack joining matrix cracks, fiber micro-buckling, local fiber breakage, local debonding, etc.—are insensitive to the low-frequency ultrasonic guided-wave-based online nondestructive evaluation (NDE) or Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) (~100–~500 kHz) systems. Overcoming this barrier, in this article, an online ultrasonic technique is proposed using the coda part of the guided wave signal, which is ...


Micro-Architectured Metamaterials: Design And Analysis, Li Ai Dec 2017

Micro-Architectured Metamaterials: Design And Analysis, Li Ai

Mechanical Engineering Research Theses and Dissertations

Metamaterials are engineered materials with unusual properties deriving mainly from their micro-architectures rather than composition. They have attracted increasing attention owing to their tailorable multi-functional properties that cannot be exhibited by naturally-occurring or traditionally-manufactured materials. Materials with a negative Poisson’s ratio (PR) and materials with a non-positive coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) are examples of mechanical metamaterials. In this dissertation, metamaterials with negative Poisson’s ratios and negative coefficients of thermal expansion are designed using both heuristic approaches and topology optimization methods.

Firstly, based on a star-shaped re-entrant structure, three two-dimensional (2-D) periodic cellular materials are developed, which can ...


A Comparison Of The Aerodynamic Centers For Panel Code Compressible Corrections And Openfoam 5 For Mach 0.1 To 0.8, Dustin Weaver Dec 2017

A Comparison Of The Aerodynamic Centers For Panel Code Compressible Corrections And Openfoam 5 For Mach 0.1 To 0.8, Dustin Weaver

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

It is known that the aerodynamic center changes from quarter chord to half chord from incompressible to compressible flows on airfoils. Compressible corrections are derived and implemented in a vortex panel code. These results will be used to find the aerodynamic centers for the specified Mach range of 0.1 to 0.8 in 0.1 increments within - 6 to 6 degrees angle of attack. OpenFOAM 5 cases will be created with specific meshes and settings. The results calculated from OpenFOAM 5 will be compared to the results obtained from the compressible corrections.


Mitochondrial Dynamics And Respiration Within Cells With Increased Open Pore Cytoskeletal Meshes, David H. Jang, Sarah C. Seeger, Martha E. Grady, Frances S. Shofer, David M. Eckmann Dec 2017

Mitochondrial Dynamics And Respiration Within Cells With Increased Open Pore Cytoskeletal Meshes, David H. Jang, Sarah C. Seeger, Martha E. Grady, Frances S. Shofer, David M. Eckmann

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

The cytoskeletal architecture directly affects the morphology, motility, and tensional homeostasis of the cell. In addition, the cytoskeleton is important for mitosis, intracellular traffic, organelle motility, and even cellular respiration. The organelle responsible for a majority of the energy conversion for the cell, the mitochondrion, has a dependence on the cytoskeleton for mobility and function. In previous studies, we established that cytoskeletal inhibitors altered the movement of the mitochondria, their morphology, and their respiration in human dermal fibroblasts. Here, we use this protocol to investigate applicability of power law diffusion to describe mitochondrial locomotion, assessment of rates of fission and ...


Characterizing Anisotropy In Fibrous Soft Materials By Mr Elastography Of Slow And Fast Shear Waves, John Larson Schmidt Dec 2017

Characterizing Anisotropy In Fibrous Soft Materials By Mr Elastography Of Slow And Fast Shear Waves, John Larson Schmidt

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

The general objective of this work was to develop experimental methods based on magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) to characterize fibrous soft materials. Mathematical models of tissue biomechanics capable of predicting injury, such as traumatic brain injury (TBI), are of great interest and potential. However, the accuracy of predictions from such models depends on accuracy of the underlying material parameters. This dissertation describes work toward three aims. First, experimental methods were designed to characterize fibrous materials based on a transversely isotropic material model. Second, these methods are applied to characterize the anisotropic properties of white matter brain tissue ex vivo. Third ...


