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Other Materials Science and Engineering

Foam

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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Sound Absorption Properties Of Functionally Graded Polyurethane Foams, Olivier Doutres Ph.D., Noureddine Atalla Pr. Aug 2012

Sound Absorption Properties Of Functionally Graded Polyurethane Foams, Olivier Doutres Ph.D., Noureddine Atalla Pr.

Olivier Doutres Ph.D.

Noise control over a wide frequency band is an increasingly important design criterion in the building and transport industries. Examples of well known broadband passive concepts for optimal sound absorption are multi-layering with graded properties across the thickness and optimization of the material shape (e.g., wedges). However, for typical applications, the material thickness is limited and shaping or use of different material costly. Thus, there is growing interest for developing acoustical materials having microstructure properties gradient at the micro- or meso-scale; also known as Functionally Graded Materials (FGM). Even if sophisticated models are available to predict the acoustic behavior ...


A Semi-Empirical Model To Predict The Acoustic Behaviour Of Fully And Partially Reticulated Polyurethane Foams Based On Microstructure Properties, Olivier Doutres Ph.D., Noureddine Atalla Apr 2012

A Semi-Empirical Model To Predict The Acoustic Behaviour Of Fully And Partially Reticulated Polyurethane Foams Based On Microstructure Properties, Olivier Doutres Ph.D., Noureddine Atalla

Olivier Doutres Ph.D.

This work investigates the links between the microstructure of polyurethane foams and their sound absorbing efficiency, and more specifically the effect of membranes closing the cells. In a previous work, the authors proposed a semi-empirical approach to link the foam microstructure properties, i.e. reticulation rate, strut length and thickness, with its non-acoustic parameters. The study was based on the complete characterization of 15 isotropic polyurethane foams with various cell sizes and reticulation rates (i.e. open pore content). This paper proposes a validation of this semi-empirical model using 3 new polyurethane foams, not used in the first characterization set ...