The Inter-Laminar Shearing Effect On Wrinkle Development In Composite Forming Processes, David Sundquist Dec 2017

The Inter-Laminar Shearing Effect On Wrinkle Development In Composite Forming Processes, David Sundquist

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Composite materials are becoming prevalent in aerospace industries as the uniqueness of the composite structure allows the composite to be tailored specifically for individual applications. Many fabrication techniques produce defects in composite parts such as wrinkles, fiber waviness, fiber misalignment, and porosity. The driving mechanisms behind these defects occurring during forming processes are not fully understood and, thus, characterization formation of these defects in a uncured state is beneficial to optimize composite processing. This work primarily investigated the influence of how uncured pre-impregnated carbon ply properties affect the wrinkling behavior of a composite laminates. Several factors affecting composite ply forming ...


Dynamic Modeling And Extreme Tension Analysis Of Mooring System For A Floating Offshore Wind Turbine, Wei Ting Hsu Dec 2017

Dynamic Modeling And Extreme Tension Analysis Of Mooring System For A Floating Offshore Wind Turbine, Wei Ting Hsu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

For offshore wind industry, exploiting the dynamic behaviors of mooring lines is of increasing importance in floating offshore wind turbine (FOWT) mooring system design. Currently, the design philosophy for structures and moorings is based on principles and practices adopted in offshore oil and gas, including mooring systems that are optimized for applications in deeper waters. However, the design of FOWT mooring systems is facing several challenges, including installation costs, the stability of light-weight minimalistic platforms, and shallow water depths (50-300m). The extreme tension in mooring lines of a light displacement platform in shallow water is dominated by snap loads. Hence ...


A Parallelized Diffuse Interface Solver With Applications To Meso Scale Simulation Of Suspensions, Fazlolah Mohaghegh Dec 2017

A Parallelized Diffuse Interface Solver With Applications To Meso Scale Simulation Of Suspensions, Fazlolah Mohaghegh

Theses and Dissertations

The ultimate goal of this research is to develop the capability of direct numerical simulation of a flow containing numerous rigid finite size particles. In order to reach this goal, we have implemented the smoothed profile method (SPM) in the University of Iowa in-house solver, pELAFINT3D and overcame several challenges related to the method. This includes a proposed formulation for the interface thickness and many validations and comparisons with experimental data as well as with a second-order accurate sharp interface method. As one of the issues related to low-density particles is the instability, SPM has been improved by developing to ...


Experimental And Numerical Study On Failure Strength Of Aspirated Cell Membrane, Yang Wu Dec 2017

Experimental And Numerical Study On Failure Strength Of Aspirated Cell Membrane, Yang Wu

Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this work is to develop an innovative and quantitative method to study cell failure under fluidic pressure to understand cell membrane mechanical properties. Due to lack of experimental data related to cell failure property, the current research focuses on investigating the cell failure using a micro pipette aspiration experiment method to elaborate gradually increasing hydrostatic pressure to the cell causing the membrane to deform and eventually rupture. Based on our observation, the prostate cancer cells (PC-3) deformed into a deflated and flattened shape under higher hydrostatic pressure (249 Pa) while prostate epithelial cells (PrEC LH) cells generate ...


Comparative Study Of Near-Infrared Pulsed Laser Machining Of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastics, Timothy Donald Heiderscheit Dec 2017

Comparative Study Of Near-Infrared Pulsed Laser Machining Of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastics, Timothy Donald Heiderscheit

Theses and Dissertations

Carbon fiber-reinforced plastics (CFRPs) have gained widespread popularity as a lightweight, high-strength alternative to traditional materials. The unique anisotropic properties of CFRP make processing difficult, especially using conventional methods. This study investigates laser cutting by ablation as an alternative by comparing two near-infrared laser systems to a typical mechanical machining process. This research has potential applications in the automotive and aerospace industries, where CFRPs are particularly desirable for weight savings and fuel efficiency.

First, a CNC mill was used to study the effects of process parameters and tool design on machining quality. Despite high productivity and flexible tooling, mechanical drilling ...


Modeling Of A Head - Neck Assembly Drop Tower Impact Test Using Abaqus, Hussein Sharqi Owaid Dec 2017

Modeling Of A Head - Neck Assembly Drop Tower Impact Test Using Abaqus, Hussein Sharqi Owaid

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

There are numerous potential causes of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and concussions, including traffic accidents, contact during sports and falls. Protection from these injuries is paramount because of the problems that result from TBI, such as loss of thinking and memory capability. Head impact from falls, especially in elderly, can also result in severe to fatal injury and some effects of brain injury are often not visible. For these reasons and more a need exists for protective head gear that can keep persons safe during at risk physical activity and that can protect fall prone persons from accidental injuries. Part ...


Co-Simulation Framework For Power Distribution System Analysis With Humans In The Loop, Victor H. Ayon Dec 2017

Co-Simulation Framework For Power Distribution System Analysis With Humans In The Loop, Victor H. Ayon

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

Recent developments in the area of power generation have led to an increased penetration of storage and distributed energy resources (DER) in power distribution systems. As a result, new and enhanced energy management systems will be necessary as the deployment of DERs, as well as the need to control loads, continues to increase in the coming years. Advanced management systems are especially important to achieve resilient power delivery during emergency situations. During a blackout for example, a section of a distribution feeder could island to operate as a microgrid to ensure critical services such as water, food, and medical care ...


Automatic Compact Disc Transfer For Quality Assurance Testing, Ravi P. Ramachandran, John Chen, Linda M. Head, John L. Schmalzel, Hampton C. Gabler Dec 2017

Automatic Compact Disc Transfer For Quality Assurance Testing, Ravi P. Ramachandran, John Chen, Linda M. Head, John L. Schmalzel, Hampton C. Gabler

Ravi Ramachandran

The purpose of this project was to design, build and test a low cost prototype that transfers compact discs (CDs) from a spindle to a computer based testing station. This will speed up the CD production/testing interface and eliminate the need for manual operation. Along with a heavy product design technical component, the project included a real life educational experience for the four students who got credit for a one year advanced senior project. Various designs were considered and the optimal design (based on cost and performance) was prototyped.


Multiphase Flow Modeling For Design And Optimization Of A Novel Down-Flow Bubble Column, Mutharasu Lalitha Chockalingam Dec 2017

Multiphase Flow Modeling For Design And Optimization Of A Novel Down-Flow Bubble Column, Mutharasu Lalitha Chockalingam

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The application of the Euler-Euler framework based Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) models for simulating the two-phase gas-liquid bubbly flow in down-flow bubble columns is discussed in detail. Emphasis is given towards the modelling and design optimization of a novel down-flow bubble column. The design features of this novel down-flow bubble column and its advantages over a conventional Plunging Jet down-flow bubble column are discussed briefly. Then, some of the present challenges in simulating a conventional Plunging Jet down-flow bubble column in the Euler-Euler framework is highlighted, and a sigmoid function based drag modification function is implemented to overcome those challenges ...


A Framework Towards Technology Creation In Africa: Focusing On Ghana, Martin Yao Donani, Hannatu Abue Kugblenu, Azindow Bawa Fuseini Dec 2017

A Framework Towards Technology Creation In Africa: Focusing On Ghana, Martin Yao Donani, Hannatu Abue Kugblenu, Azindow Bawa Fuseini

International Journal of African Development

Underdevelopment in Africa has been historical and a global concern coupled with the quest for good governance. Several efforts have been made in academia, national governments, the international community, and other institutional arrangements to reverse the trend. These efforts however are yet to produce a lasting result as Africa is still characterized by low productivity output, poverty and a widening technology gap when compared to other developing regions of the world. Conventional approaches used to address the African problem have consistently been devoid of indigenous technology development. Technology is here seen as paramount to every form of production on which ...


Asme Soccer Robot- Group V, Gonzalo Berluzconi, Lyndon Zhao, Chan-Hwi Cho Dec 2017

Asme Soccer Robot- Group V, Gonzalo Berluzconi, Lyndon Zhao, Chan-Hwi Cho

Mechanical Engineering Design Project Class

The ASME design challenge, featuring a soccer playing robot theme, was attempted and successfully completed. A robot was built that could move in all directions for translational motion, while a Foosball inspired kicking function completed the design.


Tissue Stretcher Research Device, Taylor Vitunic, Zhang Liu, Edward Tiemann Dec 2017

Tissue Stretcher Research Device, Taylor Vitunic, Zhang Liu, Edward Tiemann

Mechanical Engineering Design Project Class

This senior design project resulted in a prototype of a tissue stretcher for a particular need in a lab at WashU. The prototype uses a stepper motor, micrometer, force transducer, linear slide, and manufactured couplings to precisely record the stress strain response of a bio-tissue through different protocols. This is a holistic report encompassing all parts of the design process from the initial goal to design creation and evaluation to assembly.


Group G: Drink Mixer Ii, Yvette Anguiano, Tristram Wilson, Jacob Rother Dec 2017

Group G: Drink Mixer Ii, Yvette Anguiano, Tristram Wilson, Jacob Rother

Mechanical Engineering Design Project Class

We, group G, want to address the needs of the restaurant industry by facilitating it with the products, alcoholic beverages, that often brings in the most income in a night for the business and for its bartenders. Mixing drinks takes specialized attention, energy, and time and can be a stressful task for bartenders to perform when a restaurant is packed with customers. Waits become longer and drink orders back up until the restaurant empties again. Our group strives to create a product that will ensure each customer is served with fast and efficient service, while still providing the special attention ...


Blind-Automation Device, Melinda Lai, Dalton Nonweiler, Haley Nichols Dec 2017

Blind-Automation Device, Melinda Lai, Dalton Nonweiler, Haley Nichols

Mechanical Engineering Design Project Class

This project is intended to be a safe, easy, and inexpensive addition to existing window covers to maintain consistent indoor lighting by automatically adjusting blinds in response to ambient light levels. Our target customers are homeowners/renters and business owners concerned about employee productivity and wellness. This product will allow homeowners, business owners, and building tenants to increase occupant productivity. Bright sunlight can cause glare, making employees uncomfortable and reducing their productivity, along with their health. The product will automatically adjust window blinds to maintain a comfortable interior lighting level, promoting productivity and the bottom line. The product can also ...


Cloth Folding Machine, Yiwei Liu, Dung Tran, Kexin Wang Dec 2017

Cloth Folding Machine, Yiwei Liu, Dung Tran, Kexin Wang

Mechanical Engineering Design Project Class

The project was designed to meet the needs of folding clothes for college students, housewives or anyone who has trouble folding clothes. Lots of college students are annoyed by spending time folding clothes based on our customer interviews. In addition, most of clothes folding machine in market are either for industry use or too expensive. We are trying to build a portable automatic clothes folding machine at a cheap cost to serve most people. It not only combined the metrics from existing products but also have two folding patterns, which is more convenient and efficient.


3d Printed Below-The-Knee Prosthetic Leg, Sam Jamison, Katelin Fournier, Isabelle Agostini Dec 2017

3d Printed Below-The-Knee Prosthetic Leg, Sam Jamison, Katelin Fournier, Isabelle Agostini

Mechanical Engineering Design Project Class

There are over 2 million amputees in the United States and more than 90 percent of amputations done today are for lower limbs. While there are highly advanced options on the market today, there are still several areas of improvement. For instance, there are not many options that are completely waterproof, and the more advanced ones are extremely expensive and heavy. Our project idea is to create a below-the-knee prosthetic leg that is water resistant, affordable, and promotes comfort. The leg will be designed to disperse the loads and stresses over the whole structure using 3D printing and supporting metal ...


Bi-Axial Tissue Stretching Machine: Mems 411 Senior Design Project, Wending Zhu, Martin Valkov, Jordan Patterson Dec 2017

Bi-Axial Tissue Stretching Machine: Mems 411 Senior Design Project, Wending Zhu, Martin Valkov, Jordan Patterson

Mechanical Engineering Design Project Class

This report contains information on the development of a device to strain polyvinyl alcohol hydrogel samples. The device was made with the purpose of gathering data on the creation of anisotropy in brain tissue-like materials, such as PVA, by repeatedly subjecting materials to strain in low temperatures.